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Is coarse brown paper ; such as pedlars choose
Take next the miser's contrast, who destroys
The retail politician's anxious thought Deems this fide always right, and that stark nought; He foains with censure; with applause he ravesA dupe to rumours, and a tool of knaves ; He'll want to type his weakness to proclaim, While such a thing as fools-cap has a name.
The hasły gentleman, whose blood runs high, Who picks a quarrel, if you step awry, Who can't a jelt, or hint, or look endure : What’s he? What? Touch-paper to be sure.
What are our poets, take them as they fall, Good, bad, rich, poor, much read, not read at all; Them and their works in the same class you'll findă They are the mere waste-paper of mankind.
Observe the maiden, innocently sweet, She's fair white-paper, an unsullied sheet; On which the happy man whom fate ordains, Hay write his name, and take her for his pains.
One instance more, and only one I'll bring ; Tis the great man who scorns a little thing, Whose thoughts, whose deeds, whose maxims are
his own, ?orm'd on the feelings of his heart alone: True genuine royal-paper is his breast; Of all the kinds most precious, purest, best.
ON THE ART OF SWIMMING.
In answer to forie inquiries of M. Dubourg
on the sube
AM apprehensive that I shall not be able to
find leisure for making all the disquisitions and experiments which would be defirable on this subject. I must, therefore, content myself with a few remarks.
The specific gravity of some human bodies, in comparison to that of water, has been examined by M. Robinson, in our Philosophical Transactions, volume 50, page 30, for the year 1757.
He alserts, that fat perfons with fmall bones float most ealily upon water.
The diving bell is accurately described in our Transactions.
When I was a boy, I made two oval pallets, each about ten inches long, and fix broad, with a hole or the thumb, in order to retain iç fast in the 'pa'm of my hand. They much resemble a painter's pallets. In swimming I pushed the edges of these forward, and I truck the water with their flat surfaces as I drew them back. I remeinber 1 swam fafter by means of these pallets, but they fatigied my wrists. I also fitted to the soles of my feet a kind of land ils; but I was not satisfied with them, because I obleived that the stroke is partly given with the inside of the feet and the ancles, and not entirely with the foles of the feet.
* Translator of Dr. Fraoklin's works into French.
We have here waistcoats for swimming, which are made of double fail-cloth, with small pieces of cork quilted in between them.
I know nothing of the scaphandre of M. de la Chappelle.
I know by experience that it is a great comfort to a swimmer, who has a considerable distance to go, to turn himself sometimes on his back, and to vary in other respects the means of procuring a progressive motion.
When he is seized with the crampin the leg, the method of driving it away is to give to the parts affected a sudden, vigorous, and violent Thock; which he may do in the air as he swims on his back.
During the great heats of summer there is no danger in bathing, however warm we may be, in rivers which have been thoroughly warmed by the fun. But to throw oneself into cold spring water, when the body has been beated by exercise in the fun, is an imprudence which may prove fatal.
I once knew an instance of four young men, who, having worked at harvest in the heat of the day, with a view of refreshing themselves.plunged into a spring of cold water: two died upon the spot, a third the next morning, and the fourth recovered with great difficulty:
A copious draught of cold water, infimilarcircumstances, is frequently attended with the same effect in North America,
The exercise of swimming is one of the most healthy and agreeable in the world. After having swam for an hour or two in the evening, one sleeps coolly the whole night, even during ihe most ardent heat of luminer. Perhaps the pores being cleanlid, th: insensible perspiration increases and occifions this coolness.... It is certain that much swimming is the means of stopping a diarrhæa, and even of producing a constipation. With reb fpect to those who do not know how to swim,' or who are affected with a diarrhoea at a season which does not permit them to use that exercise, a warm bath, by cleansing and purifying the skin, is found very falntary, and often effects a radical cure. I speak from my own experience, frequently repeated, and that of others to whom I have recommended this.
You will not be displeased if I conclude these hasty remarks by informing you, that as the ordinary method of swimming is reduced to the act of rowing with the arms and legs, and is consequently a laborious and fatiguing operation when the space of water to be crofled is considerable; there is a method in which a swimmer may pafs to great distances with much facility by means of a lail. This discovery I fortunately made by accident, and in the following manner:
When I was a boy I amused myself one day with flying a 'paper kite; and apprcaching the bank of a pond, which was near a mile broad, I tied the ftring to a stake, and the kite ascended to a very confiderable height above the pond, while I was swimming. In a little time, being desirous of amuling myself with my kite, and enjoying at the farne time the plexifure of swimining, I returned ; and loosing from the stake the string with the little stick which was fastened to it, went again into the Water, where I found, that; lying on iny back, and holding the liick in my hands, I was drawn alıng the furface of the wafer in a very greeable rianner, Having then engaged another borro carry my clothes round the pond to a plače which
I pointed out to him on the other fide, I began to cross the pond with my kite, which carried nie. quite over without the least fatigue, and with the greatest pleasure imaginable. I was only 0bliged occasionally to halt a little in my course, and resist its progress, when it appeared that, by following too quick, I lowered the kite too much; by doing which occasionally I made it rise again. I have never since that time practised this fingular mode of swimming, though I think it not impossible to cross in this manner from Dover to Calais. The packet-boat, however, is still preferable.
NEW MODE OF BATHING.
EXTRACTS OF LETTERS TO M. DUBOURG.
London, July 28, 1768. GREATLY approve the epithet you give, in
your letter of the 8th of June, to the new method of treating the small-pox, which you call the tonic or bracing method; I will take occasion, from it, to mention a practice to which I have ac. customed myself. You know the cold bath has long been in vogue here as a tonic: but the shock of the cold water has always appeared to me, generally speaking, as too violent; and I have found it much more agreeable to my constitution to bathe in another element, I mean cold air. With this view I rise early almost every morning, and at in VOL. II.