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connected with another person fitting on a bride's attire before the ceremony. Also, the pronunciation of Dolce far Niente, and myth. (I do not know what the superstition is. Dolechay far nee-en-tay. Myth is pronounced mith.]

1. All letters on this subject must be

To the Editor of
Warwick House, Paternoster Row,

London, E.C.
(Young Englishwoman's Exchange.)

you as you are, not as you have been; far less, pretty, but tablecloths are seldom used in drawas you might have been. Do not expect your ing-rooms. ] And can Sylvia or any of her corcustomers to recognize you in the street. This respondents tell her of a good translation of is not customary in England ; and even in J. P. Richter's works, and if Jean Ingelow's republican countries, such practices are more poems have been published in a collected theoretical than otherwise. Society would

form. come to an end if distinctions of class were to FORDYCE has taken your magazine for a

band is right about treating year past, and is much pleased with it. Would your customers with civility ; but as to the Sylvia think her forward if she suggested that "silent contempt" part of his advice, do not a picture of the cut-out paper pattern be always despise your fellow-creatures without some given in the same number, as myself and one better cause than that you mention. As to or two other readers (who may be rather thickthe remarks made about your book, it was rude headed) sometimes find it difficult to put the in the extreme. “Such a place" is not a term pieces together. For instance, in arranging to be used by anyone in reference to the home ihe back of the jacket-bodice in the April numof another. Don't let that gentleman into your ber, it will not sit nicely, it is so gathered like, parlour again. You ask what can be done and does not form a proper tab as described, under the circumstances. My reply is, “No I think the letters on Politeness most useful. thing." Your own self-respect will teach you to Can you tell me, in receiving callers and giving be independent of the opinion of people whom them a glass of wine in an easy way,'should the (since you call them “shabby genteel ") you do glasses be handed in the hand or on a salver ? not esteem. Do nothing unworthy of your gentle (On a salver. Wine is scarcely ever given to birth ; and remember, above all, that no treat callers now.] Living in the country, I think it ment that we can receive from others can de- is stiff for a servant to hand afternoon tea or grade us. It is only our own actions that can wine, unless the callers are strangers ; am I do that. I do not know exactly what you mean right? Have I written according to your rules? by" shabby-genteel people." Do you mean [It is not at all “stiff" for a servant to bring the ladies and gentlemen of the neighbour in the tea and hand it round ; but perhaps it is hood ?]

more sociable to have a table, pour it out yourTHALIA presents her compliments to the self, and hand the cups about without a servant. Editor of THE YOUNG ENGLISHWONAN, and You have complied with our rules, except that would be pleased if he or any of his correspon. you omitted to leave spaces for replies. ] dents can tell her the words of the comic song LILLA would be obliged if Sylvia will

kindly answer the following questions in the made of?" it consists of about a dozen verses. July number of The YOUNG ENGLISHWOMAN : Thalia has taken your magazine for some time, Would black or white hats and bonnets be best and likes it exceedingly. She is in great want for young ladies of nineteen and twenty-one to of a good remedy for chapped lips, having tried wear in summer? (Whichever they prefer.] cold-cream and rose-salve without effect.

When one wears a frill round the throat, shouli C. E. J. will feel much obliged if the Editor the same be tacked round the sleeves? (Not or one of his readers will give her some instruc- necessarily.) And would one require cuffs as tions how to do skeleton leaves. She has seen well? [Frills and cuffs do not look well toso many, that she is anxious to try. In your gether. I Could sapoline' be rubbed, in the magazine for March last, a young lady wished clothes like other soaps, or must it be dissolved? for the pattern of jacket-bodice that was given [It must be cut up and dissolved.] On what in one of your numbers for last year, and that kind of dish should cheese be put on the table? she would give in exchange an onyx ring. (You have asked this question in your other Having the pattern, I thought I would oblige letter. You will find the answer elsewhere.] her with it; but have never had a reply. C. How small should veal, etc., be minced? Should

E. J. would be glad if some patterns of leather it be in lumps as large as nuts, or very small ?
work could be inserted in THE YOUNG ENG (Ouite fine. I would a little round glass dish,
LISHWOMAN. She has taken in the magazine that is for holding preserves on the tea-table,
for some time, and looks forward to it every do to hold horseradish on the dinner-table?
month with great pleasure. Sophy, to whose [Yes.]
advertisement you allude, had upwards of 124 WINNIE sends compliments to the Editor,
answers, to many of which she replied, but at and would he kindly say in next magazine if
last gave up in despair.]

oatmeal used in the water one washes in whitens C. J. R. writes, -I shall be much obliged if the skin ? or why is it used ? {It purifies the some of your correspondents can tell me how skin, and consequently improves the comto prepare shells for shell-work. Some acid is plexion.] Also, if Hagan's Magnolia Balm be

sed which leaves the shells bright and polished; a good cosmetic?
but I do not know the right sort, nor how to ETHEL would be much obliged if the Edis
use it. Also, can you inform me where I could tor would answer the following questions in the
get work-boxes relined with silk ? [I will in July number. Is it right at a wedding break-

fast to put the pastry on the table with the MAGDALEN ventures to suggest that a few meat? (Yes.] And when should it be served, simple styles for dressing the hair would be very before of after the cake? [The cake is cut acceptable to many young subscribers. She almost the last thing.] Should cretonne curwould be very glad if any correspondent could tains for bed and windows be lined ? if so, what give her a remedy for enlarged joints. Mag- with ? (Any colour that will harmonize with dalen hopes she has not violated any of the the cretonne.] In sending the wedding-cake rules.

to friends, what should be written with it ; COUSIN MAGGIE writes,--Will the kind should the bride's maiden-name be used at Editor or any of his numerous correspondents « all? (No; with Mr. and Mrs. - 's complisuggest to Cousin Maggie a few fancy things ments.] for a birthday-present for a young lady under J. V. writes,-Seeing in The YOUNG ENGtwenty ; something that Cousin Maggie could LISHWOMAN (to which we have been subscribers make herself. By so doing, she will greatly for many years) that young ladies are recomoblige her. (Work some lace for her, or make mended to try to obtain certificates for schoola handkerchief sachet, or embroider her initials mistresses, I should feel obliged if you could on a dozen pockethandkerchiefs.]

tell me the names of any training-schools, or MRS. J. SMITH would be very much obliged colleges, where said certificates might be obif Sylvia wouid tell her if there is any substitute tained, as I have two sisters who would like to for crinoline worn, as she is very tail and thin, try for them. You will find all the necessary and the total want of it makes her look so odd. information, with complete list of the Training [There is a corded white material sold that Schools recognized by Government, in Sylvia's makes very good stiff petticoats.) Also, what article in the present number, on “Something sort of tablecloth is most suitable for a draw- to Do."? ing-room? (Those called chenille are very LENORE wishes to know the superstition

RULES. 2. All letters must contain a large, fullydirected, stamped envelope, the stamp to be enclosed, not affixed. • 3. Notices must be written legibly on one side of a sheet of paper, separate and distinct from communications for the Drawing-room or Work-room.

4. Announcements of the nature of an Advertisement cannot appear in this column.

5. The charge for insertion in The Young ENGLISHWOMAN'S Exchange is threepence for every twelve words, and one penny extra for every additional four words, except in cases where the address is published. The insertion, in these cases

6. The only articles that can be advertised for sale are Books and Music.

7. All articles of wearing apparel advertised for exchange must be new ; Furs, Laces, Shawls, and Rugs alone excepted.

8. Notices must be sent before the roth of preceding month

9. We cannot continue to publish long lists of music. These form uninteresting matter for general readers. Therefore, advertisers wil oblige by substituting for the lists these words, “Lists sent on application."

LOUIE will give full price or price and a hall for the March number of 1874.-Address, róé, Albany Street, Regent's Park.

A. B. has some bright silks and satins for patchwork ; would exchange for music or anju thing useful for a lady.-Address, A. B., PostOffice, Harswell, York.

IDA G. has the Argosy for 1874, unbound; story complete, “In the Dead of Night, 45. Address with Editor.


Advertisements of Lady's Work, Pet Arinals,

etc., for this part of the Paper, are charges for at the rate of One Shilling for Twelve Words. Miss Clyde, Northdown Lodge, Bideford, Devon, sends 20 roots of Devonshire ferns, 6 varieties, or too leaves, for 12 stamps. She sends a box containing 100 roots, 9 varieties, for

Correct delineation of character from handwriting. 13 Stamps. Young Englishwomen, please send to N, N. Address with Editor.

Miss LAWRENCE has for disposal a large quantity of music remarkably cheap. Send for list to 82, Victoria Park Road, South Hackney.

IDA G. has raised Berlin square for sotapillow. Wants offers. 1. G. paints handkerchief-sachets, 2s. Address with Editor.

ARMANDE has music for sale at 3d. each piece. Also books for exchange. Lists sent. Address, 2, King's Cottages, Homsey Road, London.

(Your other advertisement will cost is. 6d.)

MADELINE has a number of pianoforte pieces and songs she wishes to dispose of at greatly reduced prices. List sent on application. --Address, Madeline, The Limes, Burnham, near Maidenhead, Berks.

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AUGUST, 1875.



THER "HERE must have been bright girls in England in the

Tudor times. With all respect for the supreme genius of Shakespeare, we can scarcely believe that he created, from the fertility of his own imagination, and without studying living models, the wonderful women of his dramas. Neither can we think that the cluster of poets who lived contemporaneously, or just before and after him, Surrey, Spenser, Sidney (what a lustre the constellation of “S’s” shed upon that age !), quite invented the Geraldine, the exquisite Una of the “Faerie Queene," and the gracious beauty who inspired the " Arcadia," without having lived in the presence of, loved and reverenced, some very charming exemplars of the sex. The “Sidney's sister, Pembroke's mother," of Ben Jonson's famous epitaph, could have been no ordinary woman. Rugged Ben was not given to sentimentality, but he recognized goodness and greatness, and wrote of “the fair and wise and good,” not in courtly affectation, but with very genuine respect and admiration. As for Shakespeare, we believe that his immortal women are as veritable studies from the life as the painted series of painted beauties of a later and worse time, which preserve to posterity the charms of the fair frequenters of the Stuarts' court. We do not, indeed, suppose that Portia, Rosalind, Viola, Beatrice, or Imogene are individual portraits of Elizabethan ladies, but there must have been abundant materials in the society to which Shakespeare had access, from

which he obtained the ideal of his characters; and what a charming society that must have been where native wit was ripened by literary culture, beauty allied with tenderness and unaffected grace, spirit and courage with modesty and delicate sensitiveness, a charming sauciness of occasional manner with intense sincerity and devotedness, and a frank unconsciousness of superiority with instinctive feminine dignity and the simplicity of true greatness of soul.

In that sixteenth century, so full of wonders, the age of the Reformation and of the discovery of a new world, there was, too, a new development of national and social life. Imagination was aroused to co-operate with manly courage, warriors became adventurers, and the old sea-king spirit of our Scandinavian ancestors appeared to be revived. Thinkers, too, pined to conquer new worlds, and poets to penetrate to hitherto unknown spheres, and catch the echoes of immortal music. Women shared with men the same impulse. At no period of English history were pure-minded, tender-hearted maidens, and faithful, generous-souled, even heroic matrons, unknown; but in the later Tudor times, heart and brain shared alike in the new enlarged life. So girls of high station were not satisfied to be the mere ornaments of social life, court beauties only, the recipients of vapid compliments, and lay figures only in the great gallery of life. They studied hard, read much, thought much, developed and strength

ened their intellectual life, and were withal none the less society. Pope, Addison, Steele, and others have preserved charming and merry-hearted. Not only was the fluent for us some dainty sketches. The ladies of Queen command of the French and Italian tongues, including a Anne's time were not such ideals of womanly perfection considerable acquaintance with the associated literature, a as those of the earlier age, but they were very engaging general accomplishment, but the classical languages were and charming; and there were the same merriment and by no means strange. We all know that Jane Grey was wit, a little more subdued and artificial, but nothing like Roger Ascham's ripest scholar in Greek, and Jane was the same culture as in the Tudor times. With all the only seventeen when the headsman's cruel axe fell on her grace and good-humour, there was just a little silliness fair neck on Tower Hill; Elizabeth, in her enforced and affectation which the wits laughed at, although seclusion during the reign of her sister Mary, made her- apparently admiring and enjoying it greatly. French self mistress of Latin and Greek, and was no contemptible romances, lap-dogs and monkeys, perfumed billets-doux, Hebraist; and Jane Grey and the Princess Elizabeth all sorts of little vanities and affectations, were the were by no means singular in their scholarship. There fashion, and gave rise to abundance of banter in Pope's were many others in that gay and brilliant gathering who poems, and Addison and Steele's “ Spectators.” But smiled, and almost wept sympathetically, upon the ad- there was a great deal of sound sense and spirit under venturous gallants who followed the sea with Howard of the external aspect of fashionable ways, and now and Effingham or shared the enterprise of Raleigh, and, like

then the wits caught quite as good as they sent. The Desdemona, almost wished that Heaven had made them four Marys, the beautiful madcaps who must have such men. There were many who could quote Plato or

astonished the newly-imported glum Hanoverians of the Sophocles, or the soft couplets of the Italian poets. They Court, were not “chaffed ” with impunity, and could could, too, achieve marvels in needlework, sing well, and

well hold their own with a repartee. dance merrily; were, in short, fine light-hearted, high-bred,

Let it be observed of the most satirical writers of the clever, sympathetic, and very womanly girls, well worthy irst half of the last century, that it was only modes and of the admiration they received, with a certain indefinable

fashions, external affectations, paints, patches, little brightness which Shakespeare focussed into a centre, and sillinesses of manner which they joked about, not the preserved as "a bright particular star" for all time. real beauty, ésprit and tender delicacy of the feminine We need not, of course, suppose that in the smaller

Those qualities they recognized as fully as did towns and country places remote from towns, intellectual Shakespeare and his associates, much more than the cultivation, to the extent we have mentioned, was so heartless poets and wits of the intermediate century, who general as in the courtly circle at Greenwich or White- saw only the curls and the jewels, the outward manners, hall; but there was, no doubt, a reflection of the light. not the inward nature. Pope's Belinda sailing up the The Reformation produced great social agitation and Thames to Hampton Court, is a picture perfectly delicious remodelling, as it were, of the aspect of social life. in its beauty, a beauty certainly of a somewhat artificial There was a removal of barriers, and opening up of new kind, but not wanting in true elements. Pope and vistas to the eye of the imagination, in which all classes Addison were not men to respect shams, and that they shared in different degrees. Learning was no longer did really respect the ladies of their time even when they monopolized by the clerical class, but was claimed as a were readiest with the jokes about the manners of their right for all.

Girls were not trained for the convent, but time, is a proof that there was a good deal worthy of the to be wives and mothers; they awakened to the sense respect of such men, in the lively, clever, quick-tongued, that their consciences were in their own keeping, and bright-eyed beauties who clustered in gay groups in the the same sense of responsibility imparted an activity to gardens at Kensington, and made life at Leicester House, their mental life. The country girl of good position “the pouting place of princes," not quite unendurable. enjoyed a great deal of out-of-door life, and preserved her It is too, well worth noting that the most attractive chahealth, spirits, and good-humour. If ever this country racter in the novels of the last century are always the young deserved to be called “Merry England”— not in the ladies. Fielding, who wrote in the middle of the century, riotous, shouting, romping, grosser sense of the much was indebted for the models of the heroines of his pages misused word—it was in the Elizabethan days. There to the girls, mostly secluded country girls, of the same was a cheerful, sunshiny gaiety, an innocent freedom, age as the more sparkling beauties of the “Spectator." which we

see reflected in the domestic comedy of His heroes are generally what, in common language, may Shakespeare, which shines in the face of Anne Page, be styled, a “bad lot.” He seems to have enjoyed but a which the poet must have studied in many a country slight acquaintance with really good and noble men; bat house, where the merry talk and laugh of young English his Sophia Western and Amelia are true, good women ; girls resounded in oaken chambers or among the parterres and in depicting them the generally too free painter of of the garden.

manners is delicate and reverential. He would not have There is another period in English history, when the been so if the young ladies of his day had not been worthy poets and wits of the time took great pains to paint full- of his reverence. length portraits of the young beauties of the court and


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