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in Europe for flint. It is reported froni 2 to 4. The MSS. are kept in Hans Holbein was the Architect. the inner part, though now many of
Sir Robert Cotton's Library, found them are consumed by a late fire. ed by himself, and by many called the There I saw the rare book of the English Vaticao, the storehouse to Rites and Ceremonies of the Corowhich all our Antiquaries and His nation of our Kings. There is a matorians have had recourse, to the nuscript catalogue in the library. great improvement of their perform St. James's Library, founded by ances. It is well furnisht with antient Henry VIII. well furnished with cuMSS. both in Divinity and History, rious MSS. collected by Jo. Leland, especially English History, as also and others, at the dissolution of the many antient Saxon MSS. charters, Abbies. There are books in all lancoins of gold, silver and copper ; and guages, and all sorls of printed books, in the drawer are many rare pieces of well worthy any man's seeing. There Roman antiquities not mentioned in is great variety of the first printed the catalogue ; as brass images, fibu- books, both in vellam and paper in las, lamps, rings, seals, weapons, and all volumes. The catalogue of the a great many other rarities taken MSS. is printed in the General Catanotice of by few; many old relicks logue of the MSS. in England. This that belonged to monasteries in Eng. Library was first founded for the use laod at their dissolution, particularly of the Princes of the blood, and so one shewn for the bip of a griffin, . continues. But our Kings had not with a silver loop; that altar. piece only their books kept here, but had of old painting that belonged to the studies and libraries at several pamonastery of Great St.Bartholomewin Jaces,Whitehall, Hampton-court, NonLondon; the pictures of some of the such, Windsor, Oatland, Greenwich, Kings of England at length on board, &c. But this at St. James's was the the oldest that are to be seen; and chiefest, and hath been much made in a large book are several poble use of by learned men. He that can designs for Interviews in the time of obtain the sight of it will be extreines Henry VIII. I shall not treat of the pleased with the keeping of this liexcellency of these MSS. either for an brary. It would much redound to tiquity, beauty, and rich illuminations, the honour of England, if ali learned curious writing, &c. but leave it for foreigners did see it when they come more able performers, such as the hither. ingenious Mr. Humphrey Wanley : Prince Henry caused a piece of when the world thinks fit to give en ground near Leicesler-fields to be couragement, it is not to be doubted walled in for the exercise of arms, but he would exhibit this our Cotton which he much delighted io; a house Library as nobly as Lambesius has was built at one end for an armory, done the Emperor's at Vierna. The and a well-furnisht library of all antient Genesis there is worthy tako such books as related to arms, chiing notice of in particular: it is one valry, military affairs, incamping, forof the rarest MSS. in the world, and tification, &c. the best that could be perhaps as old as any; it is in Greek got in the kind in all languages, at capitals, with figures, and well de. the charge of the Prince, who had a serves the observation of the curious. particular learned man for a libraThe house where these rare jewels are rian, whose name I have forgot. It kept is the remaining part of the was called the Artillery Ground, and palace of our St. Edward the King, and remained till the Restoration of King is one of the oldest buildings of those Charles II. ; and then it fell into the times now to be seen.
hands of the Lord Gerrard, who let In the great Cloyster of the Abbey the ground out to build on. of Westminster, is a well-furnisht In the church-yard of St. Martin'sLibrary, considering the time when in-the-fields, the iheu incumbeot, Dr. it was erecled, by Dr. Williams, Dean Tenison, built a noble structure ex. of Westminster and Bishop of Lin- tremely well-contrived for the placing coln, who was a great promoter of of books and the lights. It was belearning: he purchased the books of gun and fivished in the year 1683, at the heirs of one Baker of Highgale. the said Doctor's charge, now ArchHe founded it for public use, every bishop of Canterbury, and by him day in Teriu time, froin 9 to 12 and furuishcd with the best modern bouks
in all faculties, perhaps the best of its nisht his own stody in his pompous kind in England. The studious of all house in the Strand : they were five parts may have free access there to cart-loads. Thus the City at that study, giving their pames and places time had a public library ; besides of abode to his Grace.
many others within the walls, as at At Lambeth Palace, over the Cloy- Grey Fryers in Newgate-street, was sters, is a well-furnisht Library. The a good library of MSS. to which oldest books there I find io have Whittington was a benefactor. belonged to the Lord Dudley, Earl of The White Fryers spared for no Leicester. From time to time they cost for books, and so their collection have been augmented by several must be great and good; and Bale, Archbishops. It was a great loss to one of theirf
fraternity, said, there was have it deprived of Archbishop Shel- no book to
no book to be sold but they had don's, the best in England in its kind, their emissarres to procure it for for missals, breviaries, psalters, prim- them; and indeed the Carmelites iners, &c. relating to the service of the grossed all they could lay their hands Church. So also of Archbishop San
on, and I believe other Orders did croft's. In another apartment for the same ; so that a layman, though MSS. oply, are those belongivg to
he were both able and willing to purtbe See of Canterbury, and those that chase, had but few fell into his hands; were Lord Cary's, Lord-lieutenant of so that books and learning were only Ireland, many of them relating to
to be found in monasteries. the history of that kingdom.
Sion College was founded by the will Gray's Inn hath a library for the of Thomas White, Vicar of St. Dupuse of the Society and students of the stan in the West, for the use of Dis house, mostly consisting of books re
vipes and others in and about London, lating to the law and history; first They are a body corporate, by charfounded by the Lord Verulam. ter, 1630. Great part of the books were
Lincoln's-inn hath a good Library destroyed in the fire in 1666; some of of the Law, much augmented by the them were saved by the industry of addition of the Lord Chief Justice the librarian John Spencer; and since Hales, who gave it by will to the So- that rebuilt, and the library furnished ciety: they are an admirable collec- with many good books by the Vistion relating to the Laws of this nation; couotess Cainden 1643, Lord Berkemany of them are MSS. of his own ley, and John Lawson M.D. of late, handwriting.
and is an object well deserving of In the Middle Temple is a consi- pious benefactors that are lovers of derable Library for common and civil learning, it being a place very convelaw, English historians, &c. Constant niently situated out of the noise of attendance is given there at studying- coaches, carts, and waggons, and the hours ; Wa. Williams, esq. is the pre- only public library within the walls sent librariau. Sir Creswell Loving of the city of London;, a large conveprinted a Catalogue thereof, but nient spacious room, capable of con. would not suffer it to be made pub. taining many thousands of volumes ; lic, printing but a very few, which he and it were to be wisht there were gave to his friends.
made a compleat collection of Bibles, In Guildhall, in the City, is the especially in the English tongue; as Treasury of their Records, Charters, also of our Latin and English histoLaws, Privileges, Acts of Common rians; for persons generally give to Council, &c. Their paper-books in public libraries books of shew only the Chamberlain's office are very an and of no value, such as they do not tient; those for the most part are in know how to dispose of. the keeping of the City Town Clerk. We have some other small libraries There is great variety, worthy the ob within the walls of the city, one servation of the curious.
founded by Dean Colet, founder of In the days of Edward VI. in the St. Paul's School, for the use of the Chapel adjoining to the Guildhall, Scholars there, since re-built by tbe called my Lord Maior's chapell, was Company of Mercers. They had a Library very well furnisht, being many good books both Mss. and all MSS. Stow says, the Duke of printed, in grammatical, in Latin, Somerset borrowed them, with a de- Greek, and Hebrew, and which filled sign never to return them; but fur- their library ; but they were destroy.
perused, I do not remem
ed in the late dreadfull fire, with those session of Sir Robert Cotton; after of the upper master's, Mr. Cromle which period, they seem to have holme, which was an excellent col- disappeared, and not to have seen lection of the best editions of the
the light again, till within a little Classics, printed by Aldus, Junti, Gry more than ihe last half century. I phius, Stephens, Elzevirs, &c. neatly thiok it highly probable, that from bound, and at the time were the best the recently increased industry of nu
mismatic antiquaries, more speciloss of them shortened his days, for mens of all of them may be in exist. he spared no cost to procure them ence, (even in this country only) than from all parts of Europe. Since the I have here enumerated. Some of library hath been furnisht with all your Correspondents will perhaps be sorts of lexicons, dictionaries, and kind enough to supply the deficiency. graminars, in Hebrew, Chaldie, Now I am on the subject of Coins, Greek and Latin, for the use of the Mr. Urban will possibly allow me to Upper School.
solicit the attention of his numerous [To be continued.]
Readers to the following address. I
have now, for nearly 20 years, been Mr. URBAN, Adderbury, Aug. 12. actively employed, during my leisure N the various Numismatic works hours, in the formation of a series
of Saxon and English pennies, from ber to have seen any notice taken of the earliest period of the Heptarchy the temporary disappearance of Coins to the present time. From Egbert, which were formerly known, not inclusive, to Geo. III, this series is only to have existed in cabinets, but entirely complete; as is also that of also to have been engraven. Of such the Heptarchic princes, with the extemporary disappearance I shall give ception of the following sovereigns, a few instances, both in the Roman viz. Ethelbert I. Ladbert, and Beland Saxon series, from the plates in dred, of Kent: Beornwulf, Ludica, Speed's History of England. In the and the 2 Ceolwulfs, of Mercia : Regformer, we find the gold of Pescen nald and Eric, of Northumberland :nius Niger, and Allectus ; in the lat. together with those princes, of whom ter, the fine Penny of Alfred, bear Mr. Pinkerton says, either that their ing on its Reverse the Monograin of Coins are “ unique,” or that “not London, and that of Beorhtric, King more than two of them are known.” of the West Saxops. Of the gold of Now, as it is my intention, ulti. Pesceunius Niger, a specimen was mately, to offer my whole collection, found in Warwickshire about three and the splendid cabinet containing years ago. This was, for a short it (the most complete and beautiful, time, in the possession of a friend of perhaps, in Great Britain) to some mine, whoʻinformed me into whose public Literary Institution, worthy of cabinet it passed; but the name has so great and valuable an acquisition, now escaped my recollection. A se
I beg to say, that if any gentleman cond is in the Royal Cabinet at Paris; (who possesses pennies of either of which, till the discovery of the War. the kings, above stated to be wanting wickshire coin, was, I believe, deemed to my series) will be kind enough to unique. Of Allectus, a gold speci- oblige me with them, in any manner men was formerly in the collection
most agreeable to himself, I shall feel of Dr. Mead; and others, I conceive, myself infinitely obliged by the comare known, as the coin is not reckoned munication, and will most cheerfully of quite prinie rarity.
do every thing in my power to repay The curious and interesting mono the kindness. As the solicitation is gram peony of Alfred is now, 1 be. tendered entirely on motives of prolieve, in the rich collection of T. spective public utility, I trust it will Dimsdale, esq. ; and that of Beorh
have a correspondent influence with tric (which is still unique) in the those to whom it is more immediately matchless cabinet of the late Dr. applicable. Hunter, at Glasgow. All the above With many thanks for your kind, mentioned Coios, as appears from indulgence on the present, as well as Speed, were, at the time of the pube former occasions, I am, Mr. Urban, lication of his History, in the pos Yours, &c. W.WOOLSTON.
August 15. To initigate to a few individuals ANY plans have been submit the distress of the present moment, it
would be charitable to employ thelron, eligible for evincing the national feel- Founderies in casting a Pillar of Iron, ing of admiration towards our brave consisting of several pieces 3 inches and gallant defenders; but I do not thick, and dove-tailed together with recollect having heard of any propo- flanches in the inside, and erect it sition that the.Waterloo-Bridge should on the site of the Obelisk in St. commemorate the Heroes who de George’s-fields, and on the top place serve our highest eulogies.
This a Statue of Lord Nelson, facing the beautifui bridge would be a mag;
S. E. which is the direction of Abounificent testimony of our grateful kir. Opposite, on the other side of admiration, if each arch supported the bridge, where, I understand, an the Statue of a British Officer, Navy opening is to be made, I would raise and Army alternately, and the pe a similar Pillar, surmounted by the destals recorded their individual at Statue of the Duke of Wellington chievements. The fund could well with his face towards Waterloo :
-for be raised by a tax on passports ; for, laurels gained by the Sword should however unpatriotic those persons be perpetuated in Iron.
Now I am are who spoil their country at the
on this subject, I cannot refrain extime of her distress to enrich stran pressing my regret that no monu. gers, and but lately enemies, yet I ment, nor any public honour, has hope they will still sufficiently feel as ever been paid to the memory of the Britons, to glory' in the talents and celebrated Captain Cook.
Sir Hugh gallantry of their intrepid country- Palliser, Cook's early patron on the men, and not grudge five guineas as a quarter-deck, with generous friendparting tribute to the Nation in which ship raised a monument to his methey once held an interest, and to mory at Vatch in Buckinghamshire; whose Heroes they are indebted that and the Royal Society struck a methey can travel in peace from one dal, with the impression of the Na. end of Europe to the other. The vigator's head, as a mark of their Antients so proportioned their sta esteem. Few men have deserved bet. tues as to appear of the natural ter of their country than Captain height of the person to whom it was
James Cook : bis skill as a seaman, erected, to a spectator on the ground. his science in navigation, and his perThe following table will give the va severance,
all entitle him to praise ; rious proportions at different alti but these are comparative trifles when tudes, supposing the natural height we look on bim as the humane preserof the person 5 feet 10 inches : ver of thousands, the indefatigable and Height of Column. Height of Statue. enlightened promoter of a system Feet,
Feet. Inches. which insures health and comfort to the 210.
..8 2,16 mariner. Toerect a monument to him .8 0,12
would do credit to those who have the ..7 9,48 power; and to defray the charge out of
.7 7,20 the Droits of the Admiralty would be 170.
.7 4,80 a double tribute of respect, as grateful 160
.7 2,52 to the Countrymen of Captain Cook 150
.7 0,72 as honourable to the Government. ..6 10,92
A COUNTRY GENTLEMAN. 130.
,6 7,56 A Short Visit to the Continent, in
[Concluded from p. 117.]
UŘ driver, instead of taking us .6 2,44
the direct road, drove us through 70.
1,34 the citadel, that, if we were suspect.6 0,44
ed persons, we might there be stop50.
.5 11,89 ped: this mode, we found, was always 40.
adopted with those who travel in 30.
.5 10,55 carriages. With all this precaution, 20.
.5 10,33 it is apparent enough that a person 10..
.5 10,09 wishing to elude their vigilance 00...
migbt easily do it, by leaving his Gent. Mag. September, 1816.
vehicle some little distance before it About three miles from hence, on enters the towns, and walking through the right of the road, is a ruinated lbem, as no notice is taken of foot- tower and church; the most like one passengers.
of the Kentish plain churches I ever We stopped our carriage at Huit Arrived at Calais at half-past mille, but had not time to examine
Mr. and Miss R. Mr. V. and B. the interior of the Church. In this dined with me at the Brussels' Hotel, churchyard were interred the remains and we spent the evening very comof Pilatre du Rozier and his friend, fortably. The next morning took a who were dashed in pieces by falling sketch of the exterior, and a descripfrom a balloon in this neighbourhood: tion of the interior, of the Church. there is a monument erected to their Dined with B. at the Hotel St. Louis, memory, having a globe or balloon Monsieur St. Louis Bruselle, Rue de on its summit. We then proceeded Soleil, a very comfortable house, and on our relurn; and, as it was market most civil people. In the evening day at Boulogne, we met on the road we went to the Bass-ville, spent a great number of persons proceeding an bour or two pleasantly, and visited thither ; some on foot, on horses, and the Church, which will be described in different kinds of carriages, and hereafter. not a few mounted on asses, generally Calais, for a French town, is neat two ou each: the women riding re and well-built; its forın is an irreguverse-wise on one animal. And, as lar circle, and about half a mile in characteristic of the Nation, not un diameter, and very thickly peopled : frequently five or six Jubberly fel- upwards of 14,000 souls. It is enlows riding in a cart, and a female compassed on the land side by three trudging along, driving the horses for old walls and deep ditches; but its them! Iudeed, the female part of chief strength consists in the practithe lower classes of the community cability of inundating the surroundappear to bave the honour conferred ing country for a very great dison them, of performing the greatest tance. There is also a fishing-town part of the manual labour : as you without its principal wall, enclosed will see them in the country, carrying by another wall, and crowded by out manure on band-barrows, and fishermen and their families to an exspreading it on the land ; at plough, cess: this is situated next the harbour. harrow, working the gardens, &c.; Exclusive of this, there is also le Bassand in the towns, carrying heavy ville, situated half a mile to the S. E. burthens ; towing the vessels out of of the principal town: it is a consithe barbours; serving in shops of derable village, seated on each side of every description; and doing the the caval leading to St. Omer's, and heaviest drudgery of all kinds. Scores has many pleasant gardeus and walks. of them at a time are to be seen, of all The Church is situaied near the botages, without shoes or stockings, and tom of the village, opposite the only a short petticoat, which scarcely bridge it is an aotient structure, appreserves decency; returning from parently of English origin ; and confishing, heavily laden : while the men sists of a nave and South aile, with may be observed dandling an infant, large pillars and Saxon arches; the or lounging away their time in the windows are of the Pointed archimost perfect indolence !
tecture: the chancel or choir is of At Marquise we took some refresh- the same height as the nave. There ment; and that little place looked is a fine high altar, with a good paintmore French than any we saw ; for it ing ; subject, Christ raising the damdid not appear that there was a single sel, “ Tabitha cumi." Good statues person who could speak a word of on the sides, of St. Peter and St. HiEnglish: but at the Ion they were lary: there are also several decent very civil and obliging. At the pictures surrounding the walls. The Church we met the Cure, who is a Chapel de la Verge has a good paintvery respectable pious-looking old ing of the Presentation of the Infant. gentleman, and who was exceedingly There are five statues of St. Isaac polite to us. At Buisson, nine miles and St. Arnout. The windows are from Calais, is the Poste Royale, and of plain glass, well-glazed in diversifrom the extent of the buildings the fied forms corresponding to Pointed establishinent appears respectable. architecture. There is not a single