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itself in his lungs, suddenly burst, and discharged ? great quantity of matter, which he continued to throw up while he had sufficient strength to do it; but, as that failed, the organs of respiration became gradually oppressed--a calm lethargic ftare fucceeded and on the 19th of April, 1790, a. bout eleven o'clock at night, he quietly expired, closing a long and useful life of eighty-four years and three months.
" It may not be amiss to add to the above account, that Dr. Franklin, in the year 1735, had a severe pleurisy, which terminated in an abscess of the left lobe of his lungs, and he was then almost suffocated with the quantity and suddennels: of the discharge. A second attack of a similar nature happened some years after this, from which he foon recovered, and did not appear to suffen any inconvenience in his respiration from these diseases."
The following epitaph on himself, was writteal: by him many years previous to his death;
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, Printer,
Its contents torn out
Lies here food for worms;
In a new
EXTRACTS from the lafi Will and Testament of Dr.
WITH regard to my books, those I had in: France, and those I left in Philadelphia, being now assembled together here, and a catalogue made of them, it is my intention to dispose of the fame asi follows:
My history of the academy of Sciences, in fixty - or seventy volumes quarto, I give to the philoso
phical society of Philadelphia, of which I have the honour to be prefident. My collection in folio of: Les Arts & Les Metiers, I give to the philofophical society, established in New England, of which I am a member. My quarto edition of the same · Arts and Metiers, I give to the library company of Philadelphia. Such and so many of my books as I shall mark, in the said catalogue, with the name of my grandson, Benjamin Franklin Bache, I do hereby give to him: and such and so many of my books, as I shall mark in the said catalogue with the name of my grandson William Bache, I do hereby give to him: and such as shall be marked with the name of Jonathan Williams, I hereby give to my coufin of that name. The residue and remainder : fail my books, manuscripts and papers, Ido give to my grandfou William Temple Frank
lin. My share in the library company of Philadelphia I give to my grandson Benjamin Franklin Bache, confiding that he will permit his Brothers and sisters to share in the use of it.
I was born in Boston, New England, and owe my first instructions in literature to the free gram. mar-schools established there. I therefore give one hundred pounds sterling to my executors, to be by them, the survivors or survivor of them, paid over to the managers or directors of the free schools in my native town of Boston, to be by them, or the person or persons who shall have the superintendance and management of the faid schools, put out to interest, and so continued at interest for ever ;. which interest annually shall be laid out in silver medals, and given as honorary rewards annu. ally by the directors of the said free schools, for the encouragement of schrolarship in the said schools, belonging to the said town, in such manner as to the discretion of the select, men of the said town fhall seem meet.
Out of the salary that may remain due to me, as president of the state, I give the funt of two thousand pounds to my executors, to be by them, the survivors or survivor of them, paid over to fuch person or persons as the legislature of this state, by! an act of assembly, shall appoint to receive the fame, iu trust, to be employed for making the Schuylkil navigable,
During the number of years. I was in business as a ftationer, printer, and postmaster, a great many small sums became due to me, for books, advertisements, postage of letters, and other matters, kvhich were not collected, when, in 1757, I was ent by the assembly to England as their agents
and, by subsequent appointments continued there till 1775—when, on my rerurn, I was immediate. ly engaged in the affairs of congress, and sent to France in 1776, where I remained nine years, not returning till 1785; and the said debts not being demanded in such a lengih of time, are become in a manner obfilcte, yet are nevertheless jufily due.-There as they are stated in my great folio ledger, E, I bequeath io the contributors of the Pennsylvania hospital ; hoping that these debtors, and the descendants of such as are deceased, who pow, as I find, make some difficulty of satisfying Tuch antiquated depiands as just debts, may how-zver be induced to pay or give them as charity to hat excellent institution. I am sensible that much muít inevitably be loft ; but I hope fomething coniderable may be recoyered. It is posible too that ome of the parties charged may have existing old Insettled accounts against me ; in which case the nanagers of the said hospital will allow and deduct he amount, and pay the balance, if they find it gainst me.
I request my friends Henry Hill, Esq. John Jay, Erg. Francis Hopkinsin, Esq. and Mr. Edward Duffield, of Bonfield, in Philadelphia county, to De the executors of this my last will and testament, and I hereby nominate and appoint them for that purpose. - I would have my body buried with as little expence or ceremony as may be. · Philadelphia, July 17, 1788.
I Benjamin Franklin, in the foregoing or an
Dexed last will and testament, having further conlidered the same, do think proper to make and publish the following codicil, or addition thereto:
Ir having long been a fixed political opinion of mnine, that in a democratical state there ought to be no offices of profit, for the reasons I had given in an article of my drawing in our constitution, it was my intention, when I accepted the office of president, to devote the appointed salary to fome public use : Accordingly I had already, before I made my last will, in July last, given large sums of it to colleges, schools, building of churches, &cato and in that will I bequeathed two thousand pounds more to the state, for the purpöse of making the Schuylkil navigable; but understanding since, that such a fum will do but little towards accomplish ing such a work, and that the project is not likely to be undertaken for many years to come-and having entertained another idea, which I hope may be found more extensively useful, I do hereby re voke and annul the bequest and direct that the certificates. I have for what remains due to me of that salary, be sold towards raising the sum of two thousand pounds sterling, to be disposed of as I an now about to order.
It has been an opinion, that he who receives an estate from his ancestors, is under some obligao tion to transmit the same to pofterity. This obligation lies not on me, who never inherited a shil. ling from any ancestor or relation. I shall, however, if it is not diminished by some accident before my death, leave a considerable estate among my descendants and relations. The above observation is made merely as some apology to niy fimily,