Peace, War, and Trade Along the Great Wall: Nomadic-Chinese Interaction Through Two Millennia
In 1577, during a great court debate over the formulation of china's policy toward its nomadic neighbors, the Ming scholar-official Feng Feng-shih observed: "When there are markets and tribute, there is no war." For two millennia, tension between nomad and chinese along China's northern frontier threatened to erupt into war, and for two millennia, the essential element determining whether peace or war existed was trade. This fascinating book tells the story of the centuries-long confrontation along the Great Wall of China.
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When frontier markets , tribute and bestowals , and intermarriage were
functioning effectively , the northern frontiers of China ... In chapter six it is
suggested that a wide range of factors contributed to the destabilization of the
frontier and the ...
FRONTIER. MARKETS. This work has suggested that a study of war and peace
on China ' s northern frontiers cannot be divorced from a consideration of either
the economic reliance of nomads on the agrarian society south of the Great Wall
Few nomadic peoples abandoned their herds to plant seeds , although some
allowed captured or fleeing Chinese to cultivate areas north of China ' s frontiers .
Fostered by the inherent conflict that often emerges between peasant and ...