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ceptions, to whom they have occasionally given the appearance of a sedate and becoming gravity, inducing a well-merited confidence in their professional abilities. There are few persons who do not, at some period of their existence, require our professional assistance ; it will, therefore, be prudent to peruse carefully and preserve for reference, this little pamphlet,-it is the result of my own experience, observations, and labours ; it contains nought but facts—no plagiarisms, nor any assertions that cannot be maintained and corroborated by numerous opticians. Of Coloured Glasses and Wire Gauze Shades for
Spectacles. A light-blue or azure coloured glass is to be preferred for shading the eyes from light, &c., as the complexion of a person is seen through a blue glass of its natural colour, rather darkened, and through a green glass the countenance has a cadaverous hue. Colours are also more easily distinguished by blue glasses than with green, and the blue answers every purpose of shading or protecting the eyes from a glare of light &c., better
some time worn, enabled the wearer to dispense entirely with the use of spectacles.
Distant sighted persons find they are compelled to place a book, in reading at a greater distance than fore merly from the ere, or they require a stronger light in reading or writing at night; they see with difficulty to mend a pen, and have a general incorivenience in seeing objects at short distances, within one or two feet. They still see perfectly well at any distance in the open air, or in the street, nay, perhaps can tell the hour by a churoh clock at a mile distance, without assistance from glasses ; and can see objects at that distance as well as ever they could. These persons thus situated are termed distant or long sighted; and the only certain remedy for this kind of visiou is, the occasional use of convex spectacles, properly and with the greatest care adjusted to the sight; they will for the time restore the sight to its pristine distance, and have, in many cases, enabled the wearer to leave off the use of spectacles even after the eye has been accustomed to them for eight or ten years.
To those persons who have any occupation requiring close and constant employment of the sight, at any distance nearer than two or three feet, and who complain of fatigue and watering of the eyes at night, and on dark foggy days in winter,—spectacles of a slight convexity, called preservers, will enable them to see better and for a longer time than they can see without their use. Distant-sightedness does not usually exhibit itself so early in life as near-sightedness; but the exact age at which it appears cannot be defined. The greater portion of those persons who have applied to me for convex spectacles have exceeded the age of 35; though in one instance, I have known a boy of ten years of age require spectacles for reading of five inches focus. He had not been operated upon for cataract, or any thing of the kind ; nor had he any disease of the eye. This is a very remarkable instance.
There are many persons who have not to complain of either distant or near-sightedness, who see perfeetly well at all distances, but who experience great inconvenience from a glare of light at night, from the intense light and heat of the sun, especially as reflected on the London pavement, in summer, from the wind blowing strongly in their eyes, from the dust of macadamized and other roads, from the flies in summer, from a residence in hot climates as the East or West Indies, from chalky soils, and from travelling over immense tracts of snow in various parts of the world. Some of these and other causes produce inflammation in the eyes, and frequently, in severe cases, total blindness ensues, which the judicious use of spectacle shades, made either of glass or wire gauze, might have contributed to prevent, and at so trifling an expense, not necessarily more than five shillings.
The persons who usually require the aid of spectacles (excepting those afflicted with cataract, of whom inore hereafter,) have now been enumerated. It bas been observed, that “it is very much the fashion to wear spectacles of late, without absolute necessity." Now I can assure the intelligent render, that of a great number of spectacles that I have supplied to persons of rank in society, few have been purchased merely from the fashion, nearly the whole of them have been absolutely required for purposes of vision. The younger members of the legal and medical professions are the only ex
Blue glasses may be obtained of as dark a shade as may be desired, almost to opacity. In most cases a very light blue, of a similar tint to the sky on a bright day, is to be preferred to all others, and as these glasses admit of being ground concave or convex to suit the sight, in the same way that other glasses or pebbles are ground, they will be used with great advantage by the near or distant sighted, who may require some shade or protection from a glare of light, especially in cases of recovery from inflammation of the eyes; they are in these cases usually recommended by the oculist or medical gentleman.
Blue glasses of a very dark shade are sometimes used as spectacles to screen the loss of an eye from observation; and, if skilfully and closely fitted, they effcct this desirable object completely, so as, at a small distance, to deceive the inquisitive glance of the most acute observer.
Wire gauze is sometimes used for the same purpose. This gauze has been introduced of late for spectacle shades, and is very finely wove-being iron or steel wire forty or fifty wires to the inch, and japanned of a light blue colour; this has entirely superseded the use of crape for the purpose of shading the eyes from the light, and is found to answer this purpose much better. This gauze is very useful in keeping off the dust or flies in summer, which it does effectually, and at the same time admits a current of air to the eyes, which in some cases is very desirable, and is an advantage that glasses do not possess.
The best shape for these shades is parabolic or horseshoe: and there should be side shapes of the same material, to be worn on the temples when opened, or by closing them the gauze may be worn double, thus ipcreasing the protection for the eyes. The frames of the wire gauze shades should be of elastic blue steel; these are the lightest, the cheapest, attach most firmly to the head, and are consequently the best. All the sorts of spectacle glasses that are really useful have now been described ; and it has also been explained, that it is only by the curve of the surface that glasses or pebbles can at all assist or preserve the sight, and that all spectacles are either convex, concave, or parallel-periscopic
being included in the two former. Ladies and gentle
POOR MARY. men would do well to consider this simple fact; and,
Like the lilly, by ascertaining the focus of the glasses, and inspecting
That once was mistress of the field, and flourished, the frames, in the way I have described, they will have
I'll hang my head, and perish.-SHAKSPEARE. no difficulty in detecting the impudent audacity, of those who, for interested purposes, would mystify and throw On the road from Thurles to Cashel the travaller an obscurity over this simple, but transcendantly im- will frequently see written by a variety of hands, on portant subject, and who would assert, that there is a walls and posts, • Poor Mary?' The epithet poor is peculiarity, advantageous to the sight, in the glasses of considered by the Irish peasantry the most expressive the spectacles they offer for inspection.
word for sympathetic pity, and this testimony of regard Double and Single Eye-glasses compared.
for the sufferings of Mary becomes more conspicuous
and more frequent as the traveller approaches the latter Eve-Glasses are frequently used instead of spec
town. Should he feel any desire to know the cause, he tacles, being less formal, and more convenient for occa
cannot fail of receiving information from those he sional purposes,-in reading a letter, viewing goods in
meets; for all know the history of Poor Mary' a shop window or in examining any object, near or dis
The glebe of Rouleen consisted of twenty Irish acres, tant as the case may be. Single eye-glasses have, till
on which stood the warm thatched house, or rather lately, been more generally used than double eye-glasses.
cabin, of Jack Wilson. The annual whitewashing At the present time the double are rapidly superseding
which it received every Christmas rendered it conspithe use of the single eye-glasses, and for these obvious
cuous from the road; and the four large trees which reasons :— Persons who are provided with two eyes see
shaded the bawn, or yard, gave it an air of comfort better and more objects with both eyes than with one ;
which Irish dwellings, particularly of the poor, geneand they also see better and more objects with a double
rally want." A closer view showed an approach to than with a single eye-glass. Single eye-glasses have
English neatness : a green paddock for a favourite also a tendency to weaken one eye, as the wearer, from
horse or cow was on one side ; and on the west, enjoybabit, will apply the glass more to one eye than to the
ing the shelter of the outhouses and trees, was a little other, wbich frequently produces what is termed ob
garden for vegetables and flowers; whilst at the bottom liquity of vision. The wearer of a double eye-glass
of the slope, before the door, was an umbrageous thorn, will see better, for a longer time, and with more plea
protecting from the beams of summer's sun a holy well sare to himself, than he can see with a single eye-glass
- for all wells in Ireland are dedicated to some partihe will also have the advantage of using both hands if
cular saint. It must be confessed, though the general required, as the double eye-glass will fix on the nose by
appearance of Wilson's habitation conveyed ideas of inslightly pressing the glasses nearer to each other. This
dustry, there yet remained too many proofs of culpable advantage he cannot have with the single eye-glass, un.
indolence. A cart, or, as it is called, truckle, was less he can shrink up the flesh round the eye to support
placed in a gap to perform the duties of a gate ; and the eye-glass by its contraction. This dexterous feat
the exhalations of the dunghill rose to Heaven the tacit I have seen performed by some gentlemen ; it is an un.
reprovers of Jack's attachment to smoking and talking. sightly practice, and in this opinion I anticipate the
Still the little farm was yearly improving; limestones ladies will coincide. Independent of all these considera
were collected round the kiln, the ditches showed traces tions, the double eye-glass has a more uniform appear
of recent repairs, and fields, were ploughed that had ance, and when closed, has the appearance of a single lain fallow for ages,
On the whole, the country people eye-glass, and is very portable. When the double eye
acknowledged that Jack was the most thriving man in glass is closed, one glass being upon the other, the con
the parish, for which he was indebted, they observed, carity or diminishing power, or the convex or mag
to his good children, young Jack and Mary. nifying power, is very much increased : this also is a
Old Wilson had been married twenty years to a great advantage over the single glasses, and will be
woman who brought him two children, a son and a found very useful. Our most gracious Queen invariably
daughter. The greater part of his life he had spent in wears a double eye-glass.
struggling with fortune, wearing tattered clothes and In all cases where the assistance of glasses are re
living on potatoes ; but, as his children approached quired for a short time only, I would recommend the
maturity, Mary, the daughter, was taken notice of by use of the double eye-glasses, instead of the spectacles,
a family in the neighbourhood, who just stopped in with sides to fasten on the face.
the country long enough to make the people feel the
loss of their absence. Mary, from collision with poWISHES OF YOUTH.
lished manners, caught some notion of refinement,
which was not sufficiently powerful to create disgust “Gaily and greenly let my seasons run; And should the war-winds of the world uproot
with her situation, but still strong enough to show her The sanctities of life, and its sweet fruit
the pleasure of improvement. Books were given her, Cast forth as fuel for the fiery sun ;
which she carefully perused; and flower-seeds, which The dews be turned to ice-fair days begun
were sown. In peace wear out in pain, and sounds that suit
From these plants she derived no small Despair and discord keep Hope's harpstring mute;
pleasure : they stimulated her industry ; they were her Still let me live as Love and Life were one:
own; she transplanted, tended, and cherished them ; Still let me turn on earth a childlike gaze,
till they became identified with her happiness ; for withAnd trust the whispered charities that bring Tidings of human truth ; with inward praise
out them she could neither enjoy the commendations of Watch the weak motion of each common thing,
her friends nor the satisfaction of knowing that her And find it glorious still let me raise
existence was not intended to be useless : but these did Ou wintry wrecks an altar to the Spring."
not occupy all her thoughts, nor engross all her time.
The progress of refinement is the same in individuals as misery enough on the country. The Peelers (Police) iu nations—it grows almost inperceptibly and gradu- have got blood enough by such gun-hunting : much ally : the possession of one object only excite the de- better for such night-strollers to be at home with their sire of gaining that which is yet to be acquired. Mary, wives and children than disturbing honest people at from her garden made a transition to her dwelling. this unseasonable hour. No wonder we have cants She had admired the pleasing pictures which some (auctions) every day through the country, and every books exhibited of rural comfort and happivess, and she assizes hangings and gibbetings : good can't come of persuaded her brother to join her in renovating the old such business, and so Father M‘Dermott says, who, house, the exterior of which he dashed, thatched, and God bless him, should curse you from the altar-so he whitewashed, whilst Mary cleansed and regulated the should.' interior. The old couple regarded this innovation at Wilson seconded his wife's observations by advising first with some degree of displeasure ; but as Mary was the banditti to abandon such lawless pursuits, assignlooked on by the neighbours as a prodigy, they gave ing many reasons for his advice, and ending with inno resistance, until at length they experienced how viting them to be seated, as he had a bottle of potteen much the pleasures of life can be increased by useful in his cupboard. industry. Jack agreed
Jack agreed to talk and smoke less in future, • Keep your potteen,' said one of them, you cowardly and gave assistance to his son in the management of the poltroon,' at the same time taking the mask from his land; whilst Mary and her mother augmented the ge- face, an example which the others followed, when Wilneral comfort by new sources of industry. The wheel son, to his utter astonishment, beheld his own neighwas heard for the first time in Wilson's kitchen ; and, bours, every one of whom he knew except their leader, in addition to clothing her father and brother, Mary who, under such circumstances, is always brought from appeared at Mass every Sunday in a neat dress pur- a distance, that his voice may not be recognised. chased by the proceeds of her own labour.
They all joined in reproaching Wilson and his family In the neighbourhood lived a young man, named for not joining the canse, swearing that, as he was then Lambert, remarkable for his sobriety and industry; he and would afterwards experience the benefit of their lamanaged a small farm for his mother, who being de- bours and dangers, he should also be made to partake sirous to see her son settled for life, had applied to the of them. They then gave him to understand that he priest for his advice, who eagerly recommended Mary would be obliged to take the necessary oaths to-morWilson.
row ; for their policy would not permit any man to reThe interposition of the good clergyman soon brought fuse without immediately inflicting the penalty. Wil. the young people to consider their union very wise and son knew too well the consequence of resistance; and, very natural. They talked over how they should do though he condemned the practice, his limited underin future, reckoned how easily they could pay their standing approved of the theory. Consequences were rent, and how good their children would be.
too distant and too acute for the conception of his conbeing fixed for the ceremony, they went to town to pur- tracted understanding ; but he had heard and knew of chase the wedding clothes, came home, and were the certain benefits, and that was sufficient conviction for happiest people in the world over Wilson's fire ; but himself. Instances were fresh in his memory of farms never were happy more!
remaining with the old tenants, because no other person Lambert had risen, with the intention of returning dare bid for them ; and tithes were not so severely enhome; he had taken his hat, snatched a kiss from his forced since the old proctor was made to ride upon a intended bride, and retreating hastily from her smiling saddle of thorns. Besides, the dread of being called a displeasure when he was forced back abruptly by the coward, and perhaps an informer, was not to be anticiconfused entrance of a number of men, whose faces pated but with horror ; for an Irish peasant would were concealed by slouched hats, so artfully much rather suffer the most ignominious death than blackened that they could not be recognised. Some of submit to the charge of being either a coward or an inthem had sticks, some rusty old guns, and others had former. swords of all shapes and countries. Their ultimate in- The banditti obliged Lambert and the two Wilsons tention was evidently hostile, whilst their dress plainly to accompany them, leaving Mary and her mother to evinced they were of the poorer class of the people. all the horrors of fear and apprehension. Every hour One of them who showed his importance by dropping of the night was to them as tedious as the progress of his gun perpendicularly on the floor, and throwing his the messenger who bears a reprive to a convicted crimi. tall figure into an erect position, explained the reason nal: every blast of wind that shook the trees enticed of their visit. They were in search of arms; but, Mary to the door to see if they were returning ; but being strangers in that part of the country, they merely hour passed after hour, and no appearance of father, called to request Wilson to go with them to those houses brother, or lover. The mother and daughter alternately in which he knew they were to be found. The whole wept and prayed: every saint in the calendar was infamily remonstrated against such a proceeding. Young voked, and every future moment was expected to bring Wilson had a gun, to which they were welcome ; but to them home, whilst every disappointment either excited accompany men who were unknown, for the purpose of new hopes, or conjured up all the horrors which susrobbing those who were their neighbours, was a posi- pense creates in an alarmed imagination, tion in which Wilson desired not to be placed. Mary The nocturnal marauders had succeeded in gaining was terrified to silence; but her mother seconded her possession of some old and useless fire-arms, and were husband in refusing to go on so lawless an errand. proceeding to a house at some distance, where they exHer objections were accompanied with some displeas- pected to find a large supply, when, having travelled ing remarks on the policy of such proceedings. God about a mile and a half, their approach was noticed by knows,' she said, such madness and folly have brought a military party, who were out that night scouring, as
the soldiers call it, the country. The commander of the detatchment filed his nien on each side of the road, with orders to close on the Whiteboys as they passed. Discipline is better than force or courage: the party came up; the soldiers obeyed the instructions of their superior ; and the Whiteboys not having either discipline or prudence, resisted for a while with desperate energy, but were ultimately obliged to surrender to the methodical courage of the soldiers, who proceeded to count their prisoners aloud, and to take down, by a light which they struck, the name of each. Wilson then found that his son and five others were killed in the affray.
Mary's dreadful suspense was dissipated, the next morning, by a conviction of the melancholy truth. The whole country was in a state of alarming agitation ; and, as Mary's sufferings were also those of others, she bore them with greater fortitude, in consequence of a participation of sorrow. She had lost her brother, but others had lost thcir fathers and husbands. Besides, the feelings of Mary for herself were comparatively trifling : her mother's frienzied distraction engaged the consoling influence of all her powers; and, in adducing reason and religion for calming her perturbed adiction, she inperceptibly mitigated the poignancy of her own. Grievous as the case was, it might have been worse: her brother was dead, but then her father lived. Her intended husband, too, was spared by Heaven ; and, though she could not tell whether she loved himn better than her brother—because she loved them both affectionately-yet surely she ought to be thankful that even one of them escaped with his life. Still her father and Lambert were in prison, but they were innocent : the justice of the country would, in proper time, when their characters were established, liberate them.
Such were the arguments poor Mary made use of to tranquillize her mother, and impart false confidence to her own mind : but when she reflected that their landlord was an absentee, living in London, and that scarcely any one of consequence resided in the vicinity of her father who knew him, a sudden thrill of horrible uncertainty came over her. At such times she sought the little summer house in her garden : there her apprehensions caused tears to flow in torrents; and when the fountains of grief were exhausted, she endeavoured
she considered best suited to supply that place in her affection left vacant by the loss of a beloved brother : besides, she looked on him as entitled, by honour and religion, to her attention and care. On leaving the prison, which she frequently visited, she always gave the voluntary kiss of a daughter's love to her father, and then suffered Lambert, without much resistance, to take that of a lover. Having thus, in some measure, contributed to the happiness of both, she returned to her mother full of hope and tranquility; for the virtuous heart is never better pleased than when conscious of having done its duty.
As the assizes approached, a greater bustle was apparent throughout the country. The only milch cow of the poor man was driven to the fair to get money to fee a lawyer to defend his son ; and the wife, in her afflicted poverty, was preparing to sell the seed corn and family potatoes to pay the attorney for attending in behalf of the father of her children. Mary's mother exerted all her industry to prepare for her husband's trial. Gentlemen within the circuit of twenty miles were all supplicated by her for their interest; but all whose name inspired her with some hope of support she found were either in Dublin, London, or Paris. Fatigued with travelling from Clonmel to Cashel, and from the seat of one gentleman to the castle of another, her frame began to give way under such ceaseless exertion. The mind is influenced by the state of the body: the poor woman, the week preceding the assizes, sunk hopeless and exhausted in anticipation of the most overwhelming and fatal consequences : the anxiety and vigilant solicitude of Mary for the prisoners were only equalled by her tender attention to her mother, who now began to show symptoms of approaching decay, too visible to be mistaken.
The long-wished for, but still dreaded, assizes came, The road to Clonmel was thronged by the country people, who hastened to know the result of the fearful day. Among the most worn and dejected was Mary. She left her mother helpless, and was proceeding to witness the trial of a father, to whom she could now, for the first time, be of little service. Her husband, in every thing but form, was to be judged that day also. Alas! poor Mary apprehended the worst that could happen.
The prisoners were arraigned; and when Mary heard the counts recited against them, and the number which the law imputes various crimes to a man, whom the same law says is to be innocent until convicted—when she saw her father standing, as well as Lambert, within the iron spikes of the dock, and heard the solemn and heavy charges read~her eyes began to swim, her heart sunk within her, and some of her neighbours carried her into the open air. When she recovered, she read, in the unwillingness of all to speak, the dreadful truth. The prisoners received from many, among whom was the parish priest, an excellent character ; but as all these were obliged to acknowledge that many men of good characters were frequently implicated in such lawless proceedings, their testimony availed little, particularly as they had been apprehended with weapons, which they had used against his majesty's troops. Appeals to mercy could not be attended to, as the state of the country demanded examples of terrifying severity; for laws must be enforced where they are not respected.
Two days only were given the prisoners to prepare
to interest Heaven in her behalf by prayers pure, holg
and fervent. The weakness of human nature must seek strength in Heaven ; for the miseries of man would be without consolation were he prohibited from hope or prayer.
Wilson's wife visited him in prison every second day, carrying with her such little necessaries as humble poverty could, with difficulty, procure. Mary, when she did not go herself, always took care to send something particular to Lambert; her virtuous heart began to feel for him already all the passionate affection of a wife ; for, however ardent and steadfast maiden love may be, truth must still acknowledge that it is far inferior to the strong and hallowed affection of married fondnessas much so as the chaste light of the moon is surpassed by the full blaze of the meridian sun. Mary saw her betrothed husband in more lights than one, each of which assisted to establish in her bosom somewhat of a romantic passion; he was the patient companion of her father, whom she adored ; and he was the object whom
words are caught up by those whose bosoms are alive to pity; and, as they learn the wreck of misfortune, they generally add one more to the thousand testimonies of sympathy by writing, on the first substance that will retain it, . Poor Mary!'
STANZAS. AWAY-AWAY! AND BEAR THY BREAST,
for the expiation required by justice ! Mary concealed from her mother the result of the trial : she alledged protraction to satisfy her anxiety, and that on the morrow she was to go again. The morrow came, and Mary proceeded to Clonmel to take her • last look and last farewell' of all that now could make existence desirable : their death she knew would terminate her mother's life, and then she would be alone and friend. less. Her grief was too severe for tears ; her movements were merely mechanical; and, when she reached the dungeon of the gaol, she scarcely knew where she was. She threw herself on her knees to receive a father's blessing : she hung round Lamberts's neck, and, unasked and unblushingly, gave his lips a thousand kisses. The fond embraces and agonizing tears of her lover soon brought Mary to herself: she wept aloud; but at length submitted to the advice of the attending clergyman. Religion may be despised by the great and unthinking, but it is the only and last friend of poverty and suffering : it now supported those with firmness who were so soon to be rewarded with faith and hope.
The fatal knell tolled in solemn warning, and the victims of offended laws made their appearance on the platform. Some acknowledged their guilty folly, and warned their countrymen of the danger of illegal association; but Wilson and Lambert declared their innocence, inasmuch as they were forced to accompany those with whom they suffered to the commission of an unexpected offence. They then joined in prayer, in which they were accompanied by Mary beneath the drop. Lambert overheard her devotional breathings ; and, just before the fatal drop, he ejaculated Poor Mary! ' His last words fixed themselves on the memory of the unhappy girl, who, after the dead bodies were cut down, paid the last duties to the deceased in a kind of bewildered affection, She was observed by the neighbours who attended to carry home the dead to talk in a most extravagant and incoherent manner ; but her miserable situation apologised for her conduct, however extraordinary it might be.
When Mary arrived at the glebe another cause of distraction met her: her mother had heard from a gossip the fatal information, and immediately expired. Mary fell into a stupefying trance, from which she never wakened to recollection : all she remembers of the past is her lover's last words, Poor Mary!" and these words she repeats a hundred times a day.
The dwelling of Wilson is yet standing; from the road it appears the habitation of comfort and tranquillity: but, alas! the appearance is false ; decay begins to signify the absence of all inhabitants, and soon it must fall into ruins ; for the superstitious credulity of the people induces them to think that the deceased members of the family return from their graves every night to converse with Mary, who still continues its solitary inmate.
Mary, in her days of happiness, was a general favorite, and the visitation which destroyed at once her terrestrial felicity and her mind, was so singular and appalling that her fate excites universal sympathy. For many miles round she is visited by those who are enabled, by little presents, to contribute to her comfort or mitigate the miseries of her condition : to all who come she makes presents of flowers, so innocent and artless, sighing every moment. Poor Mary!' that the
Away-away! and bear thy breast
To some more pleasant strand !
Within a desert land !-
And love look dark before thee,
Have flung their shadows o'er thee ! It is, at least, a joy to know
That thou hast felt the worst, And-if for thee no waters flow,
Thou never more shall thirst! Go forward, like a free-born child,
Thy chains and weakness past,
Thy Pisgah, at the last !
Will rise, in after years,
With smiles that turned to tears ;
In visions of the night,
The beautiful and bright!
A bruised and buried heart,
With whom I have no part;
Amid my spirit's gloom,
Shall bid them burst to bloom !
ANARCHY and War, those foes to the happines of mankind, had, like twin demons, with their fire-brands desolated the greatest part of Europe, under the influence of the glory and shame of that quarter of the worldNapoleon ; when, for a while, they ceased their work of fury, as if to gain breath for more daring exertions, like the waves of the ocean, whose deadly silence is the herald of the storm that is about to exert their fury. Peace, for a while, smiled cheeringly over the desolate face of Nature, whose flowers were already springing from the dust of the brave, affording a simple monuinent to their memory, if those who fell in the cause of their country could require any other token or remembrance to keep that sentiment alive in the breasts of their surviving countrymen.
It was in the spring of the year 1814, when a young gentleman, belonging to the English army, had concluded a winter at Paris, where, tired with its neverending, though continually cloying, dissipations, he determined to seek, in the calm and secluded valleys of Switzerland, that repose which the fatigues of the preceding dangerous campaign had rendered indispensable for his health.
It was a calm and delightful evening when he reached