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present at one time; and calculate,' on Episcopal Consecration. It should be the whole, that 800, at different times, mentioned, to the credit of these people, have thus come under instruction. Many that I have had various offers of assist instances might be produced, certainly

One man, owner of a quarry, will not less than 20 families, of reformation give all the stone, with no other expence in both sexes, which has evinced itself in than that of raising it ; while another, their desire to possess the Bible and who labours with his own hands for a Common Prayer Book, and by a total large family, has offered to contribute chanye in their moral character. At one 201. I trust this zeal in so good a cause of the places which I am accustomed to will be encouraged by the completion of Visit, where the heat and crowd have at the work; and that, by means of it, true times been almost insufferable, the Religion and pure Morality, may be the Colliers, aided by two or three neigh- ornaments of the surrounding country. bouring Farmers, offered to build a large The important effect may already be room, for the better accommodation of perceived, which this measure would great numbers : this, for obvious reasons, have in making good Christians and was declined ; but it led me earnestly peaceable Subjects ; nor does any other to wish, that the Foresters might be plan appear more likely to add strength more immediately brought within the in this quarter to our excellent Establishpale of the Established Church ; and, by ment, both in Church and State. I must regular attendance on a Church appro here mention, that on the other extrepriated to themselves, be made habita- mity of the Forest, near Monmouthshire, ally acquainted with that admirable the Rev. P.M. Procter, Vicar of Newland, Liturgy, to which too many of them are has been unwearied in his endeavours to now, utter strangers. With the con benefit the inhabitants of the Forest on currence of the Honourable and Right that side *. By the kind assistance of Reverend the Lord Bishop of the Diocese, Government and others, a Chapel has a Memorial and Plan has been laid be been built in that part of the Forest, fore Government, with an offer, on my for the double purpose of a School-room part, that, if the needful fund for build for the Children, and a place of Divine ing a Church and Parsonage-House Worship for those whom age or infirmicould be provided, I would give up my ties might hinder from attending Newpresent Curacy, and serve the new land Church; for which latter purpose. Church without any further emolument it was licensed by the Lord Bishop of the than the endowment necessary for its Diocese. The distance, however, being consecration. It may, perhaps, be pro about eight miles, no advantage can be per here to remark, that private cir derived from it to the population on tbis cumstances obliged 'me last year to leave side, who are equally, if not more, nuMitcheldean for an adjoining Curacy. merous, and stand in like need of inThe Sunday School has, in consequence, struction. I therefore beg leave co solicit been discontinued; but, in the event of subscriptions, however small, in aid of a Church being built, would be resumed this work, that the building may be in the Forest with a prospect of increased commenced as early as circumstances

I am now authorized to state, will permit. I have only to add my that the measure has the full approba- hopes, that this intrusion of an humble tion of Government, who will grant five individual on the Publick, will be overacres of land in the Forest for this pur looked in the importance of the Cause pose, being all that is allowed by Act of which be pleads ; and my wishes, that Parliament; and will also give such the kind Contributors will feel rewarded acher aid as circumstances may allow. in the reflection, that thousands, yet For the completion of the Plan, I am en unborn, may have cause to bless them, couraged to apply to the liberality of the for thus providing for their spiritual Publick; in confidence that, when the wants, and giving them the knowledge of case is known, the application will not those principles, which alone can make be in vain. An accurate survey has been them worthy members of Society here, made; and from 250 to 300 cottages, or lead them to provide well for their containing from 1200 to

1500 souls,

eternal welfare hereafter. found on extra-parochial ground, all

HENRY BERKIN, A. M. within a reasonable distance of the intended spot. The sun requisite for Weston, Gloucester, April 30. building the Church and ParsonageHouse, will not exceed 25001., the situa

* See Mi. Procter's account of his tion being very favourable for materials, labours, in Vol. LXXXIII. p. 417; and and economy consulted in the plan, as

a view of the Chapel, in Vol. LXXXIV. far as consistent with the dignity of the

Mr.

success.

P. 545.

OBSERVATIONS ON TAE EMANCIPATION OF THE SLAVES.

Extracted from Dr. PINCKARD'S “ Noles' on the West Indies.THE British Parliament having enacted guor produced by the climate ; and the

a law, to the immortal honour of this facility of obtaining provisions without Country, for the abolition of the importa- labour, would all combine to prevent tion of Slaves into our settlements in the them from engaging in the settled babits West Indies, it remains to be ascertained of daily toil. Devoid of instruction, and how this great work of humanity can be without any knowledge of the benefits completed, by extending it to the eman arising from commerce and the accumucipation of the slaves already in the Co. lation of property, they would not dislonies.

creetly meet the change to freedom, and As a step towards the emancipation, assume, ai once, the tranquil character the abolition is of the highest importance;

of sober and industrious peasantry. It but if the Parliament, having passed a is even doubtful, whether, if they were decree, shall content itself without pro bassily liberated, they could ever be ceeding to that great ultimate object brought to employ themselves in a conthe emancipation, England will have stant round of labour : to expect it, as only the unsatisfactory consolation of the necessary result of merely granting exbibiting to the world an bunourable them their freedom, would be idly ruand ineffectual example ; wbile she mantic. In their present state of igleaves other Nations to make a profit of norance, both humanity and policy are her humanity: for, so long as slavery opposed to a sudden emancipation; for, shall be permitted to exist in our Co instead of their situation being thereby lunies, and the African trade be con improved, it would be rendered lamenttinued by other countries, it imay be ex ably worse. pected that slaves will not cease to be Having been governed by the whip, introduced into the English settlements. and held subservient to the will of others, Nor can the importation be prevenied they do not contemplate any intermediate by any prohibitory law or regulation of stage between the master and the slave, the British Parliament, however wise in Accustomed to the degrading habits of the enactment, or vigilant in the exe bondage only, their minds are unprečution ; since it will be the comnion in pared for freedom, and incapable of comterest of the Colonists to encourage ad prehending its bigh advantages. Ifibeir venturers in this illicit traffic.

bonds were hastily broken, they would It is manifest, therefore, that, unless be all kings, and no subjects-all plantEngland proceed further, the abolition ers, and no labourers! In the gloomy will be nugarory, or even worse ; for it imbecility of their uncultivated faculties will not only be inadequate to its pur. they would be jealous of the whites, and pose, but it will be the means of throw suspicious of future chains : hence, to ing the trade into the hands of the mer. give them unbridled liberty would be to chants of other Nations; who, in'cun let loose an irritated race of beings, dueting it, may not be governed by the with a two-edged sword in their hands, same humane regulations, which the wbich, in consequence of the many vices traders of this Country were compelleel and infirarities arising from a life of to observe.

slavery, they would either turn upon It cannot be supposed that any of the themselves, or wield to the destruction friends of the abolition will be adverse of those about then.. They would be to the emancipation, although various thrown into inveterate confusion; the opinions may be held respecting the cultivation of the Colonies would lantbest mode of effecting it. Considering guish ; commerce would die away; and themselves as following the genuine dic the mother-country preserving no contates of bunuity, sonie may contend trol, all would be violence, outrage, and for an immediate enlargement; while subversion, and they would persecute or others, with sounder policy, will plead destroy those who had governed them, for a more cautious and gradual libera. until every European were exterminated tion.

from the settlements. Or, if they should An abrupt and unlimited enfranchise not be roused to energy by revengeful ment might prove injurious to the slave, feelings, and a distrust of their former unjust to the master, and equally cruel rulers, they would sink into the torpid to both. It would bave the effect of de state of the uncivilized Indians, or of priving tbe one of his bread, without their darker brethren of the African foteaching the other to earn it. The dark rests, and relapse into a state of rude ignorance which overclouds the minds and savage nature. Their wants being of the slaves ; the bitter remembrance few, and their food easily procured, their of former toils and severities ; their na exertions would be only commensurate tural indolence; the debilitating lan to their cravings : disdaining labour, GENT. MAG. July, 1816.

they

they would repose under the soft shade laws, and the same rules of government, of the plantain, equally regardless of the The degrading ignorance, the sullen riches of commerce and the honours of

perverseness, and revengeful feelings of industry. The yam, the plantain, and the slaves should be softened by liberal the pepper-pot, the banjar, the merry instruction ; they should be gradually dance, and their beloved Wowski, would associated, and brought to a level with gratify all their wishes, and crown their those who are better informed, and more highest ambition.

conversant with the arts of industry However simple the question of eman and they should be taught to understand cipation may appear, to those who reason the advantages which would arise from only frum an abstract principle regard- continuing the cultivation and commerce ing humanity and the natural rights of of the Colonies. A general change in man, it is a subject of no less intri their minds and habits, must be either cacy than importance. Although urgent in progress, or effected, before it can be and imperative, still it needs much and

sale or useful to grant them so great a serious consideration, and cannot be boon; or, rather, to restore to them so acted upon without the utmust caution. njanifest a right. To judge of it properly, requires an ex Perhaps the best preparatory step tensive knowledge of the interests of tlie

would be, to bring a considerable proColonists, an intimate acquaintance with portion of the people of colour, between the character and disposition of the the Whites and the Negroes, to England slaves, and much information with re to be educated, together with such of gard to the relative policy between this.

the Blacks themselves, as might display country, and the settlements. By bastyany peculiar marks of intellect; allowor inconsiderate measures a serious

ing them to return as free subjects, wound might be given to the sacred possessing all the privileges of citizens ; principles of humanity and justice, and and, in addition to these, annually to eninfinitely more mischief than advantage franchise a certain number of the best would be the result.

disposed slaves, until the whole should It is possible that, by proceeding with

be free ; takiyg care, always to preserve great care and discretion, the loud calls a due proportion between the number of humanity may be obeyed, and the

educated, and the number emancipated, emancipation effected to the great be

and to make their liberation a reward to nefit of the slaves, and without serious superior merit. injury to their masters : but to force In this manner, the individuals of all upon the blacks and their descendants, shades, and all degrees, might be brought at all hazards, a freedom, which thev to mix together as people of the same know not how to value or to use, would state, subject to the same laws, followbe cruel and fatal.

ing the same pursuits, and feeling the It should be held, always, in remem same interests and propensities. The brance, that, in a inental point of view, coloured inhabitants would be made the slaves are but as children, having fellow.citizens with the whites, and their untutored minds in a more abject they would aspire to be-Englishmen! state of imbecility, than the lowest of Among them would be found merchants the poor in the meanest state of Europe. and planters, as well as tradesmen, meMuch has been done, during many years chanics, and labourers : all hurtful jeapast, to meliorate their condition; but, lousies would be done away, and the in order to make it consistent with the Africans and their offspring baving acpolicy of the parent-country, the safety quired a knowledge of the benefits to be of the West India proprietors, or the be derived from industry, and the accumunefit of the Negro race themselves, to lation of property, the cultivation of the abolish slavery altogetber, this benefi- Colonies would be continued, and the cent and glorious achievement must be commercial influence, preserved to the accomplished by a steady perseverance mother-country. in the use of slow and gradual means. To attempt to enumerate the mani.

A general system of education and fold advantages which would result from moral improvement should be esta such a system of eusranchisement, would blished among the slaves; a due sense be to

too much into detail. of their religious duties should be incul- Among the most important of them cated; and they should be taught to es would be that of preventing the sad timate the bigh value of freedom, and waste of human life, and of treasure, social intercourse : private punishments which is at present incurred, by the neshould be prohibited ; all invidious dis- cessity of sending out unacclimatet Eutinetions between the different colours ropeans to garrison the Colonies, and to done away; and every man, of whatever

execute the offices of managers, clerks, bue, should be made subject to the same book-keepers, and the like. These

would

enter

Slave Trade, since the Treaty for its Abolition. would not, as at present, be indispen- the Marquis of Lansdowne, accom, sably required. The danger of revolt panied this just appeal. The Duke and insurrection would no longer exist; of Wellington was induced to exert and the people of colour being capable his influence in the same cause during of performing all the duties of the planta; his residence at Paris. The Prince tion and the counting-house, they would Regent also wrote to the King of soon become possessed of stores and es

France to the same effect, in which he tates; and the garrisons might be safely concluded thus: “I own it would af. intrusted to them, as the best defenders

ford me the highest of all possible of their own property. England baving set a generous and gratifications, were we enabled toge

ther lo eftace this painful and disgusta splendid example, in being the first to forego the unhallowed prorts of a cruel ing stain, not only from the practice and impious traffic in human beings,

of our own, bult of all the other States might it not be an object worthy the with whom we are in friendly relamagnanimity of the Prince Regent of lions." this Nation, to carry the august work Louis answered in such a manner as of bumanity to its consummation, by maintained the tine mentioned in the establishing an institution, for the eman

Treaty, but proposed some restrictions cipation of the slaves, and for their edu

in the interval. Englaod then offered cation and improvement after they be

an Island in the West Indies, or a sum came free? If a school were endlowed, somewhat

of money, as the price of immediate

abolition ; but this offer was rejected. upon the plan of Christ's Hospital, or the Royal Military Asylum, and appro

lu a short time afterwards France priated to the education of the creole agreed to it as far as lo prohibit the children of colour, it would immortalize trade to the North of Cape Formosa, the name, and prove a lasting monument situated about the 4th degree of North of the wisdom and benevolence of tie Latitude. At the Congress of Vienna Prince who should have the happiness the same was renewed, and acceded of being its founder. Such an institution to by all the Eight Powers, except might stamp the Regent's governnient, Spain and Portugal, which afterwards which has been already distinguished joined in a general declaration for by such auspicious events, with unpas universal abolition; but the term was ralleled glory: It would mark the period not abridged. They published a joint as an era of humanity, and His Royal declaration on the 8th Feb. 1815, deHighness could not fail to experience the grateful reward of feeling, that his pouncing this traffic, which has so name would be uttered with prayers and long desolated Africa, degraded Eua blessings, not only by hundreds of thou

rope, and afflicted Humanity.” Pora sands of fellow-beings now existing, but fugal afterwards acceded to this, lo by millions yet unborn!

the Northward of the Equalor; Spain

concurred, with exception of supply Tut Slave TRADE-since the Treaty ing its own Islands, and to the 10th for its general Abolition.-No.l. degree of North Latitude, for a period HE Treaty of Peace with France of eight years. This was objected to

in 1815, which permitted the by England, as tending to frustrate all subjects of France to continue the her efforts. Slare Trade for five years, was, prac Napoleon, upon his te-possession of lically speaking, creating it anew; for the throne of France, published his it may confidently be asserted that, at decree of abolition on pain of confisthe time of signing that Trealy, there cation of vessel and cargợ, giving liwas not a single French vessel en berty of sale in the Colonies to those gaged, nor one livre of French capital who had previously filted out vessels. invested in that traile; more than 800 Holland decreed the abolition on the petitions to Parliament, sigped by 14th June 1814, Denmark and Sweden nearly a million of individuals, were on the 14th Jan. 1814, aud Aiverica ou presented against the revival of the the 24th Dec. 1814. The Officers of the French Slave Trade ; and Mr. Wil Navy exerted themselves every where berforce carried the unanimous Reso. to effect this great object, agreeably lation of the Cominons to the Throne, to their respective instructions; and if for the best exertions of the Country they sustained any losses, they are at the Congress of Vienna, to obtain justly entitled to a fair remuneration. the objects of its emancipation; and Buit, notwithstanding these accessionis a similar Resolution of the Lords, by on the part of France, this trade was

barried

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carried on very extensively in the East, occasioned it, and the immediate con
in the Isles of France and Bourbus. sequences thereby induced to after-

By the English laws, any British ages, has hardly its parallel in the
subject, guilty of this trade in any modern or ancient history of mankind.
part of the globe, may be brought to The accovols given by Moses are
trial as a felon before any compelent now the only documents of known au.
court,

thenticity, or froin which any certain All these regulations originate va

inferences can be drawn. From these rious plans for ameliorating the con we have traditions that a city and dition of slaves already in the Co- tower of extraordinary dimensious lonies; and one very important part were contrived, and partly completed of these measures, has been the intro. by the sods of Noah' after the food, duction of the Bill by Mr. Wilberforce who, at the death of that second Adam, for the Registry of Slaves, which would had abandoned the mountain Ararat*, effectually check their being smug- and the adjoining country, in quest of gled. It has been much misrepresented, regions more novel, or countries more and therefore misconceived in the fertile. Having arrived at the plaia Islands, and some insurrections have of Shivaar, they determined upon the been falsely ascribed to the reports of erection of a city and tower, whose the effect of this Bill. The capacity top, while it approached the heavens, of native Africans for all the conforis might serve as a land.mark or sigaat. and civilizations of life, and all the to their families, -as a preservative manual improven ents of art, are fully against their dispersion,-nd not as proved by those who have been re a monument that was to perpetuate lieved from their chains on board their name to poslerity. But to throw slave-ships captured and carried into a proper light upon this subject, os Sierra Leone, where, from the lowest indeed upon any pot easily deinonextreniity of wretchedness and misery, strated, facis must be quoted and opithey have, in a few months, become pions recited. The introduction, thereconversant with the meaus of tillage, fore, in this place, of portious of the masonry, shingle making, sawing, scriptural writings cannot be avoided, building, and the cultivation of lavd; especially they form the most suband to these have been happily sub- lime specimens of historical composijoined the sale of vegetables at the tion. Here we read “that one man market of Freetown, and regular mar

said to another, Go'to, let us build us rịage for life. They appear to be as a city and a tower,” &c. &c. " lest we happy, and are a comfortably situated, be scattered abroad upon the face of and are as likely to rise in the Colony, all the earth.” This passage has been as any class of persons in it. This variously but ambiguously translated colony, in 1814, consisied of nearly into differeot languages. The Greek 6000 souls, amongst whom educativa and Latio make it let us acquire a on the general system, and vaccina name before we be scattered,” &c.; so tion, have happily diffused their mu- that, had this translation been litetual blessings; and to these a coin of rally true, maukiud must have known copper has been added from England, and calculated upon their future disYours, &c.

A. H. persion over the globe. Now the (To be continued.)

Hebrew, in conjunction with the Ara

bic, have made it simply “lest we be Observations relating to the scattered, &c." with a total omission. TOWER OF Babel, &c.

of the word “betore." Jackson, on
Princes Street, Chronological Antiquities, (to whose
Mr. URBAN,

Cavendish Square. book ! am partly indebied for the
The separation of she herst damilies above maintains that the word

'name' has
into the different nations, which, by a

* Ararat, a mountain in the province gradual increase in population, have of Armenia, wbere the ark first rested in the course of years, overspread tbe after the deluge. A learned writer, Brysurface of the earth, if it be not uni.

ant, on Ancient Mythology, has asserted versally acknowledged, is generally " that Armenia was thus designated from attributed to the confusion of toogues Anmen or Harmen ; and that Ararat at the building of the Tower of Babel; is a compound af Ar-arat, signtfying the, an event for the singular cause that mountain of descent."

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