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Thymeldceæ.
Dáphne L.

Mezercon.

Spurge Laurel.
Dirca Ľ.

Leather-wood.
Gndia L.
Passerina L.
Pimelea Lada

1315

ev.
CV.
ov.

ev.

Santalàceæ.
Nýssa L.

Tupelo Tree.
Osyris L.

Poet's Cassia.

I. III. IV.
civ. 1306

2584 Ficus Tourn.

Fig Tree.
civ. 1307 2584 Bòrya W

Ulmàcea.
су. 1314

U'lmus L.

Elm.
1315

Plánera Gmel.
1315

Zelkoua Tree.

Céltis Tourn.
1315

Nettle Tree.

Lote Tree.
су. 1915

Juglandàceæ.
cvi.
1920

Juglans

Walnut Tree.

Càrya Nutt.
cvi,
1320 2584

Hickory Tree.
cvi. 1921 2584 Pterocarya Kunth

Salicàcere.
cvi. 1324 2584

Salix L.

Willow.
cvi. 1927

Pópulus Tourn.

Poplar.
cvi. 1328 2585 Betulàceæ.
cvi. 1328

Alnus Tourn.

Alder.

Bétula Tourn.
cvii. 1890 2585 Birch.
cvii.
1331 2585 Corylaceae, or

Cupuliferæ.
cvii. 1832
cvii. 1332 2585

Quércus L.

Oak.
1341 2585 Fagus L.
cvii.

Beech.

Castanea Tourn.
cvii. 1342 2586

Chestnut.
cvii. 1343 2586 Cárpinus L.

Hornbeam.
cviii. 1361 2586

O'strya W.

Hop Hornbeam.
cviii. 1962

Córylus L.

Hazel.

Elæagnaceae. -
Elæágnus Tourn.

Oleaster.

Wild Olive.
Hippophae L.

Sea Buckthorn.

Sallow Thorn.
Shepherdia Nutt.

Aristolochiacea.
Aristolochia L.

Birthwort.
Euphorbiaceæ.
Euphorbia

Spurge.
Stillingia Garden
Búxus Tourn.

Box Tree.
Plagianthus Forst.
Cluýtia Bot. Mag.

Urticàcere.
Mòrus Tourn.

Mulberry.
Broussonètia Vent.

Paper Mulberry.
Maclùra Nutt.

Osage Orange.

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cvii.

1341

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1.
cvili.

II.
1956

IV.
2586

cviii. 1370 2586

cviii. 1371 2586
cviii. 1373 2586

cx.

1409

сх.

1413

сх.

1420 2587
1421 2587

сх.

cxi. 1441

2587

cxi.

1451 2587

cxi.
cxi.

1453 2587
1453 2587

cxxi. 1636 2588

сxxiii. 1677 2589
cxxiij. 1677 2589

exxiii. 1690 2590

cxxiv. 1715 2590
cxxiv. 1717 2590

cxxix.

1949

2593

CXXX,

1983 2595

CXXX.

2004

2595

cxxxi.

2015 2595

cxxxi.

2016

2595

ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO VOL. III.

-

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1690 2590 Filbert

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cii.

Abele Tree
A'cynos Lk.
Alder
Alnus Tourn.
Alonsda R. et P.
Alotsia Or.
American Oaks
Ansbasis L.
Aspesaia H. B. et K.
Anthocercis R. Br.
Aristolochia L.
Aristolochiòcee
Asclepiadaceæ
Aspen
Atrapháxis L.
A'triplex L.
Aadibértia Benth.
Balsam Poplar
Banksia R. Br.
Bay Tree
Beech
Benzoin Laurel
Bétula Tourn.
Betulacea
Bignònia Touro.
Bignoniaceæ
Birch
Birthwort
Black Italian Poplar
Black Poplar
Boraginacea
Borya W.
Böses L.
Box Thorn
Box Tree
Broussonètia Vent.
Brugmansia R. & P.
Brennichia Gaertn.
Búddlea L.
Búxus Tourn.
Calámpelis D. Dom.
Calceolaria L.
Callígonum L.
Camphorósma Scak.
Capraria L
Carolina Poplar
Carpinus L.
Carya Nutt.
Castanea Tourn.
Catálpa Juss.
Celtis Tourn.
Clstrum L.
Chaste Tree
Chenopodidcee
Chenopodium L.
Chestnut
Cinnamomum Srot.
Clerodendron R. Br.
Clustis Bot. Mag.
Cobre'a Cav.
Cabarea
Ceaveenacra

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III.

IV.
cxxi. 1698

Convolvulus

Cordiacete
cil. 1282

Cork Tree
cxxiii.
1677 2589

Corylacea
сxxiii. 1677 2589
ci, 1277

Córylus L.
cil. 1286

2583 Cupulifere
cxxvi.
1863

Dáphne L.
cilt.

1291
ci. 1277

Diótis Schreb.
d. 1277
cvi. 1328

Dírca L.

Dracocéphalum Com,
cvi. 1928 258 Duránta Hort.
xcix. 1257 2581

Eccremocárpus Thunb.

Echium L.
1645

Ehretia
cxxii.

Elæagndcee
ciji. 1294
CUL. 1289 2589

Elæágnus Tourn.

Elm
cit. 1283
cxxii.
1673

Euphorbia
cis. 1306 2589 Euphorbiaceæ
ciii. 1296 2583
cxxix.
1949 2593 Ficus Tourn.

Fagus L.
civ.
1303

Fig Tree
cxxiii.
cxxiii.
1677 2589

Gardoqula Hook.
c. 1258 2581

Globularia L.

Globulariaceae
xcix. 1258 2581

Gnidia L.
cxxiii.

Goat Wheat
1690 2590
lvi. 1928

Goosefoot
cxxii. 1657

Grabówskia Schl.

Grevilles Cunn.
cxxii.
1652

Hakea R. Br.
1264

Halleria L
cviii. 1370 2586 Hazel
ciil. 1291

Heliotropium L.
ci. 1269

2582 Hickory
cvii. 1332 2585 | Hippophae L.
cviii.
1361

2586 Hop Hornbeam
ct. 1274

Hornbeam
1296

Hyssopus L.
ci. 1276

Ilex
cvii.

1332 2585 Juglandàceæ

1263
ct.
1277

Juglans
1295

Kochia Schr.

Labiacea
cili. 1291
ci. 1277

Lauraceae
cxxii. 1670

Laurel
CXXX. 2004 2595 Laurus Plin.

cxi. 1441 2587 Lavandula L.
CXXX. 1983 2595

Leather-wood

Leondtis R. Br.
c.
1261

Lithospermum L.
ci. 1277

Live Oak
cix. 1413

Lombardy Poplar
ci. 1274
cii.
1285 2583 Lote Tree

Lophospermum Don
cii.

1287 2583 | Lycium L.
cii. 1288

Maclùra Nutt.
CXXX.

1983 2595 Maurándya Jacq.
cir, 1305

Mexican Oaks
cii.

2583
cvii. 1341

Mezereon
1264

Mimulus W.
1264

Morus Tourn.
1264

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I.

III. IV.
C. 1264

1265
cxxviii. 1911
cxxiv. 1715 2590
cxxxi. 2016 2595
cxxiv. 1715 2590
civ.

1307 2584
ciii. 1290
CV. 1914
ck. 1283
cil.

1286
1263

1265
C. 1265
суі, 1920 2584

cvi. 1321 2584
cviii, 1373 2586
cvii, 1931 2585

cvii. 1330 2585
cxxix. 1949 2599

cviii. 1365 2586
cviii. 1365 2586
cxxxi. 2017

1282
1287
1287

1315

1292 2589
cii. 1288

1273
civ. 1306
civ. 1306
cl.

1277
cxxxi. 2016 2595

C. 1265
cxi. 1441 2587

cvi. 1324 2584
cxxxi. 2015 2595
CXXX. 2004 2595
cil.

1278
cxxvii. 1899
cx.

1420 2587
cx. 1521 2587
ciii. 1291 2583
ci. 1278

1296 2583
ciii. 1296

2589
ciii. 1296

2583
cil. 1281
CV.

1314
cil.

1283

1264
cxxviii. 1918
cxxii.

1660
ci.

1277
сх. 1414

ci. 1269 2582
cviii. 1362

ci. 1277
cxxix. 1941
civ. 1307

ci. 1277
cvii. 1943 2596

cili.

ciii.

Celsia Jacq.

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1286

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IV.
2587
2584

2582
2584

2581

2581

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cli.

ciji.

2585

Mulberry
Myopórince
Myoporum R. Br.
Myrtle of Van Die-

men's Land
Nepal Oaks
Nettle Tree
Nicotiana Grah.
Nightshade
Nycterinia D. Don
Nýssa
Oak
Oleaster
Ontario Poplar
Orache
Osage Orange
O'strya W.
Osyris L.
Paper Mulberry
Passerina L.
Períploca L.
Phlomis L.
Pimelea Lab.
Plagianthus Forst.
Plánera Gmel.
Plectranthus L.
Plumbaginea
Plumbago L.
Poet's Cassia
Polygondcea
Polygonum R. Br.
Poplar
Populus Tourn.
Prasium L.
Prostanthera Lab.
Proteacete
Pterocarya Kunth
Quércus L.
Red Bay
Rhodochiton Zucc.
Rosmarinus L.
Rumex L.
Salicaceæ

I. III. IV.
cvii. 1943 2586 Salix L.
cii. 1287

Sallow Thorn
cil. 1287

Sálvin L.
CXXX. 1982

Santalacea

Sassafras Tree
cxxviii. 1920 1933

Satureja L.
cix. 1413

Scrophulariacea
ci. 1274

Sea Buckthorn
1266 2581

Shepherdia Nutt.
ci. 1277

Sideritis Ait.
CV. 1315

Solanacea
cxxiv.
1717 2590

Solandra L.
cvi. 1351 2584 Solanum L.
cxxiii. 1676

Sphacele Benth.
1289 2583

Spurge
cviii.

Spurge Laurel
1 362

Stachys L.
cxxxi. 2015 2595

Státice L.
cvi. 1920

Stillíngia Gard.
cviii. 1361 2586

Sweet Bay
1315

Técoma Juss.
xcix. 1257

Teucrium Schreb.
cil. 1279

Thymelàcea

Thymus L.
cvii. 1341 2585 Tragopýrum Bieb.
cix. 1409

Tree Purslane
cii. 1283
cii. 1287 2588 | Trumpet Flower
1287

2533
cvi. 1320

Tupelo Tree
ciii. 1292 2583

Turkey Oaks
1296

Ulmacea
cxxi.

1636 2588 U'lmus L.
cxxi. 1636 2588 Urticacea

cii. 1283
cii. 1283

Verbenaceæ

2583
civ. 1306

2581 Verónica Ait.

Véstia W.
cxi. 1451 2587

Vitex L.
cxxiv. 1717 2590 Walnut Tree
civ. 1299

I. III.
cxi. 1453
cvi. 1324
cii.

1282
cv. 1915
ciii. 1 301

ci. 1278
ci.

1276
cvi. 1324
cvi. 1327
dii. 1283
C. 1 266
ci. 1274

1266

1283
cvii. 1331
civ. 1309
cii. 1281

cit. 1287
cvii. 1332
ciii,

1296
C.

1259
cil. 1271
civ. 1306

ci. 1278
CIII. 1292
ciji. 1289

c. 1258
су. 1315
Cxxv. 1846
cviii. 1371
cviii.

1373
cvii. 1342

1285
Ici.

1277
ci.

2583
2581

CY.

су.

1315

2584

2582
2589
2583
2581

cil.

ciii.

2586
2586
2586
2583

cii.

Westringia Sm.
ci. 1217

Wild Olive
cii. 1279

Willow
cxi. 1453 2587 Zelkoua Tree

1274
cii. 1285
сх. 1421

cii. 1282
cvi. 1321
cxi. 1453
cix. 1409

2583
2587

ciij.

1296

2584
2587

ARBORETUM ET

ET FRUTICETUM BRITANNICUM.

CHAP. LXXVIII.

OF THE HARDY AND HALF-HARDY LIGNEOUS PLANTS OF THE

ORDER ASCLEPIADA'CEE.

Genus I.

PERI'PLOCA L. The PERIPLOCA. Lin. Syst. Pentándria Digynia. Identification. R. Br. in Mém. Wern. Soc., 1. p. 57. ; Lindl. Nat. Syst. Bot., edit. 2., p. 305.; Don's

Mill., 4. p. 163 Synonymes. Periploca Fr.; Schlinge, Ger. Derivation. From peripleko, to wrap about ; in allusion to the twining stems. Gen. Char., &c. Corolla rotate. Throat furnished with 5 awned scales, which

alternate with the segments of the corolla. Filaments distinct. Anthers cohering, bearded on the back; pollen masses applied to the dilated tops of the corpuscles of the stigma, solitary, or composed of 4 confluent ones. Stigma almost mutic. Follicles cylindrical, much divaricate, smooth. Seeds comose. (Don's Mill., iv. p. 163.) — The hardy species are natives of the south of Europe, the north-west of Asia, or the north of Africa. Twining glabrous shrubs. Leaves opposite, shining. Flowers subcorymbose, interpetiolar; of easy culture in common soil, and propagated by cuttings of the root or shoots, or by layers.

1. P. GRÆCA L. The Greek Periploca. Identification. Lin. Sp., p. 309. ; Don's Min., 4. p. 163. ; Lodd. Cat., ed. 1836. Synonyme. P. maculata Monch, Schmidt Baum., 1. t. 46., Du Ham. Arb., 2. p. 104. t. 21., Hort. Angl., t. 15. Engravings. Jacq. Misc., 1. p. 11. t. 1. f. 2.; Fl. Græc., t. 249. ; Bot. Reg., t. 803. ; Schkuhr Handb.,

t.53.; and our figs. 1087. and 1088.
Spec. Char., &c. Leaves varying from ovate to lanceolate. Corymbs on long
peduncles. Flowers hairy inside. Branches bro Segments of corolla

linear, rounded at the apex, greenish outside,
and brownish inside, and clothed with copious
short hairs. Leaves deciduous, 3—4 in. long.
(Don's Mill., iv. p. 163.) A hardy twining
shrub, a native of the south of France, and of
Bithynia, found also about
Bursa, and on Mount
Athos; flowering in July
and August. It was in-
troduced in 1597, and is
frequent in gardens. The
remarkable colour and
rich velvety appearance
of the flowers, the elegant

form of the leaves, and
1087

the facility with which the 1088 plant can be made to cover an extensive space, render it useful for arbours, &c.; but it is mentioned in the N. Du Hamel that the odour of the flowers is considered unwholesome, and even dangerous, to those who are long exposed to it. In the Gard. Mag., vol. ix. p. 586., Mr. Godsall, nurseryman, of Hereford, mentions that he has seen the pavement of an arbour over which a plant of Periploca græ'ca was trained, and in full flower, literally covered with dead house-flies, which appeared to have fallen from the blossoms, apparently killed by some deleterious property contained in them. The capability of extension of this plant is proved by one in the Cambridge Botanic Garden having been trained, by means of a jack chain, as high as the branches of one of the trees of Sophòra japonica, mentioned in p. 565. as being 50 ft. high, and which was clear of branches to a considerable height. When twined round a tree, the periploca forms a deep identation in the bark. (See Mag. Nat. Hist., vol. vi. p. 331.) Price of plants, in the London nurseries, Is. 6d. each; at Bollwyller, 60 cents; and at New York, 374 cents.

[graphic]
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3 2. P. ANGUSTIFO‘lia Labill. The narrow-leaved Periploca. Identification. Lab. Pl. Syr., dec. 2. p. 13. t. 7. ; Don's Mill., 4. p. 163. Synonymes. P. rigida Viv. ; P. lævigàta Vahl. Engravings. Labill. Pl. Syr., dec. 2. p. 13. t. 17.; and our fig. 1089. Spec. Char., 8c. Leaves veinless, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous, persistent. Cymes trichotomous. Flowers purplish inside, pale yellow beneath and round the mouth, with a white spot in the middle. Leaves 1 in. long. (Don's Mill., iv. p. 163.) A twining shrub, a native of Tunis, on Mount Schibel Jsekel ; and of the Island of Lampedosa, at the sea side, near Laodicea. An ornamental plant, which was introduced in 1800, and is quite as hardy as P. græ'ca. It is rare in British collections.

1 P. lævigata Ait. ; P. punicæfolia Cav. Icon., 3. t. 217. ; is a twining evergreen shrub, a native of the Canary Islands, which was introduced in 1779; and, though generally kept in green-houses, would live through the winter against a south wall, with protection. The half-hardy species of Periploca, being deciduous, may be pre

1089 served through the winter with much less care than many other tender trees and shrubs.

CHAP. LXXIX.

OF THE HARDY AND HALF-HARDY LIGNEOUS PLANTS BELONGING

TO THE ORDER BIGNONIA'CER.

The genera belonging to this order which contain hardy species are, Bignònia, Técoma, and Catálpa, which are thus distinguished :

Bigno'NIA Tourn. Calyx 5-toothed. Dissepiment of the fruit parallel. TECOMA Juss. Calyx 5-toothed. Dissepiment of the fruit contrary. CATA'LPA Juss. Calyx 2-parted. Dissepiment of the fruit parallel.

GENUS I.

BIGNONIA Tourn. The TRUMPET FLOWER. Lin. Syst. Didynàmia

Angiospermia. Identification. Tourn. Inst., 72.; Juss. Gen., 139.; Gærtn. Fruct, t. 52. ; H. B. et Kunth Nov. Gen.

Amer., 3. p. 132.; D. Don Edin. Phil. Journ.'; Lindl. Nat. Syst. Bot., edit. 2., p. 282. ; Don's

Mill., 4. p. 216. Synonymes. Bignonia sp. of Lin. and others ; Bignone, Fr. ; Trompetenblume, Ger. Derivation. So named by Tournefort, in compliment to the Abbé Bignon, librarian to Louis XIV. Gen. Char., 8c. Calyx campanulate, 5-toothed, rarely entire. Corolla with a

short tube, a campanulate throat, and a 5-lobed bilabiate limb. Stamens 4, didynamous, that is, 2 long and 2 short ; with the rudiment of a fifth. Lobes of anthers divaricate. Stigma bilamellate. Capsule silique-formed, 2-celled ;

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