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DEDICATED, BY PERMISSION, TO
THE RIGHT REV. THE LORD BISHOP OF SALISBURY.

By THOMAS WILLIAMS, UTHOR OF

66 THE AGE OF INFIDELITY," IN ANSWER TO PAINE; A NEW TRANSLATION OF SOLOMON'S SONG; AN HISTORIC DEFENCE OF EXPERIMENTAL RELIGION ;

A DICTIONARY OF ALL RELIGIONS, RELIGIOUS DENOMINATIONS, &c. &c.

VOL. II.

1828

LONDON:
RINTED FOR W. SIMPKIN AND R. MARSHALL,

STATIONERS'-HALL-COURT, LUDGATE-STREET.

MILLS, JOWETT, AND MILLS, (LATE BENSLEY,) THE BOOK

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P S A L M s.

INTRODUCTION. WE shall introduce this book with some excellent remarks from the Preface to Bishop erat's valuable Commentary. ** The Psalms (says this excellent writer) are an epitome of the Bible, adapted to the poses of devotion. They treat occasionally of the creation and formation of the id; the dispensations of Providence and the economy of grace; the transactions of patriarchs, the exodus of the children of Israel; their journey through the wilderand settlement in Canaan; their law, priesthood, and ritual; the exploits of their

nen, wrought through faith; their sins and captivities; their repentances and rations; the sufferings and victories of David; the peaceful and happy reign of ton; the advent of Messiah, with its effects and consequences; his incarnation, life, passion, death, resurrection, ascension, kingdom, and priesthood; the effu

the Spirit; the conversion of the nations; the rejection of the Jews; the estaent, increase, and perpetuity of the Christian church; the end of the world ; the judgment; the condemnation of the wicked, and the final triumph of the righith the Lord their king. These are the subjects here presented to our meditaWe are instructed how to conceive of them aright, and to express the different s, which, when so conceived of, they must excite in our minds. They are, for pose, adorned with the figures and set off with all the graces of poetry; and elf is designed yet farther to be recommended by the charms of music thus ed to the service of God; that so delight may prepare the way for improvement, ore hecome the handmaid of wisdom, while every turbulent passion is calmed melody, and the evil spirit is still dispossessed by the harp of the Son of his little volume, like the paradise of Eden, affords us in perfection, though in every thing that groweth elsewhere, ' Every tree that is pleasant to the sight,

for food :' and above all, what was lost, but is here restored, the tree of life dst of the garden.'" (Preface, p. i.) e learned and pious prelate adds, “What is said in the Psalms occasionally of d its ceremonies, sacrifices, ablutions, and purifications; of the tabernacle with the services therein performed; and of the Aaronical priesthood : all ins transfer to the new law [i. e. the Gospel ;] to the oblation of Christ; on by his blood, and sanctification by bis Spirit; to the true tabernacle, or made with hands; and to what was therein done for the salvation of the im who was, in one respect a sacrifice, in another a temple, and in a third t for ever, after the order of Melchisedek. That such was the intention of rures is declared at large in the Epistle to the Hebrews : and they are of ce to us now in forming our ideas of the realities to which they correspond. vish economy, says the excellent M. Pascal, ‘Truth appeared but in a -aven it is open and without a veil : in the church militant it is so veiled iscerved by its correspondence to the figure. As the figure was first built th, so the truth is now distinguishable by the figure. The variety of on's used by David in the xixth and cxixth Psalms, to extol the enlivenaling, comforting efficacy of a law, which, in the letter of it, whether loral, without pardon and grace, could minister nothing but condemnantly prove that David understood the spirit of it, which was the Gospel ny wbo recited those

Psalms had not the same idea, it was not the or of the Psalms, of Moses or of David, or of Him who inspired both; own, as it is that of the Jews at this hour, though their prophecies have 1, and their types realized. He that takes his estimate of the Jewish e grossness of the Jewish multitude, (as the last cited author observes,)

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