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REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 91. A Discourse concerning, 1. The true timating that he thought that doctrine,

Import of the Words Election and Re if contained in it, sufficient to invalidate · probation, and the Things signified by the truth and the authority of the Scripthem in the Holy Scripture. 2. The ture. And by a little reflection I found E.ctent of Cbrist's Redemption. 3. The the strength of his argument ran thus : Grace of God; where it is inquired, That the truth of Holy Scripture could whether it be vouchsafed sufficiently to no otherwise be proved to any man that those who improve it not, and irresisti doubted of it, but by reducing him to bly to those who do improve it; and some absurdity, or the denial of some whether Men be wholly passive in the avowed principle of reason.' Now this Work of their Regeneration. 4. The imputation of Adam's sin to his posterity, Liberty of the Will in a State of Trial so as to render them obnoxious to God's and Probation. 5. The Perseverance wrath, and to eternal damnation, only or Defectibility of the Saints, with because they were born of the race of some Reflections on the State of Hea Adam, seemed to him as contradictory thens, the Providence and Prescience to the common reason of mankind, as of God. And lastly, an Answer to any thing could bx, and so contained as three Objections against the Doctrines strong an argument against the truth of asserted. To which is added, a Post- Scripture, if that doctrine was contained script, in answer to some of Dr. Ed- in i as any could be offered for it. And wards's Remarks. By Daniel Whitby, upon this account I again searched into D.D. and late Chuntor of the Ca- the places usually alleged to confirm that thedral Church of Sarum. Third Edi- doctrine, and found them fairly capable tion corrected. pp. 466. Rivingtons. of other interpretations. One doubt re

N an age when “ the re-publica- mained still, whether antiquity did not ductions by famous men of former

bere I found the words of Vossius very ages” meets with general encourage- positive, that Ecclesia Catholica sic semment, this “ Discourse of the pious per judicavit, the Catbolic Church aland learned Dr. Whitby may expect

ways so judged ;' which he endeavours a favourable reception. It is printed

to prove by testimonies from Ignatius

to St. Austin, This set me on the laboverbatin from the edition of 1735.

rious task of perusing the writings of On a work of so long established a

antiquity till that time; and, upon an reputation it is superfluous to enlarge; impartial search, I found that all the and we therefore only give Dr. White passages he had collected were imper-, by's reasons for having written it.

tinent, or at least insufficient to prove “ They who have known my educa- the point; yea, I found evidence suffition may remember, that I was bred up cient of the truth of that which Peter seven years in the University under men du Moulin plainly owns,' that, from of the Calvinistical persuasion, and so the time of the Apostles to St, Austin's could hear no other Doctrine, or receive time, all the ecclesiastical writers seem no other instructions, from the men of to write incautiously of this matter, and those times, and therefore had once to incline to what he calls Pelagianism.' firr entertained all their Doctrines. And of this having made a collection, I Now that which first moved me to search finished ' A Treatise of Original Sin,' in into the foundation of these Doctrines, Latin, which hath been composed about viz. The Imputation of Adam's sin to 20 years, though I have not thought it all his posterity, was the strange conse advisable to publish it.--Another time quences of it; this made me search the I discoursed with a physician, who said, more exactly into that matter, and by There was some cause to doubt the reading Joshua Placeus, with the an truth of Scripture; For,' saith he, 'it swer to him, and others on tbat subject, seems plainly to hold forth the doctrine I soon found cause to judge that there of absolute election and reprobation, in was no truth in it.

the ninth chapter to the Romans, which 1. After some years' study, I met with is attended with more evident absurdi. one who seemed to be a Deist, and tell- ties than can be charged on them who ing him that there were arguments suf- question the truth of Scripture; and ficient to prove the truth of Christian also seemeth as repugnant to the comfaith, and of the Holy Scriptures, he mon notion which mankind have receive scornfully replied, Yes; and you will ed of Divine justice, goodness, and sinprove your Doctrine of the imputation of cerity, as even the saying that God, coneriginal sin from the same Scripture ; in- sidering wau in massá perditá, . as lost GENT. MAG. Suppl. LXXXVI. Part II.



Penrith ........


Ponsonby Hall, Geo.Edw. Stanley, esq. Weary Hall, Mr. Geo.Drury, a quaker.
Rose Castle, Bishop of Carlisle. Wood Hall, J. Saunderson Fisher, esq.
Walton House, Wm. Ponsonby Joho- Workington Hall, Joho Christian Cur-
son, esq.

wen, esq.
Members to Parliament. For the County, 2 ; Carlisle, 2 ; Cockermouth, 2;

total 6. Produce. Wadd or Black Lead, Lead, Coal, Iron, Limestone, Gypsum,

Slate, Freestone. Dals, Potatoes, Cranberries, Buller. Herrings, Cod, 1

Manufactures. Colton, Coarse Cloths, Coarse Linen, Sail Cloths, Ship-
building, Glass Bottles.

Wards, 5; Parishes, 104; Market-lowns, 19; Houses, 24,552.
Inhabitants. Males, 63,433; Females, 70,311: total 133,744.
Families employed in Agriculture, 10,868 ; in Trade, 11,448; in neither,

6,074; total, 28,390.
Baptisms. Males, 1,965; Females, 2,001.- Marriages, 1,040.-Burials, Males,
1,199; Females, 1,260.
Towns having not less than 1000 lohabitants; viz.
Houses. Inhab.

Houses. Inhab.. Carlisle (capital city)..1,709 12,531 Wigton .....

.642 2,977 Whitehaven., ..1,974 10,106 Cockermouth...

628 2,964 Workington.. .1,068 5,807 Brampton... ..

266 2,045 Alston Moor. ..466 5,079 Keswick...

..352 1,633 .938 4,328 Longlowo

....173 1,579 Maryport. 3,134 Eyremont...

...335 1,556 Total: Towns, 12; Houses, 8,874 ; Inhabitants, 53,787.

HISTORY. Aupo 875, Carlisle destroyed by the Danes. 1001, Cumberland laid waste by Ethelred, because Malcolm its Prince assisted

the Danes. 1053, Cumberland granted by Edward the Confessor to Siward Earl of North

umberland, who afterwards defeated Macbeth, and placed Malcolm,

Prince of Cumberland, son of Duncan, on the throne of Scotland. 1153, At Carlisle, David, King of Scotland, died. 1306, July 7, at Burgh-upon-Sands, EvWARD I. died. 1315, Carlisle successfully defended, against Robert Bruce, by Andrew de

Hercla, created for this service Earl of Carlisle. 1537, near Carlisle, Nicholas Musgrave, in rebellion against Henry VIII. de

feated by the Duke of Norfolk. 1542, at Solway Moss, the Scots, under Sir Oliver Sinclair, favourite of

James V. routed, and their principal Nobles l'aken, by Sir Thomas

Dacre and Sir John Musgrave. 1568, May 16, at Workioglon, poor Mary of Scots landed. 1645, June 25, Carlisle, alter a boble defence, surrendered to the Scottish

army under General Lesley. 1645, October, near Carlisle, Lord Digby and Sir Marmaduke Langdale des

feated by the Parliamenlarians. 1745, Nov. 15, Carlisle surrendered to Prince Charles Stuart. — Dec. 18, at'

Clifton, skirmish between the rear of the Prince's army and the van of
the Duke of Cumberland's. - Dec. 30, Carlisle retaken by the Duke of

Aglionhy, Joho, one of the translators of the 'Testament, about 1565.
Annesley, Samuel, nonconformist divine and author, 1619.
Armstroos, Archibald, fool or jester to James I. and Charles I. Arthuret

(died 1672).
Banks, Sir John, Chief Justice, Keswick, about 1590.
Benn, William, nonconformist divine arid author, Egremond, 1600.
Benson, George, dissenter, biblical critick, Great Salkeld, 1699.


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Boucher, Jonathan, loyalist divine, Saxon scholar, Blencogo, 1758.
Canon, John, schoolman, Canonsby (flourished 1320)."
Dalton, John, divine and poel, Deane, 1709.
Eaglestield, Rolieri, founder of Queen's College, Oxford (died about 1370).- ;
Egremont, William, schoolman, Eyremont (flourished 1390).
Fletcher, Abraham, mathematiciari, Little Broughton, 1714.
Foster, Elizabeth, martyr, Greyslock (burnt in Smithfield 1556).
Gilpin, Richard, divile, author of "Satan's Templations” (died 1657).
Gilpin, Sawrey, artist, painter of animals, Carlisle, 1733.
Gilpin, William, divine and tourisi, Sealeby Castle, 1724.
Graham, George, mathematical instrument maker, Horsgill, 1675.
Grindil, Edmund, Abp. of Canterbury, Hensingham, 1519.
Harvey, Thomas, divine and stenographist, Dovenby, 1740.
Hereberi, Si. friend of St. Cuthbert (ilied 688).
Hudleston, John, catholic priest, preserver of Charles II. Greyslock, 1608.
Hudson, John, critick, editor of Josephus, Widehope, 1662.
Hutton, Sir Richard, judge, Penrith (died 1638).
Langbaine, Gerard, divine and antiquary, Kirk-Bamplon (died 1657).
Layburn, Roger, Bp. of Carlisle, near Carlisle (died 1509).
Leake, John, physician, founder of the Westmiuster Lying-in Hospital,

Ajostable, 1729.
Nicolson, William, Abp. of Cashel, antiqnary, Orton, 1653.
Porter, George, civilian, Weary Hall (died about 1635).
Reay, William, divine, author of “ Sermons,” Nether Denton (died 1756).
Relph, Josiah, “Cumberland poet,” Sebergham, 1712.
Ritsov, Isaac, translator of Homer's Hymn to Venus, Penrith.
Robinson, Henry, Bp. of Carlisle, Carlisle, about 1556.
Seed, Jeremiah, divine, Clifton, 1605.
Senhouse, Richard, Bp. of Carlisle, Netherhall (died 1626).
Simpson, Bolton, editor of Xenophon, Redmain, 1717.
Simpson, Joseph, editor of Epictelus and Theophrastus, Redmain, 1710.
Skelton, John, satirical poet, Armathwaite (died 1529).
Taylor, John, lived to the age of 135, Garragill, 1638.
Tickell, Thoinas, poel, Bridekirk, 1686.
Todd, Hugh, miscellaneous writer, Blencowe, about 1652,
Whelpdale, Roger, Bp. of Carlisle, logician and mathematician (died 1422).

MISCELLANEOUS REMARKS. From Whitehaven a packet to Man, of which isle it is intended to give a separate account.

Nov. 13, 1771, Solway Moss overflowed, covering and destroying every thing within a space of 500 acres.

6. The wizard Michael Scot” was a monk of Holine Cultram about 1290,The theologian Paley was rector of Salkeld, vicar of Dalston and Addingham, and archdeacon of Carlisle ; his " Horæ Paulinæ," " Evidences of Chrisa tianity,"

;" “ Sermons,” “ Moral and Political Philosophy,” were composed at Carlisle. He was buried in the Cathedral. - Tarn Wadling Lake and Castle Hewin are the scene of a ballad in Percy's Collection, entitled “ Sir Gawaine's Marriage.”—“Adain Bell, Clym o' th’ Clough, and Wyliam of Cloudeslee,” three Cuinberland archers and outlaws, are but little inferior in ballad celebrity to Robin Hood and Little Jobo.



SITUATION AND EXTENT. Boundaries. N. E. York. N. W. Chester. East, Nottingham. Soulb,

Leicester, S. W. and West, Stafford. Greatest length 55, greutest breadth 33, circumference 204, square 1077

miles. Province, Capterbury, Diocese, Lichfield and Coventry. Circuit, Midland.


ANTIENT STATE AND REMAINS. British Inhabitants. Coritani. Roman Province. Flavia Cæsariensis. Station. Derventio, Little Chester. Saxon Heptarchy. Mercia. Antiquities. Arbor Low and Nine Ladies, Druidical circles. Hirsť "Stones,

Druidical monument. Staden Low Earlb-work. Robin Hood's mark, and the Turning-stone, near Ashover. Beauchief and Dale Abbeys. Ali Saints, Derby (tower 180 feet high). Repton (spire 198 feet), Chester. field (twisted spire 230 feet), and Wirksworth Churches. Casileton or Peak, Codpor, Mackworth, and Bolsover Castles. Haddoa Hall. South Wingfield Manor-house. The Lead Mines of this County were worked by the Romans. Repton was the burial-place of the Merciao Kings Merewala and Ethelbald. St. Alkmund's Church, Derby, contains the remaiós of Alkmund, son of Alured King of Northumberland.

PRESENT STATE AND APPEARANCE. Rivers. Trept, Derwent, Dove, Wye, Errewash, Rotber, Henmore, Mease. Inland Navigation. Trent and Mersey, Chesterfield, Errewash, Peak Forest,

Cromford, Ashby de la Zouch, and Derby Canals. Trent and Derwent

Rivers. Eminences and Views. Axedge (2100 feet above Derby town), and Kinder

Scout, in the high Peak. Brassington Moor, Alport near Worksworth, and Crich-cliff, in the low Peak. Thorp Cloud. Charlesworth Nick. Robin Hood's Chair, Win Hill. Riber Hill, and Heights of Abraham,

Natural Curiosities. Buxton, Matlock, Kedleston, Quarndon, and Heage

Medicinal Waters. Scenery of Matlock, Dove Dale, Middleton and
Monsal Dales. Bradwell crystallized Cavern. Ebbing and flowing Well,
Mam Tor, or the shivering Mountain. Elden Hole. Poole's Hole.
Castleton Cavern. Marvel Stones. Router Rocks. Bradley, Graned,
and Chee Tors. Petrifying Spring, Cumberland, Smedley, and Rutland

Caverns, Matlock.
Seats. CHATSWORTH and Hardwick Hall, Duke of Devonshire, Lord Lieute-

pant of the County. Alder waslee Hall, Francis Hurt, esq. Locko, William Drury Lowe, esq. Ashbourn Hall, Sir BrookeBoothby, bt. Longford Hall, Edward Coke, esq. Bretby Park, Earl of Chesterfield. Markeatoo, Mrs. Mundy. Calke Abbey, Sir Henry Harpur Crewe, Melbourne, Lord Melbourne. bart.

Osmaston, Sir Robert Wilmot, bart., Chaddesden, Sir Robert Mead Wilmot, Overton Hall, Sir Joseph Banks, bart. bart.

P. R. S. Darley Hall, Robert Holden, esq. Shipley Hall, Edw. Miller Moudy, esq. Doveridge House, Lord Waterpark. Stanton Hall, Bache Thornhill, esq. Drakelow, Sir Roger

Gresley, bart. Sudbury, Lord Vernon. Egginton, Sir Henry Every, bart. Tissington, Sir Henry Fitzberbert, bt. Elvaston, Earl of Harrington. Willersley Castle, Richard Arkwright, Foremark, Sir Francis Burdett, bart.

esq. Hopton Hall, Philip Gell, esq. Wingerworth Hall, Sir Thos. Windsor KEDLESTON, Lord Scarsdale.

Hunloke, bart. Members to Parliament. For the County, 2; Derby, 2: total 4. Produce. Lead, Iron, Calamine, Coal, Limestone, Marble, Gypsum, Fluor

spar, Rollen Stone. Porcelaio, Pipe, and Potter's Clay. Butter, Wheat,

Barley, Chamomile. Manufactures. Stockings, Calicoes, Thread, Silk, Iron, Spar Ornaments, Malt.

POPULATION. Hundreds, 6; Parishes, 116; Market-towns, 11; Houses, 36,854. Inhabitants. Males, 91,494 ; Females, 93,993 : total 185,487. Families employed in Agriculture, 14,283; Trade, 15,825 ; in peither, 7,332 :

total, 37,440. Baptisms. Males, 2,682; Females, 2,699.- Marriages, 1,383. Burials, Males, 1,790; Females, 1,856.


Towns having not less than 1000 Inhabitants, viz.
Houses. Inhab.

Houses. Inhab. Derby (capital). .2,786 13,043 Ashbouri..

469 2,112 Belper..

.1,038 5,778

..402 2,003 Chesterfield. ..976 4,476 Bakewell

296 1,485 Wirksworth..... ..770 3,474 Dronfield.....

27 I 1,343 Alfreton. .553 3,396 Cromford...

232 1,259 Chapel en le Frith 618 3,042 Tideswell .....

.283 1,219 Matlock ..555 2,490 Bolsover....

.: 246

1,043 Tolal, Towns, 14; Houses, 9,495; Inhabitants, 46,163.

Apno 873, Repton was the head winter-quarters of the Danes.

918, Derby taken from the Danes by Ethelfleda by storm.
1261, at Chesterfield, Robert Ferrars, last Earl of Derby, defeated by Henry,

son of the King of the Romans. From 1568 to 1584, at Wingfield, Chatsworth, Buxton, and Hardwicke, Mary

Queen of Scots confined under the custody of the Earl of Shrewsbury. 1643, May, near Chesterfield, Parliamentarians defeated by the Earl, after

wards Duke, of Newcastle. 1688, at Whittington, the Duke of Devonshire, the Earl of Danby (aster

wards Duke of Leeds), Sir John D'Arcy, and others, met and concerted the Revolution ; solemnly commemorated in 1789, and a Sermon preached

hy the venerable Dr. Pegge. 1745, Dec. 4, Prince Charles Edward Stuart, with his army, about 7100 men,

eptered Derby, their nearest approach to London; haited on the 51h ; commenced their retreat towards Scolland on the 6th.

BIOGRAPHY. Agard, Arthur, antiquary, Foston, 1540. Ashburne, Thomas, opponent of Wicklitfe, Ashborn (flourished 1382). Babington, Anthony, conspirator against Elizabeth, Wethick (executed 1586). Bage, Edward, novelisi, Darley, 1728. Bagshaw, William, ponconformist divine and author, Littou, 1623. Blackwall, Anthony, schoolmaster, 1674, Bott, Thomas, divine, Deriy, 1688. Brindley, James, capal engineer, Tuusted, 1716. Buxton, Jedediah, calculator, Elneton, 1707. Cockain, Sir Aston, poet, Ashbouro, 1606. Coke, George, Bp. of Hereford, Trusley (died about 1650). Coke, Sir John, secretary of State, Trusley (died 1644). Cursun, Roger, cardinal, Pope's legale, Croxhall, temp. Henry III. Denman, Thomas, physician and accoucheur, Bakewell, 1733, Farneworth, Ellis, translator, Booteshall, about 1710. FITZHERBERT, Sir Anthony, judge, author of “De Natura Breviurn, **

Norbury, about 1470.
Fitzherbert, Nicholas, biographer of Cardinal Allen, Norbury (drowned 1612).
Fitzherbert, Thomas, jesuit, polemic writer, Norbury, died, 1640.
FLAMSTEED, JOAN, astronomer, Derby, 1646.
Gray, William, Bp. of Ely, Lord Treasurer, Codnor (died 1478).
Halifax, Samuel, Bp. of St. Asaph, Chesterfield, 1730.
Hardwick, Elizabeth, Countess of Shrewsbury, foundress of Chatsworth and

Hardwick, Hardwick, 1520.
Hierom, John), nonconformnist divine and author, Stapenhill, 1608.
Hutton, William, antiquarian tourist, Derby, 1723.
LINACRE, THOMAS, founder of College of Physicians, Derby, 1460.
Oldfield, John, nonconformist divine and author, pear Chesterfield, 1627.
PEGGE, SAMUEL, antiquary, Chesterfield, 1704.
Parsglove, Robert, saffragan Bishop of Hull, Tideswell (1579).
RICHARDSON, SAMUEL, Dovelist, 1689.
Seward, Anna, poet, Eyam, 1747.
Shaw, Samuel, nonconformist divine and author, Repton, 1635.
Stanhope, George, Dean of Canterbury, theologian, Hartshorn, 1660.
Stathom, John, author of Abridgment of the Laws, temp. Henry VI.


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