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426 1. SIR THomas More VISITED BY HIS DAUGHTER IN
Exaggerations-Éliza Cook's Journal, Prison, painted by Herbert, engraved by Sar
F. tain. 2. Portrait of Mary RUSSELL Mitford, painted by Friends of Lord Clarendon-Sce Clarendon. Lucas, and engraved by Sartain. Fall of Napoleon,
47 3. Portrait of the DUKE OF WELLington, painted by French Drama, Father of,
56 Claudet, in 1844, and engraved by Sartain. French Criminal Court,
264 4. Portrait of Thomas Carlyle, engraved by Sar
G. tain. A.
General Assembly, the Scotch-Fraser's Ma
gazine, Art and Nature under an Italian Sky-Quar- Gore, Mrs.,
93, 527 terly Review, 57 Gustavus Adolphus,
106 Alphonse Karr—Blackwood's Magazine, 73 Gillies, Robert-Eclectic Review,
128 Austen, Miss,
Gibbon, Edward--Fraser's Magazine,
392 Arctic Robinson Cruso-Eclectic Review, 256 Gæthe as a Man of Science- Westminster ReAntiquities of Leith, 358 view,
460 Anti-Jacobin, Poetry of Westminster Review, 443 Gold Discoveries in Australia,
506 Australia, Gold Discoveries in- Quarterly Review,
Hawkins, Sir Richard-See England.
Hunchback of Strasburg--Chambers's Journal, 100 Bronte, Miss,
93 | Heroes, Ancient and Modern-Dublin UniBarton, Mary, author of,
106, 481 Huguenot, origin of,
History of British Periodical Literature, 112
230 Clarendon, Lord, Friends-Edinburgh Review, 37 Hook, Theodore-Hogg's Instructor,
258 China, Empire of- Eclectic Review,
Haldane, Robert and James--Eclectic Review, 306 Corneille-Bentley's Miscellany.
Hardinge, Lord-Bentley's Miscellany, · 497 Coronation in Siam-Tait's Magazine,
198 Canning, Elizabeth, Trial of-Chambers's Jour
I, J, K. nal,
245 Combe, George, works examined - Norih
Junius, touching the identity of—Dublin UuiBritish Review, 289 versity Magazine,
20 Chamfort-Fraser's Magazine, 314 Italian Sky, art and Nature under,
57 City Poets and Pageants-Bentley's Miscel- Jewsbury, Miss, lany, 475 Jerdan, Wm.-"Eclectic Reviere,
128 Carlyle, Thomas Hogg's Instrucioara
576 Corneille and Shakspeare-Blacku od's Ma
Lady Novelists— Westminster Review,
93 Literary Gossip— Eclectic Review,
128 Drama, Father of the French-Bentley's Mis- Longfellow-North British Review,
152 cellany, .
66 London, Police System of-Edinburgh ReDay in a French Criminal Court-sharpe's view, Magazine,
264 Literature, Periodical— British Quarterly, 212 De Quincey, Thomas- Eraminer, :
565 Literary Mystifications,
Lafitte, Sketches of— Bentley's Miscellany, 321 E
Lion Hunting at the Cape--Tait's Magazine, 339
Leith and its Antiquities—Tait's Magazine, 358 England's Forgotten Worthies, Westminster Loves of a Chancery Lawyer-Bentley's MisReview, 1 cellany,
422 Emperor of China,
51 Life, Literature, and the Scholar-Tait's MaEpaminondas,
The Reformation, the Antipodes, the opening fields of thought and fields of enterAmerican Continent, the Planetary system, prise of which none could conjecture the and the Infinite deep of the Heavens have limit. Old routine was broken up. Men now become common and familiar facts to us. were thrown back on their own strength and Globes and orreries are the playthings of our their own power, unshackled to accomplish school-days; we inhale the spirit of Protes- whatever they might dare. And although tanism with our earliest breath of conscious- we do not speak of these discoveries as the ness; it is all but impossible to throw back cause of that enormous force of heart and inour imagination into the time when, as new tellect which accompanied them (for they grand discoveries, they stirred every mind were as much the effect as the cause, and one which they touched with awe and wonder at reacted on the other), yet at any rate they the revelation which God had sent down afforded scope and room for the play of powers among mankind. Vast spiritual and material which, without such scope, let them have continents lay for the first time displayed, been as transcendant as they would, must
have passed away unproductive and blighted. * 1. The Observations of Sir Richard Hawkins, An earnest faith in the supernatural, an Knt., in his Voyage in the South Sea in 1593. Reprinted from the Edition of 1622, and Edited by intensely real conviction of the divine and R. H. Major, Esq., of the British Museum. Published devilish forces by which the universe was by the Hakluyt Society.
guided and misguided, was the inheritance 2. The Discoverie of the Empire of Guiana. By of the Elizabethan age from Catholic ChrisSir Walter Raleigh, Knt.. Edited, with copious tianity. The fiercest and most lawless men Explanatory Notes, and a Biographical Memoir
, by did then really
and truly believe in the actual Sir Robert H. Schomburgk, Phil. D., &c.
3. Narratives of Early Voyages undertaken for personal presence of God or the devil in every the Discovery of a Passage to Cathaia and India by aceident, or scene, or action. They brought the North-west, with Selections from the Records to the contemplation of the new heaven and of the worshipful Fellowship of the Merchants of the new earth an imagination saturated with London, trading into the East Indies, and from MSS. in the Library of the British Museum, now first the spiritual convictions of the old era, which published, by Thomas Rundall, Esq.
were not lost, but only infinitely expanded. VOL XXVII. NO. I.
The planets whose vastness they now learnt | in republishing in accessible form some, if not to recognize were, therefore, only the more all, of the invaluable records compiled or powerful for evil or for good; the tides were composed by Richard Hakluyt. Books, like the breathing of Demogorgon; and the idol- everything else, have their appointed deathatrous American tribes were real worshippers day; the souls of them, unless they be found of the real devil
, and were assisted with the worthy of a second birth in a new body, full power of his evil army.
perish with the paper in which they lived, It is a form of thought which, however in and the early folio Hakluyts, not from their a vague and general way we may continue to own want of merit, but from our neglect of use its phraseology, has become, in its detailed them, were expiring of old age. The fiveapplication to life, utterly strange to us. We volume quarto edition, published in 1811, so congratulate ourselves on the enlargement of little people then cared for the exploits of our understanding when we read the decision their ancestors, was but of 270 copies; it of grave law-courts in cases of supposed witch- was intended for no more than for curious craft; we smile complacently over Raleigh's antiquaries, or for the great libraries, where story of the island of the Amazons, and re- it could be consulted as a book of reference; joice that we are not such as he-entangled and among a people, the greater part of whom in the cobwebs of erfete and foolish super- had never heard Hakluyt's name, the editors stition. The true conclusion is the opposite are scarcely to be blamed if it never so much of the conclusion which we draw. That as occurred to them that general readers Raleigh and Bacon could believe what they would ever come to care to have it within believed, and could be what they were not their reach, withstanding, is to us a proof that the injury And yet those five volumes may be called which such mistakes can inflict is unspeakably the Prose Epic of the modern English nation. insignificant : and arising, as they arose, from They contain the heroic tales of the exploits a never failing sense of the real awfulnes and of the great men in whom the new era was mystery of the world, and of the life of human inaugurated; not mythic, like the Iliads and souls upon it, they witness to the presence in the Eddas, but plain broad narratives of subsuch minds of a spirit, the loss of which not stantial facts, which rival them in interest and the most perfect acquaintance with every law grandeur. What the old epics were to by which the whole creation moves can com- the royally or nobly born, this modern epic pensate. We wonder at the grandeur, the is to the common people. We have no longer moral majesty, of some of Shakespeare's kings or princes for chief actors, to whom characters, so far beyond what the noblest the heroism, like the dominion, of the world among ourselves can imitate, and at first had in time past been confined. But, as it thought we attribute it to the genius of the was in the days of the apostles, when a few poet who has outstripped nature in his crea- poor fishermen from an obscure lake in Paltions : but we are misunderstanding the power estine assumed, under the divine mission, the and the meaning of poetry in attributing spiritual authority over mankind, so, in the creativeness to it in any such sense ; Shake days of our own Elizabeth, the seamen from speare created, but only as the spirit of nature the banks of the Thames and the Avon, the created around him, working in him as it Plym and the Dart, self-taught and selfworked abroad in those among whom he lived. directed, with no impulse but what was The men whom he draws were such men as beating in their own royal hearts, went out he saw and knew; the words they utter were across the unknown seas fighting, discovering, such as he heard in the ordinary conversations colonizing, and graved out the channels, and in which he joined. At the Mermaid with at last paved them with their bones, through Raleigh and with Sidney, and at a thousand which the commerce and enterprise of Engun-named English firesides, he found the land has flowed out over all the world. We living originals for his Prince Hals, his Or- can conceive nothing, not the songs of Homer landos, his Antonios, his Portias, his Isabellas. himself, which would be read, among us at The closer personal acquaintance which we least, with more enthusiastic interest than can form with the English of the age of Eliz- these plain massive tales; and a people's abeth, the more we are satisfied that Shake-edition of them in these days, when the wrispeare's great poetry is no more than the tings of Ainsworth and Eugène Sue circulate rhythmic echo of the life which it depicts. in tens of thousands, would perhaps be the
It was, therefore, with no little interest most blessed antidote which could be bethat we heard of the formation of a society stowed upon us. The heroes themselves which was to employ itself, as we understood,! were the men of the people--the Joneses,
the Smiths, the Davises, the Drakes; and no thoughts appear to have occurred to them in courtly pen, with the one exception of Raleigh, the course of the work; but their evil destiny lent its polish or its varnish to set them off
. overtook them before their thoughts could In most cases the captain himself
, or his clerk get themselves executed. We opened one or servant, or some unknown gentleman volume with eagerness, bearing the title of volunteer, sat down and chronicled the voyage Voyages to the Northwest,” in hope of which he had shared, and thus inorganically finding our old friends Davis and Frobisher, arose a collection of writings which, with all and we found a vast unnecessary Editor's their simplicity, are for nothing more striking Preface; and instead of the voyages them. than for the high moral beauty, warmed with selves, which with their picturesqueness and natural feeling, which displays itself through moral beauty shine among the fairest jewels all their pages. With us, the sailor is scarcely in the diamond mine of Hakluyt, an analysis himself beyond his quarterdeck. If he is and digest of their results, which Milton was distinguished in his profession, he is pro- called in to justify in an inappropriate quotafessional merely; or if he is more than that, tion. It is much as if they had undertaken he owes it not to his work as a sailor, but to to edit “ Bacon's Essays,” and had retailed independent domestic culture. With them what they conceived to be the substance of their profession was the school of their nature, them in their own language; strangely failing a high moral education which most brought to see that the real value of the actions or out what was most nobly human in them; the thought of remarkable men does not lie and the wonders of earth, and air, and sea, in the material result which can be gathered and sky, were a real intelligible language in from them, but in the heart and soul of those which they heard Almighty God speaking to who do or utter them.
Consider what Ho. them.
mer's “Odyssey” would be, reduced into an That such hopes of what might be accom- analysis. plished by the Hakluyt Society should in The editor of the “ Letters of Columbus" some measure be disappointed, is only what apologizes for the rudeness of their phrasemight naturally be anticipated of all very ology. Columbus, he tells us, was not so sanguine expectation. Cheap editions are great a master of the pen as of the art of expensive editions to the publisher, and his- navigation. We are to make excuses for him. torical societies, from a necessity wbich ap. We are put on our guard, and warned not to pears to encumber all corporate English be offended, before we are introduced to the action, rarely fail to do their work expensively sublime record of sufferings under which his and infelicitously; yet, after all allowances great soul was staggering towards the end and deductions, we cannot reconcile ourselves of its earthly calamities, where the inarticulate to the mortification of having found but one fragments in which his thought breaks out volume in the series to be even tolerably from him, are trokes of natural art by the edited, and that one to be edited by a gentle- side of which the highest literary pathos is man to whom England is but an adopted poor and meaningless. country-Sir Robert Schomburgk. Raleigh's And even in the subjects which they select “Conquest of Guiana,” with Sir Robert's they are pursued by the same curious fatality. sketch of Raleigh's history and character, Why is Drake to be best known, or to be only form in everything but its cost a very model known, in his last voyage? Why pass over of an excellent volume. For every one of the success, and endeavor to immortalize the the rest we are obliged to say of them, that failure? When Drake climbed the tree in they have left little undone to paralyze what- Panama, and saw both oceans, and vowed ever interest was reviving in Hakluyt, and to that he would sail a ship in the Pacific; when consign their own volumes to the same ob- he crawled out upon the cliffs of Terra del scurity to which time and accident were Fuego, and leaned his head over the southconsigning the earlier editions. Very little ernmost angle of the world ; when he scored which was really noteworthy escaped the a furrow round the globe with his keel, and industry of Hakluyt himself, and we looked received the homage of the barbarians of the to find reprints of the most remarkable of antipodes in the name of the Virgin Queen; the stories which were to be found in his col- he was another man from what he had belection. They began unfortunately with come after twenty years of court life and proposing to continue the work where he intrigue, and Spanish fighting, and goldhad left it, and produce narratives hitherto hunting. There is a tragic solemnity in his unpublished of other voyages of inferior in- end, if we take it as the last act of his career; terest, or not of English origin. Better I but it is his life, not his death, which we de