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Notes and Personals.

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We publish in this namber another article by Mr. Charles F. Carusi, Dean of the National University School of Law, Washington, D. C. In publishing articles on the Case Sistem of instruction, and on other subjects relating to legal education, we wish it understood we do not necessarily agree with the statements or approve the opinions adranced by the authors. The subject-matter of Mr. Carusi's article is of special interest and importance to all law school men, and further discussion along the line is invited. The American Law School Review is not published for the benefit of any particular class of law schools, nor for the advancement of any special method or system of legal instruction. Its columns are open for the pur. pose of publication to any one Interested in the subject of 'Legal Education wbo may bare something to offer to the teaching pro fession in the form of an article pertaining to law school work or admission to the bar. -Alfred F. Mason, Editor.

The following comment was made by the Louisville Courier Journal:

The real question concerning which people differ is how far a lawyer may go in the defense of a client's callse. It is often said that a lawyer's oath compels him to do the best he can for his client. The fact is, he takes no such oath. The committee of the Bar Association deprecates the idea so often put forward that it is the duty of a lawyer to do whatever may enable him to win his client's case. The conimittee says it is steadfastly to be borne in mind that the lawyer's trust is to be discharged within and not without the bounds of the law.

Commenting on the Canons of Ethics recommended at the American Bar Association for adoption by the Committee on Legal Etbics, the Outlook said:

Laws will not make a community virtuous, nor will canons of professional ethics make dishonorable men honorable. Nevertheless, in a democratic community, good laws help to raise and to strengthen the standard of social virtue, and canops of professional ethics similarly tend to raise and to strengthen the standard of professional honor. There will always be hypocrites among ministers, quacks among doctors, and pettifoggers among lawyers, which is an added reason why the honorable members of these professions should disown, and as far as possible discourage, all dishonorable practices. The thirty-two canons of professional etbics proposed in a preliminary report to the Amer. ican Bar Association by its Committee are less a set of rules for the guidance of professional practice than a well-ordered statement of principles which have long been recognized and acted on by those members of the bar wbo possess their own self-respect and the respect of their fellows. Leaving the profession to look in their professional journals for these rules, we here desire to give a layman's especial indorsement to two of them. We have no question that a lawyer “may undertake with propriety the defense of a person accused of a crime, although he knows or believes him guilty," and for the reason stated in the rule that the public wel. fare requires that no person should be punished for a crime unless, by due process of law, his guilt has been established. The defense of Czolgosz, accused of the murder of President McKinley, illustrates both the justice of the principle and a right application of it. But to defend a client accused of breaking the law is one matter; to advise a client how he can break the law with impunity is quite another matter. Lawyers who would not think of counseling a barglar how he could break into a bank and escape with his plunder have not hesitated to counsel their client how he can violate laws

A comparison of attendance at forty-seven endowed colleges with forty-seren commonwealth colleges for a term of ten years. Endowed Colleges.

1898. 1908. Allegheny College...

326 28. Amberst College..

377 513 Beloit College

414 303 Boston University

1,454 1,459 Bowdoin College..

379 304 Brown University

909 930 Bryn Mawr College..

310 407 Bucknell University

419

538 Colby College

220 242 Columbia University

2,422 4,096 Cornell University....

1,835 3,734 Dartmouth College

670 1,219 Denison University

378 584 De Pauw University,

480 8.50 Georgetown University.

681 781 Hamilton College

155 180 Hampden-Sidney College.

128

127 Harvard University

4,253 4,438 Hobart College

94 105 Jobos Hopkins University

641 675 Kenyon College

175 118 Knox College.

650 625 Lafayette College

310 442 Lehigh University

321 098 Leland Stanford University. 1,224 1,738 Middlebury College.

106 203 Ohio Wesleyan University

1,311 1,099 Princeton University

1,103 1,301 Roanoke College

191

206 Rutgers College

168 25. Smith College.

1,070 1,482 Swarthmore College

186 332 Syracuse University

1,0:2 3,117 Trinity College

135

208 Tulane University

856 1,792 Union College

195 280 University of Chicago.

2,500 5,070 University of Pennsylvania. 2,834 4,279 University of Rochester..

216 244 Vassar College

614 1,000 Washington and Jefferson College 340 440 Washington and Lee College... 140 478 Wellesley College

631 1,209 Wesleyan University

330

320 Western Reserve University. 750

914 Williams College

388 475 Yale University

2,500 3,433 Total

.86,907 63,632

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Commonwealth Colleges.

1898. 1908. University of Alabama

659 1,060 University of Arizona

156 09 University of Arkansas

790 1,681 University of California

2,1.96 3,565 University of Cincinnati

456 1,264 University of Colorado

700 1,044 University of Florida

105 University of Georgia

470 2,860 University of Idabo

300 30 University of Illinois

1,750 4,743 University of Kansas

1,064 2,063 University of Maine

320 788 University of Michigan

3,229 5,010 University of Minnesota

3,010 4,200 University of Mississippi

296 300 University of Missouri

818 2,536 University of Montana

203

393 University of Nebraska

1,915 3,350 Unirersity of Nevada

335

367 University of New Mexico

100 160 University of North Carolina 670 890 University of North Dakota

362 875 University of Oklahoma..

220 700 University of Oregon

300

714 University of South Carolina 189 281 University of South Dakota.. 353 417 University of Tennessee

398 755 University of Texas

800 1,832 University of Utah

567 1,428 University of Vermont

539 499 University of Virginia

600

785 University of Washington

239 1,380 University of Wisconsin

1,767 4,014 University of Wyoming

186 250 College of the City of New York.. 1,132 1,208 Delaware College

91 189 Indiana University

1,019 2,050 Iowa State College.

559 1,664 Louisiana State University.

250 635 Miami University

145 1,077 Ohio State University

1,150 2,686 Ohio University

435 1,386 Pennsylvania State College.

293 1,050 Purdue University...

750 1,901 State University of Iowa.

1,331 2,305 State University of Kentucky. 434 1,063 West Virginia University..... 845 1,517

till 1905, when Mr. Lehmann retired to form
with his son Sears the firm of Lehmann de
Lebmann, of which another son, Frederick
W. Lehmann is now a member. Mr. Leli.
mann in 1907 received from Missouri State
University the degree of LL. D.
been president of the St. Louis Bar Associa.
tion, and during the last year was president
of the General Council of the American Bar
Association.

During the eighteen years that Mr. Leh.
mann has lived in St. Louis he has become
distinguished, not only in bis profession, in
which he has achieved a standing in the first
rapk of a very able bar, but also as a pula
lic spirited citizen of high ideals and bonese
and pure purposes. He was a director of
and one of the leading spirits who made the
great Louisiana Purchase Exposition possi.
ble, and as Chairman of the Committee of
the Board of Ethnology and on Internation-
al Congresses of Arts and Sciences, Includ.
ing the Universal Congress of Lawyers and
Jurists, held in September, 1904, under the
joint auspices of the Exposition and of the
American Bar Association, he not only reu.
dered signal service, but attained noteworthy
success.

As a lawyer Mr. Lehmann has achlerer more than local renown. In the trial of cases at nisi prius he depends upon a fair presenta. tion of the facts and an honest, but earnest, appeal to the jury for the right. In the high. er courts bis briefs are clear, concise, and convincing statements of the proposition he maintains, supported by a keen and bonest logic which compels attention and conria tion. It may be safely predicted that Mr. Lehmann will rank high in the list of dio tinguished men who have been presidents of the American Bar Association.

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The new president of the American Bar The Department of Law of the Universl. Association, Mr. Frederick W. Lehmann, was ty of Michigan opened September 29, 1908, born in Germany February 28, 1853, but came with an attendance practically the same as to this country in early childhood. He first

last year.

The enrollment at the present lived in Cincinnati, where he attended the time indicates a substantial gain in the first common schools. He later removed to Indi.

year class, which will be over 300 in number. ana and finally completed his education at The total enrollment for the year, including Taber College, in southwestern Iowa, from the summer session, will doubtless be nearly which he graduated in 1873. During his col- 900 students. lege course he had studied law in the office The Faculty remains the same as last year, of J. L. Mitchell, in Forrest county, Iowa, excepting that an instructor has been add. where he first practiced. His early practice ed in the person of Mr. Ralph W. Aigler, a also included Nebraska City, just across the recent graduate of the Department. Mr. Alim. rirer in Nebraska. In 1876 he moved to Des ler will be employed principally in the work Moines, where in December, 1879, he mar- in Conveyancing. This is one of the practi. ried Miss Nora Stark. The following year cal courses of the Department, and to it la he went to St. Louis, Missouri, to become gen- given the predominant energy of two mem• eral attorney of the Wabash Railroad. He bers of the Faculty. The student has prac. continued in this position till June, 1895, tical work, under the direction of tbe teacliwhen the firm of Boyle, Priest & Lehmann ers in charge, in the preparation of the or was formed, in which his seniors were Wil- dinary papers that the practicing lawyer bur F. Boyle, who formerly bad been circuit • has to prepare, such as deeds, leases, con judge in the city of St. Louis, and Henry S. tracts, articles of incorporation, partnershlp Priest, wbo bad been judge of the United articles, wills, etc. States District Court. This firm continued The work of the Practice Court, which to

faculty is made up largely of members of the St. Louis bench and bar, who have entered with enthusiasm into the work. Among the resident instructors are John B. Reno and Sherman Steele, late of the Notre Dame University Law School. A special effort is to be made to train the students in pleading and practice. A practice court has been established, complete in every detail, and with the exceptional advantage that at every sitting it will be presided over by a “real judge"; two members of the St. Louis Circuit Court alternating each week as judge of the practice court.

probably more thoroughly developed in this Department than in any other law department in the country, goes on this year as usual, excepting that added preliminary work in the way of special criticisms of pleading is required of the student.

Prof. Roger W. Cooley is now giving his murse of instruction to the members of the senior class upon the Use of the Law Library. This is Mr. Cooley's third visit to the University for the purpose of giving this instruction, and both Faculty and students feel that his work is of great value. Mr. Cooley is thoroughly familiar with law books and knows bow to use them and he has exceptional gifts as an instructor which enable him to excite genuine enthusiasm for the work on the part of the students. For the practical work of the course the class is divided into small sections and the instruction is very largely individual.

The combined literary-law course by the taking of which the student can complete the literary course and the law course in six years instead of seven years is each sear growing in popularity in the University of Michigan. The number of students electing the course this year is ten per cent. more than ever before. Students taking this course spend their entire time during the frst three years in work in the Literary Department; the fourth year is given almost entirely to work in the Law Department twenty-four hours of credit thus obtained being counted toirard the literary degree; the fifth and sixth years are spent entirely in the Law Department. The course has always been a rigorous one, but has been made more severe by the recent action of the committee baving In charge students taking this course by wbich it is impossible for any one to enter upon the work of the fourth year in the Law Department whose work in the Literary De partment has not been above the average.

The New York Law School established some 17 years ago in order to perpetuate in New York City the Dwight System of Legal Education bas recently published an interesting list of names of prominent men who bave studied law by that method either under Professor Dwight himself at the Columbia College Law School or at the New York Law School under Dean Chase and other associates of Professor Dwight. Following are some of the names included in the list: Theodore Roosevelt, President of the United

States, Charles E. Hughes, Governor of New York. Oscar S. Straus, member of President's Cabi

net. James R. Garfield, member of President's Cabi..

net. George P. Wetmore, United States Senator. John Kean, United States Senator. E. Henry Lacombe, United States Circuit Court

Judge. Le Baron B. Colt, United States Circuit Court

Judge. Alexander T. McGill, Chancellor of New Jer

sey. Morgan J. O'Brien, Justice of Supreme Court

of New York. Joseph A. Burr, Justice of Supreme Court of

New York. Mitchell L. Erlanger, Justice of Supreme Court

of New York. George L. Ingraham, Justice of Supreme Court

of New York. John R. Nicholson, Chancellor of Delaware. L. Bradford Prince, Cbief Justice of New Mer

ico. William H. DeWitt, Judge of Supreme Court of

Montana. Theodore E. Hancock, Attorney General of New

York. Julius M. Mayer, Attorney General of New

York. Perry Belmont, Member of Congress from New

York. Martin W. Littleton, Borough President, New

York City. William T. Jerome, District Attorney of New

York. Francis P. Garvan, Assistant District Attorney

of New York. Hamilton Fish, Member of Assembly of New

York. Hugh J. Grant. Ex-Mayor of New York City. Ethelbert D. Warfield, President of Lafayette

College, Pa. Munroe Smith, Professor in Columbia Univer

sity, New York City. Edmund Wetmore, member of Board of Over

seers, Harvard University. Louis Marshall, counselor at law, New York

City.

In 1842 St. Louis University, located at St. Louis, Mo., opened a department of law, and placed the same in practically the sole charge of Judge Ricbard A, Buckner of Kentucky, an able jurist and distinguished politiclan. Five years later, Judge Buckner died, and there being no one of equal eminence arailable to take his place the law school was buried with him. This fall the St. Louis University agains opens a law department. Though not definitely decided upon until earTy summer, though the faculty was not even tentatively chosen until August, and the prospectus came from the printer only in September, the school opened on October 12th, with an enrollment of one hundred students. The Law Institute, as it is called, occupies the magnificient old Morrisson Mansion at 2740 Locust St, St. Louis, which has been re modeled and completely and handsomely equipped for the purpose of the school. Both a day and a nlgbt school will be conducted. The

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