Report of the regular settlement of the Hardoi district, effected by E.O. Bradford, reported by A.H. Harington and W. Blennerhassett

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As the 1/2 sister of T Roy F Stoutt. May I assure you he is the illegitimate son of my mother Freda Ann Cleveland-Dunn known as Stoutt. Maiden name Murray. Daughter of Bertha Murray need Blenner-Hassett. Not her sister May Marjorie Callaghan who was separated from her husband before I was born 05/02/1942. 

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Bill Jehan can possibly follow this up. My great grand father being William Hassett (dropping the Blenner) as thought too long surname. I am a descendant of his eldest daughter Bertha Geraldine who married Fredrick Agustus Murray. Had 7 children Frederick, cecilia died young. Stanley, Mae, Flloyd, Freda and Mervyn.
Only Freda (my mother ) reproduced.
My father being Hope Villiers Cleveland-Dunn
Mother had an illigitamete son in London (Terence Roy Frederick Stoutt)
Mae married Oatric Callaghan (she was eldest of Murray children) left no issue
Mervyn Murray m Derrice Murray
Children: Gloria Christine Ronald and Carlisle (they have children
William married Martha (believed to be of high birth from Persia) addled by Perera
Issue: 12 children
Bertha Sunny Etta Maisie Gwen Hubert Kathleen (all with issue) most dead but are scattered in England and AustrLia
 

Contents

disease 1215
13
Page
14
cayenne pepper carthamus tinctorius ajwain jamun 1520
15
Agricultural statistics
20
Food of the people
24
Cultivation backwardf statistics of opium culture 2526
25
Trade commerce and manufactures
26
Towns
27
Imports and exports
28
Roads and communications 2930
29
hstribution of property in Akbars time
30
Local weights and measures
31
number professing each religion
32
Para Page 25 Principal castes and sects 3334
33
Principal Chhattri clans 3435
34
Towns
35
their difficulties
36
Division of landed properties
37
Administrative divisions
38
Distribution of property in Akbars time 1590 A D
39
Revenue
40
Raja Hardeo Bakhsh of Katiari 4143
41
The small proprietors
43
Paucity of feudal lordships accounted for 4448
44
The two kinds of taluqa 4849
48
their difficulties 4950
49
Transfers 5051
50
Administrative features 38 Administrative divisions
51
police
52
lievenue ib 41 Income Tax 5354
53
Local taxation 5455
54
Crime and criminal classes 5556
55
Accidental deaths
56
return of schools 5759
57
Para Page 59 Arwal 82
59
Postoffices
60
The Moslem conquest 6162
61
Modern events 6263
62
Annals of Bilgram 6369
63
Ihe battle of Bilgram 6973
69
Modern Hindu history 7476
74
Turbulence of the district
76
The Bangar described by Colonel Sleeman
77
CHAPTER II
79
Arjunpur
82
Balamau pargana 8384 8490
83
Bangar pargana
90
Barwan pargana 9697
96
Bawan pargana 97100 100102
101
Bawan kbas 69 Bcniganj 102103
102
Bhagwantnagar ib 71 Bharawan 72 Bhatpur ib ib 73 Bhaunti 104119
103
Bilgram pargana 120124
120
Bilgram
124
Para Page 128 Object of the Rent Schedules not attainable under
128
Gopamau pargana 141148
141
Gopamau 148160
148
Hardoi
162
Kachhandau pargana 165168
165
Kalyanmal pargana 168175
168
Arjunpur
172
Katiari pargana
175
Khasaura
176
Kurseli
177
Mallanwan pargana 186188
186
Mallanwan
188
Mansurnagar pargana 190191
190
Sir 191195
191
Pachhoba pargana 195197
195
Para Page 195 Parganas and estates in tahsfl Hardoi 300
196
Pali pargana 197200
197
Ditto ditto Sara
198
Para Page 105 Pihani 203207
203
Sandi pargana 207213
207
Sandi 213216
213
Sandila pargana 216222
216
Sandila 222224
222
Sara pargana 224229
224
Saromannagar pargana 229232
232
ShahabaH pargana 233240
233
Shahabad 240242
240
Shahabad Colonel Sleemans account 242243
242
CHAPTER III
244
Operations of 186364
245
Threequarters of a lakh saved by improvement in this matter
256
ivation
258
Classification of claims
259
division of profits between superior aud inferior pro prietors
260
The same 186667 26L 148 The same 186768 ib 149 The same 186869 ib 150 The same 186970 261262
261
Completed in 187071
262
Quasi proprietary status acquired by pargana officials
266
Mukadams 269275
269
Para Page 157 Dhar Dhdra _ _
275
Succession of illegitimates 276277
276
Authority of Hindu widows 2T7 160 Acquisition of village by Thalcure in dowry
277
Childless Muhammsdan widows not excluded
278
Mnhammadan daughters do not share where there are sons
279
CHAPTER VI
281
Mr Bradfords method ib 167 Based on rent both cash and in kind ib 168 Actual yield of com ascertained ib 169 Produce rates for classilied soils
282
Average prices tb 171 Government share of produce ib 172 Two soil rates adopted 282283
283
Hentrates struck 28324
284
175 Chak system inupplicable
285
Value of a knowledge of Hindi language
286
Actual average yield
287
Disadvantages of corn rents
289
Averago rentrates 291293
291
Ooneral result for each class of villages 294296
294
18 Kxtont of cood middling and bad land 296297
296
u Description of pargana Gondwa
298
Hardoi tahsil backward
301
Description of pargana Bilgram
302
Ditto ditto Katiari
303
Description of pargana Shahabad ib 211 Mahomedan proprietors 304305
304
Description of pargana Alamnagar ib 213 Large increase justified 305306
305
Progressive demands disapproved of
306
Description of pargana Pihani
307
Ditto ditto Barwan 30S 220 Ditto ditto Pali and Pachhoha 308309
308
Reasons for a light demand
309
Comparison between former and present condition of the landowner
310
Calamities of season
311
Ditto continued
312
Ditto ditto ib 231 Commencement of demand kabuliats
313
Calamities and transfers noted in annual revenue reports 314315
314
Para Page 234 Balances of revenue 314315
315
Method of revision of assessment adopted 317318
317
Ditto continued 318320
318
Ditto ditto 320321
320
Ditto ditto
322
Method of assessment for cornrents
323
Officers employed in revising demand
324
ib General lesult of revision 325328
325
ib Revenuefree tenures
329
ib Haste in imposing increased demand 330331
330
Result of assessing by averages
331
Neglect to use a bhtir rate in tahsils Sandila and Hardoi
332
Result of this procedure 333334
333
Ditto ditto Kalianmal ib 192 Ditto ditto Sandila 298299
334
Prospective assets assessed Results 335336
335
Soil and situation of the district Floods 336337
336
Percentage of Government demand to total produce
337
Remarks on cornrents ib ib High cashrents in cornrented villages explained
338
ib Special rates for sugarcane explained
339
Remarks on assessment of talukas 340341
340
Percentage of Government demand to assets as given in village papers
341
Cost of revision of Government demand
342
Absence of legal checks to overassessments ib ib Unfavorable changes in law of malikana reversion to the ancient principle advocated 343344
343
CHAPTER VIII
345
Assistant Settlement Officere
346
Extra Assistant Commissioners
347
Sadr Munsarims
349
APPENDICES
351
Revenue and field survey 352353
353
Cost of settlement 351355
354
Census showing area sex and population 356361
356
IIIA Census showing detail of castes 362377
362
Census showing professions and occupations 378391
378
Tenures c 592393
393
General statement explanatory of the assess ment as originally made 394399
394
VA Supplementary general statement explanatory of the assessment as revised 400403
400
Pali 200203
402
Statement of judicial workoriginal
404
VIA Statement of judicial workappellate
405
VIIOwnership and rental of talukas 406409
406
Return of rural police 410411
410
Crop statementtahsilwar 412423
412
Cultivation in acres and rental 424430
424
266
438

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Page 114 - The country is ruined by the necessity of defraying the enormous charges required to maintain the splendour of a numerous court, and to pay a large army maintained for the purpose of keeping the people in subjection. No adequate idea can be conveyed of the sufferings of that people. The cudgel and the whip compel them to incessant labour for the benefit of others...
Page 113 - The persons thus put in possession of the land, whether as timariots, governors or farmers, have an authority almost absolute over the peasantry, and nearly as much over the artisans and merchants of the towns and villages within their district ; and nothing can be imagined more cruel and oppressive than the manner in which it is exercised.
Page 113 - ... a tyranny often so excessive as to deprive the peasant and artisan of the necessaries of life, and leave them to die of misery and exhaustion — a tyranny owing to which those wretched people either have no children at all, or have them only to endure the agonies of starvation, and to die at a tender age — a tyranny, in fine, that drives the cultivator of the soil from...
Page 73 - ... a large portion of the surface is covered with jungle, useful only to robbers and refractory landholders, who abound in the purgunnah of Bangur. In this respect it is reputed one of the worst districts in Oude. Within the last few years the king's troops have been frequently beaten and driven out with loss, even when commanded by a European officer. The landholders and armed peasantry of the different villages unite their quotas of auxiliaries, and concentrate upon them on a concerted signal,...
Page 60 - Hindu organization ; its system of village and district administration and government, its division into numerous little chieftainships or petty local governments, and in political revolutions the people looked much more to their own immediate rulers than to the prince who governed in the capital. Except at Delhi and Agra the inhabitants everywhere fortified their towns and prepared to resist. The invasion was regarded as a temporary inundation that would speedily pass off. Every man in authority...
Page 73 - King's troops have been frequently beaten and driven out with loss, even when commanded by a European officer. The landholders and armed peasantry of the different villages unite their quotas of auxiliaries, and concentrate upon them on a concerted signal, when they are in pursuit of robbers and rebels. Almost every able-bodied man of every village in Bangar is trained to the use of arms of one kind or another, and none of the King's troops, save those who are disciplined and commanded by European...
Page 108 - Circular orders were issued through the proper channels to every district, touching on matters religious, political, and fiscal, in all their most minute bearings, and containing rules and regulations, which concerned not only the army, but cultivators, merchants, and persons of other professions...
Page 115 - It is true that the Great Mogol sends a Vakea-Nevis 1 to the various provinces ; that is, persons whose business it is to communicate every event that takes place ; but there is generally a disgraceful collusion between these officers and the governor, so that their presence seldom restrains the tyranny exercised over the unhappy people.
Page 130 - ... defence, that, at the sound of a matchlock, or any other concerted signal, all the men of a dozen large villages would, in an hour, concentrate upon and defeat the largest force the king's officers could assemble ; that they did so almost every year, and often frequently within the same year ; that he had nominally eight guns on duty with him, but the carriage of one had already gone to pieces ; and those of the rest had been so long without repair that they would go to pieces with very little...
Page 131 - Gohar, (or body of auxiliaries which these landholders send to each other's aid on the concerted signal,) and fired in upon from the front, and both right and left flanks. Taken by surprise, they collected together in disorder, while the assailants from the front and sides continued to pour in their fire upon them ; and they were obliged to retire in haste and confusion, closely followed by the auxiliaries, who gained confidence, and pressed closer as their number increased by the quotas they received...

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