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2. The brevity, clearness, and uniformity of the rules and definitions.

3. The simple yet complete system of Analysis.

4. The great variety of carefully prepared MODELS FOR PARSING AND ANALYSIS. By these models, the pupil is taught how to parse every kind of word, and how to analyze every kind of sentence.

5. The abundance of appropriate exercises and illustrations, systematically arranged, and numbered for convenient reference.

6. The definite statement or clear indication of opinion upon those points which annoy and perplex both pupil and teacher.

7. The practical character and systematic classification of the instruction and exercises in False Syntax.

8. The lucid and comprehensive treatment of Punctuation and Prosody—both important subjects, too much neglected in most schools.

9. The superior mechanical execution of the work.

Actuated by a desire to qender the labor of the class-room more pleasant and effective: by furnishing an attractive means for instruction in a useful" bräněh*:of study, the author ventures the hope that this tearise' Will:commend itself to the favorable notice and consideration of his felloy-teachers.

ENGLISH GRAMMAR.

1. Definitions.

1. A Word is the sign of an idea.

2. Language is the expression of thought by means of words. It may be either spoken or written.

3. Spoken Language is the expression of ideas by the voice.

4. Written Language is the expression of ideas by the use of written or printed characters representing sounds.

5. Grammar treats of the principles and usages of language.

6. English Grammar teaches how to speak and write the English language correctly.

7. English Grammar is divided into four parts: Orthography, Etymology, Syntax, and Prosody.

8. Orthography treats of elementary sounds, letters, syllables, and spelling.

9. Etymology treats of the classification, derivation, and properties of words.

10. Syntax treats of the construction of sentences.

11. Prosody treats of the quantity of syllables, of accent, and of the laws of versification.

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PART I.

ORTHOGRAPHY.

2. Definitions.

in

1. Orthography treats of elementary sounds, letters, syllables, and spelling.

2. An Elementary Sound is one which can not be separated into two or more distinct sounds.

3. A Letter is a character used to represent either elementary sound, or a combination of elementary sounds; as, a, x.

4. A Syllable is a sound or a combination of sounds uttered with one impulse of the voice; as, man, man-ner.

5. A Word is either a syllable, or a combination of syllables; as, hat, men-tion, phi-los-o-phy.

3. Elementary Sounds.

1. There are forty elementary sounds in the English language.

2. They are divided into Vowels and Consonants. Consonants are subdivided into Subvocals and Aspirates.

3. Vowels, or Vocals, are those sounds which are made with the vocal organs open, and consist of pure tone only. They are also called Tonics.

4. Subvocals are those sounds which are obstructed by the vocal organs, in the process of articulation. They are sometimes called Subtonics.

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