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present highway brabches off to the of the hill; at the East end, it forms right, to avoid the bill; the Roman au acute angle to the Nortb, until it road runs nearly North-east over reaches the steep slope of the hill: Halnaker Down; on the East side of near the place where it is crossed by the Down, it enters the inclosures for the Stone Street is a break, that has a short distance, when it again falls the appearance of an entrance; at into the present highway at Petworth, the West end is a low bank and ditch, on the West side of Long Down: running North and South across a leaving the Petworth road, it passes neck of land that unites two deep on the North side of Long Down, and cwms, that indent the North and enters the woods to the North of South sides of the bill. The whole of Eartham village (and is a highway to this district appears to have been disBignor); it enters the inclosed land, puted, inch by inch, at some early called Cumber, on the North side of period, probably prior to the Roman Slinden. In many places the plough, invasion, if we may judge by the and the custom of digging the head. number of Barrows and intrenchments land for mould to lay under beaps of found on the Downs. About two manure, has done it more injury in a miles South from hence is another few
years, than the wear of seventeen high bank and ditch, called War centuries; but in one of the fields it is Dyke, running nearly parallel with in fine preservation, and is about thirty that on Bignor Hill. It passes West feet in breadth. After quitting the in- from the banks of the Arun through closed lands, it gradually ascends to Houghton South Wood; where, in the verge of the Downs (which com the year 1786, as some workmen were mands a most beautiful and extensive digging chalk near the bank, they prospect, both to the sea and inland). found a large quantity of human Near the ridge of the Downs are many bones, wbich appeared as if the bodies barrows of a circular forin, scattered had been thrown into a hole in a conby the road side; in the year 1786 one
A short distance furof these barrows, called Hog's Bar- ther to the West, in digging a pond row,
was opened for materials to mend near the bank, they found, about two the roads, and the remains of several feet under ground, an Urn, containing skeletons were found; but, no person fragments of human bones. A short conversant in antiquities being pre- distance to the North, are several sent, nothing further was discovered. Targe Barrows. On gaining the top of On the brow of the hill the Roman the bill, the bank and ditch pursues a road crosses another low bank and Westerly direction for near two miles, ditch, and gently descends the North to the end of Houghton Rewel, where side of the Downs, passing a short it is lost, except the high bank and distance from where the Roman tes- ditch, called the Devil's Ditch, crossed selated pavement was discovered at by the Stone Street at Hainaker, be Bignor, in July 1811, in a direct considered as a continuation of it. line to Poleborough; from thence it The Devil's Ditch pursues the same proceeded over North Heath, by direction, and nearly in a line, and Billingshurst, Oakely, and Stunstead, might have been a boundary of the to which it gives pame, to Dorking, Belgæ against the aboriginal inha&c. The old inhabitants of the place bitants, when they invaded these have a tradition, now nearly lost, coasts from Gaul. It is to be remarkthat a large Dragon had its den on ed, the ditches of all these banks are Bignor Hill, and that marks of its on the North side. The Devil's Ditch folds were to be seen on the hill; a is to be traced a mile East of Hal. relick of remote antiquity, and of naker, through Haloaker Park, by Celtic origin. The naine of a large Waterbeach, through Goodwood farm, crossed by the road, called Park and Fawley Wood, in a straight Cumber, appears to be derived from direction to Lavant, where it fell into the same source; as does the name of the lines proceeding from Cbichester, another farm near the road, called which proceeded from the East gate Glattin.
of Chichester, in a Northerly direcThe low bank and ditch, crossed tion, to within forty yards of the East by the Stone Street, on the top of side of the Roman Camp on the Broil, Bigoor Hill, runs East and West for by Summers Dale, to Ruemere, where about a mile aod a half, on the brow it forms an acute angle, and proceeds
West through Lavant Park, where it the promotion of this calamity; I was joined by the Devil's Ditch: from mean, the vast sums which the poor Lavant Park it proceeds in a very are called upon to contribute towards high ridge to Stoke Common, where the support of the Dissenting teachers it forms an acute angle, and pursues a and their establishment. That this South direction for a short distance ; argument will operate so strongly in when, forming adother acute angle, England as it does in Wales, I am not it porsues a Westerly direction through prepared to state confidently, though Stoke Park and Woods, in a straight í fear there is but little room for line to Siunstead and Rowlands, or doubt on the subject: bot in this deRoman's Castle.
serted Principality, where Religious From the North West angle of the Quacks (for such every ignorant meBroil Camp a high ridge, with a ditch chanick, who assumes to himself the on the North side, runs West for more office of a Preacher of the Gospel, than à mile; when, forming an acute must be called) cover the land, like angle on Densworth Common, it pro the Locusts in Egypt, and devour ceeds South to the head of Fishbourn every thing within their reach; I am Harbour, half a mile to the West of bold enough to assert, that this, the spot where the Roman tesselated though perhaps not a principal, yet is pavenient was discovered in the year certaioly a co-operating cause of the 1805. The whole country, for many enormous increase of the Poor-rates. miles, appears to have been defended Any one who knows any thing of the by intrenchments, in all probability state of Religion, or rather Irreligion, the work of the Belgic Britons, and in Wales, will, I am sure, agree with parily of the Romans, who might me in saying, that, at the least, twotake advantage of the works of their thirds of the poor have, in some way predecessors; and such might have or other, separated themselves from been the origin (at least the hint) of the Established Church. Having itchtbat much larger work, the Picts'Wall. ing ears, they have heaped to them.
From the North gaie of the city of selves teachers, who must be supported Chichester another high bank pro- at their expence; for these people, ceeds, in a North West direction, though they profess to talk a great passing near the grounds called the deal about the things of heaven, yet Campus (which, until these few years, by no means despise the things of the was used as a play.ground by the eartb. Should there be a Bible soscholars of the Graminar School in ciety established in any town or Chichester). A few years past, in village, a penny per week is extracted digging through this bauk, it was from the pockets of these poor dediscovered to be an aqueduct, the luded individuals, not merely to prowater having been conveyed by cure Bibles for thewselves, but for earthen pipes, neatly fitted into eacă their neighbours, both at home and otber. Yours, &c. S. abroad. Should a School be erected
under the auspices of the Dissenters, Mr. URBAN, Cowbridge, July 2. though it is called a Free School, yet HE distress of the labouring part another penny is extracted per week
of the community, and, conse in support of this; to say nothing of quently, the great increase of the the numerous pence which each indiPoor-rates in every parish throughout vidual preacher, to promote the glory the kingdom, have long been a sub of God, demands for his own private ject of very general and just com consumption. So that, upon the most plaint. The heavy demands which moderaie calculation, the sum of 15s. are annually made on the pockets of or 208. is appually taken away from the laborious farmer, and industrious the mouths of every poor man's wife tradesman, in order to afford relief to and children, in order to provide for the poor, are truly distressing, and the maintenance of every spiritualized alarming. Many excellent pamphlets bricklayer or taylor; which, if it have been written, to inquire into the were suffered to accumulate, in the origin, and, if possible, to prevent the course of a few years would be suffigrowth of this evil; but I am sur cient to provide against many of the prized that uone of them have at all contingencies to which human nature takea notice of what appears to me is exposed. Whereas, what is the case to tend, in great measure, towards nowi-should sickuess overtake the
labourer, or deficiency of employment means for checking the intrusions of render him incapable of earning his the Dissenter, whose constant and daily bread, instead of baving a little sole aim is, to destroy that Church, fund to which he might have recourse from the emoluments of which they in the time of distress, he is obliged (the Bishops) are clothed in purple (to use a vulgar phrase) to come upon and fine linen, and fare sumptuously the Parish, which is compelled to every day! What would be our conrepay the sums expended on these dition, if there were no future state, itinerant Preachers. Many, too, of in which our labours will be rewarded these poor people, whilst actually re- by the Great Bishop of Souls? then ceiving relief from their Parish, are should we, of all men, be most miseraregularly devoting a portion of it ble: persecuted, not only by our towards the support of their Religious enemies, but even by our familiar Establishments. Thus, in fact, the friends, with whom we have walked Poor-rates, instead of being calculated in the house of God, and to wbom we for the relief of the Poor, are nothing are laught to look up as the promoters less than contributions, levied for the of our temporal and eternal interests. support of the Invaders of our Reli- From such Apostles, 0 ye Ministers gion; and every member ofthe Church, of State, defend the Church. who is called upon by the Overseer to
A CAMBRIAN VICAR. make bis contribution, is, as it were, committing suicide, by furnishing the
July 3. weapons, and supporting the hands TRITS of Array for arming the which are to wield them, against the foundation of his venerable structure. times; but the following is modero,
Now, Mr. Urban, though I am far and much more curious, being an from wishing to deprive the Poor of authentic account of a Review and any of their privileges, or in any way Sham-fight of the Clergy, which was to oppress them; yet, surely, it is but intended this year, but, from circumcommon prudence to take care that stances, is postponed to the next. our money is not expended upon them The Clergy are to be marshalled in eitber rashly, or without discretion. two distinct Armies, and commence With this idea, therefore, I have ven action in the manner below described. tured to make this communication to Each Army will have distinct appellayou ; in hopes that, through the me tions; one High Church, the other dium of the Gentleman's Magazine, it Low Church. may meet the eye of some person who The field will be taken first by the may be more competent to discuss the High Church Army: a band of Parish point than myself, and that one day Clerks, singing the psalm“ How or other it will become the subject of sweet it is for brethren to dwell parliamentary inquiry. Might I be together in unity,” will announce the allowed to suggest a remedy, I should arrival of the Commander in Chief, advise that the Dissenters be obliged who will be mounted upon a fine to maintain their owu poor; and that charger, furnished by General in no case parocbial relief should be who has given notice of a Bill to regu, afforded to a pauper, who can be late the conduct of all future Clerical proved to have expended bis money Troops, by Parliamentary Authority: in aid of any other Religious Esta The inain body of lufantry will blishment than the Church. By this consist of the resident Incumbents, means, the growih of fanaticism would who will be armed with sixty rounds be checked, the Poor-rates greatly a man of written Sermons; and they diminished, the interests of the Esta- will be drilled every day, for a long blished Church promoted, and, con time preceding, in reading them vesequently, the State at large materially hemently and loudly, so as to present strengthened. What a happy thing a formidable front to the enemy, and would it be, not merely for the Ecclesi- keep up a heavy fire. astical, but also for the Civil World, The Dignitaries will form a fine if the Bench of Bishops, instead of Brigade of heavy Cavalry. They forming plans for curtailing the rights will be uniformly attired in full black, and privileges, and for depressing and cauliflower wigs, and shovel-shaped degrading the characters, of the Esta- bats. Their military appearance bas blished Clergy, would contrive some already attracted the admiration of
the ladies, who, with a view to the The Grenadiers of Gospel Preachers terror they will excite, have exclaimed will then make a grand effort to break “ What frights they are!" whereas the Centre, to which they will be no female ever gave such a truly animated by a loud shout of" Extenmilitary denomination to our red- pore for ever” from the multitude. coated gentry.
The resident Incumbents will receive The Artillery will be composed of them by a cool fire of remonstrance, a finc regiment of Clerical Members that such preaching is fit only for men of the Society for promoting Christian of abilities; that the superior orders Knowledge. The Voiversities will will not sit in a Church to hear nonfurnish a Troop of Flying Artillery, sepse; and that, therefore, edification, composed of Junior Fellows, who are though not popularity among the accustomed to ride hard every Sunday vulgar, is better secured by written morning, to serve distant Curacies. good sense, than parole trash. After
The Main Body of the Low-Church much firing on both sides, the High Infantry will consist of the Welsh Church Heavy Cavalry will charge, and Somersetsbire Dissentients, whose and compel them, because support. ranks will be strengthened by many ed by only Light Horse, incapable of ousted Lecturers and Curates. Being charging in line, to retreat. This deprived of their farms, their plough- retreat will be made, however, 'in shares and pruning-hooks will be con perfect good order; and the Gospel verted into pikes: for, not being pro
Preachers will continue to retain the vided with the musquets of good affections of the uneducated, from livings, and having no ammunition, their bravery in defying their enemies. they rely upon the Charge.
The Rifle Corps will do little or 110 The Artillery will be composed of mischief, as they will be afraid to Clerical Members of the BibleSocieties. advance close enough to take good
Much dependance is placed upon a aim. They will skulk about, and body of Grenadiers, called Gospel- only make complaints among friends. Preachers, whose entrance into the The Main Body of Dissentients, for field will be announced by seven want of powerful Officers, will be soon Trumpelers, playing “ Blow ye the obliged
« Blow ye lhe obliged to give way; especially as Trumpet in Zion.”
they will not be equal in their Arms, The Cavalry will consist of Clergy, which do not exceed the power of men, who are eminent in hunting, and pens and printing types. The Field, keep good horses. Upon their stand- where the Sham-Fight will be fought, ard will be the molto, “ Pro aris et will from that day be called, focis ;” underneath it the literal Clergy-Regulation Bill Field.” English translation, “ For the Hares and Foxes." If their horses are not The above is merely, of course, a too light, they will be able to stand a squib, purely intended as a joke, charge of the Dignitaries; and, if so, spoken in earnest, to induce the their superior practice in using the Clergy to think in time, what injury hunting-whip will give them power to may possibly ensue by discords in withstand “the sword of the Lord, their own order; and to recommend and of Gideon,” which the Dignitaries interchanges of communication bewill wield against them.
tween their rulers and themselves, A Corps of Riflemen will be formed to settle their disputed points, without from the Shooting Clergy.
calling in the aid of exasperating reThe ground will be kept by lean solutions and pamphlets, or making Welsh Curaies, mounted upon ponies, the Laity, by publications, a party in whose sallow appearance will justify
their differences. ARISTIPPUS. the name of their regiment, the Clerical Deatb's Head Hussars.
July 6. The Action will commence by a can S the Readers of your Miscellany nonade of Puffs and Dipper Speeches from the Bible Society Artillery; swer the “ Reasons,” &c. re-published which will be answered by that of the in your June Magazine, pp. 503, 593; Bartlett's Building Corps, who will injustice to them, as well as to myself, reply by a beavy fire of Orthodox I beg to inform them, that my answer Paniphlets. Much exccution will be is inserted in the Classical Journal, done on both sides.
No. XXVI. John BELLAMY.
Mr. URBAN, Salisbury, May 16. * WE have much satisfaction in F any of your Correspondents can bringing forward to the notice of
our Readers the benevolent exerof your useful Miscellany, who are tions of the Rev. H. BERKIN, the descendants of Sir Charles Hedges, towards raising a Fund for the Secretary of State in the reign of erection of a new Church in the Queen Anne, and whether he left any Forest of Dean; and trust, that the papers which may elucidate the his peculiar circumstances of a numetory of John, duke of Marlborough, rous class of people will excite the communication would be very such a degree of interest, as to acceptable to
W. Coxe. render successful the object of this
public appeal. Mr. URBAN,
“ The Royal Forest of Dean, in the I
WISH it to be understood that, in the quotation inserted in your pwards of 20,000 acres, las no Church
county of Gloucester, a waste tract of Magazine for last month, from my in it, nor any means of religious inHistory of Cambridge, relative to struction expressly provided for the use the name of the Town and Univer- of its inhabitants. These, consisting sity, I have rather stated different chiefly of Miners and Colliers, partly opinions, than given a decided one of from their secluded situation between my own; or, perhaps, played with, the Rivers Severn and Wye, partly from and humoured, opinions, to try the the nature of their employments, and strength of each.
partly from the distance of great num
bers of them from the Parish Churches Mr. Thomas Richards, in his An. tique Linguæ Britannicæ Thesuurus, adjoining the Forest, have bitherto been under the article Afor, observes,
too generally living in the neglect of " Avon is the proper name of several
moral and religious duties. Few bave
been used to observe the Sabbath; still rivers in England; as Avon, the river
fewer to attend the Churches on the of Bristol; the Avon in Northampton- borders; and the ignorance naturally acshire; another in Warwickshire, where companying such a state, has not failed there is a town, called Stratford upon to produce a corresponding effect on the Avon, &c., for which this reason is to life and conduct. Seven years have be assigned; viz. that the English, nearly elapsed since I became Stipendiary when they drove the Britons out of Curate of the parish of Mitcheldean, on that part of Great Britain, called the North-east side of the Forest, next from them England, took the appella
Herefordshire; and finding that part of tives of the old inhabitants for proper
the Forest adjoining me in the above ! pames; and so, by mistaking Avon, state, I considered it a duty to attempt which, with us, signifies only a river
its improvement. Anxious to aineliorate, in general, it came to serve with thein
at least, the rising generation, I opened for the proper name of several of their
a Sunday School for the Foresters' rivers."
Children, several hundreds of whom, at The learned Edward Lhwyd, both in religious instruction, in a building erect
length, came to receive education and his Archæologia Britannica, and in ed for this sole purpose. For further bis Adversaria, subjoined to Baxter's particulars on this head, I beg to refer Glossarium Antiquitatum Britannica to the First Report of the National Sorum, had preceded Richards in such- ciety for the Education of the Poorlike observations; and in bis Com- though fully conscious how unworthy I parative Etymology had produced am of the commendation they have been copious examples of Prefixes and pleased to bestow. My next attempt was Postfixes to old British appellative with the Parents. Finding that few, by Nouns; together with the various comparison, attended Public Worship, Í interchanges of Vowels and Con- visited them in their cottages, to read sonants; aiming to trace thereby the and explain the Bible; and I was led to original roots of many British names:
adopt this plan from the particular and it has been thought by some,
situation of the Foresters, destitute of
Churches or Ministers whom they could that the etymological sense of Cam, Granta, and Canta, may be ascer
properly call their own.
toral visits, made on different evenings tained in the same way.
in different places, and in which I have On this subject, then, I have a few usually spent two hours, in reading and more ideas, which I reserve for their practically explaining the Holy Scripproper place. Yours, &c. G. DYER. tures, I have sometimes had 200 persons
In these pas