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known in the fashionable circles at Bath, they were separated. Miss Lintey did not had caused a paragraph to be inserted in suffer a long time to elapse before she a public paper at that place, which tended rewarded Mr. Sheridan for the dangers to prejudice the character of this young be had braved in her defence, by accom. lady ; and Mr. Sheridan immediately ap panying him on a matrimonial excursion to plied for redress to the printer, who com The Continent. The ceremony was again municated the author's pame. Mr. Ma performed on their return to England, thews bad in the mean time set out for with the consent of the lady's parents. London, and was closely pursued by Mr. From the period of her inarriage, Mrs. Sheridan. They met and fought a duel Sheridan never' appeared as a public perwith swords at a tavern in Henrietta-street, former. Her situation in the Oratorios Covent garden. Mr. Sheridau's second was filled by her younger sister*, Miss on the occasion was his brother, Charles Mary Linley. Several lucrative proposals Francis, the lale Secretary at War in Ire. were about this time inade to Mrs. Sheriland. Great courage avd skill were dis dan, to induce her once more to charm played on both sides; but Mr. Sheridan the public ear, but they were rejected having succeeded in disarming his adver with disdain by her husband. During sary, compelled him to sign a formal re their residence in Orchard-street they were traction of the paragraph which had been subject to very distressing einbarrasspublished. The conqueror instantly re menis ; yet the firmness of Mr. Sheridan, turned to Bath; and thinking that, as the in resisting every proposition of this na. insult bad been publicly given, the apo- ture, by which any loss of estimation in logy should have equal notoriety, he the eyes of the world might be incurred, caused it to be published in the same pa remained invincible. He received a letter per.

Mr. Mathews soon heard of this from the proprietors of the Pantheon, circumstance, and, irritated at bis defeat, which was tben about to be opened, offer. as well as the use which bis antagonisting Mrs. Sheridan one thousand pounds had made of his apology, returned to for her performance during twelve nights, Bath, determined to call on Mr. Sheridan and one thousand pounds more for a bene.. for satisfaction. A message was accordo fit, the profits of which they were to ap. ingly sent, and a meeting agreed to : Mr. propriate to their own use. The temptaSheridan would have been justified, ac tion of so large a sum as two thousand cording to the most delicate punctilios of pounds, which might have been gained in honour, in declining the call; but he si a few weeks, was not merely declined, but Jenced all the objections that were star rejected with indignation, notwithstanding by his friends, and the parties met on the earnest entreaties of his wife. Kingsdown. The victory was desperately

(To be continued.) coniesled, and, after a discharge of pistols, they fought with swords. They were both wounded, and closing with each other, fell * This young lady died singing “I on the ground, where they fought until know that my Redeemer livetb."

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“ Time that destroys the Hero's trophied bust,

“ Shall spare the bay that blossoms o'er his dust." Fitz-GERALD, MR. URBAN,

July 22.

ings of the possessors of that splendid:

boon, and to the causes and circumstances THE experience of the last twenty-five that often involve them in destitute and years during which you and I, as Mem unheeded misery. bers of the Literary Fund, have acted to Those who, like you, Mr. Urban, have gether in the management and conduct of for so great a length of time, and under that very interesting establishment, hath such a variety of discordant claims and inafforded us the amplest proof of the se cidents, witnessed the invincible liberality, verity of the misfortune recently fallen candour, and kindness, that so strongly upon literary merit in distress, in the de. marked the Founder's conduct in all dis. cease of the venerable Founder of the So cussions and applications respecting the ciety for # Literary Fund. The rational Fund and its purposes, would necessarily and enlarged views of political philosophy be led 10 amire and respect that generous and true benevolence with which he forin. and active humanity, which neither pered the plan, and endeavoured to impress verse calumny, nur indolent misapprethe character and habits of this institution, brosion, could pervert from its benevolent can only he justly appreciated by those course. It is peculiarly incumbent upon who, themselves possessing the feelings' us to gotice this interesting fact, iu giving and energy of superior minds, have turned to the publick the slightese memoir of this their thoughts not only to the productions' distinguished friend and advocate of lite of genius, but also to the personal suffererary merit; as his life affords a remark


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able instance of the hasty and unfeeling pressive, and upamiable manner in which judgment with which man is prone to con The doctrines and duties of religion were denu bis fellow man, and of that rancorous disguised in the stern and rigid habits misrepresentation in particular, with which of a severe Puritanical master. From writers are accustomed to attack and revile this college he took the office of teacher eath other.

to a small congregation at Froome, in It is indeed little to the credit of the Somersetshire, and after a short resiboasted dignity of human reason and hu dence was reinoved to a more weighty man intellect, that even the profession of charge at Exeter. There the eminent the purest principles of charity and love abilities and engaging manners of the cannot teach men to look with pity and young preacher opened to him the seduccompassion, instead of anger and reproach, tive path of pleasure; when the reproof that upon the errors, and mistakes, and faults some elder members of the society thought of those around them.

necessary, being administered in a magIf any one principle can be selected ner to awaken resentment rather than more contrary than all others to true reli- contrition ; and the eagle eye of anger disa gion, and more detrimental to human hap. covering in his accusers imperfections of piness, it is that so unhappily prevalent a different character indeed, but of tendenin the preseot day, both in the political cy little suited to a public disclosure, the and religious worlit, of applying to men's threatened recrimination suspended the conduct motives which they themselves proceedings, and an accommodation took deny and disavow, when such co duct place, by which Mr. Williams left Exeter, will admit of a more charitable interpreta- and was engaged to the superintendence tion, and may be accounted for without of a Dissenting congregation at Highgate. such evident trespasses upon justice and After a residence there of a year or two, he candour. That David Williams im made his first appearance in 1770, as an bibed, and in some instances avowed, a author, ty a Letter to David Garrick, a disregard to principles which you and I, judicious and masterly critique on the Mr. Urban, esteem as of the highest pos actor, but a sarcastic personal attack on sible importance to our happiness, and the man, intended to rescue Mossop from productive to us of the most rational con. the supposed unjust displeasure of the solation and hope, we cannot but consider modern Roscius : this effect was proas the greatest misfortune of his life, and a duced, Mossop was liberated, and the subject of deep concern, rather thau a cause Letter withdrawn from the booksellers. of opprobrious insult and angry avere Shortly after appeared “ The Philoso. sion. And this impression would be the pher, in three Conversations," which were stronger upon our minds when we observ. much read, and attracted considerable ed, what every person that was long ac notice. This was soon followed by “ Esquainted with him could not but observe, says on Public Worship, Patriotism, and that bis roling passion, the general bent Projects of Reformation;" written and of his disposition, and the ultimate end he published upon the occasion of the leading proposed in all his exertions, was to bene religious controversy of the day ; but fit his fellow creatures, to lessen the sum though they obtained considerable circu. of human misery, and to diffuse comfort, lation, they appear not to have softened harmony, and peace over all the dwellings the asperities of either of the contending

That he proceeded upon what parties. The Appendix to these Essays we think erroneous and imperfect princi- gave a strong indication of that detestaples is a reason why we should endeavour tion of intolerance, bigotry, and hypoto shew the inefficiency and defect of crisy which formed the leading character such principles ; but it cau be no just cea. of his subsequent life, and which had been son to brand his character with harsh and gradually taking possession of his mind calumnious aspersions.

from the conduct of some of the circle of David Williams was born at a village associates into which bis profession had near Cardigan, in 1738, and after receive thrown bim. ing the rudiments of education, was placed He published two volumes of " Sermons," in a school or college at Carmarthen, pre- chiefly upon Religious Hypocrisy, and paratory to the Dissenting Ministry; which then discontinued the exercise of his proprofession he entered upon in obedience fession, and his connection with the body to parental authority, but very contrary of Dissenters. He now turned his thoughts to his own inclination. His abilities and to the education of youth, and in 1773, acquirements even then appeared of a su. published “A T'reatise on Education, perior order; but he has often in the lat. recommending a method founded on the ter part of his life stated to the writer of plans of Commenius and Rousseau, which these lines, that he had long considered it as he proposed to carry into effect. He took à severe misfortune, that the most injurious a house in Lawrence street, Chelsea, mara impressions were made upon his youthful ried a young lady not distinguished either and ardent eiud by the cold, ausiere, op- by fortune or connection, and soon found


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himself at the head of a lucrative and have to acknowledge the lasting benefit
prosperous establishment. A severe do of his energetic and powerful pen.
mestic misfortune in the death of his wife During the alarm in 1780, he published
blighted this prospect of fame and for. a tract, intitled " A Plan of Association
tune : his fortitude sunk under tbe shock; on Constitutional Principles;" and in
his anxious attendance upon her illness io 1782, on occasion of the County meetings
jured his own health, the internal concerns and associations, he gave to the public his
of the family became disarranged, and he “ Letters on Political Liberty ;" the niost
left his house and his institution, to which important perhaps of all his works; it
he never again returned.

was extensively circulated both in England. During his residence at Chelsea, he

and France, having been translated into became a member of a select club of poli. French by Brissot, and was the occasion tical and literary characters, to one of of its author being invited to Paris, Lo. whom, the celebrated Benjamin Franklin, assist in the formation of a eonstitution he afforded an asylum in his house at for that country: had Mr. Williams's Chelsea during the popular ferment against temperate and 'rational advice been folhim, about the time of the commence lowed, what torrents of human blood, ment of the American war. In this club might have been spared! He continued was formed the plan of public worship in-' about six months in Paris ; and on the tended to unite all parties and persuasions death of the king, and declaration of war in one comprehensive form. Mr. Wil against this country, took leave of his liams drew up and published, “A Liturgy friends of the Girondist party, with an al-, on the universal principles of Religion and most prophetic intimation of the fate that Morality;" and afterwards printed two vo awaited them. He brought with him on lumes of Lectures, delivered with this Li his return a letter from the Minister of torgy at the chapel in Margaret-str. Ca. War, addressed to Lord, Grenville, and vendish-square, opened 7th April, 1776. intended to give Mr. Williams, who was This service continued about four years, fully and confidentially entrusted with the but with so litile public support, that the private sentiments and wishes of the perexpence of the establishment nearly in sons then in actual possession of the govolved the Lecturer in the loss of his liber. vernment of France, an opportunity of couty. As the plan proposed to include in veying those sentiments and wishes to the one act of public worship every class of British Ministry. Mr. Williams delivered men who acknowledged the being of a the letter into the hands of Mr. Aust, the God, and the utility of public prayer and Under Secretary of State, but never heard praise, it necessarily left unnoticed every from Lord Grenville on the subject. Some other point of doctrine; intending, that further curious circumstances relating to without expressing them in public wor. this transaction are detailed in a page or ship, every man should be left in unmo two, corrected by Mr. Williams himself, in lested possession of his own peculiar opi. Bisset's History of George III. pions in privale. This, however, would Previously to receiving this invitation not satisfy any of the various classes and he had removed from Russell-street to divisions of Christians; it was equally Brompton, for the purpose of executing an obnoxious to the Churchman and to the

engagement he had formed with Mr. Dissenter; and as even the original pro- Bowyer, to superintend the splendid edia posers, though consisting only of five or tion of Hume, and write a continuation of six, could not long agree, several of the History; but after his return from them attempting to obtain a more marked France he found himself in an extraordiexpression of their own peculiar opinions nary situation, for at the very time he had and dogmas, , the plan necessarily ex been denounced in France as a Royalist, pired : and Mr. Williams. has bimself of he had been branded in his own couuiry late expressed his own surprise that he as a Democrat; and he was informed that should not even then have formed a more his engagement respecting the History of accurale estimate of the present imper. England could not be carried into effect, fection of human nature. Mr. Williams in consequence, as it was stated, of au in now occupied his time and talents in as timation having been given that the privisisting gentlemen whose education had lege of dedication to the Crown would be been defective, and in forwarding their qua withdrawn if he continued the work. About lifications for the senate, the diplomacy, this time he published the “ Lessons to a and the learned professions. In this em young Prince," and engaged in, and af. ployment he prepared, and subsequently terwards executed, the “ History of Moupublished, “ Lectures on Political Princi- mouthshire,” in one vol. 410. with plates ples,” and “ Lectures on Education,” in by bis friend the Rev. John Gardnor. 3 vols. His abilities also were ever most With regard to the circumstance upon readily and cheerfully employed in the which he always seemed inclined to rest cause of friendship and benevolence; and bis fame, and which was most dear to his many persons under injury and distress heart-the establisbrunt of the Literary


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