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'Mid ferns and flow'rs the dew-drops ope,-
Lost in faint deeps of heliotrope
Above the clover-scented slope,-
Retreats, despairing past all hope,

The whippoorwill, the whippoorwill.


I wish I wuz in de land ob cotton,
Ole times dar am not forgotten;
Look away! look away! look away!

Dixie land.
In Dixie land whar I wuz born in,
Early on one frosty mornin’;
Look away! look away! look away!

Dixie land.


Den I wish I were in Dixie, hooray! hooray!

In Dixie land

I'll took my stand
To lib and die in Dixie,
Away, away, away down south in Dixie,
Away, away, away down south in Dixie.

Dar's buckwheat cakes and Ingen batter,
Makes you fat or a little fatter;
Den hoe it down and scratch your grabble,
To Dixie land I'm bound to trabble,

The following is a list of other authors and works that would have been included in the body of the book if space had allowed. It is with great regret that only this mention of them can be made. See “ List of Southern Writers” for fuller notice.

Allan, William : Army of Northern Virginia.
Asbury, Francis : Journals.
Blair, James: State of His Majesty's Colony in Virginia.
Bledsoe, Albert Taylor : A Theodicy, Is Davis a Traitor?
Brock, R. A. : Southern Historical Society Papers.
Burnett, Mrs. Frances Hodgson : That Lass o’ Lowrie's.

Cable, George Washington : Bonaventure (Acadian sketches in Louisiana).

Caruthers, William A.: Knights of the Golden Horseshoe (tale of Bacon's Rebellion).

Dabney, Virginius : Don Miff.
Davis, Mrs. Varina Jefferson : Jefferson Davis.
Dinwiddie Papers.
Elliott, Sarah Barnwell : John Paget.
Goulding, Francis Robert: Young Marooners.
Hearn, Lafcadio : Youma.
Hooper, Johnson Jones : Captain Suggs' Adventures.
Ingraham, Joseph Holt: Prince of the House of David.

Jones, John Beauchamp: Rebel War Clerk's Diary, Wild Western Scenes.

Kouns, Nathan Chapman: Arius the Libyan.
Le Conte, Joseph : Geology, Science and the Bible.

Loughborough, Mrs. Mary Webster: My Cave Life in Vicksburg (in prison during the war).

McCabe, James Dabney, Jr. : Gray-Jackets.

McGuire, Mrs. Judith Walker: Diary of a Southern Refugee; (said to be a most faithful and pathetic picture of the terrible times in 1861-5. It was a private journal kept during the war, and Mrs. McGuire was afterwards induced to publish it).

Mason, Emily Virginia : Popular Life of R. E. Lee. Maury, Dabney Herndon : Recollections of a Virginian.

Meade, William : Old Churches, Ministers, and Families of Virginia.

Parker, William Harwar : Recollections of a Naval Offi


Piatt, Mrs. Sarah Morgan Bryan : Poems.
Randolph, Innis : Good Old Rebel, Back-Log.
Randolph, Sarah Nicholas : Domestic Life of Jefferson.

Semmes, Raphael: Service Afloat, Cruise of the Alabama.

Semple, Robert Baylor : History of Virginia Baptists. Sims, James Marion : Story of My Life.

Smedes, Mrs. Susan Dabney: A Southern Planter ; (a biography of Mrs. Smedes' father. Of this work, Hon. W. E. Gladstone says in a letter to the author : “I am very desirous that the Old World should have the benefit of this work. I ask your permission to publish it in England.

Allow me to thank you, dear Madam, for the good the book must do.").

Smith, Francis Hopkinson: Colonel Carter of Cartersville.

Spotswood, Alexander: Letters, 1710–22.
Stith, William : History of Virginia (before 1755).
Strother, David Hunter: Virginia Illustrated.
Taylor, Richard : Destruction and Reconstruction.
Wiley, Edwin Fuller : Angel in the Cloud.


These questions are not recommended as essential, but merely as suggestive and perhaps useful to teachers who prefer the Socratic method. They might also serve to call the attention of students to some point which they would otherwise overlook.

The general questions and those in ordinary type may be answered from the text itself; the answers to those in italics are to be found in other parts of the book, in a history of the United States, or in a cyclopedia. The questions in italics may, of course, like all the rest, be omitted at the discretion of the teacher. The research required to answer such questions, however, will be of great value to the students, if they have the time for it. See also the suggestions given in the Preface.


These questions apply to all the authors, and hence will not be repeated under each name.

1. Give the date of birth, and the date of death of those not living. 2. Where was the author born? 3. Where did he pass his life? 4. What was his education? 5. What was his profession and what positions, if any, did he fill? 6. Describe his character. 7. His style of writing. 8. Give the names of his Works. 9. Title and contents of the extracts given. 10. Learn the short extracts and poems by heart. 11. Find on the map all the places mentioned. (This is of prime importance, and I beg that this question may never be omitted).

FIRST PERIOD, 1579-1750.

JOHN SMITH.-1. Why did Captain Smith fight against the Turks? 2. When did he come to America? 3. How did he spend his time after 1609? 4. What other settlement was in America at this time besides Jamestown? 5. By whom and when made?

WILLIAM STRACHEY.-1. What is the special fame of this description of a storm? 2. Give some features of it. 3. Who was ruler of England at this time?

JOHN LAWSON.-1. Why did he come to Carolina, and when? 2. Tell of his sad death. 3. What is the story of “Sir Walter Raleigh's Ship”? (See the poem,

The Palatine Ship," by William Gilmore Simms). 4. Was there any settlement in South Carolina at this time? 5. If so, when and by whom made?

WILLIAM BYRD.-1. What distinction has Byrd among the writers of Virginia? For what was his daughter Evelyn noted? 3. Who was governor of North Car. olina in 1713–1720? 4. Is the Dismal Swamp so hard to cross now ? 5. How old was George Washington when William Byrd died ? 6. What town is named for Governor Eden!

SECOND PERIOD, 1750-1800.

HENRY LAURENS.–1. Why did he go to Europe in 1771 ? in 1779 ? 2. What title was given his son John? 3. For whom was he exchanged ? 4. How was he buried ? 5. What was happening in America during his imprisonment, 1779–1781 ?

GEORGE WASHINGTON.-1. What did his mother say of him? 2. What is his national title? 3. What monuments have been reared to him? 4. What salary had he as Commander-in-Chief? When was the Farewell Address written ? 6. Where and when did his inauguration as President take place ? 7. When was Washington City laid off as the Capital of the United States ? 8. Name the thirteen original States.

PATRICK HENRY.-1. What did Jefferson say of him? 2. What part did he take in the Revolutionary War? 3. When did he say “If this be treason"? 4. When and where was his greatest speech made ? 5. What other great man died the same year that he did ? 6. What difference in their ages ?

WILLIAM HENRY DRAYTON.-1. Who went with him to be educated ? 2. What bold public statement did he make in April, 1776 ? 3. What battles of the Revolution occurred in South Carolina during Drayton's life?

THOMAS JEFFERSON.-1. What is Jefferson's title? 2. Of what political party is he considered the founder ? 3. What other ex-president died the same day? 4. What inscription is on his tomb? 5. What does he say of the relative positions of the upper and lower classes ? 2. Who were presidents before Jefferson ? 7. Who, after him, up to the time of his death ? 8. What famous Frenchman visited Jefferson in 1825 ? 9. Quote some of the Declaration of Independence.

DAVID RAMSAY.-1. Who was his second wife? 2. Of what profession were their daughters ? 3. Where is Fort Moultrie and for whom named? 4. Where is there a statue to Sergeant Jasper ?

JAMES MADISON.-1. What is Professor Fiske's estimate of him? 2. Tell of his marriage and of Mrs. Madison. 3. How long and when was Madison President? 4. What war took place during that time? 5. What disaster occurred in Washington in 1814? 6. What patriotic song was written the same year?

ST. GEORGE TUCKER.-1. When did he come to America and whom did he marry? 2. Where is William and Marg College and when was it founded? 3. What famous men were teachers and students there?

JOHN MARSHALL.-1. How long was he Chief-Justice? 2. Repeat Charles Cotesworth Pinckney's famous remark. 3. Over what great trial did Marshall preside? 4. When was it? 5. Where are fine statues of him? 6. Who was Pinckney?

HENRY LEE.-1. What title had hein the Revolution? 2. Who was his mother? 3. What well-known words were first used by him? 4. Who was his most famous son? 5. Was Mrs. Motte's house burned down?

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