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schools. From thence they marched gentlemen, to the number of 330, sat in a regular procession through the down in the booth to a very suitable village, preceded by the band of the cold dinner; the Lord Bishop in the 69th regiment, playing a slow march, chair ; and the children were regaled and by the Clergy, the stewards for the with cold plum-puddings, the meat Meeting, and the friends and sub- which was removed from the table of scribers to the several schools, and the company, and half a pint of beer accompanied by a larger concourse

each. The numbers were so great, of people than has ever been assem that it was difficult to provide for all bled in that part of the country on

with regularity and comfort; but the any occasion.

Iu returning to the countenances of all evinced equally church, the procession passed the and uniformly the joys of the day, Lord Bishop of London, to whose which the longest extension of life condescension and presence the coun

will not obliterate from the recollectry is chiefly indebied for the interest tion. On drinking the health of the of the day, and a party of ladies and Lord Bishop of London, his Lordship gentlemen, who were stationed in a declared, with evident sincerity, that room at the Bell Inn, and all of whom he entered deeply and warmly into were highly gratified by the decency the spirit of the Meeting ; and, in and deportment of the children, as an address of some length, compliwell as by their healthy appearance,

mented the Deanry of T'endring, as and dress. Indeed it would be invi he had previously in his Sermon, on dious to say, that any one of the being foremost in the race of Charity, schools exceeded the other, in neat in that unexampled emulation which ness of apparel, in propriety of man a sense of the incalculable value of ners, or in cleanliness of person--all these Schools, in a temporal and spiwas plainpess—all simplicity in out ritual view, to the rising generation, ward show, emblematic of that Chris- had excited throughout the land. tian piety and virtue, with which it His Lordship acknowledged, that temis the design of these benevolent In- poral difficulties migbt require restitutions to adorn the inward mind. trenchment in many private as well At the church, “ Te Deum” was sung as public affairs; but the complexion by the children of the Weeley school, of the Meeting gave him confidence and appropriate Psalms by the chil- that the Institutions which had this dren of Harwich, Manningtree, and day so highly delighted every huThorpe. The sermon was preached made and virtuous heart, would peby the Right Hon. and Right Reve ver become the subject of a narrowed rend the Lord Bishop of the Diocese; Charity; but that, under every state in which the blessings of an early in- of the country, whether in prospestruction and education in Religious rily or adversity, in peace or war, the Truth-of early impressions of ho same piety, the same true Christian nour and honesty-of industry and feeling, which had founded them, virtue; were most forcibly and feel- would add, from year to year, to ingly expressed. Indeed the whole their support, and carry them down, tenour of the discourse bespoke not increasing in blessings to the latest more the power of the understanding, age. A song of gratitude, complithan the benignity of the heart that mentary to his Lordship, was then had dictated it, and was received with sung by the children of Harwich;that reverent attention, and general Pope's Ode, "The Dying Christian," approbation, which it so justly me very beautifully by the children of rited. After service the children pro- Weeley; and the national air of ceeded in regular order to the mea “ God Save the King,” in which all dow before Thorpe-Hall, where a present seemed to join as with one booth, decorated by the ladies of the heart and one voice, concluded the neighbourhood with wreaths and gar- pleasures of what all ranks acknowlands of flowers in a most tasteful ledge to have been a most happy and mapper, had been erected, forming gratifying day. The number of perthree sides of a hexagon-the tables sons present have been estimated at for the children forming the other from eight to ten thousand-all testithree, and leaving a space of some fying their love of Charity ; and, wheacres in the centre for the spectators, ther Givers or Receivers, enjoying and the military band. About three the fruits of it. In what nation can o'clock a company of ladies and a parallel be found :


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Sept. 5.

whence they will no doubt spread ONthat for mer in were some the standinge en el prejudices which we list Gentleman's Magazine, I was much among some of the master chimneypleased that they called to my recol- sweepers, and many of our servants, lection that its pages bad on some

the characteristics of the new plan occasions been devoted to the pro are, equal efficacy and equal cleaolimotion of a practice which has for ness with the old plan, and the charge its object the rescue of number of for sweeping is also the same. friendless infants from torture, and By the insertion of this letter, Sir, misery, and death; I mean the prac. in your widely-read publication, you tice of Mechanical Chimney-sweeping will be instrumental in the cause of I trust, Mr. Urban, you will think humanity, and very much oblige another page well devoted to the A Friend, though no Com. same subject, which has recently

mittee-man, of the Society. been brought into more general notice by the distressing detail of circumstances which took place at the Mr. URBAN, M. Temple, Sept. 2. late Old Bailey Sessions on the trial

following extract from a for the murder of one of these infants logue cannot fail of being interesting by cruel treatment; as well as by the

to many of your Readers. examination which since took place Yours, &c.

CARADOC. at Hatton-garden Office, by which it

“ The Compiler of this Catalogue hav. appeared, that a child of about seven

ing, with some industry, collected toyears of age had suffered in a most

gether all the different editions of the horrible manner, by being sent up a

Hisťory of Quadrupeds and History of chimney on fire, for the purpose of Birds, the early printed copies of which extinguishing it.

are of great rarity, a short account of It is worthy of observation, that, them, drawn from various sources, may in both cases, as, indeed in most not be thought uninteresting. others in which climbing-boys be The Art of Engraving on Wood was come victims, the evils arise out of nearly coëval with that or Copper; the employment itself, and that they and, for some time after it was invented, are not to be prevented but by the was practised by several of the most substitution of a Machine.

eminent Painters as an easy and expeThere is, Sir, I am persuaded, in

ditious method of multiplying copies of

their works. Most of the earlier wri. the English Nation, a peculiar abhorrence of the needless inflictioa of

ters of Natural History embellished their misery; therefore, by giving public and animals. Some of these did honour

works with figures from wood of plants city to the melancholy consequences to the artist: but the greatest part of of such an employment, and to the

them were rude and inexpressive, and means of avoiding it, we must be in could boast of very little merit. The suring success to the endeavours of superior beauty and splendour of copthose friends to bumanity, who are per-plate engravings gradually obtained

“ The Comınittee of the So-, a decided preference, and, during the ciety for su perseding climbing boys,” greater part of the seventeenth and exerting themselves to bring into ge- eighteenth centuries, wooden-cuts were neral use the adoption of the Ma of little use but to embeliish half-penny chine, which, except in a few very

ballads and school-books. crooked chimneys, completely answers

It was reserved for Mr. Bewiek to

revive and restore this nearly forgotten the purpose of cleansing, and also of

art, from the neglected state in which exlinguishing fires in them.

it had been so long suffered to continue. To many of your Readers it may

His particular turn of mind led him to be information to tell them, that all

observe and to delineate the form and they have to do in promoting this

manners of the Animal creation; and work of mercy is to direct their

he soon found that the yielding consistservants to apply to one of those ence of wood is better fitted to express Chimney-sweepers who use the Ma

the ease, freedom, and spirit, which chine. "They are to be found in most ought to characterise portraits of aniparts of London and its vicinity, from mated beings, than the stubborn surGent. Mag. September, 1816.





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face of a metallic substance. He accord

Ubi amatur ingly engraved wooden blocks of all the

Non laboratur, domestic and inost of the wild British

At si laboratur

Labor amatur. Quadrupeds, and neglected no opportunity of drawing such foreign animals Were Mr. B. not in love with his own as were exhibited in the itinerant col. art, he would never bave so eminently lections which visited Newcastle-upon- excelled in it. Tyne. These universally shew the hand The present state of Mr. B.'s health of a master. There is in them a bold gives his friends the greatest hope that ness of design, a correctness of outline, he may yet be induced to complete bi an exactness of attitude, and a discri work by the addition of the Natural mination of general character, convey- History of Fishes. ing, at tbe first glance, a just and lively

EMERSON CHARNLEY, Newcastle." idea of each different animal. But Mr. Bewick's merits as an artist extend far


Sept. 30. beyond the simple delineation of the OUR Correspondent, p. 123, is animal. The landscapes, which he pleased to say, that my former sometimes introduces as a back ground assertion “ that the Registry B:ll and relief to his principal figures, as would effectually check Slaves being well as the greater part of bis numerous vignettes, have a similar excellence and smuggled, is oot entitled to the small

est attention until I prove, what is though the parts of which they consist

incumbent on me to prove, that are extremely minute, there is in them a truth and nature which admits of the smuggling has in fact taken place.”

I could not have anticipated such a strictest examination, and will be admired in proportion as they are more

question, at least from any one who

has considered this subjeci-for it is attentively observed and better understood.

well known, that, although all the The History of Quadrupeds, when nations of Europe having coacero in completed, called forth the approbation the West Indies, except two, have and encouragement of the publick; abolished the Slave Trade-yet it is which have been shewn in the sale of six as well known that one of those two, large impressions. Thus deservedly en the Portuguese, still carry it on, and couraged, Mr. B. was induced to try chiefly in selling Slaves by smuggling whether the peculiar softness of wood- them into the Colonies of the States engraving might not be applied with who have resolved the Abolitionsuccess in delineating the Feathered that the reasou of the Colonial ob. Tribes, and in his British Birds, the jections to the Registry arises from wood-cuts are found more peculiarly their argument, that smuggling, is beautiful, expressing all the natural softness of Fur, Feather, and Foliage. The

necessary to their existence, and i hat

some of the l’lantations were aban. accuracy of Mr. B.'s drawings, and the life and spirit which he imparts to his

doned in consequence of the Abolition Figures, are of unrivalled excellence.

Laws. If S. D. D, would have a The elegant editions of the Poems particular statement of the parties of Goldsmith and Parnell, and Somer who are guilty of this nefarious pracvile's Chase, with embellishments by tice, io violation of the Laws of their Bewick, form, as it has been said by a Mother Country, he would lay the warm admirer of his," the most ex spare of prosecution under the cuyer traurdinary effort of the art of engrav- of argunent. ing upon wood that ever was produced Assuredly the Bill has been migin any age, or any country.”

represented, and therefore wisconMr. B. is at present engaged in en ceived, in more ways than as relates graving cuts for a new work, “ The Pables of Æsop and others;" the work

to smuggling. It was certainly mis

conceived at Barbadoes; and the disis far advanced,and will make its appear order which that misconception among ance next summer, and froin the specimens which the writer of this has seen,

the Negroes produced, is an alarniwill add greatly to Mr. B.'s well-earned ing argument since raised against ir. reputation; the designs for a work of

Our Legislature could never mean this description giving full scope to his

that a Registry of Slaves should fruitful imagination.

cause a general massacre of their masIn respect to the labours of this in- ters, whatever might be the feeling gerious man, we may adopt an old of persons forced into a situation of wonkista rhyme to mark his fondness' oppression unworthy of the English for his profession:


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Jurisdiction-the Registry Bill would, conclusion which he has drawn.-I if rightly explained to thein, tend to must premise that I am speaking of palliate their condition, render their Congregational Prayer: pp.33, 34, lives and services more valuable and

may perhaps be without offen. secure, and prevent any more of their

sive opposition asked, what is meant by fellow-countrymen from similar cap- the word form, on which the objection tivity; and they would know that a is grounded?-If we are to understand return of themselves to Africa would by it, a previous composition imposed now be of little avail towards their upon the mind and heart, certainly, it bappiness, unless judeed they could may with truth be observed that such secure a reception into the reformed a previous composition is nothing more Colopy of Sierra Leone, where dis than a due preparation of the powers of tricis of land and civilization are pro

the understanding, and the feelings of vided for them.

the heart, for the solemn conformity of I strongly suspect that the difficul, requires that it should not be left to

both to a duty, the importance of wbich ties stated by S. D. D. of trouble and desultory conception or extemporary imexpence in Trinidad, to effect the Re- pulse. It must be admitted that Prayer gistry, are stated at least to the full

in all its properties should be uniform cst extent ; but they are such as and equal. Now it is not too much to must subside in the frequent practice infer, that the person who is thus en-almost every new measure is at gaged in prayer, as the organ of the first troublesome, and new and bet- whole assembly of worshipers, may not ter inodes are afterwards adopted. be always alike collected in his thoughts,

But I forbear further intrusion on or in equal possession of his capabiyour valuable columps, as I do not lities; and as God is always the same find that S. D. D. has claimed from

in essence, the same awful reverence me any other reply. The grounds of ought always to be paid to Him. Nomy statement were collected from thing therefore ought to be left to the Mr. Stephen's last work on the Re

inequality of the human intellect, by

which the slightest trespass upon this A. H.

reverence may be committed ; and so Mr.Urban, Trinity-square, Sept.10. remains, it always will be better for us

long as the possibility of such omission I AM induced to hope, that the to be well prepared to come to God, as ,

He ought to be approached, than to be Number, reviewed my Sermon “ thrown upon the chance of an oacasional the Established Liturgy of our Na irreverence or wilful presumption. This tional Church” witb so much can reasoning is not, perhaps, so applicable dour and indulgence, will kindly al to private and ejaculatory prayer, as to low me to make a short observa. Public Devotion in the foriner, the

upon one of his remarks; which, communion between the soul and God as it stands, leaves the Reader of The may doubtless. be preserved by the sinCritique to infer, that I have pre: supplicant's beart ; yet even in this ap

cere and spontaneous dictates of the somed to chain those sudden emotions of the soul, which lift it to the plication of prayer, a regular arrangethrone of Grace in instant aspiration gard to the condition of the sinner, as

ment of the petitions, and a due reof pious prayer, down to the more

it relates to the object of supplication, deliberale order of previous compo- ought always to be previously contemsition or restrictive form.

plated by him. And ejaculatory prayer The Reviewer says." We cannot should never be permitted to issue from go with Mr. White to the length of the lips, but in expressions consistent asserting, that no prayer can be con with the dignity of the Deity, and in sidered efficacious or acceptable at conformity to the attribute which we the throne of Grace which is not of. so call upon Him to exercise in relief of fered with some regard to form, di

our exigency." rect or indirect."

I desire to apologize to you, Sir, May I be permitted to quote that for ibis intrusion ; but I feel an anixiz passage in the Sermon, which is the ely to escape from an inference, whichi, only one, I conceive, that could in any I assure the Gentleman who has done degree have conveyed such a sugo me so much honour bg his notice, iş gestion to your Correspondent's not more in opposition to bis sentimind :—but which, I am much dis- men's, than it is to those of, posod 10 tbink, does not warrant the Yours, &c. HENRY G. WHITE.

gistry Bill.




Sept. II. from that country, whilst the banks I

SEND you a Skelch of a Plan for of the River Thames and many other

improving the present situation of places afford this article in great the Cottagers and labouring part of abundance, but owing to the people the community, by means of a Cen; not being in the habit of collecting tral Establishment for promoting do- such, they are suffered to go to mestic economy ainong the Poor of waste, whilst av inferior article when Great Britain; suggested from have imported is sold for large sums of ing attended some Botanical excur money. It is a fact, that upwards of sions the last two seasons. I am your 149,000 bundles of Dutch bull-rushes obedient servant,

ECONOMICUS. were, during the year 1815, imported

from Holland, for which the sum of HAVING been all my lifetime en Ten Thousand Pounds was paid in gaged in different pursuits more hard cash; whilst numbers of acres or less connected with the rural of those and a similar kind, equally affairs of this country, I have long as well adapted to all such purposes, observed with regret, that among the are suffered to rot and go to waste, generality of the poorer classes of so because our own people do not koow ciety, there is a total want of applin their value. cation to the various advantages that The above articles afford matting, are often presenting themselves ; for for floors, and for the purpose of mauy opportunities offer for persons door-inats. The manufacture of all procuring by labour alone a decent these articles are capable of much livelihood, by converting into useful improvement if persons were emmaterials many of the spontaneous ployed in it who had encouragement productions of our hedges, road-sides, to proceed in a proper and skilful and other waste-lands; and it has long manner. been in contemplation to publish my Many of our underwoods and opinion on this subject; and probably shrubs that are growing on waste ai the present season of want amongst lands are capable of being converted our peasantry, developement of it into sieves for cleansing and sifting may render a service to the country. corn, &c. and also for various other A considerable number of domes

purposes for general use, but to tic articles in general use, and of which they are but seldom applied. great demand, manufactured Various articles met with in the abroad and brought here, or same plenty are of most essential use made from the material iinported, at to the dyer, but are seldom collected in a considerable expence, which might, consequence of the present difficulty by proper encouragement given to of preserving them, but which could our poor, be substituted by other be overcome by properly applying articles that are to be met with in the labour of the poor to such objects. plenty on our waste lands.

A large number of vegetables are The rushes used for candle-wicks in demand for the use of the Drug. are found growing in great abund- gist and Apothecary, and which froin ance in all our wet and boggy lands, being collected in quantities near and which would, if collected and London by persons who make it their properly preserved, afford labour for business, are become scarce, and if inany months in the year.

these were only pointed to the poor It is worthy of remark, that the in the places where they grow in rush made use of for this purpose, plenty, great benefit would accrue although a noxious weed in the places therefrom. It should be observed, where it naturally grows, is by dint that much requires to be done on of labour alone made worth 2s.6d. per this head ; for few of our herbs used pound, and the demand for the article for medicine are properly cured, is very extensive. Of a similar plant ---a reason probably why many of to the above are made floor-mattiogs, them have been superseded by the hassocks, and baskets of different use of foreign drugs of no more efdescriptions, also frails for pack-ficacy, but only cured in a better ing goods, great quantities of which method. are likewise imported from Hol These consist of leaves, woods, and land. Rushes that are also in demand roots, and at present afford a livelifor bottoming chairs are brought hood to numbers of poor persons in




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