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King hath an absolute power over it. If there is a country in the world where there is a phantom of Liberty idolised by the people, and no real liberty which they can loye, it is there. But this very phant m had hitherto something venerable in it. The imaginations of the English, exalted by the temporary glory of their country, behold ing around her nothing but nations of flaves, who wished to continue such, they, with good reason have looked upon themselves, until now, as the peple who poffered the first rank in the uni verse.
Franklin once said to the English nation, “ Ad on mit all the men who belong to your govern so ment in the different parts of the globe, to “ free competition for, and an equal representati " on in your legislature; Let the King alone swa “ the executive sceptre, and never be permitte
to stretch it forth but in the name of thole la made by the representatives, and consented by the colonics and provinces; you will the poffefs the supreme fücial unity, and the gran
monarchy of liberty. The universe will alla “ fimilate to your empire, or at least all the eart " will be eager to imitate such a beautiful model
you will thus have the glory of commencing th
happiness of the world, and ensuring the fra os ternity of the human kind.”
He spoke to those who were resolved to be dea who would not hear him, and who embraced ng thing but a chimera of liberty in their own island which they obstinately persisted in supporting by a tyrannical domination abroad.
But America inclined her head, and listened to his voice. France, although itill crouching in der her old and heavy fetters, ruminating even then in her thoughts the great lessons of Mably ind of Rousseau, lent an attentive ear and faid"The moment will arrive, ir fast approaches,
when that which England had not the wisdom : to undertake, I shall have the glory to exe
cute.” In the mean time, the new States organize jemselves into a federate republic. Every other sècies of government was impracticable. The erfection arising from unity could not be expectI from a multitude of independent provinces, of hich each poffefsed the sovereign right of adopt
whatever form it pleased. The mutual necessity of allying and connecting elf together, so as to form but one people, ive rise to the Congress, which is destined to redate those vast objects that interest the whole of ė States. Each province possesses its own proper jislative assembly, and also an independent swer of executing its own decrees. I repeat it once more, the Genius of Liberty igns there in her full plenitude of glory; the rion is happy, but the unity is not absolute, id cannot be fo. How is it possible to institute supreme chief ? Each of the United States has i equal right to it, and most horrid difsenfions ould inevitably result from the fole idea of a ing:
The creation of a free monarchy, 'the most erfect of all possible governments, was reserved
Hail, France! vast, yet united, country; rear > thy immense body ; break thy chains ; let the under of thy liberty snap them in twain ; let the
Bastile and all the fortresses of despotism fall and disappear; let Fayette present himself as the fo!dier of his country; the son of France, the pupil of Washington; he shall continue a citizen until his death : Let the elected representatives of all the claffus of the empire, no longer form separate or ders, and let there be an absolute equality, and, with free competition of voices, a sole legislature. Let them speak in the name of the whole na tion, and let the nation reply~" This is our 66 will !"
Beloved chief of the French ! Monarch, who in spite of thyself, hast hitherto pofleffed but the false grandeur of the nation, cease to be the pows erless idol of a small and abhorred cast of oppref sing defpots, and become the respected fo eign of twenty millions of freemen. Afcend, and those will be the first Prince in the world, whoever por sessed that glory--afcend the throne of the laws and see not, within the large horizon of this en pire, aught but that liberty which gives and main tains thee in full poffeffion of thy all powerful scep tre, Thou governest citizens; thou rulest over men; thou art a King, and the only one upor earth!
This perfection of human genius has hitherto been wanting; it was necessary that France should arife in order to resolve the problem of ages, to organize social order, and in absolute unity, and to present to her a chief impaffable as a Divinity and, like him, invariable in his justice !
Eternal Ruler of human occurrences! who, according to thy promise, wilt dispose cvery thing
in favour of our infant liberty *, it is thou who bast accumulated in silence those remarkable, prodigious and miraculous events, in order to operate the creation of our happiness.
But, in the combination of all thy benefits, the greatest is, that thou haft given us a Franklin, ind connected us with an America ; the most ropitious, is that thou hast placed in the balance of he destinies, the genius of the National Allembly, nd the patriotisın of Bailly † and La Fayette; be most happy is, that thou hast in one day gien liberty to the capital and the provinces, and isposed a King to embrace it.
O meniorable success! The surrounding naons can scarce give credit to the truth of it; but ley begin to be moved at the fight; their doubts em to evaporate, and they at length believe at they may be happy. Tyrants tremble; their reign has passed away; i have now brothers in sentiment over all the rth. But a little longer, and, in a mutual inpendence and equal affection, the nations of e universe will be astonished at being happy, d. at finding themselves Frenchmen ! Venerable old man, august philosopher, legisla
of the felicity of thy country, prophet of the iternity of the human race, what extatic happiés embellished the end of thy career! From thy rrujate asylum, and in the midst of thy bro, ers who enjoyed in tranquility the fruit of thy
tues, and the success of thy genius, thouhalt sung * Tu autem domivator virtutis
cum magna reves etia difponis nos. Sap. 12. 18.
Then Mayor of Paris. VOL. I.
songs of deliverance. The last looks which thou cast around thee, beheld America happy, France, on the other side of the ocean, free, and a fure indication of the approaching freedom and happiness of the world.
The United States, looking upon themselves as thy children, have bewailed the death of the fa
her of their republic: France, thy family by a auption, has honoured thee as the founder of her laws; and the human race has revered thee as the universal patriarch who has formed the alliance of nature with society. Thy remembrance belonge to all ages ; thy memory to all nations; thy glo ry to eternity !
END OF THE FIRST VOLUME