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the public. When rendering any such
serve the statute law, though until a improper service or advice, the lawyer statute shall have been construed it! invites and merits stern and just con- interpreted by competent adjudication, demnation. Correspondingly, he ad
he is free and is entitled to advise as po vances the honor of his profession and its validity and as to what he concien. the best interests of his client when he tiously believes to be its just meaning renders service or gives advice tending and extent. But above all a lawyer will to impress upon the client and his under
find his highest honor in a deserved repu taking exact compliance with the strict
utation for fidelity to private trust and est principles of moral law. He must to public duty, as an honest man and as also observe and advise his client to ob- a patriotic and loyal citizen.
Hoffman's Fifty Resolutions in Regard to
remonstrance is all that I will erer allow myself.
5. In all intercourse with my profeselosal brethren, I will always be courteous. Va man's passion shall intimidate me from ne. serting fully my own or my client's ristila; and no man's ignorance or folly shall induer me to take any advantage of him. I shall deal with them all as honorable men, min. istering at our common altar. But an art of unequivocal meanness or dishonesis. though it shall wholly serer any personal relation that may subsist between us, slinil produce no change in my deportment when brought in professional connection with them. My client's rights, and not my own feeling are then alone to be consulted.
6. To the various officers of the court I will be studiously respectful, and specially regardful of their rights and privileges.
7. As a general rule, I will not allow my. self to be engaged in a cause to the exclusion of, or even in participation with, the counsel previously engaged, unless at his own special instance, in uniou with his client's wishes; and it must, indeed, be a strong case of grows neglect or of fatal inability in the counsel that sball induce me to take the cause to myself.
8. If I have ever had any connection with à cause, I will never permit myself (wben that connection is from any reason sercred) to be engaged on the side of my former adtagonist. Nor shall any change in the form al aspect of the cause induce me to regard it as a ground of exception. It is a pont apology for being found on the opposite side,
1. I will never permit professional zeal to carry me beyond the limits of sobriety and decorum, but bear in mind, with Sir Edward Coke, that "if a river swell beyond its banks, it loseth its own channel."
2. I will espouse no man's cause out of envy, hatred, or malice toward his antago pist.
3. To all judges, when in court, I will ever be respectful. They are the law's vicegcrents; and whatever may be their character and deportment the individual should be lost in the majesty of the office.
4. Should judges, while on the bench, forget that, as an officer of their court, I have rights, and treat me even with disrespect, I shall value myself too highly to deal with them in like manner. A frm and temperate
ebat the present is but the ghost of the for- might bring death to my cause of the suc.
ceeding day. 9. Any promise or pledge made by me to 15. When employed to defend those charge the adverse counsel shall be strictly adhered ed with crimes of the deepest dye, and the do bis me; nor shall the subsequent instruc- evidence against them, whether legal or morpions of my client induce me to depart from al, be such as to leave no just doubt of their . ll. unless I am well satisfied it was made in guilt, I shall not hold myself privileged, error, or that the rights of my client would much less obliged, to use my endeavors to arte materially impaired by its performance. rest or to impede the course of justice, by
10. Should my client be disposed to insist special resorts to ingenuity, to the artifices on captious requisitions, or frivolous and of eloquence, to appeals to the morbid and retatious defenses, they shall be neither en- fleeting sympathies of weak juries, or of temInrued nor countenanced by me. And if still porizing courts, to my own personal weight adhered to by him from a hope of pressing of character-nor finally, to any of the overphe other party into an unjust compromise, weening influences I may possess from popu. op with any other motive, he shall have the lar manners, eminent talents, exalted learnoption to select other counsel.
ing, etc. Persons of atrocious character, who 11. If, after duly examining a case, I am ba ve violated the laws of God and man, are persuaded that my client's claim or defense entitled to no such special exertions from (as the case may be), cannot, or rather ought any member of our pure and honorable pronot to, be sustained, I will promptly advise fession; and, indeed, to no intervention bebim to abandon it. To press it further in yond securing to them a fair and dispassuch a case, with the hope of gleaning some slopate investigation of the facts of their advantage by an extorted compromise, would cause, and the due application of the law. be lending myself to a dishonorable use of All that goes beyond this, either in manner legal means in order to gain a portion of or substance, is unprofessional, and proceeds, that, the whole of which I have reason to be- either from a mistaken view of the relation liere would be denied to him both by law of client and counsel, or from some unworthy and justice.
and selfish motive which sets a higher value 12. I will never plead the statute of limi- on professional display and success than on tations when based on the mere efflux of truth and justice, and the substantial intertime; for if my client is conscious he owes ests of the community. Such an inordinate the debt, and has no other defense than the ambition I shall ever regard as a most danlegal bar, he shall never make me a partner gerous perversion of ta lents, and a shame. In bis knavery.
ful abuse of an exalted station. The parri13. I will never plead or otherwise avail of cide, the gratuitous murderer, or other perthe bar of infancy against an honest demand. petrator of like revolting crimes, has surely Il my client possesses the ability to pay, and no such claim on the commanding talents of has no other legal or moral defense than that a profession whose object and pride should it was contracted by him when under the be the suppression of all vice by the vindicaage of twenty-one years, he must seek for tion and enforcement of the laws. Those, other counsel to sustain bim in such a de- therefore, who wrest their proud knowledge rense. And although in this, as well as in from its legitimate purposes to pollute the that of limitation, the law has given the de- streams of justice and to screen such foul Pense, and contemplates, in the one case, to offenders from merited penalties, should be Induce claimants to a timely prosecution of regarded by all (and certainly shall by me) their rights, and in the other designs to pro- as ministers at a holy altar full of high pretect a class of persons, who by reason of tension and apparent sanctity, but inwardly tender age are peculiarly liable to be imposed base, unworthy, and hypocritical-dangerous on, yet, in both cases, I shall claim to be the in the precise ratio of their commanding tal. gole judge (the pleas not being compulsory) ents and exalted learning. of the occasions proper for their use.
16. Whatever personal influence I may be 14. My client's conscience and my own are : so fortunate as to possess shall be used by distinct entities; and though my vocation me only as the most valuable of my possesmay sometimes justify my maintaining as sions, and not be cheapened or rendered ques facts or principles, in doubtful cases, what tionable by n too frequent appeal to its inmay be neither one nor the other, I shall ever fluence. There is nothing more fatal to claim the privilege of solely judging to what weight of character than its common use; extent to go. In civil cases, if I am satis- and especially that unworthy one, often inned from the evidence that the fact is dulged in by eminent counsel, of solemn asagainst my client, he must excuse me if I do surances to eke out a sickly and doubtful not see as he does, and do not press It; and cause. If the case be a good one, it needs should the principle also be wholly at varl- no such appliance; and if bad, the artifice ance with sound law, it would be dishonor- ought to be too shallow to mislead any one. able folly in me to endeavor to incorporate it Whether one or the other, such personal into the jurisprudence of the country, when, pledges should be very spa ringly used and If successful, it would be a gangrene that only on occasions which obviously demand