Peace, War, and Trade Along the Great Wall: Nomadic-Chinese Interaction Through Two Millennia

Front Cover
Indiana University Press, 1989 - History - 266 pages

In 1577, during a great court debate over the formulation of china's policy toward its nomadic neighbors, the Ming scholar-official Feng Feng-shih observed: "When there are markets and tribute, there is no war." For two millennia, tension between nomad and chinese along China's northern frontier threatened to erupt into war, and for two millennia, the essential element determining whether peace or war existed was trade. This fascinating book tells the story of the centuries-long confrontation along the Great Wall of China.

From inside the book

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.


Trade or Raid
Peace or

8 other sections not shown

Common terms and phrases

Bibliographic information