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to this part of the Cambridge system, art which now adorn the vestibule of that the public prizes, open to the the Public Library; and it is much to competition of the whole University, be lamented that it cannot boast of posamount annually to nearly nine hundred sessing the valuable MSS. offered by the pounds, three fourths of which are ap same gentleman, but which have since propriated to the encouragement of clas- been disposed of in another quarter. The sical literature and English composition: present respected Professor of Botany and that the yearly amount of the smal has for some years discontinued his lecler prizes peculiar to the different col- tures on that subject; but they who are leges, may be estimated at about three disposed to follow this pursuit, either hundred pounds, two thirds of which are with a professional view, or as an elegant devoted to the same purpose.

amusement, have within their reach the “ Besides these public prizes, there means of accomplishing their object in are not fewer tban fourteen public scho a manner infinitely superior to any oral larships, of which, while some are upon instruction whatever. I believe it is nearly the same plan of general com acknowledged by the best judges, that petition, others are subject to some few the Botanic Garden at Cambridge conrestrictions, but most of them are de tains one of the finest collections of signed to promote the advancement of plants in the kingdom, and is only inclassical learning, and composition. ferior to the Royal Garden at Kew. These are: two, called Craven scho The class Cryptogamia may probably larships, founded by Lord Craven; form an exception to this statement. one founded by Sir William Browne; He who possesses the advantage of conone by Dr. Battie; one by Dr. Davies, stant access to this extensive collection, formerly Provost of Eton; and eight by together with the works of Professor Dr. Bell, one of the present prebenda- Martyn and Sir James E. Smith, the ries of Westminster; besides the Pitt President of the Linnæan Society, can scholarship. This last has been only well dispense with the assistance of lecvery recently established out of the sur tures, in acquiring the elements of this plus money of the subscription raised popular branch of science." for the purpose of erecting a statue, in * Besides the excitements of a pubthe Senate House, to the memory of lic nature, there are a few scholarthat illustrious character, Mr. Pitt; and ships and prizes, instituted in different which was increased by a donation from colleges, solely for the encouragement the members of the Pitt Club, formed of Divinity. Thus, at Christ's College, in the capital.”

there are four Divinity studentships “ The series of Lectures on Mineralo- (commonly called the Tancred scholarsy, delivered by Dr. Edward Clarke, ships, from the founder's name), each already well known to the world by the exceeding in value 1001. a year, and publication of his Travels, are of recent tenable for the period of eight years. It date, as they only commenced shortly ought not to be omitted, that the same before his appointment to the office individual founded four other scholarwhich he now holds, and which was ships, on a similar plan, at Caius Col. founded by the University seven years lege, for the encouragement of mediago, in a manner highly flattering to cine. In the former College there are his talents and acquirements. The plan also two prizes, consisting of medals of which the Professor pursues is in some the value of fifteen guineas each; one particulars peculiar to himself. Besides for the best Latin prose dissertation on the usual information on the subject, the Evidences of Christianity, and the it contains remarks on the patural his otlier for the best English essay on some tory of the various materials which have moral precept in the New Testament. been adopted, both in ancient and mo At Queen's College there is likewise an dern times, in architecture and sculp annual prize of 101. for the best comture, and professes to elucidate the know. position on some theological subject.” ledge possessed by the antients of mi " The appellations given the neralogy, as it is displayed in the Sacred three orders of honours can only be faScriptures, or in the writings of the miliar to those who have been educated Greeks and Romans. The

at Cambridge--!Vranglers, Senior Opspeciinens which Dr. Clarke collected times, and Junior Optimes. The envied on his travels, are deposited in an apart student who passes the best examination ment appropriated for the purpose, and in the Senate House is called the Senior are open to public inspection. The Wrangler, a title which, however sinUniversity is much indebted to this en gular it may appear to strangers, conlightened traveller for the present of fers a reputation never forgotten in some venerable fragments of Grecian after-life, Tbey who follow next in the GENT. MAG, October, 1816,

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same division, are respectively termed ANOTHER veryimportant(though
second, third, fourth, &c. Wrangler. In not a Parliamentary) Report.
a similar manner, they who compose

“ The Board of Agriculture, on as. the second rank of 'honours are designated by the titles of first, second, third, sembling after the Christmas vacation, &c. Senior Optime, as are the indivi- considered it as an incumbent duty to duals of the last order, by those of first, the Publick, to take the necessary mea

sures for ascertaining the real state of second, third, &c. Junior Optime. All who from idleness or inability are not

the kingdom, in whatever most intifound to merit a place among the hono- mately concerned its Agricultural Rerati, are merely arranged in classes."

sources; and for this purpose, ordered

the following Circular Letter and QueOne more quotation we cannot re

ries to be immediately dispatched to all sist the pleasure of taking :

their Correspondents.

• Şir-The Board of Agriculture, at" Here, in the bosom of his Alma tentive to those circumstances which Mater, the student is taught, and taugbt concern the Agricultural Interest of the with justice, to consider our Church Kingdom, beg your attention to the Establishment as founded upon prin- under-written Queries; to which they ciples at once rational and sound, pure request the earliest possible Reply. The and practical; equaliy remote from importance of the subject, in the prepapal superstition and the extravagances sent state of the Kingdom, will withof sectarian fanaticism. Here he learns, out doubt induce you to be carefully and learns without delusion, to vene accurate in the Answers with which you rate the genius of our civil Constitution, may favour us.--I am, Sir, your obeand to perreive that its unrivalled ex dient and very humble servant, 'cellence is as incompatible with regal

J. Fane, Vice-President. depotism as with republican fury, and (Signed by Order of the Board.) tbat while it reprobates the absurdity 13th February, 1816. of an equality of condition, it respects

Queries.-1. Are

any and upholds an equality of rights. In

Farms in your

neighbourhood unoccupied by Tenants; these tranquil retirements of genius and taste, in these classic groves of learning been obliged to take them into their own

and have Landlords, in consequence, and science, we trust that religion and

hands? Please to state the number of liberty have formed an inseparable al- Farms, and their size. — 2. Have any liance :-not, indeed, that distorted re

Tenants, within your knowledge, given ligion, which engages the veneration of

notice to their Landlords, of quitting the enthusiast and the devotee, not that

their Farms at Lady-day, or any other meretricious liberty which captivates the period ?--3. Have any Farms been lately Ulopian speculatist, or inflames the

re-let at an Abatement of Rent; and if frantic demagogue; but religion, which rectifies the obliquities of human con

so; what is the proportion of such

Abatement ?-4. What circumstances, duct, and liberty, which harmonizes the discordant interests of human society. have come to your knowledge, which

denoting the Distress of the Farmers, In the one we shall find that meliorating influence, which subdues the im- Queries? – 5. Is the present distress

may not be included under the above petuosity of the passions, without cloud

greater on Arable, or on Grass Farms?ing the understanding, and from the

6. Have Flock-farms suffered equally other we shall derive all that can in

with others ?-7. Does the Country in çrease the enjoyments of social inter

which you reside, suffer from a dimaicourse, without endangering the secu.

nished circulation of Paper?-8. What rity of social order. The one is pro

is the state of the Labouring Poor; and fessedly friendly to a rational, an en

what is the proportion of Poor-Rates, larged, and an enlightened faith; the

compared with the Years 1811 and other is as resolutely hostile to indis

1812-9. What Remedies occur to you, criminate innovation and tumultuous

for alleviating these Difficulties?' reform."

From 326 Letters which were re56. The Agricultural State of the King

ceived in consequence of the Queries, dom, in Feb try, March, and April,

the several statements accompanying 1816; being the Substange of the Re

the Report were collected. plies of many of the most opulent and “ The great object of the Board in intelligent Lundholders to a Circular these inquiries, has been to collect facts. Letier sent by the Board of Agricul- Jf it be asked, wbat conclusions are

ture to every part of England, Wales, to be drawn from these facts? Such 4. and Scutland, Evo. m. 436. Clement

will, of course, suggest themselves with



the greatest clearness to the members On “ Tithe,” it is only said, of the Legislature. With this expecta

The general complaints against the : tion before us, we cannot but be sur

weight of tithe would open too wide a prised at the anxiety felt, and the ap

field to permit more than a solitary reprehensions expressed, by many of the

mark: it appears from the Correspondablest persons (being magistrates of ex

ence, that 10s. in the pound rent is tensive jurisdictions) amongst the Cor

taken as

a commutation in Dorsetrespondents, whose Letters are the ba

shire; and 9s. an acre for grass-land is sis of this general result: but the Board

paid in Berkshire." cannot forbear making one observation, as it may be extremely important to Under one of the most material the future state of the country, when it heads, that of " Remedies proposed,” is considered that the tracts absolutely the Board received, uncultivated are of considerable extent,

Letters, proposing the repeal or reand that a great number of farms are

duction of taxes, 205 ; proposing the rethrown upon the landlord's hands in a

duction of rent, 90; to commute tithes, period when it must of necessity be

47 ; to prohibit, or lay heavy duties on extremely inconvenient to attempt their

the importation of all land produce, 58;, cultivation, in many cases heavily bur

to give a bounty on the export of corn, thensome, and in some ruinous; it must

31; to increase paper circulation, 21; be evident, that the managment of these

to regulate poor-rates, and especially by farms may probably be so very imper- subjecting all property to bear its fair, fect, as to occasion a great defalcation

share, 34; to raise the price of corn, in the produce of corn.

of the same

&c. 19; to establish corn rents, 7; to tendency is another circumstance men

repeal the Act for warehousing foreign, tioned in the Letters, the preparation

corn, 12 ; to lend Exchequer Bills on for the next crop of wheat being ex

good security, 2; to continue the Bank tremely deficient. It may also be ob

restriction, 2; to encourage emigration, served, that among the circumstances

l; to give the same favour to Agriculmentioned in reply to the Fourth Query,

ture as to Manufacture, as the principal is that of a very general neglect of all

remedy, (but many allude less decisively purchased manures, together with a

to the same system,)?; to reduce the indischarge of labourers formerly employ

terest of money, 3; to establish public ed, to an amount that must consider

granaries, the corn to be purchased by Goably affect the future cultivation of the

vernment, 8; to encourage distilleries, soil. These points, if duly considered,

%; Government to take into their own may afford no slight reason for appre

hands the management of the poor, 2; hending a considerable declension in the

proposing to regulate the cottages with amount of future productions and

the addition of lands, 7; to repeal the should such an effect arrive, it may come

Game Laws, l; to lessen the quantity at a time in which the pressure will be of land intended to be sown, 2; to give more severely felt.”

à bounty on the cultivacion of hemp, On the Query respecting “ the Cir

l; to take off the tax on drainingculation of Paper,” it is observed, briek, 1; the Bank of England to es

" There is in the replies some differ tablish branch banks, 1." ence of opinion upon this point; much mischief is noted from the failure

The most interesting articles in the country banks: many of the Correspond- Report relate to “the State of the Laents are of opinion, that Agriculture bouring Poor, and Poor-Rates; but suffers much for want of a larger and

for these we must refer to the Volume, safer circulation; and not a few com which is now so easily to be obtained. plain heavily of the deficiency of paper being so extreme, that they are forced 57. A Plain Statement of Facts relato sell their products under a great de tive to Sir Eyre Coote; containing the preciation of price, merely from the official Correspondence and Documents want of notes to pay for them. The connected with his Case; and the Progreatness of the inconvenience may be ceedings of the Military Board upeasily conjectured from the case of Lin pointed for ils Investigation. 8vo. pp. colnshire, where that diminution is sta 84. Sherwood and Co. ted to amount to no less than two mil

OF this extraordinary

“ Case" we lions and a half sterling; and in Wiltshire to 300,0001. But a few others are

know nothing more than the Pamof opinion, that the present amount of phlet itself bas told us,-except that paper is adequate to the object of buying

we recollect about 50 years ago, and selling at the present reduced when Sir Eyre Coote was a Candidate prices."

to represent the Borough of Leices


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ter, we gave him our hearty, though public mind by artful or abstruse reafeeble support.

soning : such an attempt is wholly unWe are here told,

necessary where justice alone is sought « A recent and extraordinary exer

for, and would be useless where a discise of the prerogative of the Crown, cerning publick is to be the judge. In in the case of General Sir Eyre Coote, the case of Sir Eyre Coote, there is no K. B. and K. C. depriving that distin- thing to conceal; and the only danger guished officer of his military rank, in

to his reputation is, that the truth may the decline of a life devoted from the

not be circulated as extensively as the age of fourteen to the service of his false reports with which his character Country, having in an extreme degree has been assailed.-The object of this added confidence to the cruel and un- publication is simply to enable every founded reports highly injurious to his individual, into whose hands it may fall, character and happiness, which have

to form his own free, unbiassed judgbeen widely and industriously circu- ment; and a confident hope is enters lated; it is conceived to be due no less tained, that when a knowledge of the to his family, who must feel most

whole truth shall have removed the predeeply affected by the disgraceful insi- judice naturally excited by uncontranuations which have been promulged receive that justice from

the publick, to

dicted falsehood, Sir Eyre Coote will against him, than to Sir Eyre Coote himself, to repel the injustice by a plain which an upright and honourable chastatement of all the facts and evidence

racter so amply entitles him, and which which are connected with this, in every

the following documents show him to point of view, most important and most

have already found in the opinions of distressing case.--In doing this, no at

those best acquainted with his virtues tempt will be made to influence the

and infirmities."

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Nearly ready for Publication :

accompanied by a Map of each County,

By the Rev. M. NIGHTINGALE. « Memoirs of the Life and Writings The History of Lincoln; containing of the late John COAKLEY LETTSOM, an Account of the Antiquities, Edifices, M. & LL. D. &c.” With a Selection from Trade, and Customs of that antient City: his Correspondence with the principal an Introductory Sketch of the County, Literati of this and foreign Countries. By &c. with plates. THOMAS JOSEPH Pettigrew, F.L. S. &c. Flora Tonbrigiensis; or a Catalogue In three octavo volumes. The first two of Plants wild in the Neighbourhood of will consist of a Memoir of Dr. Lettsom, Tonbridge Wells. By Mr. T.F. FORSTER, drawn from original and authentic Mrs. ANNE PLUMPTRE's Narrative of Sources; and of a Selection from his her Residence in Ireland in the Sumvery extensive Correspondence. The mer of 1814, and in that of 1815 ; emThird will contain the Medical Corre bellished with a Portrait of the Author, spondence, and a Collection of Cases, and several Engravings of remarkable Papers, &c.; illustrated by Engravings. Scenery in Ireland.

Memorial Sketches of the late Rev. Memorandums of a Residence in David Brown, of Calcutta; with Ser- France, in the Winter of 1815-16; inmons by him.

cluding Remarks on French society and Correspondence of M. Fouche, Duke manners, with a description of the Caof Otranto, with the Duke of WELLING tacombs, and notices of sume other ob

And A Sketch of the Public Life jects of Curiosity and Works of Art not of M. POUCHE, Duke of Otranto; com.

hitherto described. prising various Correspondence addressed An Historical Account of the Battle to the Emperor Napoleon, King Joa- of Waterloo, drawn up under the best chim, the Duke D'Artois, Prince Blü- authority by Mr. MUDFORD. cher, Louis XVIII. Count de Blacas, and A Description of the People of India, other Ministers, &c.—These important by the Abbé J. A. Dubois, missionary works will be published both in English in the Mysore, and French.

A Treatise on Mining and Ventilation, The Edinburgh Annual Register for embracing in a particular manner the 1814; the Historical part of which is subject of the Coal Stratification of said to be from the celebrated pen of Great Britain and Ireland.

By Mr. the Author of “ Paul's Letters." RYAN; who lately obtained a premium

English Topography; or, a series of of 100 guineas and the gold medal of Historical and Statistical Sketches of the the Society of Arts for his new system several Counties of England and Wales; of ventilating Coal-mines.



The Fourteenth Volume of the “ EN. The Memoirs of the Life and WritCYCLOPÆDIA LONDINENSIS,” which has ings of Dr. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, combeen long delayed on account of the prising his private and familiar Correnumerous Engravings accompanying spondence; now first published from the the article MechaNICS.

original manuscripts bequeathed to his Copies of Verses to the Memory of the grandson, WM. TEMPLE FRANKLIN, Esq. late RICHARD REYNOLDS, of Bristol, the A Series of Letters written by the benevolent Quaker, whose. Charities, celebrated Earl of CHESTERFIELD to Mr. during his life, were perhaps unexampled, Arthur Stanhope, relative to the eduand to whose Memory the Inhabitants cation of his son Philip, the late Earl. of Bristol are raising the most honour Mr. T. DIBDIN has undertaken to arable Monument, that ever recorded and range for the press, the posthumous Dra. perpetuated the Virtues of the Deadma matic Works of the late Mr. BeNJAMIN Charitable Institution to reach the Ob- TroMPSON; which will be published by jects of his Bounty while living: (see p. subscription, for the benefit of his widow 372.) From the pen of Mr. MONTGOMERY, and six children. A copious Memoir, Author of The Wanderer of Switzerland. and Portrait, will be prefixed.

A Work comprising “ The State Lot Mr. John Crisp is about to publish tery-A Dream. By SAMUEL ROBERTS.” by Subscription, a new Edition of “The Also, “ Thoughts on Wheels A Poem. Doctor and Student," with Notes. By JAMES MONTGOMERY, Author of The Dr. Hughson, Author of A History Wanderer of Switzerland, &c."

of London, has commenced a Work un. The Naiad, a Tale; with other Poems. der the title of " Walks through LonThe Continuation of Miss BURNEY'S don, including Westminster and South66 Tales of Fancy.”

wark, with the surrounding Suburbs ; A new Periodical Work will ap- describing every thing worthy of obserpear January 1, 1817, to be conti vation, and forming a complete Guide pued every two months, entitled The to the British Metropolis.” To be com. Correspondent, consisting of Letters, prised in twelve monthly numbers. Moral, Political, and Literary, between A History of Great and Little Maleminent Writers in France and England; vern : embellished with Designs by Arand designed, by presenting to each tists of celebrity. The Work is intended Nation a faithful Picture of the other, to form a complete historical, statistito enlighten both to their true interests, cal, mineralogical, chemical, and gene. promote a mutual good understanding ral Account of those interesting places, between them, and render Peace the and a useful guide through the terrestrial source of a common Prosperity.

Paradise in which they are situated. Two Numbers of the Magnetiser's Ma Dr. BADHAM is preparing for publicagazine ; by Francis CORBAUX. The ob tion, An Itinerary from Rome to Athens, ject of this work is “to propagate the by the route of Brundusium, the lonian accumulation of facts which demon Islands, and Albania; containing an strate the reality and utility of Animal accurate account of distances, modes of Magnetism."

travelling, expences, preparations, and Preparing for Publication. frecautions, with other miscellaneous A Volunie of Sermons; by the Rev. particulars which may interest the TraW. N. DARNELL, late Fellow of C. C.C. veller. It will include Classical Recol. Oxford.

lections of the various Sites which occur Questions resolved, in Divinity, His in the Journey, as well in Greece as in tory, Biography, and Literature . In Italy; and in the latter country, a partwo Volumes : The first entirely Theo ticular account of Horace's Iter. logical; containing concise Explanations

A Translation of the Antiquarian of above 300 difficult Texts in Scrip- Travels in Italy of the learned French ture nearly in regular succession, adapt Archæologist M. MilliN. ed to common capacities. The Second A New Theoretical and Practical containing Answers to important and Grammar of the French Language. curious Questions in History, Biogra- By Mr. RACINE, Professor of Languages. phy, Natural History, and Literature, Fortitude and Frailty, a Novel; by with a copious Index, and Table of Scrip- Miss HOLCROFT. turęs cxplained. By the Rev. GEORGE An instance of the attention which is GLYN SCRAGGS, A.M. of Buckingham. given to Englislı literature in France has

Mr. R. DUPPA has undertaken the lately occurred in the Royal Academy of task of editing and attaching Notes to Rouen, by sending to Mr. THOMAS CAMPthe late Dr. SAMUEL JOHNSON's Diary Bell a diploma of their Society, in con. of a Journey into North Wales, an sequence of a paper on the subject of nounced some time since as being in the his poetry, which was 'read to them hy bands of another Editor.

Professor VITALIS.


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