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not far beyond that in the Vatican. Stilling fleet's printed books also went
Other pieces, where the writing hath out of the kingdom. The MSS. re-
been scraped out, for want of vel. main here.
lum, to write other things on; and I These, 7000 in number, were
verily believe he was the first that ever bought by the Right Hon. Secretary
made that discovery ; for, some years llarley, and that noble collection of
ago, in the Bodleian Library, he Sir Simon D'Ewes, which is much
shewed me a MS. in Greek, that had

There are abundance aobeen twice wrote on. His fragments tient MSS, boobs, charters, &c. some are in divers languages, Greek, Latin, in Saxon, others of great antiquits, Saxon, &e. I believe the like is not which give great light into history. in Europe, and I believe no person There are all J. Stow's Collection ; can make better use of them; so that several original leidger-books, cou. if he meet with encouragement, as cher-books, and cartularies of MonaMabillon had in France, we may have series in this kingdom, at Bury St. greater variety of specimens from Edmund's, St. Alban's, and other Relihim; besides which he intends towards gious houses. This collection in some a Saxon Bible. This Collection of particulars exceeds any in England, bis deserves a very great encoinium. and is the greatest treasury in its kind

You have formerly seen his speci- in the kingdom. There are, besides, men of antient bands, and by his al. many valuable MSS. and printed phabets you may judge of his per- books. formance. He is an excellent critick Dr. Salmon hatb the best collecof the antiquity of all sorts of letters, tion of English folios that are to be Greek, Roman, Gothic, Saxon, &c. found in any private hand: his libra. wbat century and country they were ry is a very stately room, and well wrote in, the several sorts of ink in situated as any I have seen ; there cach country; the vellum, paper, are 1700 folios, with quartos and parchment they were wrote on. octavos proportionable, books well

The Benedictine Monks at St.James chosen and neatly bound. had a good library; and the Capu Lately the Gentlemen of Doctors chins at Somerset-house.

Commons purchased the library of Sir William Godolphin and his bro- Dr. ........ which is put into a great ther the Doctor have both excellent room next to the Hallo; and intend to libraries.

collect more books to compleat it. I have mentioned these particulars The learned Dr. Pinfold is putting for the satisfaction of a particular them in order; they are mostly refriend, who was of opinion that there lating to Civil and Čanon-Law. were more books in Paris than Lou

Dr. Busby gave a collection of don. But, though in their Convents books in the room called the Mu. and Public Libraries they may ex seum at Westminster-school, for the ceed us, yet for books in Private use of the scholars. hands we exceed them; and I am I shall conclude with observing, fully assured our Booksellers are that books being sold by auction, and better assorted than those at Paris. printing catalogues, has given great

Mr. Bateman hath had more li- light to the knowledge of books braries go through his hands with. This we are beholding to the Aucin this twenty years tban all those tioneers for, such as John Dunmore, at Paris put together. In that time Edward Millington, Marmaduke Forhis shop hath been the store-house ster, William Cooper, John Ballard, from which the learned bave fur- &c. They had vast quantities of nished themselves with what was rare books went through their hands; as and carious. From hence we have Sinith's, the Lord Anglesea's, Dr. the happiness that few of our books Jacomb’s, Massow's, Earl of Aylesgo out of the kingdom; of late years bury's, Lord Maitland's, &c. 'the only Vossius', which were lost by the great stocks of Scot, Davies of management of some couceited, illa Oxford, and Littlebury's. Dispersnatured persons; and there were ing catalogues of these much conmany excellent Greek MSS. very an duced to improving the learned in the tient, some in capitals, and amongst knowledye of scarce and valuable the printed books some were as books, wbich before stood dusly in luable as some of the MSS.-Bishop studies, shops, and warehouses.

AL

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At a leisurable opportunity I will which I wish to be removed by some obey your commands in giving an scientific hand. There seemed to be account of the Antiquities of Build also some inaccuracies, into which ings; as Churches, Monuments, Pa- the Editor had falleu: and some oblaces, great Houses, Statues, both scurities, which stood in need of exantient and modern, Collections of planation and elucidation. Paintings, and other pieces of Curio An explanatory note is wanted to sity *; though I intend first to shew the Life of Young, in which it is said, you the several parts of the City; that in his 1911 year he became a and what is remarkable and worthy Member of New College; and in the to be seen in each t. J. BAGFORD). same year was removed to Corpur.

It would be satisfactory to know, by

what motive he could have been inAbbotls Roding, Nov. 2.

duced to have siood for a scholarshipia Crudelis Pater, magis an puer improbus C.C.C. at a time when in the year im

ille? Improbus ille puer, crudelis tu quoque

mediately following he would have

succeeded to a Fellowship in his own Pater.

College. What renders his removal Mr. URBAN,

still more inexplicable is, that he THE "HE impression which was made upon my mind in the earlier thereby gave up his eligibility to the

different preferments in the gift of days of my life, from reading the

the two St. Mary Winton CollegesNight Thoughts of Dr. Young, was

endowments such as no other Colsuch, that I regarded him as an Angel lege in the University is enriched of Light. The solemnity of the sub

with. So that, in his third reinoval, ject, and the sublimity of his thoughts,

to All Souls, he did not regain an impressed me with so much reverence and veneration for the Author, that equivalent to what he might have re

mained in possession of. the model of his life seemed to have

The Editor of his Life having inbeen of the chastest kind, and his mo

formed us, that he was removed from rals so pure, that his example might Corpus by Archbishop Tenison havbe followed in any stage of life with ing appointed him to a Law Fellowout any danger of deviating from the ship in All Souis, it would be highly standard of Christian perfection. But, appeal upon an undue election, or

satisfactory to know, whether by an upon a nearer approach to the golden image which I had set up, there bishop, as Visitor, became invested

on what other occasion, the Archis a visible' alloy, discovering too with such privilege and authority, as plainly that all is not gold that glis- to supersede the right of election in tens.

the Warden and Fellows of that founThe Example must be followed with

dation. caution : since pot only in his earlier,

A farther explanation would be but in bis later days, there are strong desirable respecting the Law Fellowexceptions to be taken against his ship, which, the Editor acquaints us, moral and religious character. How

the Archbishop bad put him in posfar these severe observations may be

session of. justified, are now to be submitted to

During my earlier connexion with candid decision, and to the fair im- the University, I do not recollect to partiality of judgment.

have heard of a Law Fellowship in On perusing, a few mornings ago, the Life of Doctor Young, prefixed There areVinerian Fellowships; which

any one College throughout Oxford. to a neat and elegant quarto volume of his Night Thoughts, my eye was

are truly and literally Law Fellow

ships : but they are appropriate to no offended with a flaw in the gem, peculiar College. In All Souls, New * This shall be given at some future

College, and St. John's, there are cer

tain Fellows, who by the statutes of opportunity. Edit. + See a very curious and well-written

the College are under an obligation Letter of Mr. J. Bayford to Mr. Hearne, of taking their Degrees in Civil Law. in the first volume of the 2d edition of

But the Founder, so far from con“ Leland's Collectanea,” pp. 58.& seq. fining them to the study of jurisprurelative to London, and the Antiqui- dence, left them at full liberty, as ties in its vicinity.

their genius and turn of mind led

them,

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them, to devote their talents to the resting in the grave. In tbat grave, study of Physick, Divinity, or Law. where all things may be for a season

But the subject of more important forgotten, though I believe that our moment is yet untouched.

prayers for the dead avail pought, It being far from the intention of I may nevertheless ionocently say, my mind to rake up the ashes of the without blotting out a single iota dead, or to take up the first, or even from our creed, in pace quiescant! the last stone, to deface the monu The Biographer of Dr. Young has ment erected to the pious inemory of not thought fit to particularize the the deceased; I seek for information nature of his offence against the law only for the cause of Truthi-to clear of morality and order. Taking leave up what is obscure--and to throw its of bis general charge, in hope that proper shade and light upon the cha some friend may vindicate the Author racter of Dr. Young.

of the Night Thoughts, and wipe off With this view i look to the Syle this foul aspersion from his name, I vas Academi, where the more authen. shall devole the remaining part of tic information may perhaps be ob- this interesting subject to the importtained respecting some of the parti. ant consideration Whether, as a culars altached to the present subject. Father, to a Son who by some youthful And I should also hope, that some of indiscretion had given hiin offence

, the friends or surviving relations of he did not exercise a severity too our Author may be able to dispel rigid, persevering with inflexible the dark and heavy cloud, which with harshuess for a long series of years ? Cimmerian darkness hangs over his The minor age of the Son ought, Inemory.

in all reason, strongly to have pleaded The fair name and the bonest re in his favour agaiust the sterdness of putation of the Author of the Night the Father, whatever might have Thoughts are deeply sullied by the been the errors of his conduct. He Editor's associating him in friendship had scarcely left Winchester school, with the Duke of Wbarlon. But, when be was banished from his faleaving nothing to the uncertainty of ther's friendly roof-when he for. imputation, he precludes us from the feited all his proteetion, the benefit delusion of hope, and from all mis- of his seasonable advice, and the conceived prejudice in his favour, by wholesome correction, which might roundly asserling that his morals have led to the happy end of regainwere far from being correct. I should ing that blessing which he had lost

. be extreniely reluctant, as well as How unbarmoniously does this unwilling, to give my assent to so rigida virtus agree with those musi

, heavy a charge, unless the accusa cal and melancholy sounds, which he tion were supported by such evidence breathed in extreme heaviness of as could not be gainsaid.

grief and affliction, when he bede wed Should the truth of the charge be the grave of Narcissa with tears, found to stand in full force against which, in sympathy of sorrow, have him, and that his moral character since flowed down the cheek from was debased by the contamination of many an eye! vice-such av aspersion would not Could the Father of a daughteronly tarnish the lustre and brilliancy not his own and the Father of a s00, of his character, but it would prove legitimately born, discarded and for also to be a libelous attack upon the bidden from all approach to his per. Warden and Fellows of All Souls Col son, be the same identical being lege at that time existing ; for from Lord, what is Man! them he must then have received his Whether the melting melancholy Testimonial for Holy Orders. Under strains which flowed from the peo what construction of Religion could of our Author, so deeply lamenting they have subscribed their names with the death of Narcissa with a pathos the solemn assurance, if the scandal sublimely great-overwhelmed will and reproach were well-founded of indignaut sorrow at the cruel decree his immorality-tha the was qualified, of the Romish Church denying bis by a moral and religious life, to be a daughter the rites of Christian burial Minister of the Gospel of Christ ? --whether those affecting strains were

The different persons, thus brought the genuine feelings of his heart; forward to public notice, are now or caught from so fair a subject to

more

move the passions of the Reader, Baliol.” If he was sent to New Colwould be a kind of sacrilegious doubt. lege, for what reason was he admitBut, allowing those "deep tones of ted in Baliol? And if in the mean grief to have proceeded from the time he was admitted in Baliol, conbottom of his soul, bis daughter felt sequently he could not have been not the difference between consecra sent to New College. How could he ted ground and the garden of flowers possibly have been sent, when there where her last remains were deposit was no vacancy for his admission : ed; and, with respect to himself, he It cannot with any propriety of lanhad the Christian philosophy to re guage be said, that the Society were sort to, to support bis mind under thus waiting ; though it was strictly tbe Divine consolation, that her spi- true of Young. Bot so far from his rit had returned unto God who gave having been sent to the College, to it - whilst his only son, the son of which by a chapter of uncommon ill a Protestant Minister, a beneficed fortune, with all the chances in his Clergymao; was wandering in this favour, he never succeeded; he was country, unprotected, unrelieved, and durivg one of those two years the seunforgiven. I remember him an una nior of the school at Winchester Col. happy wanderer, friendless, and often, lege, waiting for the chance of the full often, I believe, almost penny- election in his last year, when he beless, but certainly deficiente crumena. came a Superannuate.

It would be a melancholy disco But to digress no farther. Let it very to retrace the different distress- be granted that Mr. Frederick Young ing scenes and occurrences which he in the heyday of his blood had given passed through, without any of the bis father just cause for resentment ; gifts of fortune, without any profes- should he have pursued the vengesion, and without any employment. ance of his anger and displeasure to He was possessed of superior talents, such a degree, and to such an unwarand a well-cultivated understanding, rantable length of time? Had he enriched with a lively imagination, offended him beyond all hopes of forand a veio of poetical fancy, not in- giveness? Whatever faults the son ferior, time and circumstances con had committed, so as to complete his sidered, to that of his father. But ruin, should not the immoral habits the want of academical education left of the father during his intimacy him to struggle under the frowns of with the Duke of Wharlon have adversity in the prime of life. The risen up in bis own judgment against Editor of Young's Life, boldly, but himself, so as to have had compasignoraotly, affirms, that he was sent sion on the child of his bosom? The from Winchester to New College. recollection of his having lived in But this he wrote by dashing through friendship with a liceutious and proa cloud before his eyes, without any figate Nobleman ought in reason to kuowledge of his subject, and wil. have induced him to have weigbed in fully niistaking bis way; for, had he an even balance the demerils of the made his inquiry at the corner of one with the evil habits of the other. New College-lave, he would not have I am at a loss to conceive bow a fallen into so gross and palpable an Clergyman like Dr. Young, so fre

quently laying open his heart in the If the writer was not a mere co confession of his sins with the rest pyist, he was working up the coin of his Congregation, should so long pilation of a Life with materials of have indulged a spirit of resentment, which he neither knew the consist at the hazard of his own forgiveness ency, or the propriety of usiog them. from his Heavenly Father. With He would not otherwise have com how much delusion of mind must he mitted to the press this incoherent have offered up to Heaven the daily and contradictory account of Young's incense of his devotions in the Lord's admission in the University. His Prayer without reducing to practice words are these: “ He was sent to one of the most positive duties comNew College, in Oxford; but there preheuded in our most boly Religion! being no vacancy, though the Society Equally surprising is it, that, as a waited for one not less than two years, priest of the Temple, he should rehe was admitted in the mean time in peatedly have administered the most Gent. Mag. December, 1816.

comfortable

error.

HISTORY. A. D. 607, at Chester, Britons defeated, and 1200 monks of Bangor Iscoed

slain, by Ethelfrid, King of Northumbria. 895, Chester destroyed by the Danes, and 907 re-edified by Elhelfleda

daughter of Alfred. 971, at Chester, Edgar received the bomage of eight petty Sovereigos, who,

according to Higden, rowed bim down the Dee. 1069, William the Conqueror made this County a Palatinate, and conferred

it on his nephew Hugh Lupus. 1159, at Chester, Malcolm IV. of Scotland ceded the Counties of Northum

berland, Westmoreland, and Cumberland to Heory II. 1300, at Chester, Edward of Caernarvon received the homage of the Welsh. 1644, Jan. 18, Lord Byron and the Royalists repulsed in an attempt to storm

Nantwich, and Jan. 21 defeated, with great loss, by Sir Thomas Fairfax. 1645, September 27, at Rowton Heath, Sir Marmaduke Langdale and the

Royalists defeated by General Poyotz. The unbappy Charles beheld

this defeat froin the Icads of Phønix Tower. 1646, February 3, after a noble defence of tweely weeks, Lord Byron com

pelled by famine to surrender Chester to Sir William Brereton. 1690, at Hyle Lake, the forces under the Duke of Schomberg embarked to reduce Ireland.

BIOGRAPHY. Aston, Sir Thomas, loyalist, Aston, 1610. Birkinhead, Sir John, loyal poet, Nanlwich, 1615. Bradshaw, Henry, poet, Chester, 14th century. BRADSHAW,

Joun, President of Regicides, Wybersley-ball, 1602. Brerewood, Edward, Mathematician, first Gresham Professor of Astronomy,

Chester, 1565. Broome, William, Poet, translator of Homer, (died 1745.) CALVELEY, Sir Huau, warrior, Calveley (flourished temp. Edw. III.) Chester, Roger of, historian, Chester (died 1339.) Cowper, William, physician and antiquary, Chester (died 1767.) Crew, Sir Randal, Lord Chief Justice, (died 1643.) Davis, Mary, horned woman, Great Salghall, 1598. Dod, John, Divine, Shotledge, 1559. Downhain, George, Bp. of Derry, logician, Chester, about 1560. Downbam, John, author of " Christian Warfare,” Chester, (died 1644.) Ecclestone, Thomas, Franciscan, historian of his Order, Ecclestone, (died 1340.) Egerton, Thomas, Lord Chancellor Ellesmere, Ridley, 1540. Falconer, Thomas, annotator on Strabo, Chester. Higden, Ranulpb, author of “Polychronicon,” Chester (flourished 1357.) Higgenet, Randai, author of Chester Mysteries in 1327, Chester. HOLINSHED, RALPH, historian, Cophurst, about 1510. Holmes, Randle, three antiquaries of same name, father, son, and grandson,

Chester. Hough, Thomas, buried at Frodsham, March 13, 1592, aged 141. King, Daniel, author of “ Vale Royal,” 19th century. KNOLLES, Sir ROBERT, warrior, (flourished temp. Edw. III.) Kynaston, John, divine, Chester, 1728. Lancaster, Nathaniel, divine, author of “ Essay on Delicacy,” 1700. Leycester, Sir Peter, antiquary, Tabley, 1613. Lindsey, Theophilus, Unitarian, Middlewich, 1723. Middleton, David, establisher of Euglish trade at Bantam, Chester, (died 1610.) Middleton, Sir Henry, discoverer of Middleton Straights in the Red Sea,

Chester, (died 1613.) Molyneux, Samuel, astronomer, Chester, 1689. Richardson, John, Bp. of Ardagh, annotator on Ezekiel, (died 1658.) Savage, Thomas, Abp. of York, Macclesfield, (died 1508.) Sherlock, Richard, divine, author of “Practical Christian," Oxton, 1613. Speev, John, historian, Farndon, 1552. Swinton, John, antiquary, Bexton, 1703. Watson, John, historian of Halifax, Lyme cum Hanley, 1724.

Whitehurst,

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