« PreviousContinue »
may both undertake to endeavour the execution of my project, because I think. that, though unforeseen difficulties may arise, expedients will be found to remove them, and the scheme be found practicable. If one of them accepts the money with the conditions, and the other refuses, my will then is, that both sums be given to the inhabitants of the city accepting; the whole to be applied to the same purposes, and under the same regulations directed for the separate parts ; and if both refuse, the inoney remains of course in the mass of my eitate, and it is to be disposed of therewith, according to my will made the seventeenth day of July 1783.
My fine crab-tree walking-stick, with a gold head curiously wrought in the form of the cap
of Liberty, I give to my friend, and the friend of mankind, General Washington. If it were a feeptre, he has merited it, and would become it.
Benjamin Franklin, L. L. D. &c.
DELIVERED IN THE ROTUNDA,
ON THE 2IST OF JULY, 1790,
IN THE NAME OF THE COMMONS OF PARIS ;;
In presence of the Deputies to the Legislutive Asembly,
tors of the Capital..
BY THE ABBE FAUCHET, NOW CONSTITUTIONAL BISHOP OF THE DEPARTMENT
OF CALVADOS, AND A MEMBER OF THE.
THE Representatives of the Commons of Paris passed a vote on the twenty.fecond of July, 1790, in consequence of which it was ordered, that this Eulogium should be printed, and presented to the National Assembly of France, and the Congress of America.
Pronounced by the Abbe FAUCHET, in the Name:
of the Commons of Paris.
A SECOND creation has taken place; the ele. gents of society begin to combine together; the horal universe is now seen issuing from chaos; he genius of Liberty is awakened, and springs up; áe sheds, her divine light and creative powers upn the two hemispheres : A great nation, astonishd at seeing herself free, stretches her arms from. ne extremity of the earth to the other, and emfråces the first nation that became so: The founlations of a new city are created in the two worlds; brother nations haften to inhabit it; it is the city of mankind !
One of the first founders of this universal city was the immortal Franklin, the deliverer of America.
The second founders, who accelerated this great work, made it worthy of Europe—the legislators of France have rendered the most folemn homage to his memory. They have laid-"A friend of hu
manity is dead; mankind ought to be overwhelmed with forrow! Nations have hitherto
only worn mourning for Kings; let us assume so it for a Man, and let the tears of Frenchmen 66 mingle with those of Americans, in order to do: " honour to the memory of one of the Fathers of « Liberty !
The city of Paris, which once contained this philofopher within its walls, which was intoxicated with the pleasure of hearing, admiring, and loving him; of gathering from his lips the maxims of moral legislation, and of imbibing from the effufions of his heart a passion for the public welfare, rivals Boston and Philadelphia, his two native cities (for in one he was born as it were a man, and in the other a legislator,) in its profound attachment to his merit and his glory.
It has commanded, this funeral folemnity, in order to perpetuate the gratitude and the grief of this third country, which, by the courage and activity with which it has profited of his lessons, has mewn itself worthy of having him at once for an instructor and a model,
In selecting me for the interpreter of its wishes it has declared, that it is less to the talents of an orator; than the patriotism of a citizen, the zeal of a preacher of liberty, and the fenfibility of a friend of men, that it hath confided this folemn function. In this point of view, I may speak with a holy confidence ; for I have the public opinion, and the testimony of my own conscience, to second my wishes. Since nothing else is wanting than freedom, and sensibility, for that species of eloquence which this eulogium requires, I am fatisfied; for I already possess them.
My voice shall extend to France, to America, to posterity; ! am now to do justice to a great man, the founder of trans-Atlantic freedom ; I am to praise him in the name of the mother-city of French liberty : I myself also am a man ; I ama