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“ Dec. 16. O SAPIENTIA. This is tation, and the flowering of the plants. the beginning of an Anthem in the All vegetables contain more or less the Latin service, to the honour of Christ's principles of honey, only in a greater or Advent, which used to be sung in the less degree ; consequently, the Bees can Church from this day until Christmas

maintain themselves every wbere, and eve.”

gather a stock of honey proportionate to From the “ Naturalist's Diary," the .country which they occupy. It is,

the abundance which is offered to them in the most prominent and pleasing de. partment of this Work, many delight. studded with Bowers in which the use

however, the rich and vast meadows well ful passages might be gleaned-want less daisy is not seen, the fields wbitened of space, however, prevents us from with buck-wheat, the plains gilded with affording more than one or two spe. the flower of tbe wild mustard, the tur'cimens.

nip, and the cabbage, and the forests of Of the Nightingale, and of the Bee, oak, ashı, elm, &c. that present to the we find some interesting particulars Bees a daily supply of excellent food, Bot generally noticed.

and an abundance of provisions, where.

with to fill their magazines *. “ The following is a list of trees, plants, and flowers, from which the

The BIRTH OF THE BEE. Bees extract their honey and

“ With course unvarying, thus the apple, arbutus, apricot, ash, almond,

motber Bee

(geny: althea frutex, amaranth, aspin, balm, Lays in the comb ber shell-bound problackberry, burrage, betony, box, beans,

Four days the embryo rests in still rebuck-wheat, broom, burnet, cabbages,

pose,

(close. cauliflowers, cherry, clover, chesnut Ere the fifth morn its brittle crust unand horse chesnut, currants, cypress,

Coil'd in a ring her pliant folds she dandelion, endive, elm, elder, furze,

twines, gooseberry, golden-rod, gourds, melons, And round her frame the clear albumen

[sbines; cucumbers, hawthorn, heath, hyacinths, While

the fond parent, with instinctiva iris, jonquil, lucerne, lavender, laurel,

zeal, lily, "lemon-tree, mignionette, melitot Brings to her eager grasp the fragrant

[meal. ftrifolium melitotus officinalis), mustard, marshmallows, oak, parsley, pear-tree,

Soon as four days their destined course parsnip (in fower), poppy, primrose,

[ried sun, plum-trees, rosemary, radishes, rasp

And sunk beneath the wave th' unwea berry, strawberry, sage, savory, saffron,

The full-form'd nymph clings to her sainfoin, sunflower, single roses, turnips,

close-seal'd tomb, [the gloom. thyme, willow, wild marjoram, vetches, Spins her own silky shrouds, and courts violets, and all resinous trees. In the But, while witbin a secming grave she list of these plants and flowers, the

lies,

(rise golden-rod must be particularly noticed, What wondrous changes in succession as it begins to flower wben all the other Those filmy folds, which cased the slimy flowers have faded, and continues in worm,

(ing förm; bloom until the toiddle of November. Now thrown aside, uncoils ber length'n. This dower is always covered with Bees Six radiant rings her shining shape in. during the last months of the Summer,

vest, and the two first of Autumn, provided The boary corslet glitters on her breast; the weather will permit the Bees at

With fearful joy she tries each salient that season of the year to leave the hive.

wing,

[pigmy sting This plant should be particularly culti- Shouts her slim trunk, and points her vared in the vicinity of an apiary. It Though yet of tender mould, and faintwill grow in the worst of soils; and an

est hue, acre of unarable land planted with the The pale Aurelia glimmers to the view; golden-rod, would furnish at the close of Soon, black’ning by degrees each hard the season a sufficiency for a hundred

en'd scale, hives to complete their winter stock. Fringed with light hairs, she shows her In general, all those plants ought to be

plaited mail. cultivated wbich begin to blow in Feb When twice six suns have on bright ruary and March, and those which keep axle roll'd,

(gold, flowering to the close of the season. The And edged the parting clouds with fleecy Bees, always active and laborious, turn To fresh existence called, she proudly to advantage with the same ardour the

scorns

[horns, last as well as the first moments of vege- Her limbs imprison'd, and her blunted

bave run,

Mr. Huish's Treatise on Bees, p. 371, contains a mass of curious informa1 jion relative to the Natural History and management of this interesting Insect. Gent. Mag. December, 1816.

New

Naw, to the light, as sense impulsive To ocean's sovereignty; and to her ports leads,

[meads, In every climate of the peopled earth She seeks at once the flow'r-enamel'd Bear commerce; fearless, unresisted, Sucks the pure essence from each honey'd safe.

(breast, bell,

(well. Let then' the great ambition fire your And bears within her breast the crystal For this your native land ; replace tlie Wings through the rifted wax her easy lost : way,

[ful day.” Inhabitants of her deserted plains. And hails, on fluttering wing, the cheer- Let Thame once more on Windsor's lofty DR. EVANS's Bees, a Poem

hills

(hands. THE WOUNDED CUPID.

Survey young forests planted by your

Let fair Sabrina's flood again behold CUPID, as he lay among Roses, by a Bee was stung.

The Spaniard's* terror rise renewd. And

Trent Whereupon, in anger flying

[convey

From Sherwood's ample plains with pride To his mother, said thus, crying, Help, O help, your boy's a dying !

The bulwarks of her country to the

main." And why, my pretty lad? said she. Then, blubbering, replied he,

We shall close our extracts from A winged Snake bas bitten me,

this amusing volume, with a part of Which country people call a Bee. the Naturalist's Diary for July, not At which she smiled; then with her hairs because we think it the best specimen And kişses drying up his tears,

that might be selected, but as it will Alas, said she, my wag ! if this

enable the reader to form a fair esli. Such a pernicious torment is;

male of the manner iv which this Come tell me then, how great's the smart

part of the work is executed. Of those thou woundest with thy dart?

HERRICK."

« The flowers which blossomed in the

last month soon mature their seeds, and Connected with that important sub

basten to decay. A new race siicceeds, ject, the plantation and growth of which demands all the fervid rays of a the oak, there is a deservedly hand. solstitial sun to bring it to perfection. some tribute to his Majesty's Com. The different tribes of insects which, for missioners of Woods and Forests, in the most part, are hatched in the Spring, the following amende honorable, made are now in full vigour. by the Author, on account of some “ What kingdoms of th' innumerous in. rather hasty remarks, in his volume sect-kind

[ing find;. for 1816.

On one small leaf commodious dwell: “ In reference to an observation Perhaps, on this mean spot, the little made in our last volume (p. 244), re

powers

[like ours.

View rivers, bills, and fields; a world specting the plantation and growth of

The ribs, and harder parts, present their the oak, it is, we think, but justice to

eyes

[rise, His Majesty's Commissioners of Wood's and Forests, to state, that we have had

A ridge of mountains, that stupendous

Like those tall summits the Peruviani the satisfaction of perusing their last « Triennial Report, and we willingly Or those that part Iberia's 'spreading

boasts,

[coasts. bear testimony to their meritorious and unceasing labours in performing the im

Long winding streams appear their li. quid veins,

[less plains. portant duties entrusted to their care.

And their smooth coats a width of boundTbe inclosure of the different forests;

0, Nature! thy minutest works amaze, the various nurseries established for oak

Pose, the close search, and lose our plants; the measures adopted generally

thoughts in praise!" for the growth of navy timber; the

MOSES BROWNE. numerous experimenış instituted to ascertain its durability; their patient in

“ Towards the middle of the month, vestigation, and beneficial results; are

the potatoe (solanum tuberosum), the equally creditable to the science and ina spiked willow (spired salicifolia), jessadústry of the Commissioners. They mine Oasininum officinale), hyssop (hys: bave not let pass'

sopus officinalis), the bell-flower (cam. “The fair occasion to remotest time

panula), and the white lily, have their Their name with praise, with honour to * « The Officers on board the Spanish transmit!

[THEM fleet, in 1588, called the Invincible Ar 96 shåll their country's rising fleets to mada, bad it in their orders, if they could Owe future triumphs ; so her naval

not sublue the Island, at least to destroy strength,

(claim the Forest of Dean, which is in the Supported from withit, shall box her neighbourhood of the River Seren."

fiowers

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are

In point

which in time tur right red berries, where we are accustomed from our youth

88. The Identity of Junius with a distin.

flowers full blown. The wayfaring tree,

services in this world. We need or guelder rose, begins to enrich the Wonder at the prevalence of ingratitude, with black,

to contemplate such scenes as these, “ Pomona now offers her fruits to al- and, when wanton cruelty to animals of lay the parching thirst; currants, goose- every description is practised with imberries, raspberries, strawberries, cher punity--sometimes with applause. ries, and cranberries, are all peculiarly “ They are all-the meanest things that refreshing at this season.

" Sometimes, however, and it is the As free to live, and to enjoy that life, case while we are now writing (August As God was free to form tbem at the first, 1316), there is such an abundance of rain, Whu, in his sov'reign wisdom, made that some of these agreeable fruits, for

them all.

[your sons want of sun and dry weather, are not to Ye, therefore, who love mercy, teach be procured in any quantity, till this. To love it too.”

CowPER. inouth, and are then greatly deficient in size and Aavour. During the present lent introduction to the “

There is in this volume an excel, season (1816), we sincerely sympathized

Priociples with the Poet, who wrote the following of Zoology," quite studded with preSonriet on a WET SUMMER.

tical citations; and a copious index is "All yer who far froin town, in rural ball, added to the whole series. Like me, were wont 'to dwell near of quantity and quality indeed, the pleasant field,

present is fully equal, if not superior, Enjoying all the sunny day did yield, to any of the preceding volumes ; With me the change lament, in irk and our readers will not readily find some thrall,

a inore attractive" New Year's PreBy raius incessant held ; for now no call sentfor their juvenile friends, which, From early swain invites my hand to

while it acquaints them with the wield

[ceal'd,

pleasing wonders of Nature, teaches *The scythe; in parlour dim 1 sit con

them, at the same time, that all these And mark the Yessening sand from

(train hour-glass fall;

are but the varied God." Or 'neath my window view the wistful * Of dripping poultry, whom the vine's broad leaves

[ful plain ;

guished living Character established. Shelter no more.Mute is the mourn

8vo. pp. 366. Taylor & Hessey. Silent the swallow sits beneath the IN a former publication the Author thatch,

[his hatch, of this Voluine, from strong internal And vacant hind hangs pensive v'er

evidence, very confidently placed the Counting the frequent drop from reed palm of his discovery on the heads of ed eaves."

Dr. Francis and his son Sir Philip (see “ Towards the end of the month, the vol. LXXXIII. 1, 640.) The argu, Mowers of the laurustinus (viburnum ments were ingenious, but not continus), and the burdock (arctium lappa), clusive. His present theory is foundbegin to open ; and the elecampane ed on more substantial grounds ; rinula helenium), the amaranth (ama

but still it arises principally from ranthus caudatus), the great water plan

similarity of nunner in the tain Calisma plantago), water mint

writings (mentha aquatica), and the common

(and in the life, “ as far as cau be judg. nightshade, have their flowers full blown. ed of one unknown") of Junius and

“ Young frogs leave their ponds, and Sir Philip Francis. The coincidences resort to the tall grass for shelter; now brought forward are iadeed exe swallows and martins congregate prević tremely strong; apd ibough, after all, ously to their departure; young par. they are only presumptive evidence, tridges are found among the cora ; and will be perused, we doubt not, with poultry moult. The boary beerle (sca-, much satisfaction by all to whom the rabaús solstitialis) makes its appearance; question remains in any degree an bees begin to expel and kill drones;

object of curiosity. and the flying ants quit their nests. 1 ** The Busy Bee' still pursues his

Amongst other arguments, one

ariscs from the similarity of the Por.. ceaseless task of collecting his varied

trait to the description given of the sweets to form the honey for his destroyer man, who, in a month or two, supposed Junius, who was seen deliv. will close the labours of this industrious ering a letter at Woodfal's door. It insect by the suffocating fumes of brim-' appears too that Sir P. Francis, Mr, stone. Such is the usual reward of good Rosenhagens and Mr. H. §. Wood

falls

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fall, were all educated at St. Paul's Mansfield. They were the speeches Schooi at nearly the same period. which made Junius say in his Private

Letters to Wilkes, Chatham bas gal We do not attribute quite so much of the affirmative as the Author of this lantly thrown away the scabbard, aria

never flinched. From that moment I Work does, to Sir Philip's answer to began to like him g.” It further apthe Letter of the Editor of a Perio- pears that these speeches are closely dical Publication, who was desirous paralleled in some of the Letters of Juof ascertaining the fact :

nius :--the style of the speeches and Sir, The great civility of your Letter

Letters is the same ; and they agree in induces me to answer it, which, with

various uncommon expressions, sentireference merely to its subject matter, ments, and arguments, for the space, at I should bave declined. Whether you

times, of a whole paragraph. These inwill assist in giving currency to a silly,

stances of á resemblance are alike visimalignant falsehood, is a question for

ble in all the speeches, though they your own discretion. To me it is a were delivered on two separate evenmatter of perfect indifference *.

ings ; a circumstance of itself sufficient

to demonstrate who was the reporter. I am, Sir, yours, &c. P. FRANCIS." +

But that both productions had one comMany of the Speeches of Lord mon origin is evident from the fact, Chatham are given in this Volume that sometimes these parallels first ocfrom the Parliamentary Debater, cur in letters written prior to the deliwhich (it has been ascertained) were very of the speeches, sometimes in letreported by Sir Philip Francis; and ters written subsequently thereto. We their siinilarity to the language of may conclude, therefore, tliat Junius Junius iš indeed very great,

was the anonymous reporter of these

three speeches. Now, as Sir Philip “ To sum up the whole, - it appears Francis declares that he heard them that in 1791 three speeches of Lord delivered; — as he was present in the Chatham were publisbed by an anony- House of Lords on both nights ;-as it mous Reporter, after a lapse of 20 years is certain that he wrote them, and sent from the time of their delivery.' It is them to the press ; and the same exalso shewn that Junius was accustomed amples of style which betray them to be at that time to attend the House of the composition of Junius, are also con: Lurds; that he took notes of the De- spicuous peculiarities in the writings of bates ; and that he actually reported Sir Philip Francis ;—50 is he by these one of Lord Chatham's speeches about speeches, and independently of other a year after, part of which he embodied, proofs, IDENTIFIED WITH JUNIUS II. without acknowledgment, in one of his A comparison of the above speeches Miscellaneous Letters. Moreover, the of Lord Chatham with those reported by speeches in question were particularly Boyd, leads to the same conclusion. interesting to Junius; they were the Boyd, as the professed imitator of the first speeches of Lord Chatham, after he style of Junius, and a voluntary candileft the Administration of the Duke of date for his famc, may be expected to Grafton ; - that Administration from

write more in his style than any man which Junius laboured to detach not except the real Junius. The two speeches only his' Lordship and Lord Camden, of Lord Chatham which Boyd reported, but the Duke of Bedford and Lord

may be seen in the Anecdotes of Lord *“ Sir Philip cannot write half a dozen lines together without reminding us of Junius. The latter expresses the same feeling in the same words on more than one occasion.

** It is a matter of perfect indifference to the publick, whether the grant, for instänee, of the Manor of Dale is sufficient to convey Swale also.”—(JUNJUS, jii. 53, signature VALERIUS.)

“ Your last assertion is, that his regiments are not given away. It is a matter of perfect indifference(JUNIUS, iii. 193, signature Lucius.) + Monthly Magazine, July, 1813.

§ Junius, i. *921. "Might not Junius allude to these Speeches in the following passage (Letter to Horne, August 13, 1791.). • If he [Lord Chatham] judges of what is truly bouour*able for bimself, with the same superior genius which animates and directs him to eloquence in debate, to wisdom in decision, even the pen of Junius shall contribute to reward him. Recorded honours shall gather round his monument, and thicken over him.' This promise has not been kept except in these recorded bonours ; and observe, they were not promised till his death, therefore they must have been some. what of this description."

Chat

Chatham *, and in the Parliamentary rade, no sooner draws the mighty bow' History for 1775 and 1777: • and it has than he reveals himself: been affirmed by several persons who “The whizzing arrow vanished from the heard the Noble Lord on both days,

string, that they contain very strong and pecu. Sung on direct, and threaded every ring." liar märks of accuracy :' so, at least, says Almon, who was a principal sup

89. Motherless Mary; a Tale. Sheuring porter of Boyd's pretensions to be Ju

that Goodness even in Poverty is sure nius. Here then is a plain and practical

of meeting its proper Reward. Tuus. test, by which we may try whether Sir trated with six beautiful Engravings. Philip Francis has a title, beyond any Written by the Author of Arthur and other man, to the authorship of the

Alice ; Walter and Herbert; Whim Letters. Now could any one produce and Contradiction, &c. 12mo, pp. 67. from Boyd's Reports even half the in Harris. stances of resemblance in style which have been pointed out in the Reports by THE very pleasing little Works Sir Philip Francis, I would allow that above mentioned are a sufficient the great question is not yet decided. pledge of the purity of style and senBut in Boyd's Reports there is no more timent to be found in the present likeness to Junius than may be mét Tale; aod the liberality of the pubwith in the works of almost any modern lisher is evinced in the neat and apAuthor. It is astonishing that he should exhibit so little of the phraseology of

propriate embellishments. Junius, when treating of subjects which

90. The Little Warbler of the Cottage, more particularly demanded the charac

and her Dog Constant. By a Lover teristics of his style. On the other

of Children. pp. 72. Harris. hand, the language of Junius may be traced in every line of the Reports by THIS is the true way of shiewing Sir Philip Francis: it is visible, to those love to children. Publications like acquainted with it, in numberless in this are excellent presents to the instanoes not mentioned in the parallels. fant mind; as they inculcate at the The result, therefore, is equally satis

same time humanity, good morals, factory with our former statement.

and the principles of religion. This Like other baffled suitors, Mr. Boyd is juvenile volume is inscribed to Miss found to be unequal to his task; while Emily and Miss Georgiana, daughters Sir Philip, without any pretence or pa

of the Holy. and Rev. G. V. Wel. * Vol. II. pp. 256 and 298. lesley."

LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. Mr. Nichols has nearly completed at A work on Female Scripture Biothe press Two Volumes of " Illustra. graphy; with an Essay, shewing what tions of Literature, consisting of Genu. Christianity bas done for Women. By ine Memoirs and Original Letters of the Rev. F. A. Cox, A.M. · Eminent Persons, who flourished in the The Fourth Volume of the BiographiEighteenth Century;" and intended as a cal Peerage of the United Kingdong : Sequel to the “ Literary Anecdotes." comprising “ Ireland."

He has also nearly ready for publica The First Volume of “ The Annual tion, a Third Quarto Volume of the Bio- Obituary,” containing, 1. Memoirs of graphical Memoirs of William Ho celebrated Men who have died within GARTH ; with illustrative Essays, and the year 1816. 2. Neglected Biography, 50 Plates not in the two former Volumes, with Biographical Notices and AdeeNearly ready for Publication :

dotes, and Original Letters. 3. Analyses

of recent Biographical Works. 4. An A Volume of Seriñons, by the late Rev. Alphabetical List of all the Persons who Dr. VINCENT, Dean of Westminster; have died within the British Dominions. with an account of his Life, by the Rev. Mr. UTTERSON'S “ Selection of early Archdeacon NARES.

Popular Poetry." 2 Vols. Sermons on important Subjects. By Mr. Joseph SKELTON will shortly pub. the Rev. CHARLES COLEMAN, A. M. lish the First Number of Oxonia Antiqua M. R.I.A. lately Curate of Grange, in Restaurata ; containing the most interthe Parish of Armagh. 8vo.

esting subjects of the Antiquities of OxNarratives of the Lives of the most fórd; in which will be introduced the eminent Fathers of the three first Cen- ' whole series of the Plates attached to turies. By the Rev. Robert Cox, Ą. M. the Oxford Almanacks, from their conof St. Leonard's, Bridgnorth. 8vo. mencement in 1674, &c.

An

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