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RELIGIOUS THOUGHT AND LIFE.
"Our fathers worshiped in this mountain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is
"The hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jeru-
the true worshipers shall worship the
WILLIAMS & NORGATE, HENRIETTA STREET, COVENT GARDEN,
MANCHESTER: JOHNSON & RAWSON, 89, MARKET STREET.
No. XXVIII-JANUARY, 1870.
I. THE JEWISH MESSIAH.-II.
WHILE treating of the Jewish Messiah, Hengstenberg discusses the question of the angel or messenger of Jehovah. This is unnecessary. But it is desirable to examine the point briefly, lest the omission should furnish an objection to our conclusion. In speaking of the angel of Jehovah, the Old Testament, it is alleged, shews a distinction between the hidden and the manifest God, the God who remained in concealment and the God who revealed Him. If it can be shewn that the angel of Jehovah was truly God, having divine attributes and performing divine acts, he may be identified with the Messiah. Let us therefore examine the passages which speak of the angel of Jehovah.
In the 16th chapter of Genesis, the angel of the Lord found Hagar. This angel undertakes a divine work, the countless multiplication of Hagar's posterity. He says that Jehovah had heard her affliction, and so predicates of Him what he had before assigned to himself.
In the 18th chapter, it is related that Jehovah appeared to Abraham in the plains of Mamre. When the patriarch lifted up his eyes, "three men stood by him." In the course of the interview, one of the three makes himself known as the Lord. He promises such blessings as God alone can bestow, and is called by the historian Jehovah.
The expression in xix. 24, "Jehovah rained-from Jehovah," is Hebraistic for "the Lord rained from himself," a noun being used for a pronoun. Hengstenberg arbitrarily assumes that the Jehovah who rained fire and brimstone is identical with the angel, and thus the latter is distinguished from Jehovah; in other words, two Jehovahs are mentioned.