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pleasing, placid, and dignified coun ter of this Prelate; something so betenance, and is properly habited: the neficent in all his actions, and so mag. feet rest against a modern uncooth nificent in all his designs; that one stone, bearing the arms. The extent cannot speak of him wilbout enthuof violence upon the more delicate siasm, or reflect on his name without embellishments of this superb monu- uniting to it every virtue which enment has been sucb, as to have left nobles human nature, and every not a single niche, and scarcely one worthy quality which will distinguish pionacle entire. Many of the fallen his memory to the latest period. fragments lie in an adjoining Chapel. Few have left a more unclouded cha

Bishop William Wayıflete's Monu racter behind them, and very few ment, on the North side, corresponds have left so many extensive, lasting, with Cardinal Beaufort's, and is of and useful memorials of true piety the same proportions, uniting in a aod learniog as Bp.Waynflete. While similar mapuer with the arches and during his life he promoted Religion columns of the aile. The canopy of and Science, he laid the foundation, this monument is raised upon eight and allotted the establishment, for pillars, in the manner -before de. their continuance and advancement scribed, with arches over them; but in ages when he should be no more: in the lower part is an additional and the most useful of these now screen to the sides, which incloses the flourish, perpetuating and blessing tomb, interrupts the view of the the pame of tbeir Benefactor, and ad. figure, and renders the design more vancing the glory and greatness of complex. This is one peculiar dif

the Country.

J. C. B. ference between these rival moduments; and another is io the avgular Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 10. clusters of columns, each of which DERMIT me to make a few obe have a large oiche, capopy, and pedestal, rising from the base. The up to the Bp. of Lincolu, p.322. That Bie per part, or canopy, unlike that of shop, I doubt pot, will give a full anBeaufort's, consists of perforated swer to bim wbenever the occasion is compartments, highly embellisbed important enough to call for it; but, with canopies and piovacles; the ar as I think he will deemn the letter of rangement and form is the same, and A. H. uot worth votice, I cannot a more particular description would forbear to point out bis misrepreselbe a repeating of almost the same tation, misconception, and inconsiswords: let it be said, that with nearly tency. It has been publicly slated in the same proportions, and number of the Newspapers, he says that his compartments, are more oroaments, Lordship had signified his disapprus which are more mivute, and, it must bation of the British and Foreign be confessed, less simply elegant than Bible Societies, but it had uot been the other ; but they have not been accompanied with bis reasons for that designed with less care, or executed determinatiou; yet in the same cowith less skill. The figure of the lumn he takes the liberty to supply Prelate lies ou a tonub, supported at the reason himsels, namely, that he had the angles by wreathed pillars, and joined the opinions of Bishop Marsli, having square compartments at the That to spread the Scriptures wilkouk sides and ends, inclosing under quatre- note or comment over all lands, is foils branches of lilies – bis favourite injurivus and dangerous to the Church device, and seen in all the buildings of England. Haviug supplied this raised by this munificent Prelate, par reason for the Bishop, he proceeds to ticularly at Magdalen College, Ox. conclude from it that the Bishop is an ford. He is episcopally habited, bear. enemy to the dispersion of the Bible; ing the crosier in one hand, and on that he would approve of Rumen Com bis head the mitre. The expression tholic restrictions; and that he would is diguitied; the eye-brows arched, hide from others the Key of Divine the forehead wrinkled, and the mouth Truth, und the knowledge of their drawn down at the sides. The bose Redeemer. . Like Mr. Scoit against was mutilated in the Civil Wars, and Dr. Mant, he first ruig-slates what has its restoration is a great disfigure- been said, and then argues froni false ment to the countenance. There is premises; and I much question wher something so worthy, amiable, bene iher they do not both belong to the Tolent, and truly goud, in the charac. same fraternity; for, after what A. H.

has said, I cannot make much de- yet even to these it would be useless pendaoce upon his profession, that to give Bibles ; it would be beginving he prefers above all things in this at the wrong end. Does not common Country the worship of the Church of sense dictate that they should first be England. So much for misrepresents taught to read, and be instructed in ation.-Now for misconception. Sup- the principles of their duty, and that posing the Bishop had avowed the those principles should be such as are above reason for his disapprobation interwoven in the Constitution of of the Bible Societies, I should put a

their Country?

This is the only way very different construction upon it, to make them good Christians and and I will venture to draw my con- good subjects.--I now come to his struction from A. H.'s own words. inconsistency. He tells the Bishop, He says, the Bible Society have never his descent from them, meaning Christ objected that any of their members and his Apostles, must be sanctified may add the Liturgy or Tracts wbich by the same Evangelical Truth, meanare furnished by the funds of othering the Scriptures, free from, though Sucieties." Here then it appears, assisted by, the studies of men devoted that the members of the Church of to their service, and in another place, England who subscribe to the Bible " if his studies and deep researches Society, are by so doing enablivg the had been denied to him as dangerous Dissenters to spread their Tracts to to his Church, or if he had been conthe subversion of the Church; for tined to one Teacher, or to any one though each party may disperse their set of Commentators, he would not own Tracts, yet it is well koown that have attained his present knowledge a hungry Opposition is more active of Divine Truth” -- what then is this than those in Place. It is not the but to acknowledge that study and dispersion of the Bible that could research are necessary to undersland ever be supposed to be injurious to these Divine Truths? and how are the Church of England; she can have we lo be assisted by the studies of no apprehensions from being con other men, if we are denied to research fronted with the Scriptures: but what their comments? Without comments she has reason to object to is, that even the learned might say, with the her childreu's bread is thrown to the Treasurer of Queen Caodace, “ How dogs; that the funds of her charity cau l understand, unless some one are mis-spent, which ought to be ap- should guide me?" Yet he may be plied to a much better purpose than supposed, from the office he held, to ihat of scattering pearls before swine have been a man of some learning ; from ove Pole to the other ; for A. H. and, from bis reading the Bible, to seeing to represent the Society with have had a desire to understand it, a satchel of Bibles at her back, and a particularly as he had been up to Je. label hanging from her inouth with rusalem for the express purpose of these words:

worshiping after the Jewish riles Jam Dædaleo ocyor Icaro

Yet A. H. says, disperse the Bibles, Visam gementis littora Bosphori,

and let all who read them judge for Syrtesque Getulas canorum

themselves. Now can be be absurd Ales, Hyperboreosque campos. enough to mean this?' Does he not Me Colchus, et qui dissimulat metum rather mean that they should reject Marsæ cobortis Dacus, et ultimi

the comments of our Reformers, as Noscent Geloni, &c.

well as the Fathers, and listen to thosc HOR. 2 Od. xx. of every tailor and sboemaker who This may be a pretty fancy for the thinksproperto become an expounder? Poet's imagination to dwell upon, but This is the fashion of the day. Mancan be of little avail towards con kind will no longer (as St. Paul tella verting the ignorant Pagan multitude, Titus) bear sound doctrine, but have as A. 8. supposes.

ing itching ears, will heap to themCharity should begin at home, and relves Teachers; for they go to witb those of the household of Faith: Church not to worship, but to hear the Pagan world, no doubt, will be some novel doctrine, by which the ealled in their due season. There'are cuinmandments of God are rerdered atill enough of the untaught in, and of no effect, and a dead Faith, even ignorant of, their duty to God and such as the Devils must have, is with man in this Country for the exertions thein a sufficient title lu salvation. of all tbe charity we have to bestow; Tours, &c.

CUMBER

C. G.

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SITUATION AND EXTENT. Boundaries. North, Scotland., East, Northumberland and Durham. South,

Westmoreland and Lancaster. West, Irish Sca. Greatest length 72; greatest breadth 38; circumference 224; square 1516 miles. Province, York. Diocese, Carlisle, excepting the Ward of Allerdale above

Derwent in Chester, and the Parish of Alston Moor in Durham, Cir. cuit, Northern.

ANTIENT STATE AND REMAINS. British Inhabitants. Brigantes. Roman Province. Valentia.-Stations. Amboglana, Burdoswald : Petriana,

Casllesteads : Aballaba, Watch-cross: Cougavata, Stanwix: Axelodunum, Burgb on the Sands : Gabrocentum, Drumburgh : and Tungocelun, near Boulness: ou the Wall. Derventio, Papcastle: Virosidum, Ellenborough : Olenacum, Old Carlisle: Voreda, Old Penrith: Arbeia, Moresby or Irby: Bremetenracum, Whitbarrow or Brampton: A piatorium, Bewcastle: Castra exploratorum, Netherby on the Esk: Lugu

ballium, Carlisle. Saxon Heptarchy. Northumbria. Antiquities. The Roman Wall. Long Meg and her Daughters,” Druidicat

circle, 350 feet diameter. “Giant's Grave," Pillars in Penrith Churchyard. Bewcastle Obelisk. Carlisle Cathedral. Kirkliuton, Aspatria, Torpebow, and St. Bees Churches. Fortified Towers of Newtou-Arloshi, Burgh on the Sands, and Great Salkeld Churches. Holme-Cultram and Calder Abbeys. Lanercost and Wetheral Priories. Seton Nunnery. Irton Cross. Bridekirk Font. Bewcastle, Carlisle, Cockermouth, Dacre, Egremont, High Head, Kirk Oswald, Naworth, Penrith, Rose, and

Scaleby Castles. Carlisle was the only Episcopal Chapter in England of the order of St. Austin; tbe others were all of St. Benedict.

PRESENT STATE AND APPEARANCE. Rivers. Bleng, Calder, Caldew, Cocker, Croglin, DERWENT, Duddon,

Eamont, Eden, Ellen, Enn, two Esks, Gelt, Greeia, Irt, Irtbing, Kershope, King water, Line, Liddel, Lowther, Mite, Nent, Pettereli, Sark,

Tees, Tyne, Wampool, Waver. Intand Navigation. Derwent and Eden Rivers. Whitehaven Brook. Lakes. Bassenth waite, Crumock, Derwext, Devock, Enperdale, Lowes,

Over, Ulls, and Wast Waters. Butter and Thirl Meres. “ Barnmoor, Bray, Martin, Salla field, Talkin, Tindale, and Wadling Taros. Authoru

Lough. The Stark. Eminences and Views. Seafeil, 3166; Helvellyn, 3055 ; Skiddaw, 3022 ;

Bowfell, 2911; Cross fell, 2901 ; Pillar, 2893; Saddleback, 2787; Grasmere fell, 2756; High Pike, 2101; Black Coinli, 1919; Dent Hill, 1115 feet above the level of the Sea. Hardknot, Wrynose, Penrith Beacon,

Christenbury Craggs, Carrock, Scaw, and Souter fells. Natural Curiosities. Gilsland and Melmerby Medicinal Waters. Airey Force

in Gorbarrow Park, Scale Force,- Lowdore and the Howk Cascades. The Border Stone, 31 yards long and 8 bigb. Borrowdale Pass. Scuts. Warnel Hall, Earl of Lonsdale, Lord Lieutenant of the County. armathwaite Castle, Robert Sauuder- Greystock Castle, Duke of Norfolk. son Milbourne, esq.

Haytou Castle, Rev. Isaac Robinson. Carlton Hall, Rt. Hon.'Thos.Wallace. Hutton Hall, Sir Frederick Fletcher Clea Hall, Sir Henry Fletcher, bart. Vane. Corby Castle, Henry Howard, esq. Kirklinton Hall, William Dacre, esq. Crofton Place, Sir Wastell Brisco, bt. Mire House, Joho Spedding, esq. Dalehead, Thos. Stranger Leathes, esq. Muncaster Castle, Lord Muncaster. Daleinain, Edward Hassell, esq. Netherby, Sir James Graham, bart, Derweut Water, Lord Win. Gordon. Nunnery, Mrs. Elizabeth Bamber. Gent. Mag. Suppl. LXXXVI. PART II.

Ponsonby, D

Ponsonby Hall, Geo.Edw. Stanley, esq. Weary Hall, Mr. Geo. Drury, a quaker. Rose Castle, Bishop of Carlisle. Wood Hall, J. Saunderson Fisher, esq. Walton House, Wm. Ponsonby Joho- Workington Hall, Jobo Christian Curson, esq.

wen, esq. Members to Parliament. For the County, 2 ; Carlisle, 2 ; Cockermouth, 2;

total 6. Produce. Wadd or Black Lead, Lead, Coal, Iron, Limestone, Gypsum,

Slate, Freestone. Oals, Potatoes, Cranberries, Buller. Herrings, Cud, i

Salmon. Manufactures. Cotton, Coarse Cloths, Coarse Linen, Sail Cloths, Shipbuilding, Glass Bottles.

POPULATION. Wards, 5 ; Parishes, 104 ; Market-lowns, 19; Houses, 24,552. Inhabitants. Males, 63,433; Females, 70,311: total 133,744. Families employed in Agriculture, 10,868 ; in Trade, 11,448; io neither,

6,074 :. total, 28,390. Baptisms. Males, 1,965; Females, 2,001.-Marriages, 1,040.—Burials, Males, 1,199; Females, 1,260.

Towns having not less than 1000 luhabitants; viz.
Houses. Iohab.

Houses. Inhab. Carlisle (capital city)..1,709 12,531 Wigton...

1.642 2,977 Whitehaven.... ..1,974 10,106 Cockermouth...

.628 2,964 Workington. .1,068 5,807 Brampton...,

.266 2,043 Alston Moor.. ..466 5,079 Keswick...'.

.352 1,693 Penrith... .938 4,328 Longtown.

.173 1,579 Maryport.. 323 3,134 Egremont.

335 1,556 Total: Towns, 12; Houses, 8,874 ; Inhabitants, 53,787.

HISTORY. Aupo 875, Carlisle destroyed by the Danes. 1001, Cumberland laid waste by Ethelred, because Malcolm its Prince assisted

the Danes. 1053, Cumberland granted by Edward the Confessor to Siward Earl of North

umberland, who afterwards defeated Macbeth, and placed Malcolm,

Prince of Cumberland, son of Duncan, on the throne of Scotland. 1153, At Carlisle, David, King of Scotland, died. 1306, July 7, at Burgh-upon-Sands, EvWARD I. died. 1315, Carlisle successfully defended, against Robert Bruce, by Andrew de

Hercla, created for this service Earl of Carlisle. 1537, near Carlisle, Nicholas Musgrave, io rebellion against Henry VIII. de

feated by the Duke of Norfolk. 1542, at Solway Moss, the Scots, under Sir Oliver Sinclair, favourite of

James V. routed, and their principal Nobles laken, by Sir Thomas

Dacre and Sir John Musgrave. 1568, May 16, at Workioglon, poor Mary of Scots landed. 1645, June 25, Carlisle, alter a Boble defence, surrendered to the Scottish

army under General Lesley. 1645, October, near Carlisle, Lord Digby and Sir Marmaduke Langdale de

fealed by the Parliamenlarians. 1745, Nov. 15, Carlisle surrendered to Prince Cbarles Stuart. - Dec. 18, at

Clifton, skirmish between the rear of the Prince's army and the van of the Duke of Cumberland's. - Dec. 30, Carlisle retaken by the Duke of Cumberland.

BIOGRAPHY.
Aglionhy, Joho, one of the translators of the Testament, about 1565.
Annesley, Samuel, nonconformist divine and author, 1619.
Armstrong, Archibald, fvol or jester to James I. and Charles I. Arthuret

(died 1679).
Banks, Sir John, Chief Justice, Keswick, about 1590.
Benn, William, nonconformist divine and author, Egremond, 1600.
Benson, George, dissenter, biblical critick, Great Salkeld, 1699.

Boucher,

1

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Boucher, Jonathan, loyalist divine, Saxon scholar, Blencogo, 1758.
Canon, John, schoolman, Canonsby (flourished 1320).
Dalton, John, divine and poet, Deane, 1709.
Eaglesfield, Robert, founder of Queen's College, Oxford (died about 1370).
Egremont, William, schoolman, Egreinont (flourished 1390).
Fletcher, Abraham, mathematiciari, Lille Broughton, 1714.
Foster, Elizabeih, martyr, Greystock (burnt in Smithfield 1556).
Gilpin, Richard, divine, author of “Satan's Templations” (died 1657).
Gilpin, Sawrey, artist, painter of animals, Carlisle, 1733.
Gilpin, William, divine and tourist, Sealeby Castle, 1724.
Grahan), George, mathematical instrument maker, Horsyill, 1675.
Grindil, Edmund, Abp. of Canterbury, Hensing ham, 1519.
Harvey, Thomas, divine and stenographisi, Dovenby, 1740.
Hereberi, Si. friend of St. Cuthbert (died 688).
Hudleston, John, catholic priest, preserver of Charles II. Greyslock, 1608.
Hudson, John, critick, editor of Josephus, Widehope, 1662.
Hulton, Sir Richard, judge, Penrith (died 1638).
Langbaine, Gerard, divine and antiquary, Kirk-Bamplon (died 1657).
Layburn, Roger, Bp. of Carlisle, near Carlisle (died 1509).
Leake, John, physician, founder of the Westmiuster Lying-in Hospital,

Ajostable, 1729.
Nicolson, William, Abp. of Cashel, antiqnary, Orton, 1655.
Porter, George, civilian, Weary Hall (died about 1635).
Keay, William, divine, author of " Sermons,” Nether Denton (died 1756).
Relph, Josiah, “Cumberland poet,” Sebergham, 1712.
Ritsov, Isaac, translator of Homer's Hymn to Venus, Penrith.
Robinson, Henry, Bp. of Carlisle, Carlisle, about 1556.
Seed, Jeremiah, divine, Clifton, 1605.
Senhouse, Richard, Bp. of Carlisle, Netherhall (died 1626).
Simpson, Bolton, editor of Xenophon, Redmain, 1717.
Simpson, Joseph, editor of Epictelus and Theophrastus, Redmain, 1710.
Skelton, John, satirical poet, Armathwaite (died 1529).
Taylor, John, lived to the age of 135, Garragill, 1638.
Tickell, Thoinas, poel, Bridekirk, 1686.
Todel, Hugh, miscellaneous writer, Blencowe, about 1652.
Whelpdale, Roger, Bp. of Carlisle, logician and mathematician (died 1422).

MISCELLANEOUS REMARKS. From Whitehaven a packet to Man, of which isle it is intended to give a separate account.

Nov. 13, 1771, Solway Moss overflowed, covering and destroying every thing within a space of 500 acres.

so "The wizard Michael Scot” was a monk of Holine Cultram about 1290,The theologian Paley was rector of Salkeld, vicar of Dalston and Addingham, and archdeacon of Carlisle ; his “ Horæ Paulinæ,” “ Evidences of Chriss tianity,”

” « Sermons,” “ Moral and Political Philosophy,” were composed at Carlisle. He was buried in the Cathedral. - Tarn Wadling Lake and Castle Hewin are the scene of a ballad in Percy's Collection, entitled “ Sir Gawaine's Marriage.”—

.”_" Adain Bell, Clym o' th’ Clough, and Wyliam of Cloudeslee," three Cuinberland archers and outlaws, are but little inferior in ballad celebrity to Robin Hood and Little Jobo.

BYRO.

DERBYSHIRE.

SITUATION AND EXTENT. Boundaries. N. E. York. N. W. Chester. East, Nottingham. Soulb,

Leicester. S. W. and West, Stafford. Greatest length 55, greutest breadth 33, circumference 204, square 1077

miles. Province, Capterbury, Diocese, Lich field and Coventry. Circuit, Midland.

ANTIENT

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