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at a favourable opportunity, to call community that in any manner doubts the atteution of Parliament to the his having been a great inan ; and sabject.
T. R. BROMFIELD. this wholly from his ornitting to use *** The Collections on the Waterloo the means generally employed in the Charity shew with what facility the Navy to accomplish order. His Lordleast sums may be transmitted from ship had no character as being a each Parish,
Martinet, or strict Disciplinarian,'
a characler which officers have heard Mr. ÚRBAN, Islington, Oct. 12.
so much pruised, that they sometimes TOLLER, in his celebrated Work inagine it contains every ibing that
is needful. entitled The Worthies of England,
It is a well-known remark that published in 1862, has the following these great Disciplinarians have selcerious paragraph respecting the
dom been successful Commanders. County of Devon.
Nor can it be otherwise ; no man " LORD MAYORS.
voder their command feels any zeal ; “Never one of this Office was a Devon- it is destroyed by terror. No man shire Man by birth, on my best inquiry; does any thing but what he is comwbereof some assign these reasons :
manded. He who makes use of those 1. The distance of the place, whose Western part is removed from London severities which (though the Laws two hundred miles. 2. Because the De. may sanction) create hatred in the vonians have a little London (understand minds of the people, has a conviction it Exeter) in their own County (besides within him, which must tend to usother Haven towns), wherein wealth is nerve all courage.
CANDIDUS gained near at hand. But, whatever be the cause this County hath made so little use of the Exchange in London, Mr. URBAN,
Oct. 14. no English Shiremen have applied themselves more profitably to the King's the Gentleman engaged in the Court, and Innes of Court therein, or have attained greater wealth and honour publication of the Lockhart Papers,
that a copy of Lockhart's Memoirs, by living in those places." As au improved Edition of this Clerk, one of the Commissioners of
with manuscript notes by Sir John Work, with Additions, has been lately the Vaion with Scotland, is in the published by the accurate and labori possession of bis representative, Sir ous Mr. John Nichols, this respect
George Clerk, of Penycuik. It able Editor will have to record in the
was consulted by Mr. Laing in prenexl edition, that the present Lord
pariog his History of Scotland ; and Mayor, being a native of TIVERTON, by Mr.Somerville, when engaged with has wiped away the above reproach
bis Reign of Queen Anne. I am hapfrom the County of Devon! Thus bas
py to find that so valuable a collecarison (and there may have been tion of Papers is about to be preothers) one Devonshire Man, wbo
sented to the world ; and trust ibat has made free use of the Exchange in witb the Culloden Collection, and the London, and who is returning back Stuart Correspondence, it will do much the advantages accruing to him from
to elucidate the story of the earlier wealth thus acquired, by discharging part of the last century, and the exthe arduous duties of the high office
piring struggles of our bapished of Magistracy in a manner wbich,
Kings. whilst it has secured to him the ho
Can any of your Correspondents nours of a second civic reign, re ioform nie whether there are any dounds to his own credit, and aug. origioal letters of John Hampden ments the municipal glory of the
preserved in que public repositories, first City in the world.
or among the private papers of the Yours, &c. JOHN EVANS.
representatives of his friends? Whilst
preparing for the great struggle with Mr. URBAN,
the arbitrary Government of Charles T is a strange truth that the pro- I. he must surely bave corresponded abilities of Lord Nelsov, and which he of Bedford and Lord Say, Pyon, carried to a height that never before Knightley, Fiennes, and the youoger was cqualed, is the only part of the Vane.
G. W. M.
Mr. URBAN, York, Oct. 19. preciating this part of his conduct, Higher electroke of hopes ample as well as preceptisanalle lehte by's " Ducatus Leodiensis," I was genuine Christian, perfect integrity greatly surprised to find that in spexk, in the sight of God is the “ Pearl ing of my late most excellent frievd of great price," a treasure of inesMr. Liudsey, as baving been a pupil timable value, which he is imperiously of the eminently pious Mr. Bervard, bound to purehase, though he should although be admits that he was "ho be compelledto sell all that he pest and amiable," he subjoins, “but has" in order to obtain it: of perplexed understanding and scru Eminently pious from early youth, pulous conscience, who torsook his and uniformuly excellent in the whole former connexions and the Church of his conduct, Mr. Lindsey knew no of Eogland for an Unitarian Chapel other desire than to devote himself in Essex-street.” vol. II. p. 72. wholly to the ministry. The splen
On the opinion given by Dr. W. of. did prospects that early opened upon the understanding of that excellent him from his intimate counexion person, I shall not animadvert, als with two of the first families in the Though there are those who would kingdom, by whom he was regarded require some further proof of its as a confidential friend from the very being perplexed," than merely that moment of his leaving Cambridge, of bis having conscientiously seceded had no other jufluence upon his from an Establishment, some parts of mind, than to put him more seriouswhose Liturgy and Creeds, and many ly on bis guard against the allureof whose Articles, he could not recon ments of high station, the desire of cile with the leading doctrine of wealth, or the love of power ; aud it Scripture, naniely, the unity of God, was his firm resolution from the very and which therefore he considered as first, never to accept of any situation being highly inimical to the simplic in the Church, in itself lowever uncity of the Gospel, and to llie interests exceptionable, the duties of which of integrity and truth. My object in he could not personally fulfil. All this paper, which I request you will offers therefore of further preferment, insert in your valuable Miscellany, is of which he had many, be firmly reto rectify a mis-statement which would sisled; and for the spice of ten years, lead all those readers voacquainted at Catterick, devoted himseli wliolly with the fact, to draw the erroneous to the arduous duties of a faithful conclusion, that when Mr. Lindsey affectionate parish Minister. The resigned his living, llie xlep from Cai. Living wae at that time worth about terick to Essex-sireel was one of 300l. per unn, although I
am told easy achievement, a mere every day it is now raised by Mi, Lindsey's occurrence of preferring one cow successors, who for the space of more fortable situation to another; a mis tkan forty years have not resided, to stalement which I consider wyseif, as the annual amount of 14001. being mora peculiarly bound in uty In this retired situation, it is proto correct, as I am probabiy the only bable my veserable friend would have person now living who was present ended his days, bad he not been from during nearly the whole of that heart-. time to time more convinced by a clorending transaction, and who was, ser examination of the Sacred Oracles, intimately acquainted with all the that there are many things enjoined distressiny circumstances by which it by the Established Churcli, which they was preceded and accompaniel, and do not autiorize; and hence the diswhich followed in its train. lo as tressing dilemma, whether to contifar jodeed as that excellent person nue in a respect ble situation, and himself can be implicated, it has long one of considerable usefulness, esceased to be of any moment what teemed and beloved by all, or subject. others may feel or think lle is himself and Mrs. Lindsey to great placed far beyond the misconceptions pecuniary difficulties, to the cenof igoorance, or the misrepresenta sure or pity of his numerous former tions of bigotry; but to the living friends, and to the prospect of spendit may be of importance that they ing the remainder of his life in nise-, should bave the means of duly ap less indigence. --Oflen bave I seen GENT. MAG. Novembor', 1816.
him uoder the utmost apxiety,pot Mr. Belsbam, in the memoir of his whether he should encounter these excellent predecessor, published for difficulties in the cause of truth and J. Johnson and Co. St. Paul's Churcha good conscience, but whether he yard, 1812. If I shall have succeeded might not be mistaken in making a in proving that, either through inatdecision, so contrary to that of al- tention or prejudice, the learned Edimost all to whom he had mentioned tor of the “ Ducatus Leodiensis" has the subject; a necessity, which to an not in this instance given an accurate, affectionate, hamble nind is perhaps statement, and that there are subthe most painful part of the trial. jects on which he should be read with Wheo, however, the decision was fi- caution, my object will have been Dally made, with what composure of obtained. But be this as it may, by spirit did not Mr. Lindsey determine, inserting the above in the Gentlenot only to part with his plate and man's Magazine, the respectable Edi. furniture, as a means of present subs' tor, to whom it is probable even the sistence, but even with a well-chosen name of the Writer is unknown, will library, which he had for many years evince his liberality and love of truth, been carefully selecting ; in which and greatly oblige an Occasional Mrs. Lindsey, most highly to her Reader, CATHERINE CAPPE. hudour, very cheerfully concurred.
fact, Mr. URBAN that when the resignatiou of Calter Whore particularly when they
May 1. rick was signed, a congregation in Essex-street was prepared to receive enter, they should not be sent imniethe seceder, that, on the contrary, at diately on a Foreign Station, until that trying moment, the world was they visit the port to which they beall before them, and, like our first long; which inight be done, by perparents, “ where to choose" they mitting them to find a proper substiknew not.
tute, or to give security to a certain It was indeed Mr. Lindsey's earnest amount. There are very few who will wish, to form a congregation not not be able to obtain one or the other. bound down by contradictory Articles A certain time of liberty should then and Creeds of the 16th Century, a be allowed them. kiod of specimen of a reformed The Impress service should be conChurch of Eagland; but so uncertain fided to very different persons from was he of success, that for some time those to whom it is generally enhe had hesitated whether to make the trusted, and who are frequently the attempt in London or at Bristol. On refuse of mankind. A seaman pever the 9th of December, 1773, the wri- forgives the outrage of being seized ter of this paper accompanied her upon by such miscreants. This abuse honoured friends on their doubtful too often arises from the neglect of pilgrimage as far as Wakefield, where the Admiralty orders to officers comthey were kindly received by tbe late manding gangs; who leave it to men excellent Mr. Turner, the Disseuting most improperly selected. A gang is Minister in that town. At that try- seldom headed by a proper officer. ing moment all their former connec The persons employed upon this sertions, some of whom could have ad- vice should possess a knowledge of ministered essential comfort, stood seamen, with a great share of prufar aloof; and not one ray of light, dence. save the faithful testimony of an ap When people are impressed from proving conscience, enlivened the any ship, it should be the duty of the gloomy horizon.--Never can I for. officer who performs that service to get what were my seusations when afford the ship immediate help; and the chaise that conveyed them to to take her into her destined port ; wards London drove away from the and their wages ougbt to be secured hospitable door!
to them while on board, and be unBut it is not my intention, Sir, to der the controul of the officers of take up the time of yourself or your such ship. readers with any further details re No impress should take place specting the opening of Essex Chapel, abroad, except under the most imwhich has alrcady been done much perious necessity; and rules shookl be more ably by the present Minister, laid down for its proper regulation,
No ship bound to a foreign station tons, three years. Boatswains, carshould be permitted to send on board penters, and gunners, four years. of outward-bound vessels, and lake Cooks, stewards, &c. six years. Seafrom them one or two men, as is men, eight years. And if it should often the case at present, contrary be necessary to retain them one year to the orders of Government. It is longer, in that case they should be al. also necessary that apprentices should lowed double wages. All those who fill be protected by some better rules ; such situations at the commencement which upon any officer presuming to of a war, not baring served in the transgress he should be amenable to Navy during war, provided they enpunishment.
ter into that service, shall be dischargWhen men have served a certain ed at the eods of the periods above. , time in the Navy, according to rank, mentioned; but if impressed, then situation, and trade, they should be two years more, to be allowed for free from the impress, agreeably to exemption. Every ship should carry certain regulations, different situa one apprentice during war for every tions, and tonnage of ships ; making fifty tons of tonnage; half of whom a difference between those who have should be indentured from seventeen entered, those wbo are impressed, years and upwards, for three years. and those wbo bave left their coun And no apprentice should be impresstry during the time of war, to evade ed under the age of twenty, unless he their services in the Navy. Perbaps has been five years at sea. All men the following propositions would give who leave their country during time the outlines to oblaia the object in of war, and go into foreign service, view.
or who are in foreign service, and do The East India Trade, as now con not return within a limited time, ducted, is a waste of men, instead of should be liable to double servitude if raising them, having no apprentices impressed. as seamen (unless officers, servants, in the West India Trade, the first and midsbipmen are considered such, mate should be exempt as above, the which I do not); and while they pavi. second mate at the expiration of three gate their ships with foreigners and years, io ships of five hundred tons,': Lascars, no chunge will take place ! and upwards. Third mate, four This trade ought to raise at least as years.
Boatswains and carpenters, many seamen as it now gives you, in- five years. Guoners, stewards, and stead of drawing upon the Navy, and cooks, seven years. Seamen, eight other trades, to answer its purpose *. years. And the same regulation What advaolage Goveroment can should apply to all other vessels possibly deem they obtaiu from the tradiog South ward of the Canaries, present mode is beyond my compre The · West Iodia Dock' system at hepsion. That it tends to impede the present, with respect to apprentices, raisiog of seamen is sufficient proof causes the loss of at least one thousand against it, without advancing any seamen annually! thing farther upon the subject. With In the American, Mediterranean, respect to this trade, I should pro- and Baltic trades, ibe first mate, if pose that, at the commencement of he has served one year in the Navy, a war, the first and second officers should be exempt from the impress. be exempt from the impress either Second mate, four years. Boatswains on board, or on shore. If the third and carpenters, six years. Guppers, officer had served one year in the stewards, and cooks, seven years; and Navy prior to that time, he should
seamen, eight years, &c., also be exempt. The fourth officer, In the Coal and Coasting trades two years.
The fifth and sixth offi- first mate, three years. Second mate, cers of all ships above six hundred five years. Oiher otficers, seven It is au understood arrangement
years, aud eamen, eight years, &c.
No vessel under fifty tous should between Government and the East India Company, or the owners of ships, protect a master excepi he has served that each ship sball turn over in India three yeurs in the Navy, unless such a certain number of british seamen to
vessel have two apprentices, belongthe Men of War on tbe station - This is ing to her, one of whom shall be a negative mode of raising men for the seventeen years of age or upwards Nayy.
Ships eni ployed in the Greenland years. One fourth for the third year. Trade and Fisheries, should have re- One sixth for the fifth yeur. One gulations adapted for their purpose, seventh for the sixth year. One suitable to the above. Apprentices eighth for the seventh year, and the same.
the remaining period of war. This All ruoning Ships and Packets should may be goveried as cireumstances carry four apprentices, to every ton require. of their complement. Half of each Four years actually employed in class.
the Merchant service, should be cqual All Ships under the British flag, to two years in the Navy. sailing to, or from Europe, should All masters, and half the mates be manned with British-born sub and midshipmen, employed in the jects ; at least to the extent of two Navy, should be required to have tbirds of their complement, with served three years in the Mercantile their proportion of apprentices. service.
A certain regulation should take A certain portion of Lieutenants place with respect to men in all other employed in the Navy, should be Water-employments, for whom I do taken from those brought up in the not presume to offer regulations, Merchant service. from want of information on the All trading Merchant-shipping, in a subject.
political point of view, should never Transports should have three ap have direct taxes laid upon them; prentices to every one hundred tons; with a view, if possible, to restore the half of whom should be above seven- carrying-trade we formerly possessed, teen when indentured.
but which is comparatively much diApprentices should not be permit- minished. This is absolutely necesi ted to enter into the Navy, without sary to keep up the number of seathe approbation of their Masters; and men required to man our Navy in in that case the unexpired term of time of war. their apprenticeship should not be These suggestions are offered, under allowed as a part of the terın of a strong impression of their great exemption, and the regular bounty utility; and I feel persuaded that the should be granted to their masters. outline drawn, wheo systematically
All men who have performed their arranged, would in the course of a services in the Navy agreeably to few years war supply the Navy to its these rules, should have a decided full extent with Merchant-seamen, preference as long as their conduct would conquer the aversion our Seadeserves it, durive and after a war, men at present feel for the Naval serin all shipping employments belong, vice, and be fully adequate to rening to Government, public docks, der it far more efficiept in officer, pilotage, &c.; and the freedom of
and men. any town in the kingdom, where By allowing men the liberty' of rethey might choose to settle or reside tiring from the Nary at the expiraafter the war,should be their's by right. tion of a fixed period, it will prevent
It would be desirable to jostitute them from flying their country at the public schools founded upon voluu- commencement of a war. It will tary contributions, in or near sea also have the effect to induce them to ports, devoted to the education of enter freely, and greatly lessen the children of persons actually serving temptation to desert.
in this case in the Nary. And when their service they will bave an object in view after expires, the education might be con a certain servitude,which, commenced tinued; but this must be regulated at the early part of life, will not ap. by the extcut of the funds.
pear long, particularly to respectable At the conclusion of a war, or at young men, who look forward to the expiration of time of servitude, advancement in the Mercantile serthe men should be conveyed free of vice, and who will have ties upon expence to their nearest place of re them to keep them in the Country, sidence.
There will not now enter into the sea That no Ship should be allowed to service, frone bavitg fear of being sail outwards at the
impressed, and all their hopes blusted ment of a war, with more than one through life!!! Third foreigners for the first two
THE SHADE OR ALFRED !