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The army feasted, returned tumultu. “ Many of the wisest and the best of ous thanks to the Monks,--and passed men have signalized their love of garon.-A few days after this event, the dens and shrubberies, hy causing thembattle of Marengo decided the fate of selves to be buried in them ; a custom Italy.”
once in frequent practice among the an
cient Jews 1!.—Plato was buried in the Oo “Gardening” and “ Botany," the Author's remarks are equally Temple, though he expected to be in
groves of Academus; and Sir William just and pleasing ; but we must now terred in Westminster Abbey, gave orbe brief in our extract:
ders for his heart to be enclosed in a “ Juvenal represents Lucan reposing silver casket, and placed under a sunin a garden *.--Tasso pictures Rinaldo dial, in that part of his garden, immesitting beneath the shade in a fragrant diately opposite the window of his limeadow : Virgil describes Anchises, seat. brary, from which he was accustomed ed beneath sweet-scented bay-trees; and to contemplate the beauties and wonEneas, as reclining, remote from all ders of the creation, in the society of a society, in a deep and winding valley t. beloved sister." -Gassendi, who ingrafted the doctrine The specimens, we doubt not, will of Galileo on the theory of Epicurus, induce the Reader to peruse the extook not greater pleasure in feasting his cellent volumes from which they are youthful imagination by gazing on the
extracted. moon, than Cyrus, in the calcivation
The “ Amusements in Retirement” of lowers. I have measured, dug and
shall be resumed in our next. planted, the large garden, which I have at the Gate of Babylon,' said that Prince; ' and never, when my health permit, do
53. The Duties and Dangers of the I dine until I have laboured two hours Christian Ministry, considered in a in my garden :-If there is nothing to
Sermon, preached in Charlotte Chapel, be done, I Jabour in iny orchard.".
Edinburgh, on Monday, June 24, 1816, Cyrus is also said to have planted all the
at an Ordination held by the Right Lesser Asia.-Ahasuerus was accustom
Reverend Daniel Sandford, D. D. and ed to quit the charms of the banquet to
now published at the request of the indulge the luxury of his bowerI; and
Bishop and the Clergy present. By the the conqueror of Mithridates enjoyed Rev. R. Morehead, A. M. of Balliol the society of his friends, and the wine
College, Oxford; Junior Minister of of Falernium, in the splendid gardens,
the Episcopal Chapel, Cowgate, Edinwhich were an honour to his name. burgh, and Domestic Chaplain to her Dion gave a pleasure-garden to Speu
Royal Highness the Princess Chareippus as a mark of peculiar regard §.
lotte. 8vo. pp. 41. Longman and Co. --Linnæus studied in a bower; Buffon “To the Right Reverend Daniel Sandin his summer-house; and when Deme- ford, D. D. Oxon. &c. &c. &c. this Sertrius Poliorcetes took the Island of mon is humbly inscribed, in token of Rhodes, he found Protogenes at his the deep and grateful sense entertained palette, painting in his arbour. Pe- by the Author, in common with the trarch was never happier, than when rest of his brethren, of that mild, couindulging the innocent pleasures of bis ciliating, and truly Christian spirit, garden. - I have made myself two,' with which their Bishop has exercised says be, in one of his Epistles; I do not his sacred office, at first accepted under imagine they are to be equalled in all circumstances of peculiar difficulty and the world :-) should feel myself inclined delicacy." to be angry with fortune, if there were From Romans i. 1. “ Paul, a serany so beautiful out of Italy.
vant of Jesus Christ, called to be au
* “ The epithet he applies tu hortis is sufficiently curious. The Scholiast cites Pliny, 1. 36. c. 1. 2.-—The style of the Roman Gardens in Trajan's time is ex. pressively marked:
Contentus famå jaceat Lucanus in hortis
Juv. Sat. vii. l. 79. It was very well said by one of the first women of the present age (Mrs. Grant), that Darwin's Botanic Garden is an Hesperian Garden, glittering all over ; the fruit gold, the leaves silver, and the stems brass."
t Eneid, Lib. vi. 1. 679.–Lib. viii. 609.”
# “ Esther, vii. 7. Tissaphernes had a garden, much resembling an English park, which he called Alcibiades.”
8 « Plutarch in Vit. Dion."
11 “In the middle of the Campo Santo, which is the most ancient burying-place at Pisa, is a garden formed of earth, brought from the neighbourhood of Jerusalem.”
Apostle, separated unto the Gospel tience, of perseverance, and of pigty, of God," the Preacher thus remiods which they have so fully afforded us, and bis Hearers of the character of that by which alone we feel, that the Church office which the Apostle designates:
they bave preserved and adorned, can
be in our hands either adorned or, pre“ In its simplest view, it is the office
served. To be a member of such a of one who is appointed to be a moral and religious Instructor of mankind,- than common obligation to become “se
Church carries with it, indeed, a more who, among the wandering and disorderly propensities of human nature, is
parated unto the Gospel of God, withever to point to those unvarying laws
out any private or less holy view!-In
the days which it has been our blessing which alone are right; and while all
to see, the faith and the purity so adthe common occupations of life end merely in temporal good, is to direct mirably displayed by this Church, durthe eye of man to that path of righte- ing the times of her persecution, have
as bountifully been rewarded. The po-. ousness which will finally conduct him
litical calamities in which she was ininto some higher and nobler condition
volved have happily passed. away, and of existence."
the Government of our country has After illustratiog “ the dignity of wisely and generously felt
, that the opthe office of the Christian Priest position which principle alone occasionhood,” Mr. Morehead explains “the ed, would be converted into as strenuduties which attach to it,” which ous support, when principle also de
seem naturally to flow from the manded it. -- In the same auspicious description of the office itself;” and hour, the Church of England stretched then very ably describes, “ the na
out the right hand of fellowship, upon
the first notice of the wishes of her ture of those dangers which lie in the way of the faithful discharge of holy, though humble, Sister, and, with tbe clerical office.”
the true feeling of Apostolical times, acOn the immediate subject of the knowledged the equality of her spiritual
claims, although unsupported by the Discourse, he adds,
outward dignity of temporal distinction. “ Our new Brother is entering into a The sons of that great and wise EstaChurch of a very peculiar and interest blishment now join in communion, and ing character; and although I feel that in every reciprocal interchange of love I have already claimed your attention and duty with their Episcopal brethren much too long, I cannot conclude in this part of the Island. Something without stating, as shortly as I may, of support, as well as honour, has thus the circumstances to which I allude. been conferred upon this Northern The Episcopal Church in Scotland, of Church, while she, in return, holds which we bave the happiness to be mem examples, nurtured in her bosom, of a bers, was, as you too well know, from well-tempered zeal, of modest worth, its supposed political attachments, for and of professional learning, which well many years an object of suspicion and deserve to be studied and copied by the jealousy in this country; and I believe noblest and inost prosperous establishit is now generally acknowledged, that ments. Thus, happy in her connection it was forced to undergo many seve from without, she is now no less happy rities from the dark character of the in her situation at home. The jealousy times, which it required all its firmness of former times, let us thank God, is and principle to bear with Christian gone--the liberal and enlightened Esmagnanimity and patience. It is, I be tablishment from which she dissents lieve, now as generally acknowledged, looks upon her almost with a kindred that this noble part it performed, -that eye ; and I am sure I may say, that, of throughout every trial and severity, its all who dissent from it, she would be Pastors stood firm to the religious prin the last to touch its privileges with a ciples which they maintained.---and ex rude and sacrilegious hand. While she hibited, amid persecution and poverty is sincere in believing that her own conand neglect, somewhat of the faith and stitution approaches nearer to the pufortitude of the primitive martyrs. These rity of primitive times, she yet acknowdisastrous days are passed; the tempo ledges, with gratitude and veneration, rary “wrath of men” has ended in the that the Established Church of Scotpraise of God;—and while we of this land has well performed its duty--that Church look back with gratitude to those it has reared and fostered a thinking, humble but intrepid men who have se a sober, and a religious people-chat cured to us the unbroken order of a its roots are interwoven, and deservedly spiritual descent, we look back with ve interwoven, with their habits and with leration upon those examples of pa- their hearts - and she is well aware,
that nothing short of its own internal the Globe; that they should, if poscorruption (happily, as little likely to sible, be so distributed is universally ensue, as it would be deeply to be de. allowed; and Mr. Owen, in detailing plored,) ever can or ought to shake the
the History of the British and Foreign stability of a Church, the labours and
Bible Society, has conferred an oblifidelity of whose ministers Providence
gation, pot only on the particular Pahas long so conspicuously blessed. In
troos of it, but on Literature in geevery path of light and of religion, their
peral. We shall introduce him to distinguished names, indeed, may well
our Readers in his own words: awaken ber emulation, but this is all the rivalry which she can ever feel. It “ Nearly two years have elapsed since is, in truth, her singular and charac the Author, influenced by the earnest teristic glory that she is not established ;
and re-iterated solicitations of many and they, I am convinced, know little respectable individuals, engaged to preof the peculiar honours to which she pare a “ History of the origin, progress, has it in her power to aspire, who, for
and actual state of the British and Foa moment, would wish her to be so. reign Bible Society.' It having been It is her lofty destiny, (shall I say?) recommended that the work should be amidst the recollection of her former printed by subscription, proposals to that faith and sufferings,--amidst her present
effect were drawn up and issued accordfriendly ties and friendly dissension, ingly.The plan was no sooner made with the respect and protection of rulers, known, than it met with the warmest on whom, at the same time, she has no encouragement. The Chancellor of the political dependence, fostered in a Exchequer, and the Bishop of Durbam, country conspicuous for the light of honoured it with their prompt and mugenius, of science, and of philosophy; nificent patronage, and the example it is more within her reach than per which they set was very generously and haps has ever fallen to the lot of any extensively followed.-of the illustrious other Christian body, to hold up to the individuals whose names have been meneye of a civilized and inquisitive age,
tioned, as well as of the subscribers at the truth, the simplicity, and the in- large, the Author has to request, that dependent dignity of the Gospel; to they will accept this public expression unite the primitive model of apostolic of bis gratitude. To Sir Digby Mackfaith and purity, with every thing en
worth, and Mr. Phillips * (and more eslightened, excellent, and wise, which pecially to the latter) the author feels has been evolved in the course of ages; an'obligation for their liberal and perand while her sons are separated unto severing co-operation, which he is as the Gospel of God,” free from politic little able to describe as to repay. To cal and worldly avocations, at the same these acknowledgments (which might time to exhibit them free from the nar easily be multiplied) the Author desires rowness of any partial sect, and wedded to add his thanks to Messrs. Hatchard, only to the boundless charity of their Seeley, and Arch, for their disinterested Master!"
services in promoting subscriptions; and
to his colleague and friend Mr. Hughes, 54. The History of the Origin, and first for his obliging assistance in the corTen Years of the British and Foreign
rection of the press.-Having disposed Bible Society By the Rev. Jorn of what seemed first to require his attenOwen, A. M. late Fellow of Corpus tion, the Author will now proceed to Christi College, Cambridge, Rector
such observations as relate more imof Paglesham, Essex, and one of the mediately to the performance of his Secretaries to the British and Foreign
task. The design which he proposed to Bible Society. 2 vols. 8vo. pp. 527. bimself, in writing the History of the and 638. Hatchard, Seeley, and Arch.
British and Foreign Bible Society, hav
ing heen, to exbibit a faithful and perWHATEVER shades of difference spicuous account of its origin, and its may be entertained as to the mode of principal transactions, the Author con. diffusing the knowledge of the Holy sidered it his duty to adopt such a meScriptures in the remotest corners of thod, as, whatever recommendations it
*“ In referring to Mr. Phillips, a member of the Society of Friends, the Author has a pleasure in acknowledging the great kindness wbich he has experienced from numerous individuals connected with that body of Christians. To one above the rest-by whose. sudden and lamented remoral the British and Fo-, reign Bible Society was deprived of one of its earliest members, its brightest ornaments, and its most useful conductors,'-he is indebted for testimonies of friendship, which make the name of Wilson Birkbeck a subject of his most grateful and aff:ctionate remembrance."
might otherwise want, should appear and Rector of Great Brickhill, Bucks. best adapted to the accomplishment of 8vo. pp. 100. Hatchard. that end. The simplicity of the Society's object, and the uniformity of its ope
THIS interesting publication “prorations, discouraged every attempt at
fesses to afford some remedy for the ingenious and artificial distribution. want of authorised information reTo do justice to the subject, it seemed specting this University;” and Mr. necessary that the facts should be sta.
Wainewright says, ted, as nearly, as possible, in the order
“ While it becomes us to rectify the in which they occurred; and that such connection should be preserved among ledge the singular advantages resulting
errors of those who gratefully acknowthem, as might show their mutual re
from our civil and ecclesiastica) estaJation to each other, and their derivation from the same common original.
blishments, it is equally expedient that
we should endeavour to counteract the For this purpose, the course suggested
mis-statements and false accusations of by the Society's Annual Reports, ap
men, who are not only uniformly hos. peared that which, on the whole, it
tile to all that wears the venerable form would be expedient to prefer; inas
of antiquity, but who, in their incohemuch as, while it conducts the reader through the several transactions both
rent projects of reformation, would re
duce the attainments of every vrder of domestic and foreign, it reminds him
the State, however elevated by rank or periodically of the degree in which they dignified by profession, within the licombine to manifest the growth, and to extend the usefulness, of the Parent
mits prescribed by their own contracted
and illiberal views." Institution.--Adopting, therefore, this
“ In publishing these pages the Auprinciple as the basis of his plan, the Author selected from the Society's print- the suggestions of others. After read
thor has been principally influenced by ed Reports, and unpublished records ; ing the History of Cambridge, by Mr. from the different publications of Aux: Dyer, he has discovered nothing in that iliary Societies and individuals; and
Work to supersede the necessity of the froin such papers, whether private or
present, either with reference to the official, as were in his possession, or
information it is intended to convey, or came within his reach, whatever could
to the principles which it incidentally throw light upon the facts which it
inculcates. He trusts that in point of would be his business to record. At the
correctness of detail, but little will be same time, with a view to relieve, in
found to call for animadversion, as he some measure, the monotony of annual
had the satisfaction of submitting his detail, he cast the decad into three ge
manuscript to the inspection of two neral parts, agreeably to certain epochs,
members of the University, of learning very distinctly observable in this portion of the Society's History; and gave
and station, upon whose judgment he
could place implicit reliance. It may to the years which fell within them re
not be irrelevant to observe, that though spectively, the form and denomination
the Author occasionally speaks in the of chapters. Of the manner in which the plan has been executed, the Author
first person, he bas, during the last
twelve years, ceased to reside in the may be permitted, in general, to say,
University; but as he continues to be that he has done the best whicb bis
a Member of the Senate, he retains a peculiar circumstances would allow.
vote in all its deliberative measures, The variety and urgency of his official
and feels the bighest interest in whatduties in the Society, added to the con
ever is connected with the dignity and cerns of a numerous family, and the interruptions of frequent indisposition,
reputation of that learned body.” rendered his task not a little onerous, Having occasion to notice tbe reand will, he trusts, be accepted as some marks of Dr. Knox on the Universiapology for the delay and the imperfec ties of Oxford and Cambridge, Mr. tion with which it has been performed." W. subjoins, The History contains much amu
“ To deny the existence of any cause sing and uselul information; and a
for animadversion in the latter establishgood Index accompanies each Volume.
ment, would be to suppose a state of 55. The Literary and Scientific Pur perfection never to be found in huipan
suits which are encouraged and en institutions. Let any one, however, forced in the University of Cambridge, direct his view to the seminaries probriefly described and vindicated. With jected at various times for the education various Notes. By the Rev. Latham of those who call themselves rational Wainewright, A. M. F. A. S. of Ein- Dissenters (to say nothing of similar manuel College, in that University ; foundations for the Independents and
the Methodists), in which the defects or to Dr. Burney's “ Tentamen de Meand corruptions of the English Univer tris ab Æschylo in Choricis Cantibus sities were professed to be avoided, and adhibitis." The favourable opinion the acquirements of learning were to which this statement must create of the be accomplished with infinitely less toil classical merits of Cambridge, might and less consumption of time; let him be still farther confirmed by referring to observe the success of these visionary the dedication of Dr. Burney's edition attenipts, and ask where are now the of the Lexicon Technologicum of Phileacademies of Warrington, Daventry, and Hackney, and what is the condition “ As a specimen of College Prizes of the few which have escaped the may mention, that at Trinity wreck of their companions, and he will there are two prizes for Latin declathen be less disposed to indulge in un mations and three for English, the reasonable declamation against those former consisting of money, and the venerable and magnificent institutions, latter of silver goblets; also 101. for the which have endured the trial of so many best essay on the character of William ages, or to be led away by chimerical III.; the same sum for the best-qualified dreams of the possibility of exemption student of those who are cmdidates for from practical error.”
their Bachelor's degree; and two small
er sums for the two best readers in Mr. W. then subjoins,
chapel, besides various prizes of books “ My more immediate object is to distributed to those who compose the show, that in the University of Cam two first classes at the annual examibridge every student who comes properly nations. At St. John's, prizes to the prepared and well disposed--and with amount of more than 1001. are annually out these qualifications, the instruc conferred in a similar manner. Of these tions of a Newton would be of little there is one for the best proficient in avail-has the fairest opportunity of moral philosophy among the commenacquiring the most valuable knowledge, cing Bachelors of Arts, and several for and of cultivating almost every species the best declamations and themes. In of science in the most advantageous almost every college a short weekly commanner. In order to evince the truth position, either in English or Latin, of this observation, it will be expedient here termed a theme, is required from to notice the different branches of learn those undergraduates who are in their ing which are there considered as the first or second year's residence, though principal objects of attention, as well as the precise régulations may vary in our the manner in which they are generally different societies : and if the example pursued. For our present purpose, these of St. John's College, in offering prizes pursuits may not improperly be classed for the best themes, were generally folunder three heads,-Classics and gene- lowed, it would certainly add very maral Literature-Natural Philosophy and terially to the encouragement, which Mathematics—Morals (including Polic already exists, to a proficiency in prose tical Philosophy), Metaphysics, and Theo. composition." logy."
“ The subjects of examination for the We should gladly, had we room,
first degree (B. A.) consist of Natural make copious extracts; but must con
Philosophy, Mathematics, Moral, Politi
cal, and Intellectual Philosophy; so that tent ourselves with transcribing a few
the above regulation secures the attaindetached notes.
ment of most of the different branches “ Were there no other proof of the of academical learning.” bigh cultivation of classical learning in this University, it would be quite suf
The following statement will give ficient to refer to the erudite labours
a correct idea of the College Prizes. of the unrivaled Porson, to the admi “ Sir W. Browne's prizes consist of rable editions of the Greek dramas, pub- three gold medals, of the value of five lished within the space of a few years guineas each. The Chancellor's prizes by Professor Monk, Mr. Blomfield, and consist of three gold medals, equal in Dr. Butler; and to a recent periodical value to fifteen guineas each.
The work printed at the Cambridge press, Members' prizes are fifteen guineas each, entitled Museum Criticum. In the dif- distributed in money. The Seatonian ficult department of Greek Metres, it prize amounts to forty pounds, the Norcannot be considered as any exaggeration risian to twelve pounds (part of which is to say, that there is no production of to be expended upon a gold medal, and the Continental scholars which can be the remainder in books), and the Hulat all compared to Professor Porson's sean likewise to forty pounds. It is a fact Supplement to the Preface prefixed to well deserving of notice, and which furhis edition of the Hecuba of Euripides, nishes an antply reply to any objection