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Long experience of the need which it is the design of the following pages to supply, must explain the reasons for the preparation of this volume. If that design be accomplished, the book will be its own best interpreter; if not, a lengthened preface would but make the failure more apparent. The whole theory of elocution, including an analysis of gesture, has been herein discussed, though all merely incidental opinions have been carefully avoided. Where just views have been found expressed by those who have made this a life-study, their language has frequently been quoted, in the hope that due importance may be ascribed to the ideas thus presented. Special acknowledgments are due to Dr. James Rush, to whose profound and accurate analysis of the “Philosophy of the Human Voice," all writers upon the subject have so long been indebted; and to Professor Wm. Russell, in whose able expositions of the theory of Dr. Rush may be found a more minute elucidation of the principles of this branch of education, so much neglected and misunderstood. Elocution being less a science than an art, much will ever remain to be effected by the living teacher, though experience has proved the great advantages to be derived from the general system of instruction here proposed.
The examples for practice have been classified with the view of separately illustrating each division of the work; in many instances, it may be best not to attempt
the reading of any long selection, until, by thorough study and diligent practice upon the shorter illustrations, each principle is clearly understood. The reading of a single poem might serve to develop the whole theory of elocution; the examples under each successive division may therefore be used, not only to secure a clear apprehension of the special point under consideration, but also to review the lessons previously explained and illustrated.
Great care has been taken to consult the authorized editions of the various writers here represented, that the extracts from their works may be relied upon as accurate; though, in some instances, preference has been given to an early edition, when, in later issues, the alterations have not been deemed improvements. Many poems have been introduced which have never before found their
any book of selections, some few being now for the first time published in this country.
The compiler cannot conceal the hope that this glimpse of our general literature may tempt to individual research among its treasures, so varied and inexhaustible ; – that this text-book for the school-room may become not only teacher, but friend, to those in whose hands it is placed, and while aiding, through sys. tematic development and training of the elocutionary powers of the pupil, to overcome many of the practical difficulties of instruction, may accomplish a higher work in the cultivation and refinement of character.
PHILADELPHIA, June 4, 1867.
ABSOLUTE AND ANTITHETIC EMPHASIS..
ILLUSTRATIONS.--Absolute Emphasis. Robertson, Ruskin, Mrs. Child,
Whittier, Kingsley, Carlyle...
ILLUSTRATIONS. - Antithetic Emphasis. Robertsm, Thomas à Kem-
pis, Shakespeare, Landor, Emerson, Carlyle, Miss Greenwell, Ware,
REMARKS ON Distinct ENUNCIATION ....
Pitch, TONES, &c
SCALE, INTERVAL, &c.
NATURAL OR DIATONIC SCALE...
RADICAL, CONCRETE AND DISCRETE PITCH.
MELODY OF SPEECH..........
ILLUSTRATIONS. - Carlyle, Richter, Giles, Campbell, Percival, Holmes,
Miss Greenwell, Mrs. Browning
MELODY OF SPEECH, CONTINUED..
ILLUSTRATIONS. — De Quincey, Mrs. Browning, Margaret Fuller Os-
soli, Shelley, Goldsmith, Tennyson..
ILLUSTRATIONS. Shakespeare, Tennyson, Randolph, Coleridge, Mrs.
ILLUSTRITIONS. — Keats, Coleridge, Shakespeare, Poe, Schiller, De Vere,
Mrs. Howell, Tennyson.
SELECTIONS. - DIATONIC MELODY......... .......
DEGREES OF PITCH
EXAMPLES. — Bryant, Mrs. Hemans, Byron, Cranch, Tennyson, Cole-
ridge, Wolfe, Shakespeare, Campbell, Byron.
ILLUSTRATIONS. - High Pitch. Shakespeare, Arnold, Spenser, Ten-
ILLUSTRATIONS. - Medium Pitch. Mrs. Browning, Miss Procter, Rob-
ertson, Brooke, Tennyson..
ILLUSTRATIONS.- Low Pitch. Shakespeare, Shelley, Byron, Bryant,
Lowell, Miss Greenwell, Burns.........
QUALITIES OF TONE
PURE TONE ....
EXAMPLES. — Whipple, Richter, Mrs. Child, Martineau, Emerson........ 92
EXAMPLES. - Schiller, Coventry Patmore, Pope, Whittier, Mrs. Brown-
ing, Mrs. Southey.
EXAMPLES.— Webster, Patrick Henry, Sheridan Knowles, Mrs.Browning 97
EXAMPLES. — Byron, Shakespeare, Scott, Moore, Halleck ...................
EXAMPLES. Tennyson, Byron, Shakespeare.....
EXAMPLES. Shakespeare, Milton, Croly
EXAMPLES. - Shakespeare, Longfellow...........
EXAMPLES.—Tennyson, Mrs. Browning, Keats, Milton, Mrs. Barbauld 106
CHARACTERISTICS OF TONES
ERRORS IN MODULATION.....
SELECTIONS.-- POETICAL ILLUSTRATIONS OF PURE TONE.
PROSE ILLUSTRATIONS OF EFFUSIVE OROTUND..
POETICAL ILLUSTRATIONS OF OROTUND QUALITY...
ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE DIFFERENT QUALITIES OF TONE.
RISING, FALLING, CIRCUMFLEX or WAVE...........
EXAMPLES. - Sheridan, Bulwer, Taylor, Shakespeare...
EXAMPLES. - Scott, Patrick Henry, Tennyson, Owen Meredith. 177
EXAMPLES. - Coleridge, Leigh Hunt, Spenser..
EXAMPLES. — Knowles, Shakespeare, Croly
EXAMPLES. — - Shakespeare, Addison, Tennyson...
EXAMPLES. — Milton, Kingsley, Emerson, Doddridge, Browning, Ten-
INTERVAL OF THE SECOND
EXAMPLES. - - Reed, Ruskin, Hawthorne, Emerson, Robertson, Mill.... 187
EXAMPLES. — Franklin, Taylor, Knowles, Shelley, Milton.
SELECTIONS.—THE WAVE. -HUMOKOUS ILLUSTRATIONS....
RULES FOR INFLECTIONS
EXAMPLES. — Landor, Bacon, Shakespeare, Milton, Robertson, Curtis,
ILLUSTRATIONS.- Affirmative Sentences. Robertson, Shakespeare,
Clay, Bailey, L’Aimè Martin, Emerson, Whipple, Von Humboldt 208
ILLUSTRATIONS. — Negative Sentences. Robertson, Emerson, Thomas
à Kempis, Whipple, Locke, Owen Meredith.....
ILLUSTRATIONS.— Interrogative Sentences beginning with a Pronoun
or Adverb. Bartol, Sir Wm. Jones, H. Bonar.
ILLUSTRATIONS. - Interrogative Sentences beginning with a Verb.
ILLUSTRATIONS. Suspension of Sense. Emerson, Reed, De Quincey 212
ILLUSTRATIONS, Parenthetical Phrases. Shakespeare, Tennyson,
ILLUSTRATIONS.-Contrasted Sentences. Shakespeare, Tennyson,
Emersm, Kingsley, Longfellow.
ILLUSTRATIONS. - Concessions. De Quincey, Mrs. Browning .... 214
ILLUSTRATIONS. - Exclamatory Sentences. Dante, Browning, Miss
Greenwell, Campbell, Curlyle..
ILLUSTRATIONS. — Exclamations in the Form of Interrogative Sen-
tences beginning with a Pronoun or Adverb. Browning, De
ILLUSTRATIONS. — Exclamations in the Form of Interrogative Sen-
tences beginning with a Verb. Miss Greenwell, Emerson. 216
ILLUSTRATIONS. -- Declarations in the Form of Negative Sentences.
Robertson, Giles, Emerson, Tennyson, Miss Muloch...
SIMPLE AND COMPOUND SERIES, SERIES OF SERIES.......
COMMENCING AND CONCLUDING SERIES
EXAMPLES. - Shakespeare, Martineau, Tennyson
ILLUSTRATIONS.- - Commencing Series. Wirt, Hillard, Shakespeare,
ILLUSTRATIONS.— Concluding Series. Shakespeare, Tennyson, Mont-
ILLUSTRATIONS. - Series of Series. Hooker, Taylor, Whipple............ 221
PARTIAL AND DISTINCT CADENCE
EXAMPLES. — Scott, Shakespeare, Massey, Taylor...
ERRORS IN CADENCE
ILLUSTRATIONS. - Partial and Distinct Cadence. Ruskin, Kingsley,
Carlyle, Sterling, Whiitier, Fuber, H. Coleridge, Wordsworth,
Bailey, Miss Greenwell, Mrs. Browning, Milnes, Miss Procter,
Miss Waring, Browning, Owen Meredith.
EXERCISES — DEGREES OF FORCE.
ILLUSTRATIONS.— Loud Force. Shakespeare, Gray, Patrick Henry,
ILLUSTRATIONS. - Moderate Force. Wordsworth, Tennyson, Thacke-
ray, Shakespeare, Stoddard, Robertson, Lowell.
ILLUSTRATIONS. — Soft Force. Shakespeare, Shelley, Byron, Southey,
Milton, F. Tennyson, Prentice, Mrs. Browning, Aytoun, Kings-
ley, Keats, Tennyson, Spenser ....
VARIETIES OF STRESS ..........
EXAMPLES. - Shakespeare, Ruskin, Webster, Lord Brougham, Milton 243
EXAMPLES. — Miss Greenwell, Mrs. Browning, Miss Ingelow...... 245
EXAMPLES. - Shakespeare, Webster, Otis.
EXAMPLES. — Shakespeare, Whittier, Knowles
EXAMPLES. – Pitt, Shakespeare, Milton .........
SELECTIONS. — MEDIAY STRESS...
VARIETIES OF STRESS..