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itself,—the people of the United States might, at this moment, have been numbered among the melancholy victims of misguided counsels ; must, at best, have been laboring under the weight of some of those forms which have crushed the liberties of the rest of mankind. Happily for America,-happily, we trust, for the whole human race, they pursued a new and more noble course. They accomplished a revolution which has no parallel in the annals of human society. They reared the fabrics of government, which have no model on the face of the globe. They formed the design of a great Confederacy, which it is incumbent on their successors to improve and perpetuate. If their works betray imperfections, we wonder at the fewn of them. If they erred most in the structure of the Union, this was the work most difficult to be executed; this is the work which has been new-modelled by the act of your convention; and it is that act on which you are now to deliberate and decide.

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("drawn by Mr. Madison, amid the tranquil scenes of his own final retirement; and intended

for his family and friends.":)

The strength of his character lay in his integrity, his love of justice, his fortitude, the soundness of his judgment, and his remarkable prudence; to which he joined an elevated sense of patriotic duty, and a reliance on the enlightened and impartial world as the tribunal by which a lasting sentence on his career would be pronounced. Nor was he without the advantage of a stature and figure which, however insignificant when separated from greatness of character, do not fail, when combined with it, to aid the attraction. What particularly distinguished him was a modest dignity, which at once commanded the highest respect and inspired the purest attachment.

Although not idolizing public opinion, no man could be more attentive to the means of ascertaining it.

In com: paring the candidates for office, he was particularly inquisitive as to their standing with the public, and the opinion entertained of them by inen of public weight. On the important questions to be decided by him, he spared no pains to gain information from all quarters ; freely asking from all whom he held in esteem, and who were intimate with him, a free communication of their sentiments; receiving with great attention the arguments and opinions offered to him; and making up his own judgment with all the leisure that was permitted.


1752-1828. St. GEORGE TUCKER was born in the Bermudas, came early in life to Virginia, where he married in 1778 Mrs. Frances Bland Randolph, and thus became stepfather to John Randolph of Roanoke. He was a distinguished jurist, professor of law at William and Mary College, presidentjudge of the Virginia Court of Appeals, and judge of the United States District Court of Virginia.



Poems : “ Days of My Youth," and Dissertation on Slavery : Letters others.

Alien and Sedition Laws. Probationary Odes of Jonathan Pindar, Annotated Edition of Blackstone. Esq., [Satires].

Dramas, (unpublished). Commentary on the Constitution.

In addition to his ability as a writer, he possessed fine literary taste; and his personal character was marked by great amiability, courtliness, and patriotism.

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Days of my youth,

Ye have glided away ;
Hairs of my youth,

Ye are frosted and gray:
Eyes of my youth,

Your keen sight is no more;
Cheeks of my youth

Ye are furrowed all o'er,
Strength of my youth,

All your vigor is gone;
Thoughts of my youth,
Your gay visions are flown.


Days of my youth,

I wish not your recall ;
Hairs of iny youth,

I'm content ye should fall;
Eyes of my youth,

You much evil have seen ;
Cheeks of my youth,

Bathed in tears have you been;
Thoughts of my youth,

You have led me astray ;
Strength of my youth,

Why lament your decay ?


Days of my age,

Ye will shortly be past;
Pains of my age,

Yet a while ye can last;
Joys of my age,

In true wisdom delight;

Eyes of my age,

Be religion your light;
Thoughts of my age,

Dread ye not the cold sod;
Hopes of my age,

Be ye fixed on your God.



1755-1835. JOHN MARSHALLL, third Chief Justice of the United States, was born in Fauquier County, Virginia. He served

a soldier in the Revolution and then practised law in Ricnmond. With Charles Cotesworth Pinckney and Elbridge Gerry, he was sent to Paris in 1797 to treat of public affairs ; and it was on this occasion that Pinckney made the famous reply to the propositions of Talleyrand, “ Millions for defence, not a cent for tribute.”

He was chief-justice of the United States for thirty-five years, being appointed in 1800 and holding the position until his death. One of the most celebrated cases over which he presided was the trial of Aaron Burr, 1807, in which William Wirt led the prosecution, and Luther Martin and Burr himself, the defence. His services on the Supreme Bench were not only judicial but patriotic also, as his decisions on points of constitutional law, being broad, clear, strong, and statesman-like, have done much to settle the foundations of our government.

He died in Philadelphia whither he had gone for medical treatment. A handsome statue of him by Story adorns the west grounds of the Capitol at Washington, and his is one of the six colossal bronze figures around the Washington Monument in Richmond. See Life, by Story, and by Magruder.

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