Page images
PDF
EPUB

This Vumber (XX.) begins a new year (1860) and a new Volume (VIII.,) and
will be sent only to subscribers who pay in advance, for the number, ($1.50,) or for
the Volume, (82.50,) or for the year, ($4.00.)

F. B. PERKINS, HARTFORD, CT.

'THE

American Journal of Education.

No. XX.- MARCH, 1860.

[ocr errors]

CONTENTS.

PAGE.

PORTRAIT OF Josian HOLBROOK,

1

I. EDUCATIONAL APHORISMS AND SUGGESTIONS—Ancient and Modern,.

7

1. Man-his dignity and destiny,.....

9

2. Education-its nature and value, ...

39

3. Parents and Teachers—their duties,..

65

4. Early Training-home education,.....

75

II. LETTERS TO A Young TEACHER. By Gideon F. Thayer,

81

Letter X. Geography,...

81

III. SCHOOL ARCHITECTURE,

91

Plans of Union Public School-house,

91

Illustration 1.-Perspective,..

92

2.- Grounds,...

92

3.-First and Second Floors, ..

93

IV. MEMOIR OF CHARLES 8. Hovey, First Principal of State Normal University of Illinois, 94

Portrait, .....

94

V. Os Teaching History. By Karl von Raumer,.

101

Aphorisms--what to avoid,...

101

Correct methods,....

104

Ultimate object of this study,.

109

VI. GEOGRAPHY, ......

Rousseau's views on teaching this subject,....

111

Raumer's dialogue on,...

112

Results of experience in teaching.....

115

United study and reading of history,..

121

VII. INSTRUCTION IN NATURAL SCIENCE. By Karl von Raumer,

123

Jotroduction,.....

123

1. Difficulties in the extent of the subject,..

125

2. Objections to this study in the gymnasia,..

125

3. Extent of acquirement.....

130

4. Where and how to begin instruction,..

131

5. Science and art should be joined,..

134

6. Mathematics and laws of nature,

135

7. Instruction in mineralogy,.

137

8. Characteristics of pupils,..

143

9. Instruction in botany,..

146

10. Necessary inconsistency,...

147

11. "Mysteriously revealed," or unavoidable obscurity,..

147

12. Natural law and moral freedom,......

151

Conclusion. Devotional method of investigating nature,..

152

Note. Collections or museum for teaching inineralogy,

153

VIII. GEOMETRY. By Karl von Raumer,..

155

Geometry and Euclid synonymous,.....

155

Opinion of Montücla, Leibnitz, Lorenz of Euclid's Elements, '

156

Raumer's attack and Kepler's answer,.

Euclid's method,....

Reasons for modern deviations,

Museum of Alexandria,....

The origin and aim of the “ Elements,"

Intuitional instruction in form,.....

Application of geometry in crystallography,

IX. ARITHMETIC. By Karl von Raumer,...

Difference between ancient and modern methods of teaching arithmetic,.

Peurbach's "Elementa Arithmetices"--A. D. 1450,.

Pestalozzi's method,..

Algebra-or use of letters,......

Mental arithmetic based on realities,..

Intuitional processes by beans, &c.,.,

Intuitional tables, or the visual element,

Use of counters, .........

True use of mental arithmetic, ...

Limits to arithmetical instruction in elementary schools,.

in burgher and high schools,.

in gymnasia, ...

Excessive stimulation to be avoided,....

Example of DeLaspé, cited by Diesterweg, disapproved,

Note. Counters, ..

Explanation of abbreviated processes,.

X. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. By Karl von Raumer,

1. Hygiene, or care of the health,....

Diet,

Clothing,....

Secret vices-extent and causes.......

2. Inuring to endurance of want and toil,..

3. Gymnastics,...

Opinions of Luther, Montaigne, Rousseau,

System of Guts Muths,.

Meierotto and Fichte,.

Friedrich Friesen,

Effects of factory labor,

Influence of luxury,..

Discontinuance of popular festivals, ..

Gymnastics of the Pestalozzi school,.

Friedrich Ludwig Jahn,......

History of the German Turning system,

The Turning institution,..

Turning excursions,

Objections to the Turning system,..

Oken's answer and remedy, ,

Passow's object of Turning,

Steffen's caricatures, ...

Harnisch-Raumer,...,

Consequences of Sund's act,

4. Training of the senses,..

Rousseau's views.

Guts Muths, .

Raumer's aphorism,.....

Pestalozzi's intellectual exercises,.

Justus Möser, ......

Herr Roth's suggestion,...

XI. CHRISTIANITY IN EDUCATION,.

1. Pedagogy.......

2. Pelagian Pedagogy,

3. Christian training,

4. Evil training,

297

208

208

212

214

214

216

216

219

219

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

5. Christian ethical training,.......

6. Anti-Christian and immoral miseducation,

7. Intellectual training,..

8. Restoration of human powers,.

9. Creative power of man,..

XII. MEMOIR OF Josiau HOLBROOK,.

Portrait,...

Education,....

Agricultural Seminary in Derby, 1824,....

Plan of association of adults for mutual improvement,

First Lyceum at Milbury, in 1826,........

Manufacture of apparatus for schools and lyceums,

Convention at Columbian Hall, in 1830,..

Formation of American Institute of Instruction,

Scientific tracts,.....

The Family Lyceum Weekly,...

Secretary of School Agents' Society,..

Labors in Pennsylvania,..

Lyceum village of Berea,.

School exchanges,...

Labors in New York city schools,.

Residence and labors in Washington city,..

Death at Lynchburg, Va...

Resolutions of American Institute of Instruction,.

Recollections of Holbrook, by Prof. Russell,..

Tribute to, by Hon. S. S. Randall......

Note A. Letter of E. C. Flerrick, on the Agricultural Seminary at Derby,.

B. History of the Lyceum, ......

C. Timothy Claxton,..........

XIII. THE PUBLIC OR Foundation Schools of ENGLAND,...

General characteristics. By Rev. J. D. Collis,..

Dates and number of grammar schools, .......

Suggestions for making them more uscful...

Benefactors and foundation of the principal Public Schools,..

1. William of Wykehain, and Winchester College,..

2. Henry VI., and Eton College...

3. Denn Colet and St. Paul's School,.

4. Edward IV., and Christ's Hospital,

5. Westminster College School,..

6. Lawrence Sheriff, and Rugby School,

7. John Lyon, and Harrow School,..

Nlustrations.-Upper school-room,.....

The Servants' Chamber at Winchester,.
Large hall of St. Paul's School.....
The Writing-School at Christ's Hospital,.

New building and play-ground of Rugby,

XIV. THE SCHOOL AND THE TEACHER IN English LITERATURE,

Thomas Gray,

Ode on a distant view of Eton College,

The alliance of educntion and government,

XV. MEMOIR OF NATHAN GUILFORD,.....

Education,.....

Solomon Thrifty's Almanac,....

Labors for a school law in Ohio,.

Public schools in Cincinnati,....

XVI. Public INSTRUCTION IN Norway. By Hartvig Nissen,

1. Primary or district schools,

Stationary schools......

Itinerating schools,....

Subjects of instruction,..

[ocr errors]

64

THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EDUCATION for 1860 will be published quarterly; viz., on the 15th
of March, June, September, and December.

EACH NUMBER will contain at least 320 pages, and will be embellished with at least one por-

trait, and with wood-cuts illustrative of recent improvements in buildings, appuratus, and furniture

designed for educational purposes.

TERMS.-FOR A SINGLE COPY, one year, (1860,) or for Numbers 20, 21, P, and 23,.. $1.00

FOR A SINGLE NUMBER,...

1.50

It All subscriptions payable in adoance.

Volumes I., II., III., IV., V., VI., VII. can be had for $2.50 per volume in numbers, or for $3,00

bound in cloth, or $17,50 per set in cloth.

A circular, containing n GENERAL INDEX to Volumes I., II., II., IV., V., will be sent by mail
to any one making request for the some.

Postage, at the office of delivery, paid in advance, will be about 36 cents for the four numbers
to regular subscribers. To every subscriber, who will forward (84.25) four dollars and twenty-five
oents, the Journal for 1860 will be sent, FREE OF POSTAGE.

F. B. PERKINS, Hartford, Conn.
F. C. BROWNELL, Nero York City.

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

We had made some preparation for a series of articles in success-
ire numbers of this Journal, embodying the most remarkable sayings,
more or less aphoristic, of wise and good men, in different countries
and in different ages, on the subject of Education and Schools, when
we found the labor of collecting very much abridged in a volume of
Dr. J. F.T. Wohlfarth, of Kirchhasel, in the Principality of Schwarz-
berg-Rudolstadt—entitled “The Pedagogical Treasure-Casket :* a
Theory of Education, set forth in the most remarkable expressions
of the wise men of ancient and modern times.
The matter is arranged under the following heads :-

1. Man-his dignity and destiny.
II. Education-its nature and value.
III. Parents and Teachers—their duties.
IV. Early Training-home education.

V. Obedience to Parents.
VI. Female Education.
VII. Intellectual Culture.
VIII. Subjects and Means of Education.

1. Language.
2. Natural Science.
3. Geography.
4. History.
5. Mathematics.
6. Philosophy.
7. Books.
8. Poetry.

9. Music.
IX. Religious Instruction,
X. Discipline.

XI. Example.
The contents are introduced by the following Preface.

During the preparation of his "Pedagogy from a Practical Stand-point,” the idea of a collection of the more remarkable expressions of the wise men of all times, on a subject so steadily increasing in importance as that of education, had occurred to the editor with the more force because such an anthology was not forthcoming for his own use, and because it seemed to him that it would furnislı a store of incitements to a holy enterprise not to be found in any other way, would disseminate the most fruitful seeds, and would offer a species of guide, · Polagogisches Schatzkasllein."

Gotha, 1857. 416

Von Dr. J. F. Th. Wohlfarth.

pages.

« PreviousContinue »