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which flows through the city. There to thank God that I had been born
are several bridges over the river, and educated in a land of Protestant
and the quays for traffick are adorned light; otherwise I might have been
with shady walks that have a pretty ou that very day, to borrow the
effect. There are seven elegant gates words of whiston, “ bowing before
leading into the town, over one of an image of St. Winifred.”
which formerly stood a fine statue of The scene of the memorable battle
Louis XIV, which afterwards was of Fontenoy is near Tournay. I sure
transferred to the gardens of Bleu vered the field with more than coin-
heim-House, to swell the triumphs of mon interest, inasmuch as I recol-
our illustrious Marlborough. – The lected that a gallant officer had fallen
great towns in the Netherlands exhi in that field, whose pame I had been
bit an air of magnificence and splen- taught to lisp iu infancy by one whose
dour far surpassing those of any memory I shall never cease to honour
other parts of the Continent that I and revere-
have seen, although vastly inferior “ Dum memor ipse mei; dum spiritus
in the present day to what they were hos reget artus."
in their most brilliant period, during A particular description of the field,
the reign of the Emperor Charles V.

or warrative of the battle, would at Tournay, notwithstanding has

this day be uninteresting to your been so frequently exposed to the ra- Readers. The result of that fatal vages of war, is still a noble city. It

day was the loss of ten thousand men possesses many advantages for inland

to the Allies, together with a consitraffick, and carries on very consider derable part of their artillery and able inanufactures both in linen and

baggage, besides their being under woollen. The tradesmen, according the mortifying necessity of abandonto the antient custom of the Low

ing Tournay to its fate, wbich soon Countries, form separate corpora.. after surrendered to the Enemy.' tions, over whom Deacons preside, The French King and the Dauphin under the controul of the Magis were present at the battle of Footetrates; and they reckon not less than poy, and shewed great personal couseventy of those companies iu Tournay. rage: on the following day they tra

There are a great many Churches versed the field of batile; and op viewand Priests at Tournay, and there is a, ing that scene of carnage, the Moconsiderable Seminary for the edu

narch appeared deeply affected, and cation of Students in Divinity. Popish turning to the Dauphin, addressed bigotry, and superstition here reigo him in these memorable words, which triumphant. I happened to be at ought to be inscribed on the walls of Tournay on a Sunday, and was struck every Cabinet: “ You see here, my with the little regard that was paid son, the unhappy victims of political to the sanctity of the day. It is true, hatred and the passions of men. Nes I saw numbers of people assembled ver let this sight be effaced from at mass; but the shops were all open, your remembrance; and oh! beware: and every kind of business, in regard of sporting with the lives of your to buying and selling, was going on subjects, and of shedding their blood with all the activity and bustle of a in unjust wars." market-day in England. Never did I We travelled from Tournay through see io any place a more striking con. an enchanting country, till we came trast than at Tourpay, to the sacred to the little town of Leuse, in the rest which ought to characterize the province of Haipault.

In the auay Lord's Day: traffick in the morning, tumu of 1691, King William deening and amusements in the afternoon, ap- his presence requisite in England, left peared to be the general order of the the Allied Army at Leuse, under the : day, with occasional interludes of the command of the Prioce of Waldeck, , muininery of the mass, and public who, quitting that station to gain a, processions. And is this, said I to position more advantageous for en. myself, the religion of the New Tes- campment, was attacked in the eutamen this the manner in which the virons of Leuse by the famous Mase: primitive Christian hailed the return chal de Luxembourg, who, after a of the Lord's Day! Heu pitias! heu sharp contest of several bours, was priseu fides! I withdrew from scenes obliged to retire, and leave the Prince so sickening, to peruse iny Bible, and to altain his object. The discom




fitore of such a man as Luxembourg, machinery and live stock; but he who, to use the words of apolher, gives the Flemish farmers the praise « united the conduct of Turenne to of superior industry and skilful mathe intuitive genius of Condé,” was nagement. He attempts to enumeno swall glory to apy Commander. rate the causes of the higher prices From Leuse we proceeded to Ligoe, of all sorts of grain in England, comand from thence to the beautiful town pared to those in Flanders, under the of Ath, where we dined, and spent a following heads: the price of labour, few hours. I had as yet seen no part higher rents, and public burdens ; of the country, sioce my landing at greater consumption of wheat; and Calais, so beautifully varied with hill the use of paper movey: but he afand dale, with open field and wood. firms that jhe difference of agricullapd, and so prettily interspersed with tural system has operated more than villages, churches, and farm-houses, the combined influence of all the as that through which I passed from other causes to keep up the price of Tournag to Aib. Much as I admired grain in England. He points out the the country from Cassel to Lille, I means which have been successfully thought this, upon the whole, supe. adopted in Flanders for preventing riór to it in fertility and beauty of the diseases to which grain is subject, scenery. I was struck with the neat as well as the ravages of fies and inand commodious appearance of the sects. He enlarges upon the advanfarm-houses and their adjoining build- tages which the Flemish farmers have ings; no part of the land that was derived from the general abolition of capable of cultivation lay neglected; fallows, remarking that there are in scarcely was a weed to be seen, and Great Britain between two and three seldoni a fallow: the soil, naturally millions of acres in fallow every year, good, is saturated with rich manure which might be rendered productive. collected from the surrounding popu. Sir John tells us, “that the Flemish lous towns and villages, and, with the farmers are peculiarly distinguished excellent methods of agriculture they by their great attention to manure; have adopted, repays the patient toil it being a principle with them that and persevering industry of the the fertility of the soil entirely defarmer, by a continual succession of pends on the riches you give it;" fruitful crops; in short, Virgil's de- and I would recommend to the attenscription of an industrious husband- tion of our farmers the account he man may be applied to the farmers gives of the methods used in Flanders of Hainault, and indeed of most of the to collect and apply this capital source other Provinces of the Netherlands: of agriculturalimprovement, as well as “Exercetque frequens tellurem, atque

of their un wearied exertions in clearimperat arvis.”

ing their land of weeds. The neatSince iny returu home, I have said ness of their farm-yards, stacks, build to many a L-c-t-sh- farmer, “Go to ings, and fences, and their assiduity Flanders, thou sluggard, and learn to in keeping their land clean, form a make the most of thy land.” lo con- striking contrast to the slovenly maversing with some Flemish farmers nagement which is too general among on their modes of management, I was

Sir John's observations on wininforimed that Sir John Sinclair had ter barley, the cultivation of flax and been making a Tour of agricultural rape, and double crops in the saine inquiry in Flanders the preceding year, might furnish many useful hints spring ; and I have since had an op for the improvement of our systems. portunity of seeing the result of his He appears to have studied the whole inquiries in a pamphlet * which well subject very minutely; and he writes deserves the attention of British with a full conviction that, by attenfarthers. The Right Hon. Gentleman tiva to his suggestions, the British justly observes, that Great Britain is farmers would be enabled to reduce superior to Flanders in agricultural the expence of cultivation; to in


*“Hints regarding the Agricultural State of the Netherlands, compared with that of Great Britain." Some valuable observations have been taken from this pamphlet, and introduced without any acknowledgment, into a book called “ The Belgian Traveller, by Edmund Boyce, Esq.”,


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crease the produce of the land; and so long, will bear a little longer. It thus sell their crops of grain at a appears very improbable that the much lower rate, without losing the Dictionary can be finished within the fair profits of their industry: at the present year ; or tbat what remains same time, he deprecates any attempt can be comprised in less than two to reduce the price of grain, so as MORE Volumes.

Tbis arises, in a to discourage cultivation, as being great measure, from the very er. fraught with the most injurious con roneous and defective state of the


ceding Edition, from which, in what In my next letter I hope to intro remains of letter w, and the subseduce you to Brussels, and from thence quent letters, I can derive very little to the field of Waterloo.

assistance. Indeed, a particular atCLERICUS LEICESTRIENSIS. tention to the Lives now before me

is the more necessary, as they have Mr. Urban, Throgmorion-street, been neglected, from haste or want

Oct. 25.

of materials, in all former Collections N

of which I can avail myself. And August last (p. 157), you have an the enlarged scale on which this Work nounced that the“ Biographical Dic has been executed appeared to me tionary” will be finished wilhin the the more requisite, as there seem no present year: and you are pleased to hopes of any continuation or conadd, that “ Rarely, if ever, bas a clusion of the “Biographia Britanpublication of such magnitude been nica.” so uniformly couducted by the Edi But I may announce with confitor and Prióter, not a single day's dence that Vol. XXXII. to be pubdelay having taken place in the whole lished, D. V. on March 1, 1817, will progress of it."

be THE LAST. Merely as a labour, I I shall make no apology for repeat- may rejoice to be released; but as an ing this compliment, since ii concerns employment delightful for its variety, a quality on which the present age interest, and curiosity, I own I shall seems not disposed to set the highest reluctantly part with it. value, INDUSTRY; yet, as the want of I canoot conclude this short adit in literary undertakings is the dress, without offering my acknowcause of many complaints, i ledgments to some valuable Correnot whether it may not honestly lay spondents, who from time to time claim to some respect.

have communicated hints or correc. The “ Biographical Dictionary," tions in the course of the Work, which commenced in May 1812, has through the hands of your worthy been carried on, amidst many per Printer. To these I have paid the sonal vicissitudes, and many priva- most respectful attention; and should tions, some of the most painful kind, be sorry if I have been thought to without the least interruption from frave reglected iny doty, in not po. that time to the conclusion of Vol. ticing them individually as they ocXXX. which will be published before curred.

ALEX. CHALMERS. this Letter can meet the Reader's eye. Exlensive, however, as this task bas

A CONSTANT READER, after ubproved, and incessant as my labour serving that Mr. Dyer, in bis History of has been, I have been repeatedly Cambridge, vol. II. p. 106, states that cheered by the approbation of many “Edmund Calamy is entitled, in the of that class whom it is desirable to list of Pembroke Hall Fellows, only B.D." please : and I have been supported and supposes therefore “that he took in health and spirits by the nature of his D.D. during the Long Parliament,”— the undertaking itself=by the regular adds, “The fact is, that Edmund Calamy, devotion of my time lo a study which

B. D. of Pembroke Hall, never took the presents a greater variety than any

degree of D.D. His grandson, Edmund other.

Calamy, who wrote the Account of the But, Mr. Urban, in your notice of Ejected Ministers, and who died in 1739,

bad the degree of D.D. conferred on him the ierniination of my labours, I wish

by the three Universities of Scotland. In to rectify a mistake; and I hope, in

confirmation of this correction, reference tbe very advanced state of the Work, may be had to Kippis's Biog. Brit. vol. III. it will be thought a small one, and p.140; as also to Nonconformists' Memothat those who have borne with me ria), vol. I. p. 76, edit. 1802."







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