Misers, Shrews, and Polygamists: Sexuality and Male-female Relations in Eighteenth-century Chinese Fiction

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Duke University Press, 1995 - Psychology - 378 pages
Having multiple wives was one of the mainstays of male privilege during the Ming and Qing dynasties of late imperial China. Based on a comprehensive reading of eighteenth-century Chinese novels and a theoretical approach grounded in poststructuralist, psychoanalytic, and feminist criticism, Misers, Shrews, and Polygamists examines how such privilege functions in these novels and provides the first full account of literary representations of sexuality and gender in pre-modern China.
In many examples of rare erotic fiction, and in other works as well-known as Dream of the Red Chamber, Keith McMahon identifies a sexual economy defined by the figures of the "miser" and the "shrew"—caricatures of the retentive, self-containing man and the overflowing, male-enervating woman. Among these and other characters, the author explores the issues surrounding the practice of polygamy, the logic of its overvaluation of masculinity, and the nature of sexuality generally in Chinese society. How does the man with many wives manage and justify his sexual authority? Why and how might he escape or limit this presumed authority, sometimes to the point of portraying himself as abject before the shrewish woman? How do women accommodate or coddle the man, or else oppose, undermine, or remold him? And in what sense does the man place himself lower than the spiritually and morally superior woman?
The most extensive English-language study of Chinese literature from the eighteenth century, this examination of polygamy will interest not only students of Chinese history, culture, and literature but also all those concerned with histories of gender and sexuality.
 

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Contents

Potent Polygamists and Chaste Monogamists I
17
The Problems of Polygyny in History Fiction and Prescriptive Texts32
32
Polygamy in Jin Ping Mei and Other Late Ming Fiction 48 An Over
52
Jealous Wives and Henpecked Husbands58 The Ars Erotica the Shrew
66
The Miser and the Ascetic
82
The Miser in Ming and Qing Fiction84 The Ascetic Ji Dian93 Self
96
The Chaste BeautyScholar Romance and the Superiority of
99
Definition of the Chaste Caizi Jiaren Romance103 The Remarkable
123
Contagious Promiscuity in Chundeng Mishi Taohua Ying and Xinghua
140
The Confucian Superman150 The Author and his Work153 Confucian
174
Honglou meng and the Chaste and Erotic Romances176 The Study
202
Womens Sacrifice and Formation of Alliances208 Five Types of Women
219
Liye Xianzong
234
Pleasure in Shenlou Zhi
251
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About the author (1995)

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Keith McMahon is Associate Professor of Chinese Language and Literature at the University of Kansas. He is the author of Causality and Containment in Seventeenth-Century Chinese Fiction.

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