Peace, War, and Trade Along the Great Wall: Nomadic-Chinese Interaction Through Two Millennia
In 1577, during a great court debate over the formulation of china's policy toward its nomadic neighbors, the Ming scholar-official Feng Feng-shih observed: "When there are markets and tribute, there is no war." For two millennia, tension between nomad and chinese along China's northern frontier threatened to erupt into war, and for two millennia, the essential element determining whether peace or war existed was trade. This fascinating book tells the story of the centuries-long confrontation along the Great Wall of China.
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( Consequently ) , YŁn - chi returned and requested ( that the Chin Emperor levy )
troops to attack ( the Mongols ) . Just then the Lord of Chin , Ching , died and
YŁnchi ascended the throne . ( He ) sent a decree to the Country ( Mongolia )
( The Emperor ) decreed that two sets of fine armor , for both horse and rider , . . .
and twenty - thousand tan of grain be given to A - na - k ' ui and delivered at the
border . . . . During the twelfth month of the third year ( 522 ) , A - na - k ' ui ...
7 , 1805 ) The Emperor ' s Edict to the King of England The Emperor decreed to
the King of England : “ We reverently inherit the solemn mandate from Heaven
and respectfully follow the great program of Our ancestors . We seek for peace