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ries them straight-forward, a great ter its descent sliding swiftly forward, way, to a rock on which á tower brushing, along the edges of that stands. This divides them in two: whirlpool, and overtopping it at the one part recoils off to the left, and same time; it is diffused along it in pursues its coursc—the other part is continued boughs that blossom the turned round to the right in a pro- sea-green deeps with foam. The eye digious whirlpool, slowly but irresist. broods with a pleasure that nothing can ibly kept in motion by the column of glut, on the richand sparkliog sea-green water which darts for ever from the shuffled among the foam and smoke fall. This whirlpool would be fatal that half-smother it; as well as on the to any boat, for ihe upper current is globes and pyramids of mist spun off drawn round again under the lesser perpetually from the smaller masses, falls: the force of which, equal to Io some parts the water springs and many pile-engines, jars the waves, bubbles up in jets; from the smaller so that in their re-action they rise up, masses only, the main one being hid and beat against the shores at that ever in impenetrable gluom, The part like a furious surf of the sea. paintings that one sees commonly Jo the mean while, as the reservoir is do not express any thing of this; but fresh supplied, it communicates with still less the colours, whose fresbness

, the lower channel by an under-cyr. to say nothing of their incessant shift rent, and pursues its way,

ing, surpasses any peocil. The artist In front there is a view of the ordinarily copfuses them together, as Rhine for some way before, and for if he had Aung a sponge upon the pic a considerable way after its fall, when ture from incapacity and despair--10 it bends off in a sharp angle to the clumsily is it done! At first the wa. left by Lauffen-Castle; and enters in ters standing high above the edge of to a forest. Here, indeed, I saw Sir the precipice lap over it, smooth as William Chambers's fiction realized. a round piece of blue marble, lo a “lo one place a whole river is pre moment they are spatched downcipitąted from the summits into the then begin the veins of foam, over valley beneath , where it foams and which, if the sun shines, is dropped a whirls among rocks till it falls dową rainbow. They do not in any part other precipices, and buries itself in drop plumb dowo: but are fretted. the gloom of impenetrable forests, over au obliquely-winding precipice . In another place the waters burst out full of gulpbs. And at the very point with violence from many parts, spout where they begin to shelve down ing a great number of cascades in dif- they are divided by immerse crags ferent directions: which, through va. into three principal masses (one of rious impediments, at last unite, and these masses is larger than the two form one great expanse of water. others together--this next the Laufs Súmetimes the view of the cascade is fen bank). The dividing crags are in a great measure intercepted by the covered on this side with moss and branches which hang over it. Some-shrubs; they have evidently been reft times its passage is obstructed by asunder by the currents. They do trees, and heaps of enormous stones, pot stand in a line and one has been that seem to have been brought down hewo across, so that a transverse pas: by the fury of the torrents. And fre- sage is afforded to a part of the quently rough wooden - bridges are stream. Another of these crags has.. thrown from one rock to another been bored through and hollowed out, over the steepest part of the cata. serving as a muzzle to a column of ract. Narrow winding paths are car the torrent that bursts through it like i ried along the edges of the precipice; a cannon-ball. and inills and huts are suspended over So that there are several smaller the waters; the seeming dangerous members of the cataract, besides the situation of which adds to the horror tbree main opes; all together putting of the scene.”

you in mind of Virgil's Æolic cavern, On the opposite side of the river ihrough the crevices of which, and is a pavillion on the Lauffen bank, doors, the winds rush in every dithat appears, in that distance, of the recțion. But the lodge (at the boli exact size and sbape'of a ship-lantern. tom of the Lauffen bank) is advanced From this pavillion there is a bird's out and held close to the principal eye view of the river. You see it af- cataract, which rusbes by it like a

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od 2917 mountain-blast! Aliaging off eternal panied clouds, whose impetuosity, not yet Chaplain, to the Embassy to Spain

spent, bears them up a long time 1771. Mr. Falconer's researches were a forward in the air, in a deep-moving recommended to his attention by Dr.

body. The eyes and ears are inca. Markham, then Bp. of Chester, and
pable of following any thing distinct- the late Archbishop of York. Uponoc-
fy-you pant for breath-while the casional visits to the Escurial, Mr. Wad-
lodge beats and rocks violently to dilove was apprised that the Library
and fro under you.-In a word, this there (rich in MSS.) contained a MS.
fall is a combination of all the cas- of Strabo ; this MS. did not appear
cades and falls in Switzerland, and to be very old :-still, upon some
is well worthy of the time and fatigue specimens of variations being sent
it cost us of coming a journey of to Dr. Markham, he recommended
four days to see it and nothing more. the Collation; and this was, after-
"It is probable," says Coxe," that wards, partly effected, through the
the space between the baoks was favour of Don Francisco Perez Bayer,
once a level rock, and considerably by one of the Friars of the Convent,
higher; that the river has insensibly and R. D. Waddilove. For his assist-
podermined these parts on which it ance in this business, the Delegates
broke with the utmost violences for of the press presented him with a
within the memory of several inha. copy of the Strabo, 1808.
bitants of this town, a large rock has Don F. P. Bayer, a canon of To-
given way, which has greatly altered ledo, and a Docior of Valencia, was
the scene. The fall is diminished every then the Preceptor of the Infants Doa
year by the continual friction of so Gabriel and Don Antonio. He pub.
large and rapid a body of water; and lished in 1772, that fine specimen
there is no doubt that the two crags of prioting, the Infant Don Ga-
in the midst of the river will in time briel's Translation of Sallust.
be undermined and carried away. Dr. F. P. B. was afterwards Prin-
The Rhine for some way before the cipal Librarian of the Royal Library
fall, dashes upon a rocky bottom, and Madrid (but never of the Escorial,
renders the navigation impossible for as Mr. Falconer says). He succeeded
any kind of vessel: the whole bottom Santander, who succeeded Dou
indeed of the river is rock as far as Juan Iriarte.
Schaffausen." 137

Don Juan Iriarte published in fo.
After having mused upon it for a lio, 1769, the first volume of an Ac.
considerable time, giving ourselves count of the Mss. in the Royal Li.
up to a pleasing sensation of amaze-brary at Madrid; and it is not known
ment and terror, we returned to whether any further volume has since
Schaffausen by a private path, along been published. His sons were men
the bank of the river :-recalling to of learnivg, and their names were
our imagination the stupendous scene known in the Revolutions at Madrid.
we had just witnessed, our ears still One of your Correspondeuts, Mr.
ringing with the roar of waters, and Urban, Part 1. p. 489, was much miss 1
our eyes still figuring them in their taken iu supposing that the late Bp.
thousand forms: just as the senses, of London (Porteus) bad any thing
when strongly impressed with any to do with Mason's Work.
object, retain the appearance of it,

Mr. URBAN, and bold it up to the miod, for a

Dec. 12.

tod

2910 considerable time after it is removed IN attention to the request of from view. 2. L. S. R.E.R. in p. 386, I beg 10 inclose

a fac-simile of Sir Philip Sidney's Lets Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 3. ter to bis sister Lady Pembroke, precis N the Literary Anecdotes," vol fixed as a dedication to an edition of the magnificent Edition of Strabo, in thus entitled : :- The Countesse of two volumes folio, published from the Pembroke's Arcadia, written by sir Clarendon Press, Oxford, in 1807. Philip Sidney, kot. ; now the third

Mr. Falconer, in the Preface, gives time published, with sundry new adsome account of the MSS. consulted ditions of the same Author. Edinfor this edition. 0312

burgh, printed by Robert Waldegrave, When the present Dean of Ripon printer to the King's Majesty. Cum (Robert Darley Waddilove) accom- privilegio Regio, 1599." There is like.

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MR:

wise a Dedication to the Reader, ed, with some new additions. London: printed on the other side of the leaf printed for Simon Waterson and R! containing that to Lady Pembroke.

Young, anno 1633:"Lin which tbe LetYours, &c.

MARTHA.

ter is intituled “The Epistle Dedicam

tory.". « To my deare Ladie and sister, the Countesse of Pembroke. Here now have Mr. URBAN, Penzance, June 1. you (most deare, and most wortby to

R. Bryant, in his Aotient My. bee most deare Ladie) this idle Worke

thology, vol. I. p.371. informas of mine: whieb I feare (like the spider's web) will be thought fitter to be swept antient times used to present to the

us that the offerings which people ia away, then worne to any other purpose. For my part, in very

truth, (as the cruell Gods, were generally purchased at fathers among the Greeks were woont

the entrance of the Temple, espe. to doe to the babes they would not fos- cially every piece of consecrated ter) I could well find in my heart to

bread, which was denominated ac cast out in some desert of forgetfulnes cordingly. Those sacred to the God this childe, which I am loth to father. of light, Peon, were called Piones, &c. But you desired me to doe it ; and your &c. &c. One species of sacred bread, desire, to my heart is an absolute com which used to be offered to the Gods, mandement. Now, it is done only for was of great antiquity, and called you, onely to you: if you keepe it to Boun. Hesychius speaks of the Boun, yourselfe, or to such friends who wil

and describes it as a kind of cake weigh errors in the ballance of good with a representation of two horns. wil, I hope, for the father's sake, it Diogenes Laertius, speaking of the will be pardoned, perchance made much off, though in itselfe it have deformities.

same offering, describes the chief inFor, indeed, for severer eyes it is not,

gredients of which it was composed. being but a trifle, and that triflingly called a Boun, which was made of

4 He offered one of the sacred cakes handled. Your deare selfe can best witnes the maner, being done in

fine flour and honey."--The Prophet Toose sheetes of paper, most of it in your

Jeremiah takes notice of this kind of presence, the rest, by sheetes, sent unto offering when he is speaking of the you as fast as they were done. in Jewish women at Pathros in Egypt, sum, a yong head, not so well stayed and of their base idolatry. “When we as I would it were (and shall bee when burnt incense to the Queen of Heaven, God will) having many many fancies and poured out drink-offerings to her, begotten' in it, if it had not beene did we make cakes to worship her." in some way delivered, would have

Jer. xliv. The Prophet in another growen a monster, and more sory place takes notice of the same idola. might I be that they came in, then that they gat out. But his chiefe safetie

try, “ The children gather wood, and shall be the not walking abroad; and his

the fathers kindle the fire, and the chiefe protection, the bearing the liverie

women knead their dough to make of your name, which (if much goodwill cakes to the Queen of Heaven." do not deceave me) is worthy to bee

Jer. vii. á sanctuarie for a greater offender. This

Can there be any doubt that the say I, because I know the vertue so; English word Bun is derived from the and this say I, because it may be ever so;

cake Boun; and that the Cross-bun, or to say better, because it wil be ever which is baked on Good Friday, was so! Reade it then at your idle times, a substitute for the cakes used in the and the follies your good judgement will worship of idols, in the same manner finde in it, blame not, but laugh at. as many of our Christian Festivals And so, looking for no better stuffe,

were adopted instead of Heatheo Fe. tban, as in a Haberdashers shop, glasses,

riæ or Holy Days? Perhaps, Mr. Uror feathers, you will continue to love the Writer, who doth exceedingly love

ban, I ain only stating what might to you, and moste moste heartilie prayes, you

Antiquaries have been known before; may long live, to be a principall orna

but Mr. Bryant himself does not ment to tbe familie of the Sidneyes.

make the remark which appears so Your loving brother,

obviously to bave presented itself ; PHILIP SIDNEY."

and Dr. Jobpson, in his Dictionary,

seems to have bad no conception of *** A Correspondent at Exeter will the kind, as he derives Bun from the accept our thanks for another copy, Spanish word Bunelo. I have been which he has transcribed from a later very concise in the extract from Brg. edition, “now the eighth time publish- aut; and therefore refer the Reader,

if

mancers.

if he wishes to see a fuller account languages. A practice in conformity of these CAKES, or Bouds, to his work, to this character seems from Mr. vol. I. p. 371. The etymology of the Locke's * Treatise on Education to word, and the curious custom of have prevailed in his time, and to marking the symbol of our faith in this, as a distinct cause, the falling opposition to idolatrous symbols, mua off of boys, not of the lowest, but of tually confirm my covjecture,

the inferior ranks, confessedly enI take this opportunity of remarking titied to almost gratuitous instrucanother curious coincidence, which lay tion) is properly attributed. The at the feet of Mr. Bryant, though he parents of such are induced, by the did not see it, or perhaps would not paramount necessity of the minor condescend to pick it up. See vol. branches of learning in the common I. p. 59.

affairs of life, to desert the Grammar. Mr. B. tells us that the symbolical school for others, where the Eleinents worship of the Serpent was of the are taught, and Morals, a constant most remote antiquity, and very ex object with Founders, little enough tensive, and that the Greek Python attended to. The Chancellor has, is the same as Opis, Oupis, Oub, and upon this view of the subject, in the Ob. The woman at Endor who had case of Leeds School, above alluded a familiar spirit is called Oub or Ob;' to, justified the addition of the minor and it is interpreted Pythonissa. This branches to classical studies. This is idolatry is also alluded to by Moses an improved system undoubtedly. (Deut. xviii. 11.) who forbids the Is It is the only one which is found to raelites ever to inquire of those de- fill a stipeodiary school, uosupported mons Ob and Idcone, whose worship- by extraneous circumstances. But the pers are called charmers, consulters expences of a suit ia Chancerý for the with evil spirits, or wizards, or neero sake of this change confine the intrô.

- The curious coincidence duction of it, when not admitted by which I mean to remark is, that the the good sense of the Masters, to rare witchcraft practised by the Blacks in instances ; and even if à Law should the West Iodies at this day is called make it general, the expence of classic Ob, or Obi ; the ignorant Negroes are cal books for a purpose of reinote and under the most superstitious dread only occasional utility, would still of those who profess the art.

render the lower classes less inclined Obi, or Three-fingered Jack”.is to resort to these schools than the the title of a Dramatic Piece found. Founders seem to have anticipated. ed on the above circumstance.

The obvious conclusion is, that we Yours, &c.

C.V.L. G. have not preserved from year to year

the spirit of these Endowments, or

that they are injudiciously planned in Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 7. respect of the professed purposes of T has for many years been gene them. From an examination of 'seby the present Lord Chancellor nances as well as charters, it has apgives weight to the opinion, that peared to the writer of these obserthe title « Grammar School” de- vations, that the latter opinion is not signates a seminary exclusively de. to be hastily taken up; and many · voted to the cultivation of the learned circumstances iocline him to attribute

* Mr. Locke speaks only of the practice in his own time, without appearing te have had in view the intention of the Foundations.-That intention, as one of ecclusion, has been again and again attributed to Grammar schools, and complained of, during the last 100 years, but in no instance more strongly than the following « Arithmetic was long considered in England as a bigher branch of science, and therefore left, like Geometry, to be studied at the University. Most of the public or grammar-schools of the South were, on the suppression of the Monasteries, erected a little after the Reformation, during the short but auspicious reiza of Edw. VI. They were accordingly destined by their founders merely for teaching the dead languages; and the too, exclusive pursuit of the same system is now one of the greatest defects in the English plan of liberal Education." Suppl. to the Encyclopædia Brit. p. 533.-The inaccuracy of the statement that most of these schools were founded in the reign of Edward VI, has convinced me that the common opinion of their destination has been taken up by this writer without * consideration of authentic documents.

the mischiefs to the neglects more or diately to be erected at Church Gres Jess culpable of successive admioi- ley ip Derbyshire, with the following strators, either under the character of inscription : Trustees or Masters *. Witb the in “ Sacred to the Memory of Nigel teotion, therefore, of exciting a dis- Gresley, esq. youngest son of the late cussion of the subject, among those Sir Nigel Bowyer Gresley, bart. of Drakewho are the official Guardians of these low House in this county. On tbe 19th Foundations, and an examination of May 1816, and in the 16th year of his records which may lead to the occa age, Deatb terminated his life, which for sions of decline from, or a clear con the last ten months of his amiable, but viction of inadequacy in, the original too short-lived existence, had been gradesign of pious institutions, he iakes dually sinking under disease; and he the liberty of submitting to your

was thus untimely cut off in the bloom Readers the following questions.

of youth. The happy consolation of his

friends during his long illness, was the 1. What proof is there that all Grammar-schools were founded upon

peculiar fortitude and patience with

which be bore it, though at various an intention of having every hour of times their hopes were alternately clethe day devoted to classical study? vated and depressed, with regard to his

2. What proof is there that in every temporal recovery; but his resignation Grammar-school every boy was to and blameless life entitle them to inlearn Latin, whatever he might learn dulge the hope, that he must now enjoy besides?

that bappiness which he could not pos3. Is there not proof that in many sess in this world. This tablet, as a instances the devotion to classical or sincere testimony of affection, and to to minor studies, is to depend on the ta. evince her unceasing grief for her irrelents, or on the condition of the pupils: parable loss, and as an inefficient tribute 4. Is there oot proof of its baving afilicted mother, Maria Éliza Gresley.

to his worth, is erected by bis ever most been the inteption of all Founders that improvements in the modes and sub Sepulchral Marble, wilt thou bear jects of study should in discretion be An Epitaph too mean, admitted into their schools ?

In just remembrance to declare 5. Have not these improvements

The Merit that hath been? been in many instances adopted ?

No-thou shalt only tell, beneath

Yon vaulted arch there lies 6. Ought not similar improve

A mortal that has suffer'd death, ments, or such as would be equally

To live above the skies." suitable to the circumstances of each case, to be universally admitted : I wish to add, that the late Six

7. How has it happened, that in Nigel Bowyer Gresley, who died in the free Grammar-school of St. March 1808, and was interred tho Olave's, Southwark, boys are not Abbey Church at Bath, could claim only taught the minor branches to. as high ancestral honours as any fa: gether with the learned languages, mily in the United Kingdom: indeed but in very numerous instances the very few now can trace so high a minor branches alone ?

descent, as he was descended from 8. How has it happened that the the famous Rolla, Duke of Normandy, varied instruction in this school is and Roger de Toeni, standard-beare really gratuitous; the books being er of Normandy (at the time of Wil paid for out of the funds of the En. liam the Conqueror), whose two sons dowment? And did not Founders in Nigel and Malabulcius accompanied general mean that the free boys that Monarch ioto England, being reshould be provided with books in a

lated to him, who was also descended similar manner out of the funds ?

from Rolla. The late Sir N.B. Gres Yours, &c. A FRIEND TO JUSTICE. ley was succeeded in his title and

estates by the present Sir Roger fa Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 7.

minor), so named from bis Normaa

ancestor Roger de Toeni. A nument) is finished and imme Yours, &c.

VIRIX. It is hoped that these observations will not appear to have been suggested by a spirit of impertinent malevolence towards our public schools, or a wish to underrate the undoubted results of the system practised in them. The testimony of Mn Brougham on this subject, last Summer, will go very far to confirm tbeir general reputation. The meaning of the writer is, that where schools are in decay, the cause is not to be sought so much as is frequently done in the natury of abo Foundation, the spirit of which seems rarely to have been consultado

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