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piece. of paicted glass in any of the for the grave of the famed Lady Hachurches I saw; and from the pre- milton, who was there buried by a subsent glazing being very antient, it is scription made in the town: her ashes more than probable there never was now mingle indiscriminately with those any. The steeple is vaulted with of the vulgar dead, without the slightstone, and the pulpit rich. The whole est memorial of where they rest. Alas! structure is of excellent antique brick- how fleeting are the honours of this work, laid with the Eoglish bond. passing world! The corpses are inThe steeple is at present witbout a terred without any religious cereroof, the lead and timbers being mony; except some Protestant friend taken off during the Revolution. At can be found to read the burial serthe North side of the tower, in the vice; which is permitted, but it must church-yard, is a very large and well- be in the presence of a gendarmes, carved crucifix.
who is ordered to attend every such Though your Readers versed in funeral. It does not appear, as with English history need not be told, per us, that a person secures a certain haps it will be information to many, portion of the burying.ground for to say, that immediately after the himself and family; but the corpses battle of Cressy in 1347, Edward III. are buried side by side indiscriminately, invested Calais on the 8th Septem in a row, until that row is full, and ber, and it surrendered to bim on the then another is commenced. There are 4th of August following: when he some few memorials, chiefly on woodturned out all the inhabitants, and peo en crosses, and here and there a flat pled it with English. When the Town marble stone. The burying-ground capitulated, Edward granted life to is merely an open field, by the road. both soldiers and inhabitants, except. side, subject to the ravages of man ing six of the principal burghers, in and beast. tending to sacrifice them to his ven The Grande Place, or market-place geance; leaving the inhabitants to of Calais, is a large handsome square, choose the victims. The greatest con well-paved ; nearly 400 feet long and sternation prevailed in the town, not 350 broad. On the South side are knowing whom to choose; when Eus- situate the Garde du corps, and the tace de St. Pierre, a principal ipha- Maison-ville ; the former is a plain bitant, offered himself to be one of structure with semicircular arches, the six: and five more soon followed and a very high tower for a watchbis patriotic example. These six house, or observatory: from its sumberoes went out to the Conqueror in mit is a fine prospect of the town, their shirts, bare-footed, and with bal. the sea, and surrounding country. ters around their necks ; and deli- Adjoining the Maison-ville, is a large vered to him the keys of the town: square tower, very antient, of the Edward, determined on their execu. Pointed architecture; the West and tion, was not to be appeased, even by South sides of which were originally the intercession of the Prince of enriched with a great many statues ; Wales, commonly called the Black but which are now all gone, their Prince, who had behaved so heroical- niches only remaining in a very dilaly; but was at last overcome by the pidated state. From the top of the tears and entreaties of his Queen; original tower, to the height of about who, having obtained their pardon, fifty feet, arises an octagon tower of clothed and feasted them, and, giving three stages, of the fanciful order them money, sent them back into the combining the Pointed and Grecian town.-Calais continued in possession architecture, in which is the clock of the English until 1558, when it and the chimes; the bells banging was so neglected, under the imbecile exposed in the openings. The streets though bloody reign of Mary, that it in Calais are generally at right angles, was taken by the Duke of Guise, af and pretty well paved; and in the ter seven days' siege, on the 8th of reign of the present Mayor, kept reJanuary, after being in the possession markably clean; though, in conseof the English 210 years !
quence, the ramparts and environs Returning from Bass-ville, we vi are dirty enough. The Mayor has sited the strangers' or heretics' bury- now issued his ordinance that every ing-ground, which is situated without proprietor shall immediately pave the thewalls of the town; and sought in vain street opposite his premises, after the
manner of the London pavement, there is an amazing large reservoir with flagged foot-paths on each side. at the North side of the Church, to The prospect from the ramparts is secure the water which comes from good, and the walk fine, but for the it, which is preserved as a last repuisance above alluded to.
source *. There are several other Jaspected the Church, which is five altars in the Church, particularly built of stone, and is a fine structure, those of St. James and St. Rocb: consisting of a Dave and N. and S. altar of the Holy Trinity, very fine : ailes, with alternate octangular and Chapel and altar of St. Peter; fine circular pillars, with Pointed arches. painting, date 1630. In the tranN. and S. transepts; tower in the cen septs many antient paintings on wood. tre, beautifully groined with stone. In the side ailes of the choir, are Choir and side ailes, with Pointed some fine altars: that of St. Christoarches; clerestory windows through- pher ; fine picture of Christ crowned out, with semicircular heads. Chapel with thorns, date 1718. Altar of of the Virgin Mary at the East end, St. Joseph, small but neat. Ditto of circular, and of very fine Corinthian St. Ann. Altar of St. Maclow, two architecture, much enriched. Beau- good statues; one of the Saint, the tiful altar, with fine statue of the Vir. other of St. Michael. Chapel of St. gin and Child, surrounded by a large Sacrement, South side of the South glory, and decked out with jewels aile of choir, very fine rich structure; aud flowers. This has been erected fine Ionic altar, and beautiful picwithin a few years, as the former ture in the centre, and good statues chapel, which was of similar construc- of Faith and Hope." In the South tion, was destroyed during the Re- aile of the nave is a large altar of volution. The whole Church was the Sepulchre, represented by a cave, doomed to destruction; and now would in which stands an alabaster tomb have been no more, had it not been open, with a well-carved figure of the considered that a great part of the Redeemer as dead, in white marble ; town was supplied with water from with statues surrounding the back and its roof: without it the inhabitants ends, nearly as large as life, of Joseph would have been greatly distressed ; and Mary, and four of the disciples, as they have no water which can be weeping around: pretty well carved, used, but what is caught from the but tawdrily painted. Before this roofs of their buildings, and which altar, during grand mass, are some is preserved in wells at each of the hundreds of common tallow candles houses. Should their supply fail, burping, which the devotees pur
* Since writing the above, I observe in vol. LXXXIV. p. 433, you have given an Engraving of this Church, taken from the N. E. forty years since. On comparing it with a Drawing taken by myself, it appears that the Church must have undergone great and essential alterations, if that Drawing was then correct. Mr. Groombridge observes, “Mr. Topping made a Drawing of the great Church there; whilst 1, anxious lest be might be interrupted, was on the look-out;" that it was made under such a degree of trepidation as might prevent accuracy. Indeed the North side of the Church is so confined, and so blocked up with buildings, that it is not possible to obtain a sight of a great part of it: particularly that side of the nave is wholly obstructed by the immense reservoir referred to in the description: so that I am ready to conclude, the sketch most probably was made from the ramparts, which will account for the small elevation of the tower; and that the minuter parts were filled in from memory, or by partial sketches.
My View was not taken under any such circumstances: from my station, I had a near sight of the whole : and I had also obtained permission to make Drawings, and a Commissaire de la Police to attend me; who inspected my sketch, and allowed it to be accurate: so that I was perfectly at my ease. Though forty years have elapsed since Mr. Topping's Drawing was made, I am eertain the windows have not been altered: therefore never could then be as given by Mr. T.; the lower ones certainly are pointed, but the mullions and tracery very different: all the upper, or clerestory windows are circular-headed, and never had mullions, as are the windows in the Virgin Mary's Chapel: and instead of the Pointed sashes of two lights, as they appear in the tower, they are merely long Pointed openings with louvre boards, as is usual in steeples. The finishings to the walls are totally dissimilar.
chase of old women, who sell them in men, and wished myself out of their the church during divine service. polluted country t. But, under the They are lighted and stuck up, I existing restriction, the conduct of the fear, with the superstitious idea that, people was decent, and the Church as the candle diminishes, so the sins well attended at all the services; but of tbe offerer are forgiven, through principally by women and children, the intercession of the Saint before as very few men were to be seen whose altar they are placed! Thank among them: I verily believe not God for superior light and know more than one in fifty, except those ledge of the Gospel in Britain! Dur who were officially present. Indeed, ing every public service at the church, it appeared to me, that the men were a collection is made for the relief of so habitually indolent, that they the distressed, by one of the inferior would neither work for the bread officers of the church, walking with that perisheth, any more than they a plate in his hand throughout the would for “ that which endureth to congregation : and the gift of a franc everlasting life.” One thing I must “for poor sick man” will produce a commend—their attention to their low bow indeed *. Near the West scholars, of which there are very end of the nave, at the opposite sides, great numbers; enforcing their atare two very large fine statues of St. tendance on divine worship, under Anthony and St. Francis. Over the en- the care of their different masters, trance of the nave at the West end, is who are numerous, and all habited an exceedingly large fioe-toned organ. alike, in a decent black cloak or
The church, from its structure and gown, and a band. On Easter-day, appearance, I have no doubt, was at high mass, the whole of the North erected whilst Calais was in the pos- aile of the nave of the church was session of the English, i.e. in the 14th closely filled with school-boys ; and century: as was the castle of St. on the Thursday following, there was Risban, Bass-ville Church, and
a distinct service performed for them: other of the public buildings, not ex they were then marshaled, in number cepting some of the present bouses, near 2000, in as regular order as and most of the defences of the town. soldiers, throughout the church, one
Having spent near a week in pace apart ;-it was a most pleasing France, I was preparing to return, sight, to see so many children kneeland probably with a better opinion ing before their God: and I only reof the morals and regularity of the gretted that the channel was not people than I should have done had more pure, from wbich they were it been at any other season of the assembled to drink the waters of life. year. It being Paschal week, the the. But, corrupted by superstition as it atres were shut, and no sports or there lamentably is, it is better than pastimes allowed: so that the man none; for it must at least impress on Ders of the people better accorded with their infant minds, the being of a the more sober ideas of an English- God, and the necessity of paying adoman ; _ especially on the Sabbath ration to Him: and, by thus inforcing day. For had that been kept in the on the rising generation the necessity usual manner-their theatres open, of religion, will, I trust, greatly contheir Vauxhalls and pleasure gardens tribute to banish from this miserably crowded with the lowest and most afflicted country those iv fidel prindebauched of the people, let loose to ciples which still unfortunately have every scene of folly and licentious. here too many abettors. pess upon that holy day, I should Intending to take my departure the bare detested the name of French- following morning, I applied for my
* The livre is now more generally denominated a franc, of the value of ten pence. At this time, April 17, 1816, the exchange in favour of the English Bank note; as a one pound one would fetch 24 francs, 4 sous; while the guinea would produce only 24 francs, 18 sous! Silver was more depreciated, as the English shilling would pass for only one franc.
+ To judge of the company who assemble at their Vauxhalls, it need only be observed, that the admission-fee is seven sous; for which a bottle of beer is included, besides their abominable pastimes, which, I understand, mark their frivolity and irreligion with a vengeance.
permit to leave the kingdom ; which In concurrence with the High Sheriff must be stamped and signed at three for the County, the Magistrates have different offices : I obtained the two
been induced to promote some Regufirst, but, on waiting on the Commis
lations in the Gaol, the tendency of saire especial, was informed he could
wbich bas been to separate the younger
class of Prisoner's from those of a more not be spoken with until the next
advanced age, and thereby to prevent morhing! so I lost my passage in
that contamination which is the almost the packet in which I had engaged to
necessary result of a general intercourse go. On Friday obtained
such places. They have also giadly and at five P. M. embarked on board
availed themselves of the establishment the Dover, of Dover, Captain Davi of a School in the Gaol, in which the son; and had a long, but not other. Children have been carefully instructed wise unpleasant passage of fourteen in the first principles of Religion, and hours: of course, did not arrive at have been made acquainted (many of Dover until 7 o'clock on Saturday them for the first time) with their demorning. We had then to wait un pendence on that Supreme Power, whose til our baggage was examined at the name they had never invoked, but in Custom-house, which was as closely
terms of the most horrid blasphemy; and minutely done as at the Bureau
and in which School they have been in France. Breakfasted; and, after
initiated into Habits of Industry, and visiting the immense works on the taught a Branch of the Pin Manufacheights at Dover, set out on my re
ture, under the direction of the late
High Sheriff. turn home, where I arrived in the
It is with the greatest satisfaction, the evening, and, thank God! found all Magistrates have witnessed the results well.
from this Institution. It may not perhaps “ Breathes there a man with soul so be too much to say, that by these means dead,
misfortune has, in some instances, been Who never to himself hath said,
converted into a blessing, and that many This is my own, my native land ? will leave the Gaol much better in prinWhose heart has ne'er within bimburn'd, ciple than when they were consigned As home his footsteps he hath turn’d, to it. Here, however, the advantage From wandering on a foreign strand?” stops short! for it is not to be supposed,
SCOTT. that from a state of the darkest ignoShould I again make a short visit
rance, and from habits of idleness and to the Continent, I shall then take vice, the limited term of an Imprisona different route; when I again hope form as should enable them to resist
ment can have generated such a refor the indulgence of my old friend
the effects of a return to former haunts Mr. Urban, to insert my lucubrations in his Miscellany.
and temptations, and shall prevent a
relapse into former practices. To obYours, &c. T. Mot F.S.M.
viate tbis almost inevitable recurrence,
the Magistrates have turned their attenAn Address from the Magistrates in tion to the consideration of some Estab
their Midsummer Quarter Sessions, lishment, where such Offenders as may 1816, to the Noblemen, Gentry, be of an age to allow hope of reform, Clergy, and Inhabitants of the Coun- may find an Asylum, at a distance from ty of Warwick; and also, to the the original scene of their depravity; Inhabitants of the County and City may be removed from that School of of Coventry.
iniquity in which they bave been eduHE Magistrates for the County of cated-may be instructed in some use
Warwick have long contemplated ful Trade or Employment-confirmed in with sincere concern the number of their religious acquirements, and finally delinquents who at a very early age have
put into a way of obtaining by their been brought to the Bar of Justice, at
industry an honest livelihood. the several Gaol Deliveries for the Coun
This Address therefore is intended as ty; the consideration has impressed
an appeal to the humanity of this rethem with a deep sense of the situation
spectable County; and it is earnestly reof so many unhappy objects, who, la- quested that individuals will take the bouring under profound ignorance and
case into their serious consideration. unrestricted habits of idleness, have
How far the Charitable Institution in been brought up with no other know- contemplation may be practicable and ledge than that of vice, and have no
extend, must be determined by the conprospect before them but that of wretch
tributions of those who are invited to edness and guilt.
turn their thoughts to the subject. It
some advantage from their liberality Tschoorst established on Dr. Bell's
is not proposed to engage in an undet N.B. The Calendar at the last Spring taking on a large scale ; but to provide Assizes contained 107 Prisoners, exclua receptacle for such a definite number sive of such as were at large on Bail. of both Sexes as their Funds may enable THOMAS HUNT, Clerk of the Peace, the Subscribers to withdraw from a vi- [Mr. Justice Dallas's very excellent Adcious course of life and the fatal conse dress shall appear in our next.] The Publick may in due time derive
Harwich, Aug. 21.
V shew the increase of National inasmuch as it is to be presumed, the present enormous 'charge on the County System of Education, and the desire Rate for Prosecutions may eventually which evidently manifests itself be much reduced--the Magistrates how- throughout the kingdom, of instructever rest their application on higher ing Children in the
principles of our motives--they appeal neither to personal excellent Establishment, combined considerations nor to the passions of with the Cause itself, will, I am contheir fellow countrymen; but to that sober reflection which should form the
fident, be a sufficient apology for my legitimate basis of such a proposal as is troubling you with a very interesting now submitted to them.
account of the Mceting which took Those excellent Institutions in the place at Thorpe le Soken, in this Metropolis, “ The Philanthropic So. county, on the Anniversary of those ciety," and “The Refuge for the Desti- Schools for the Deanry of Tendriog, tute," suggest the ground-work on on the 9th inst. under the immediate which the Magistrates wish to erect patronage of the Lord Bishop of the their more limited establishment. For Diocese ; and which is transcribed the information of such as may not be from the Colchester Gazette of the already acquainted with these Charitable 17th instant.-Allow me to add, that I Foundations, a short abstract is annexed had the gratification of being preof some of the leading features of the sent; and the sight of nearly two former; further Information may be
thousand of these “ tender plants” obtained, by a reference to its Annual
under the instruction of a religious Report.
It remains only to be observed, that education, the greater part of whom, the carrying this suggestion into effect probably, had it not been for these must depend on the encouragement it Schovis, would have been brought shall receive from those who are able to up in ignorance and error, conveyed give it birth, and to nurture it up to to my mind feelings which will not maturity - the Magistrates, before they easily be effaced from my rememshall be able or desirous to proceed any brance. That this laudable Institufurther, wish to be assured of the ap tion may tiod friends and supporters probation and concurrence of the Coun
to the remotest period of time, is the ty. The criterion by which they will sincere wish of yours, &c. feel themselves authorized to adopt ul
Rich. R. BARNES. terior measures will be the contributions
" The most numerous and most in(in form of Donations and annual Sub. scriptions) on which they may rely when teresting Meeting of the National the further progress of this under. Schools that has perhaps occurred taking shall make it necessary to call
since their establishment took place for the collection of them. If they who at Thorpe le Soken, in the county of are disposed to promote a plan of much Essex, on Friday the 9th inst. being more than vital importance to many a the anniversary of the Schools of the wretched destitute, will have the good- Deaory of Tendring. Soon after nige ness to stand forward, and specify the o'clock in the morning, all the roads extent of their intended support to the leading to Thorpe were thronged Bankers at Warwick, Birmingham, Co- with children, some on foot, others ventry, Atherstone, Nuneaton, Rugby; in waggons, covered with boughs of Tamworth, Stratford-upon-Avon, and Banbury, the return, which will appear most of them displaying colours, and
trees, and decorated with flowers, at the next General Quarter Sessions will govern the future proceedings of approaching in their respective dithe Magistrates, and empower them, it rections to the village. By half past is hoped, to lay before the Subscribers ten nearly two thousand of these hapand the Publick a digested Plan for py objects had assembled in the perfecting the proposed measure, and churchyard, and were ranked around carrying it into execution.
it in the order of their respective