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nous croyions devoir offrir au moins une ou deux des. jupon de satin rose uni, garni d'un volant de satin décriptions des toilettes qui nous ont paru pouvoir servir coupé. Un autre, de même forme, en velours turc blen. de modele.
ciel, ouvrait sur une jupe de satin blue garnie de blonde Une robe en poult de soie rose glacé était relevée blanche. sur un côté par une guirlande de scabieuses, diminuant Il est nécessaire d'établir la généralité avec laquelle graduellement vers la ceinture. Au milieu de chaque ces robes onvertes sont accueillies. C'est à tel point que fleur était une petite rosace en pierre qui jetait un feu sur six robes habillées, élégantes, on en voit au moins comme des diamans. Le corsage à pointe tendu était quatre de cette façon. C est surtout pour le velours entouré de drapperies en tulle-illusion retenues par de que la forme ouverte va se répéter cet hiver. Le ve petites scabieuses qui les serraient comme un ruban. lours qui reçoit peu d'ornemens étrangers, prend de la
Une robe en tulle brodée en soie blanche, à petits recherche dans cette double robe, dont la plus imporlosanges, garnie de deux guirlandes de petites roses tante est celle que l'ou ne semble considérer que comme blanches, formant tablier devant le jupon, et continuant accessoire. autour du corsage en formant caur par devant, et gar- Il y avait quelques étoffes d'automne, poult de soie nissant le haut de la mantille. Trois petites guirlandes satiné ou pékin broché, tout-a-fait disposées d'apres les de roses traversaient les manches et se réunissaient au
façons vieilles modes ; entre autres un poult de soie vert bas sous une agraffe de fleurs. Bouquets de roses dans amandine, garni de volans en ruban satiné du même les cheveux.
vert, sur les devans de la robe ouverte ; une autre, en Une robe de crêpe bleu garnie d'une blonde, prenant pékin gris à fleurs rouges, était garnie tout autour d'un depuis la ceinture et traversant diagonalment le davant falbalas de même étoffe à petites dents découpées. dn jupon, pour former le volant autour. A chaque Les rubans en écharpe sont en dehors de toute desdistance d'à peu près deux mains, ce volant était relevé criptions possibles. Que l'on se figure une longeur de comme une draperie retenue par une rose. Malgré le prés d'un quart, en satin aussi épais qu'un velours, et préjugé qui sépare ces deux àuances, on a trouvé ce semée de bouquets en soie nuancée, ou de petites fleurs costume très-jolie. Le haut du corsage était garnie de blanches sur couleur; quelques-unes de ces écharpes riehes blondes qui couvraient toute la manche, sur sont bordées d'une frange, mais plus généralement le laquelle elle se relevait au milieu en draperie attachée ruban est coupé simplement. par une rose. Une guirlande de petites roses, à la On voit des coiffures de fleurs en velours ou de peMancini, formait la coiffure ; les cheveux était très-bas tites fleurs argentées, parures plus négligées que des par derrière.
bijoux, et plus parée que des fleurs ordinaires ; puis On fait beaucoup de coiffures en rubans, ce qui va des petits chapeaux en velours noir, sur lesquels se déparfaitement avec la vogue que continue à obtenir cet tachent un bouquet de roses et de rubans de satin. accessoire de toilette.
Des turbans de cachemire ou d'étoffe de soie brodé dans Une simple toilette d'organdi ou de gaze unie prend l'inde, en soie et fil d'or, enfin les petits chapeaux en un aspect d’élégance en nouant autour de la taille une
gaze, forme arrondie, surmontés au milieu de ses plis longue ceinture à bouts flottans. Au bas des manches, nombreux par des grapes légères ou des marabouts. on place un næud de rubans dont les bouts tombent gracicusement sur le bras.
Après avoir parlé des élégantes superficies de la toilette, nous davons une mention particulière à la base fundamentale de toute gracieuse tournure. Nous ne
THE NEW YEAR'S LIBATION. pouvons mieux atteindre notre but qu'en rappelant une heureuse invention qui a créé dans une ingénieuse mécanique, un système de grâce et de salubrité qui
1 satisfait à la fois la coquetterie et la raison. Les corsets
When the Druids to welcome the budding new year, dont nous parlons sont maintenant adoptés dans toutes
Encircling the oak, danced in mystical round,
They, commanding the fresh springing grass to appear, les familles et dans toutes les pensions, où l'on a pa
Poured forth brimming goblets of mead to the ground. apprécier l'avantage d'un corset qui se délace par la
2 simple pression d'un ressort, et n'expose jamais aux
When Rome with her legions gave laws to the land, accidens trop fréquens qui proviennent de l'entrave de
As the sun in his course sought the climes of the north, d'un lacet. L'autre système de corset, plus compliqué At Janus's temple a worshipping band, dans son mécanisme, mais tout aussi simple dans son To the double-faced god deep libatious poured forth. usage, se lace aussi facilement qu'il se délace.
3 On remarque de nouvelles formes de robes, se rap- When the creed of salvation was brought to onr shore, prochant toujours des façons de l'année dernière, mais And dark doubts of the future to man were made clear; avec plus de liberté dans le choix des détails. Une Still the song and the wassail-bowl Englishmen pour, robe de satin brochée violet, garnie sur les devans ou
To the plentiful crops of the infant new year.
4 verts d'une dentelle noire, laissant voir une jupe en citron, garnie d'un volant en dentelle noire. Les Though these rites with the sunlight of knowledge are fled,
One libation is made with the opening year; manches à hauts sabots de dentelle descendait aux cou
On the locks of thy daughters, Oh, Albion, is spread des, et le corsage était garni à la poitrine d'une mantille
* Rowland's Matchless Macassar, creative of hair. de dentelle. La jeune femme qui portait cette robe,
XIPHIAS. était coiffé à la sévigné avec deux branches de raisin noir mêlés à ces touffes crêpés.
• This is one of the best efforts of Rowland's muse Vue robe en satin rose, à bouquets de lilas blanc
we ever remember having read. We should always satines, s'attachait par des agraffes de perles, sur un
willingly grant admission to lines of equal merit.
Purchased Civility, -Our great idea of civility is, that the person who is poor should be exceedingly civil to the person who is wealthy : and this is the difference between the neighbouring nations. Your Frenchman admits no one to be quite his equal- your Englishman worships every one richer than bimself as undeniably his saperior. Judge as from our servants and our shopkeepers, it is true we are the politest people in the world. The servants, who are paid well-and shopkeepers, who sell bigh-scrape, and cringe, and smile. There is no country where those who have wealth are treated so po. litely by those to whom it goes; but at the same time there is no country where those who are well off, live on such cold, and suspicious, and ill-natured, and uncivil terms among themselves.-H. L. Bulwer's France.
French and English Politeness.-The rich man who travels in France murmurs at every inn and at every shop; not only is he treated no better for being a rich man; he is treated worse in many places, from the idea, that because he is richi he is likely to give bimself airs. But, if the lower classes are more rude to the higher classes than with us, the higher classes in France are far less rude to one another. The dandy who did not look at an old acquaintance, or looked impertinently at a stranger, would have his nose pulled, and his body run through with a small sword-or damaged by a pistol bulletbefore the evening were well over. Where every man wishes to be higher than be is, there you find people insolent to their fellows, and exacting obsequiousness from their inferiorswliere men will allow no one to be superior to themselves, there you see them neither civil to those above them, nor impertinent to those above them, nor yet very courteous to those in the same station. The nianners checquered in one country by soft. ness and insolence, are not sufficiently courteons and gentle in the other. Time was in France (it existed in England to a later date), when politeness was thought to consist in placing every one at his ease. A quiet sense of their own dignity rendered persons insensible to the tear of its being momentarily forgotten. Upon these days rested the sbadow of a by-gone chivalry, which accounted courtesy as one of the virtues.Ibid.
Street Music, Sireet music pleases the poor, and annoys such folks as legislators ; hence, to play in the streets is an act of vagrancy. But it causes obstructions—twenty or thirty people collect round the performers. The concerts at Lord Fiddletaddle's cause obstruction-a hundred insolent livery servants are collected round the door, quarrelling, swearing, and flinging out their ribaldries; but there is po law against concerts at Fiddletaddle House, and the Legislature has not made the issuing of cards for balls, routs, and assemblies whereby crowds of carriages, cabriolets, and livery servants are collected, to the obstruction of the public thoroughtare and the disturbance of a neighbourhood-an offence.
It is the custom to preach contentment to the poor, and to tell them to be happy on coarse and slender food, but they are not encouraged to make sweet meals on any of the brown bread or hard crusts of the pleasures. The rich, who have a very good notion that the poor can regale on broken victuals, have no notion that their hearts can leap to a cracked tiddle. They see that coarse food is suitable to them, but do not see that the simple pleasures are also suitable. They supply their wants according to the rule of poverty, and withhold their en. joymeuts according to the rule of luxury. Dives would say, give the crumbs from my table to that hungry man, and take away that fiddler or piper who is making such an execrable noise to that crowd of people. It never strikes him that the fiddle is as sweet to the ears of the one set, as the broken bread to the hungry mouth of the other. He knows that the food which his luxury would loathe, is delicious to the famished wretch, but he does not know how the weary and depressed heart dances to the sound harsh and grating to his more cui. tivated ear. He has a very exact notion of the necessaries suitable to the pour- he would not say to a bungry man “ Dou't care about such trash as stale bread and cold potatoes, turtle and venison are the only eatables which a man can wish to have.” He knows better than this, but he has no notion of the pleasures suitable to the poor, and would, without an idea of cruelty, withdraw all means of gratification, as worthless which bore no analogy to the turtle and venison diet-such as the rude music on which we are harping.-Examiner.
Colour of Rivers in Ploods.—The reddish brown colour so common in freshes of rivers in Earope, and every where else, is almost entirely the effect of cultivation; and the natarai colour of rivers even in the highest and longest continued floods, where all the country is still in woods or pastures, is ever that of a dark brown or blackish, bot more dilnted than that coming from peat bogs. It is comparatively very clear, and deposits but a trifling sediment.
French and English Travelling.-A recent French writer describing the state of travelliog in France and England, says "In France the postillions are freqnently drunk, always dirty, and the most coarge and intractable people in the world. In England the contrast is most striking ; both inen and cattle are always well dressed ; and the drivers with white cravats, good jackets, and well-napped great coats ; their horses har. nessed as if for some grand ceremony. In France a postillion takes care, first of his own safety, and then that of his horses; to him the traveller is a concern of supererogation. In En. gland the craveller commands the driver, in France he obeys him."
Fuel of Volcanoes-Water seems to be a necessary, agent in the production of volcanic fire; for ovly extinct volcanoes are found inland. The most active are in the immediate vicinity of the sea, and some are actual sob-marine. The matter that feeds them does not seem to be universally diffused, but rather collected in different spots. Hence, they always exist in gronps; yet the action of one of the volcanoes of the same grond is found to be entirely independent of that of the others, Stromboli being asleep while Ætna is raging. The fire is probably seated at some distance nnder the surface; but the eruption inatter does not appear to come from a very great depth. The source of this fire remains unknown, notwithstanding many plausible conjectures. Beds of coal and pyrites do not account for it, neither does the pure metallic basis of potass and soda.
Water. - Professor Brande estimates the total number of gallons, daily supplied by the several water companies, at 29,000,000 ; in raising which, twenty-nne steam engines are used, eqnal to the power of 1,346 horses. The professor considers filtration the best means of purifying water; and at a recent lecture, exhibited the model of an invention, now in nse by one of the water companies, which filters 500,000 cubic feet of water per day. He had the day before seen the apparatus at work ; and though the surface of the water was frozen, and the process of filtration was going on below as usual.
Mixture of IVoods.- It is snpposed that the mixture of woods from all parts of the world, as in the hull of a ship generates diseases of various kinds, from the chemical influencies of their several juices or saps ; and that they thas de. stroy each other. In proof of this, it was observed lately, when the Shannon was examined, that the oak treenails had destroyed the fir planking, for two or three inches round each treenail hole ; and, io another instance, where oak combings were nsed in a teak ship, both woods were destroyed for several inches where they were connected. This, it is justly observed, is matter for a scientific and philosophical inquiry.
Melon Sugar.-It has been discovered in the state of South Carolina, that a very fine quality of sugar may be extracted from the water-melon, which grows in great perfection there. The landlord of a public house has shown that all the sugar used in his house during the preceding twelve months, and which had passed for the finest cane, lad been obtained from water-melons of his owu raising.
The Forest Broom. The seeds of the forest broom are said to be an excellent substitute for coffee. Being moderately roasted, ground, and prepared in the manner of ordinary coffee, the difference is represented to be scarcely perceptible. In that part of Holland bordering npoo Germany, this substance has been used for coffee for many years.
A Spider with ten Eyes. The last number of the Techno. logical Repository notices, as having been seen by the editor, under an opaque microscope, a black Spider from Africa, with no less than ten eyes.' Of these, funr were placed in a square cluster in front of its headl; two on each side of the front, affixed in pairs, on raised appendayes; and two large ones were placed behind the head.
PENANCES AND EXPIATIONS OF THE
ACCORDING to the Hindu legislator, certain bodily defects, infirmities, or diseases, are penalties for sins committed in this life, or for some bad actions in a preceding state. These evidences of guilt are enumerated with the accustomed disgusting precision : e.g: a stealer of gold has whitlows on his nails : the slayer of a brahmen has marasmus; a false detractor, stinking breath ; a stealer of grain, the defect of some limb; a stealer of dressed grain, dyspepsy; a stealer of a lamp, total blind. ness; the mischievous extinguisher of it, blindness in one eye, &c. “ Penance, therefore, must invariably be performed for the sake of expiation ; since they, who have not expiated their sins, will again spring to birth with disgraceful marks.”
The comparative guilt of various offences is then declared; but the gloss has greatly varied the degrees of guilt. For instance, certain crimes, which are declared in the original text to be equal to the killing of a brahmen, the first crime in the highest degree, are, by the construction given to the text by the interwoven comment, merely crimes of the second degree, and only nearly equal to the slaughter of a priest, which the comment pronounces to be less than incest in a direct line. Amongst the crimes in the third degree, are slaying a bull or cow, selling oneself, usury, selling a wife or child, abandoning a kinsman, working in mines of any sort, or engaging in great mechanical works, excessive attention to music or dancing, killing a woman, deny. ing a future state of rewards and punishment, and application to the books of a false religion. The latter seems to be an obstacle in the way of christian teachers. Amongst the minor offences, which work degradation or defilement only, without exposure to legal chastisement, are giving pain to a brahmen, smelling at any thing unfit to be smelt, cheating, speaking falsely, kill. ing an insect or worm, great perturbation of mind, &c.
The penances for the various crimes and offences previously enumerated are then specified. If a brahmen slay a brahmen (without deliberate malice), he must dwell in a forest twelve years, subsisting on alms, with the skull of the slain beside him : or voluntarily expose himself as a mark to archers; or cast himself headlong thrice into a blazing fire : or walk a hundred yójanas, repeating any one of the Vedas, eating barely enough to sustain life; or give all his property to some brahmen learned in the Veda, or a sufficiency of wealth for his life, or a house and furniture; or he may sacri. fice himself to preserve a cow, which atones for the crime of killing a priest. For drinking the spirit of rice, a crime in the highest degree, the penance is severely burning the body; or drinking, "boiling hot until he die," pure water, or milk, or clarified butter. The reason assigned for considering this act so criminal is the following puerile one" Since the spirit of rice is distilled from the mala, or filthy refuse of the
NO. L. VOL, Y.
grain, and since mala is also a name for sin, let no brahmen, chsatriya, or vaisya, drink that spirit!"
It appears from the 95th verse of this chapter, that “ inebriating liquor was extracted from the dregs of sugar," at the period when this code was written.' Here is, then, ct testimony, not only to the existence of the sugar-cane in India at a very remote date. but to the manufacture of sugar, and the distillation of spirit from the gross residue or molasses.
The following is the atonement prescribed for the sin of killing a cow. The offender must “ drink for the first inonth barley corns (sic); shaved and covered with the lide, he must fix his abode on pasture ground. he may eat a moderate quantity, but without any factitious salt, for the next two months, at the time of each fourth repast, regularly bathing, and keeping his members under control; all day he must wait on the herd, and stand quaffing the dust they raise ; at night, having servilely attended and saluted them, and seated himself near to guard them, pure and free from passion, he must stand while they stand, follow them when they move together, and lie down by them when they lie down: should a cow be sick, or terrified by tigers or thieves, or fall, or stick in the mud, he must relieve her by all possible means: in heat, in rain, or in cold, or while the blast furiously rages, let him not seek his own shelter, without first sheltering the cows to the utmost of his power; neither in his own house, or field, or floor for treading out grain, nor in those of any other person, let him say a word of a cow who eats, or of a calf who drinks; by waiting on a herd, according to these rules, for three months, the slayer of a cow atones for his guilt; his penance being performed, he must give ten cows and a bull, or, his stock not being so large, must deliver all he possesses to such as best know the Véda.” Almost every other penance is in like manner tagged with some “ gift to brahmens.”
“ For killing insects of any sort bred in rice or other grains, or those bred in Auids, or in fruit or flowers, eating clarified butter is a full expiation.”—“If a man cut for no good purpose such grasses as are cultivated, or such as rise in the forest spontaneously, he must wait on a cow for one day, nourished by milk alone.”
The next series of penances are prescribed for eating and drinking what are forbidden to be tasted ; such as touching any spiritous liquors, or even smelling the breath of a man who has been drinking spirits ; eating food left by a woman, a súdra, a cat, a crow, a mouse, a dog, or an ichneumon; tasting mushrooms, or any thing brought from a slaughter-house : any such forbidden food undesignedly swallowed must be instantly vomited up, and the party must purify himself with legal expiations.
Some trifling acts, which nevertheless degrade, are expiated by a suppression of the breath, fasting a day, or touching a cow,
“ hush !” or “ pish!" to a brahmen, or “ thou” (to a superior), must bathe, eat nothing for
He who says,