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G

Cousin, the founder of modern Eclec-

ticism, 304.
Cyclopædia, Bibliographica, by J. Darl-

ing, 214.
Cozri, the, of Rabbi Yehudah Hallevi,

495.

Gathered Lilies, the, a work of art,

481.
Glasgow Cathedral, painted windows

of, 234.
God's providential and moral govern-

ment vindicated, 250; atheistic

theory of, 251; objections to, 259.
Golden Calf, the, remarks on, by Mr.

Napier, 161.
Guericke's Church History, 206.

D

H

Darius and Cyrus the Great, Mr.

Bosanquet on, 163.
Darius of Scripture, Rev. W. B. Saville

on, 408.
Davidson, Dr. S., on early corruptions

of the Text of the New Testament
by Christians, 266 ; defended in re-
lation to his part in Horne's Intro-

duction, 383.
Dead Sea, the, 230.
Dick, Dr., life of, 239.
Descartes, his philosophy, 298.
Deuteronomy, its genuineness as the

production of Moses, 313; proved by
direct quotations in the Old Testa-
ment, 315; by verbal allusions, 316;
by historical traces, 317; by colla-
teral arguments, 318 ; corroborated
by our Lord, 323.

Hebrews v. 7, remarks on, 403 ; ix.

16, 17, remarks on, 407.
Hebrew Criticisms, by Mr. Keightley,

427.
Hebrew Grammar, elements of, by

Murphy, 477.
Hegel, his philosophical system, 303.
Herod, death of, its true date examined,

66.
Holy Sepulchre, the site of, 140.

I

E

Image of God, the meaning of the term,

168.
Intelligence, 215, 482.
Isaiah, Dr. Henderson on, 208.
Idealism, influence of Leibnitz on, 298.
Isaiah, D. M. Dreschler on, 464.
Israel of the Alps, the, a History of

the Waldenses, by Muston, 479.

J

Egyptian Dynasties, No. III., 345.
Egyptian Monuments in British Mu-

seum, 230.
Egypt, political system of, under the

Pharaohs, 231.
Elohim, Jewish ideas of the

name,

485.
Emerson, bearing of his works on

Pantheism, 307.
Embalmment of Edward I., 235.
Encyclopædia Britannica, 481.
English Bible, the general excellence

of, 1; works on, 210.
Errors, typographical, in theological

works, 272.
Essays on the accordance of Chris-

tianity with the nature of man, by

E. Fry, 172.
Ezra and Nehemiah, historical dates

of, 482.

Japan, pagan sect in, 237.
Jerusalem, present state of, 493.
Jewish hatred of Christianity, 236.
Jewish Sepulchres, 490.
John the Baptist's Ministry, date of its

commencement, 69.
John the Baptist, his Mission and Cha-

racter, 325; came in the fulness of
time, 325; his relation to the Jews,
330; to Christ; 335; close and re-

sults of his mission, 340.
Jonah, book of, Lectures on, by Rev.

P. S. Desprez, 212.
Jordan, the Plain of, 280.
Joseph in Egypt, his influence in cir-

culating divine knowledge, 355.

F

Feuerbach's development of German

Pantheism, 304

K

Kant, his philosophical system, 302.
Kings and Chronicles, commentaries

on, by Keil and Bertheau, 475.

L

Lamech, his address to his wives,

Gen. iv., 425.
Life in Israel, by Maria T. Richards,

212.

Pantheism, its historical phases, 294 ;

allied to polytheism, 295 ; danger of
it in the present day, 295; its anti-
quity, 296; modern, originated by
Spinoza, 297 ; its God described,

308; danger of to social order, 310.
Paragraph Bible, Bagster's, 211.
Patristic Literature, labours of Abbe

Migne on, 237.
Person of Christ, Dorner on the, 462.
Persian Jews, 500.
Peter, St., legend of his Penetential

Food, 148.
Periods of our Lord's Life and Ministry,

65; doubts of the exact date of the

Christian Epoch, 65.
Prayer, duty of, 231.
Prince of Peace, the, a work of art,

481.
Prophecies relating to Nineveh and

Assyria, by G. V. Smith, 203.
Psalms, plain commentary on, 476.
Ptolemy, his asserted departures from

the text of the New Testament, 267.

M

Magi, their visit to Nazareth or Beth-

lehem ? 78.
Manual of Sacred History, by Rev.

J. E. Riddle, 209.
Marriage and Divorce, scriptural law

of, 215.
Melodies of the Jewish Spanish Li-

turgy, 470.
Michmash, described, 287.
Miracles of the Old Testament, how

far attributable to natural causes,

131.
Modern Anglican Theology, by Rev.

J. Rigg, 212.

R

Rare Books, sale of, 227.
Romans, on the Epistle to, by Dr.

Brown, 458; by Rev. A. C. Brome-

head, 462.
Roman Catholic edition of the Scrip-

tures, 500.

N

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Nativity, date of, 433.
New Testament translated: St. Mat-

thew, by Rev. T. S. Green, 210.
New Works, lists of Foreign, 245,

502 ; English, 246, 504.
Notices of Books, 172, 443.
Numbers, Book of, Notæ Criticæ on, by

Professor Selwyn, 478; and Deute-
ronomy, translated from the Septua-
gint, by Dr. Howard, 478.

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Obituary, 239.
Original Language, on the, 225.
Owen, Dr., his works, 501.

P

Palestine, sites of its sacred places,

Sabbath, history of the, under the Old

Testament, 83; its divine origin and
universal obligation, 83 ; Prize Essay

on, by Rev. Micaiah Hill, 210.
Sahara, the, 499.
Sivan the Sleeper, by Rev. H. C.

Adams, 231.
Six Days of Creation, remarks, on, 487.
Sensational Philosophy of Locke, 299;

developed in France, 300.
Sepulture, care of, by early Christians,

140; by ancient Jews, 141.
Smoking Flax, the, meaning of, 438.
Spinoza, the inventor of modern Pan-

theism, 297.
Stanley's Sinai and Palestine, strictures

on, 117.

Syrian Sepulchres, Professor Stanley's

theory of, 134.
Syriac Lexicon, by Bernstein, 474,

124.

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THE

JOURNAL

OF

SACRED LITERATURE

AND

BIBLICAL RECORD.

No. XI.-OCTOBER, 1857.

BIBLICAL REVISION.-The Gospel of St. John.

GREAT thanks are due to the five clergymen who have put forth the revised translation of the gospel according to St. John, to which we briefly called attention in a former number.“ The question, so freely mooted of late, as to the completeness and sufficiency of our Authorized Version, is thus met by a practical answer. We are enabled, thus far at least, to attach to that question its real weight and value. We may compare together the old and the new; and few perhaps will hesitate as to the conclusion, that the old is better.

Now this result, if we arrive at it, is attained to by a very safe and satisfactory course. We have a portion of Scripture most wisely chosen for the purpose of direct comparison. Those who have undertaken its re-translation are eminently qualified for the task. The principle upon which it has been carried out is simple and unexceptionable.

I. The gospel by St. John has been chosen with great wisdom. It is long enough to supply a fair and adequate test; and yet it lies within so small a compass that it may be very easily

a The Gospel according to St. John, after the Authorized Version. Newly compared with the original Greek, and revised by five Clergymen :- John Barrow, D.D.; George Moberly, D.C.L.; Henry Alford, B.D.; William G. Humphrey, B.D.; Charles J. Ellicott, M.A. London: John W. Parker and Son. Royal 8vo, pp. 80. (April, 1857.)

VOL. VI.- NO. XI.

B

tested. Moreover, the peculiarity of St. John's Greek would perhaps more readily induce erroneous translation; while his peculiar record of doctrinal and spiritual truth would so greatly enhance the vital

consequence

of
any

such error. II. The very names of the five translators carry with them their own credentials. They are all of them, so to speak, masters in Israel. They are specially fitted by learning, and by previous experience in critical theology, for the execution of so grave a work. They are well known as men of deep and earnest reli. gious principles; they are altogether unknown as partizans on either side of the conflicting opinions into which the religious world is now divided.

III. The principle on which the translation has been accomplished commends itself at once to every man's judgment. It gives us the result of individual and yet united effort; a separate and also a combined investigation; a quintuple guarantee for the same common labour. The correctness and fidelity of the Authorized Version is thus fully and strictly put to the proof; and we may congratulate ourselves that the issue has been joined. The alterations which have been proposed are, as we might expect, many and various. The majority of them arise from a closer attention to the force of particles, or tenses, and the more exact rendering of certain words; some of them exhibit statements of truth in a clearer and more intelligible form: not one of them, it may be confidently affirmed, throws doubt or question upon any essential truth, as already stated.

To suppose that the Authorized Version is incapable of any alteration for the better, would be to presuppose the gift of actual inspiration for the original translators. To find that it admits of scarcely more improvement than consists in greater amount of secular scholarship, and greater nicety of expression, springing out of the natural change and progress of language itself, this bespeaks for the original translators much soundness of knowledge, patient painstaking, sagacious faithfulness. To find that no vital truth of Scripture has been ignored, or overlaid, or erroneously set forth, this will confirm us in the sure conviction, how clearly the grace and providence of God guided the pen of those ready writers, went along with and watched over their labours, and guarded the Divine Word from all risk of marring by human adulteration.

The revisers have put forth their work as an experiment; not to provoke unkindly criticism, but purposely to invite fair and honest examination. With this view, and in this spirit, the revision is examined in the following pages; it has been followed out verse by verse, its variations noted down, and divided into

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