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works have neither the character An Account of the several Libraries nor the features of his conversation. public and private, in and about Reading them, - you would suppose London. (Continued from p. 319.) him devoted to the most serious con

[From Mr. John Bag ford's Collections in templations; see him in company,

the British Museum.] and you would suppose that he never LIBRARIES IN PRIVATE HANDS. meditated at all. He takes no in

the Bishop

of society. He is careless about every

most incomparable library. There one, aod even about himself. Some

are vast quantities both of printed times, without having seen or listened books and MSS. in all faculties.' There to any thing that has past, he comes

is a great variety of MSS. admirable in with the most pertinent remark; both for antiquity and fair writing. then, perhaps, he is all simplicity; A Capgrave, the finest in England: but in every humour he is agreeable. there is but one more, and that is in His ideas flow with rapidity, and he

Bene't College Library in Cambridge; communicates then without reserve;

with many others of great value, too he is neither wordy nor atfected. His long to insert. He hath many of the old conversation is a happy mixture of printed books at the first beginning beauties and of negligences; an amiable disorder, which is always charm. and others printed at Rome, and se

of printing.. That at Mentz 1460, ing, and sometimes astonishing: veral other cities in Italy, Germany, For his figure-a little girl once

France, and Holland, before 1500. said, that it was all. zig-zag: but the Those printed in England by the first sex in general see only the expression, printers, at Oxford 1 469, st. Alban's, and not the form. His mouth is Westminster, by Caxton, Wynken de large, it is true; but the words and Worde, Pynson, &c. the greatest colthe verses that flow from it are de lection of any in England. Other lightful. His eyes are small and hol- books, printed on vellum, and curilow; but, aided by the changes of his ously illuminated, so as to pass for countenance, they express all the va

MSS.; a fine Pliny and Livy in 2 vols. riety of his character. He does not

both printed on vellum; and many give his features time to look ugly. such like. Abundance of examplars He is not inattentive to his person; of books printed by the famous printo but he seldom adapts its ornanients to

ers: the Aldi, Junti, Gryphius, Vascothe occasion. He will go in dishabille

sanus, Stephens, Elzevirs, &c. It to a Dutchess, and ride a hunting in

were heartily to be wished that his full dress.

Lordship's catalogue were printed, His body is 74, his soul is only 15.

for I believe it would be the best that Sensible to excess, he is assailable on

ever appeared, I mean in England. all sides ; but it is all to no purpose; Dr. Hans Sloane hath a very corihis thoughtlessness and gaiety come

ous collection of books in all faculties, to his aid, and leave him the happiest

as Physick, Mathematicks, the Clasof beings. Public amusements are

sicks, &c. in all languages ; old printnothing to bim : he is always occu

ed hooks; a great number of MSS, pied by some one object, and happy

on divers subjects, both antient and in being so engaged. He will give modern. He hath a most admirable you his company for hours, and is

collection of natural and artificial happy with you ; but so he is with his rarities, shells, io sects, fossils, tnedals, housekeeper; or his horse, which he both antient and modern, Roman and will sometimes caress for two hours, Greek antiquities, ores of several and then forget that he has one. Yet, sorts, as gold, silver, copper, tin, lead, if he cannot be praised for uniformity and a vast many other antique rariof life, he has pone of the vices of iro

ties that had been Mr. Charleton's; regularity. However careless his con

so that, with what he had before, and duct may be, it is always innocent. since hath collected, he hath the If he has no great features of charac greatest in England. He has books of ter, he has all those engaging quali. Plants of several countries. A large ties of grace, liveliness, and simplicity, so natural, and yet so full of * Dr. John Moore, afterwards Bp. of ingenuity, that he is courted like a Norwich. His library was purchased reigniog beauty, and beloved like a by George 1. and presented to Camfavourite child. S.A.R.N.E.R. bridge University. EDIT.

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collection of voyages, discoveries, tient Records in the Tower, and travels in foreign parts, in most of English Historians, both antient and the European languages, not only modern, relating to our Naval Affairs prioted, but most of them in MS. in apd those of other countries. Here Latin, Italian, French, Flemish,Dutch, are the finest models of ships of all aod English ; nothing having escaped rates and sorts. Ships painted by the him that he knew of, 'either here or best Masters, as Velde, Backhuysen, abroad, that could be purchased. He &c. the drawing of the Royal Navy of is copiously furnished with books on Henry VIII. Books of Musick, Maall curious subjects. Perhaps there thematicks, and several other subis not such another collection in its jects, all excellent in their kiods. But kind in all Europe *.

wbat he hath collected with respect The Earl of Carbery hath made a to the City of London is beyond all poble collection ; and, amongst other compare, as for Books, Ground-plots, things, all that relate to Mystical Views, Palaces, Churches, Great Divinity.

Houses, Coronations, Funerals, PubThe Earl of Kent bath spared for lic Shows, Heads of famous Men, and no cost to complete bis collection of all that could be collected relating to English Historians, Visitations, and London. He hath been at the charge Pedigrees.

of drawing such things as never were The Earl of Pembroke is very io print, for the illustration of that choice in Books of Medals, Lives, famous City, he being a native there the effigies of all great and learned of. A vast Collection of Heads, both men, Kings, Princes, Dukes, and great domestic and foreigo, beyond express Generals ; with abundance of others sion. Copy-books of all the Masters of pomp and state.

of Europe, Italian, French, German, The Lord Somers hath an admira Flemish, Dutch, Spanish, and English able collection of books relating to all digested according to their time the Laws of this land and other coun and country, pasted on large paper, and tries, in Latio, French, Italian, and bound up. A large book of title pages, Spanish. Also our English Historians, frontispieces, not only of the best both printed and Ms. A rare library English Masters, but Italian, French, in this kind.

&c. which are very much improved The Earl of Sunderland hath a by Mr. Jackson, his nephew, in his great collection of scarce and valu- ' Travels. This is not to be paralleled. able Authors in polite learning ; espe There are many other excellent book's cially the best editions of the class and rarities. He contrived his catasicksit. He bought Mr. Hadrian Be, logue for the easy finding apy Author verland's entire, a collection very and the various subjects, so that a choice in its kind. This, in my opi- single sheet may be found as soon as nion, is the best and most expeditious the largest folio. Of all the catalogues way to procure a good library ; and ! ever saw, nothing came gear it but the method taken by the old Earl of my Lord Mailland's, taken by his Auglesea, who bought several entire, own directions, having the pame of as Oldenburgh's, &c.

the Author, the place where printed, The Lord Halifax's Collection is the Printer's naine, aod date when noble and choice, with admirable printed. A Catalogue thus taken, judgment, well digested, and in good with an Index of the Author's name, order.

inust veeds be of excellent use I There is a large and curious Collec The inclinations of persons are vasttion made by the late Mr. Secretary ly different in their collecting, as parPepýs, pow in the possession of Mr. ticularly Lord Clarendon, mainly Jackson, his heir, at Clapham, in

about the affairs of Ireland, and its Surrey. It consists of various sub. Government. -- Mr. Wilde, formerly jects, as English History, Maritime living in Bloomsbury; his consisted Aftairs, itic power and constitution of of Architecture and Agriculture, adthe Admiralty and Sea Laws. He mirable in its kind. - A gentleman made a vast collection from our an that lived in the luner Temple had a

The whole of Sir Hans Sloane's Collections is in the British Museumu. + Now Lord Spencer's, at Althorpe. The Pepysian Cullection is at Magdalen College, Cambridge.

collection

IS

collection consisting of books of Ne. sects of those tribes, walking on cielcromancy and Magick, &c. mostly ings or polished surfaces, with their MSS.-Ńr. Thomas Brilton the small bodies dowowards, contrary to the coalmaa in Clerkenwell: his books general order of gravity; I have were of Chemistry, as inay be seen by been induced to consider this "cuthe catalogue, printed for their sale by rious subject, and to collect some auction. He haih a vast collection evideuce froin the best Entomoloof Musick, prickt by bis own hand, gists, which may lead to a satisfac. and esteemed of great value.

tory result. Dr. Beaumoot for some years past In respect to House-spiders, Buffon bath collected whatever he could, re states, that when they walk upon lating to Mystical Divinity, Spirits, such bodies as are perfectly smooth, Witcheraft, and such-like subjects. as looking-glasses, or polished marble,

Capt. Asion, for some considerable they squeeze a little sponge which time, hath procured a large quantity grows near the extreniity of their of Voyages, Travels, &c. in most of claws, and thus diffusing a glutinous the European Languages, besides substance adhere to the surface, uotil books on other subjects.

they make a second step. Barr's BufMr. Southerby in Hatton Garden fou, xv. 144.- rather conceive this hath a curious Collection of Books, glutinous substance to be peculiar to both MSS. and printed, besides his spiders, because I have not fouod it fiue Medals.

in any of the most mioute descripSeveral of these Gentlemen have tions of House Flies; who must be collected Medals, Prints,and Paintings, therefore vested with a different

Mr. Serjeant - surgeon Bernard's power to perforin the same act: which Library is very valuable for the best

one amongst the unbümbered editions and fairest impressions of proofs of the skill and exhaustless Classicks, in all volumes *.

provisions of Infinite Goodness in the Mr. Huckle on Tower Hill bath miautest work of creation ! been admirably curious in collecting lo House-Alies we shall find that the ihe nicest books in Latin, Spanish, tarsus or foot is armed with different Italian, and French. His prints are means. They all have at least two claws fine beyond comparison, consistiog of or hooks, which termipate in poiuts ihose of the first printing off. He is so exquisitely fine, that they are able a critical judge of Prints, Drawings, to lay hold of what appear to us the and Paintiogs.

most smooth and polished bodies. Mr. Graham and Mr. Child are cu Rees's Cyclopædia, Legs of Flies. rious collectors that way:

When we speak of sınooth bodies, Mr. Chicheley, Mr. Bridges, Mr. it is necessary always lo consider, that Walter Clavell, and Mr. Rawlinson of although they may appear so to be to the Temple, have curious Libraries. the human eye, yet it is well known

Captain Hatton bath a rare Collec by all who labour to grind and polish tion of English History.

them, and particularly the specula Mr. Slaughter of Gray's Inn hath used in optical instruments, that the an admirable Library.

heat excited by friction in this operaMr. Topham hath a complete Col. tion produces upon the surface, na lection of Books in the Greek lan soon as the grinding ceases, small guage, and relating to the Greek blebs, or hollow bubbles or blisters, learning.

which are therefore the first part of Dr. Goodman, Dr. Gray, Dr. Ty, the surface which receives the effect son, and Dr. Woodward, bave been of the next grinding, and unless that great and curious collectors ; and so is continued uotil the cavity is com, have Dr. Mead and Dr. Brook. pletely filled, or rather until the sus.

Mr. Gudwip of Pindar hath a very face is grouod down to its depth, the good Library. (To be continued.) surface must remain uneven : this

may be perceived with a magnifying Mr. URBAN,

Nov. 2. glass; and as every fly has a microAN

N Inquiry, having lately been scopic eye, the effect of this kind of

suggested respeciing the cause foot-hold, may be readily conceived. of the House-fly, Spider, and other In

But to proceed :
* See Nichols's Literary Anecdotes, vol. IV. 104.

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Leuwenhoek, the most mipute and which being made suddenly to scrape exact of all Naturalists, states that its surface, knocked it down. He an incredible number of minute hairs procured Sir Everard a specimen of a cover the wings, body, and legs, and very large size, weighing 54 oz. averfeet of flies; and if we consider that dupois, which enabled him to ascer. each hair is not formed of a single tain the peculiar mechanisin by which vessel, but of many, we must needs the feet of this animal cau keep their say that there is a greater cause for bold of a smooth hard perpendicular adiniration and reflection, in the con. wall, and carry up so large a weight templatiou of so small and insigpifi as that of its own body. Sir Everard cant an animal, than in that of an particularly described the analomy of horse or an ox; and the deeper we ihe foot of this lizard, which is so coB. endeavour to search into the secrets structed as to enable it to produce a of Nature, the less we are able to Dumber of small concavities, which act conceive the minuteness of the parti- like so many cupping glasses, and at. cles of which bodies are composed.mospheric pressure retains him in his Leuwenhoek, II. 191.

position. Having ascertained the priuThis infinite number of fine hairs ciple on which an animal of so large upon the feet may afford the power a size as this is enabled to support it. of adhesion for which we inquire; but self in progressive motion against their strength must be such, and the gravity, he felt himself more conaction of all the muscles of their leg petent to examine into the mechanisny and thigh must be very considerable, by which the common fly supports itto support the weight of their body, self with so much facility io still more the sınallest of which is far dispro- disadvantageous situations. portioned in size to these minute count was then giveo of the fly's foot, fibres, and which weight must be which shewed that it possessed congreatly increased by its, to us, pen cave surfaces capable of acting in the dent situation. - Sir Ev. Home bas same mander as those of the Lacerta discovered that many animals have Gecko; and that therefore its profrom one to three suckers on each gressive motion against gravity was foot, which,creatiog a vacuum, enable effected by the same means *. the animal to proceed securely along This is the last evidence on the a cicling with its back towards the subject ; aod it conies from a higb earth. Some species of insects, parti- authority, not controverted, and may cularly grasshoppers, bave their feet be relied upon from the well-known supplied with another apparatus; that accuracy of the observer, and the is, round elastic balls, which yield on thirst for knowledge which has always pressure, and serve to break the vio- accompanied his pursuits. lence of their fall from long leaps. Here I shall therefore leave the çe

On the 22d of February last, Sir Ev. search. Indeed I was almost inclined Home presented to the Royal Society to do so, as soon as the evidence prov. an account of the feet of these flios. ed a vacuum in the feet; a principle It is well known that the house-fly has which developes at once the whole this property, but its principle had secret, and which has so long since, not been bitherto explained, because and so clearly, been explained and the animal is too small for the feet to acted upon, that it seemed to in. be anatomically investigated. Sir Ev. volve and to display the in ystery ; was not aware that any animal of a but I flatler myself iliat the reader much larger size was endowed with the will not regret the time here bestowed. same power, till Sir Joseph Banks Distinction, however, is to be altold him that the Lacertai Gecko, a ways observed between the spider and native lizard of the Island of Java, the fily, iu respect to their feet, and was in the habit of coming out of an different uses of them. The result of evening from the roofs of the houses, the whole seems to be, that it does and walking down he smooth hard not appear that either the glutinous polished chunam walls in search of substance which belongs to the spider, flies that settle upon them, and then Funning up again. Sir Joseph, while *See Proceedings of the Royal Society at Batavia, was in the habit of catcl- of London.-Tbe above extract has al ing this animal by standing close to ready appeared in Part I. of our present the wall with a long flattened pole, Volume, p. 630. Epit.

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or its claw, are given to the house of Lords, of the comparative statefly; that their feet are formed on a meut of the population of parishes ; different principle; that the fly is not when it appeared that there were vested with the spider's glutinous in England 4000 Parishes where the power of attaching to any wood, or Churches of the Establishment were whitewashed cieling, the cords of a pot of a capacity to contain more than web, from which it can safely spio one-fourth of the population. In out a long line to the ground, aod by the event of a Church required to be which it can also re-ascend; a pro rebuilt, or a new one erected, I would perty which is not necessary to the suggest that an estimate should be Ay. Tbat the feet of the fly are ra made by a competent Surveyor, and ther assisted by fine hairs pointed verified on oath before Magistrates with claws, forming a vacuum, ena. at their nearest Petty Sessions, who bling it to fix them on what ap- might have a local knowledge of the pears to our eye a polished surface; Parish ; that a letter or brief should and that their length, with the length be then drawn up under the sanction of their legs and thighs, aided by this of the Bishop of the Diocese, reciting vacuum, maintains their bodies be- the population, &c. of the Parish, neath them. “ The more we reflect asking assistance for the rebuilding on the consumniate wisdom and skill or erectiog a Church, and be sent of the Creator of the Universe, the post-free, bearing the superscription less are we able to form adequate of the Church-wardens (as in the case ideas of his perfections.” (Leuwen of the parochial returns of Registers), hoek, II. 192.)

A. H. to the Minister of every Parish in the

Kingdom ; that the officiating MinisMr.URBAN,

Napton Vicarage,War. ter should read this letter or brief in

wickshire, Aug. 14. Church, and at a vestry inform his THE THE general circulation which parishioners that their contributions

your useful Miscellany obtains would be transmitted, without deducaffords a vehicle to many who are de- tion, to the parish who had applied sirous to give their thoughts to the for it; that the Church - warden Publick on subjects counccted with should verify on oath, before one of the pational welfare. You have on a the Magistrates who had allowed the former occasion obliged me by inserl. Surveyor’s estimate, the sum collected ing some hints on the subject of Briefs in his respective parish, and pay it to for the rebuilding of Churches, and the nearest banker, within a given erecting new ones in populous towns. time, to be transmilied by draft to You will there find a statement of the the parish who has obtained such expences attending the collections by Brief. If this mode were adopted, Brief, and a suggestion respectfully and the fees of office, which are acoffered for an improved mode of knowledged to be a rigorous tax on obtaining those collections. When it these charitable institutions, were is found that nearly half the sum reinitted, no expence but that of the given on a Brief is paid in fees of Surveyor's estimate, and paper, and office and other expences attendiug it, printing the letier or brief, would be one cannot be surprized at the univer. incurred. There are about eleren sal prejudice which prevails against thousand places of worship to which Briefs. To the wumerous instances Briefs are now directed ; is it too which have been laid before the pub- much to say that, if the above, or an lick, of deduction from this charitable improved mode of collectiog contriestablishment, that of the Parish bujions for rebuilding Churches were Church of Whittington in Shropshire, adopted, we might reasonably exis of late and striking notoriety. The pect 10s. 80. on an average, from Church was rebuilt at the cost of each parish? Might not ihe Gover-15001. ; in the year 1895, 7031. 15s. Id. nors of Queen Anne's Bounty be apwas collected throughout the king pointed treasurers of this fund, and dom by two briet's for this Church ; ihe overplus applied to the angmenbut it in stated that only 421. 25. 1. tation of small Livings ? I took the was rectived by the parish of Whi- liberty of submitting these observatingtos. Previous to the proroga- tions to a lale emerit and revered tion of Parliament a Report was made Stalesman, whose memory is embalmed from the Council office to the House in a Nation's tears, and who intended,

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