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We are much obliged to our good In answer to a Correspondent, in p. Friend at Paris, JOHN LE CHEVALIER, 160, G. says, “I believe the Italian for the curious Paper which he has Poet Petrarch to be the author of the sent, and for those he kindly promises. lines, Inveni Portum, &c. or at least
GULIELMUS, whom we highly respect, some contemporary: he lived in the has rightly apprehended our motives. middle of the 14th century. The lines
The signature of R. B. WHELER should are engraved upon his Tomb, but not have been added to the communication, exactly as quoted by Le Sage, who has p. 208, respecting Shakspeare's Family. altered them a little. On the Tomb they
'The Continuation of the “Tour in the were as follows: Netherlands," in our next; with a Letter Inveni requiem: Spes et fortuna valete, of Howard the Philanthropist, &c. &c. Nil mihi vobiscum est : ludite nunc alios.
A. E. L. observes that-" In an Act I first saw them, when a Schoolboy, in of Parliament, 17th Geo. II. cap. 5, reading Gil Blas. I then attempted a commonly called “The Vagrant Act," a Translation, which, although creditable proviso is inserted, in order to prevent for a boy, I think meanly of now. The the operation of that Act from extend Greek I suspect to be a version of Gold- 1 ing 'to prejudice or affect the Heirs
smith's own. I have not Petrarch's or Assigns of John Dutton of Dutton, Works by me to seek for them: he proco. Chester, Esq. deceased, touching bably wrote them, and they are put on any liberty, privilege, or authority, his tomb, in the same manner as is done which they had or ought to use within on our Gay's, “Life is a jest, &c." the County Palatine of Chester, and PALATINUS, having read the Police ReCoupty of Chester, by reason of any port with considerable interest, begs to ancient Charters of any Kings of this call the attention of the Publick and the Land, or of any prescription, usage, or
Police Committee to two points, as it title whatsoever.'” He ailds, “I un strikus bim, of great imporiance, hardly derstand that the Family of the Duttons touched upon in the Report: the one is, (who were the Lords of the Manor of the abolition of the Saloons at the Public that name) used annually to hold a Theatres in this Metropolis, and the reCourt at Chester on Midsummer-day straining Women of the Town from obfor the purpose of granting Licences to trudmg ibemselves into all parts of the Minstrels to play in that County; and Boxes; and the other is, ibe necessity probably some of your numerous Cor of having the performances finished by respondents can state the particulars 10, or a little after, every night. The or substance of the Chrters alluded to, morals of the Metropolis would, he is and whether the privileges granted by persuaded, be greatly improved by these them are still exercised, and by whom.” regulations.
METEOROLOGICAL Table for September, 1816. By W. Cary, Strand. Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer. Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer.
THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE
For SEPTEMBER, 1816.
Character of the late Duke of period of his education, bis plan was DORSET.
to begin and end the day wilh prayers; TO domestic occurrence
to devote three hours every morning caused a more general sorrow to study; in the afternoon to ride on than the sudden death of the late horseback, to play at cricket (of which Duke of Dorset; and every feeling gadie he had as it were an herediheart, though a period of eighteen tary fondness), or to pursue some months has elapsed since the event, other exercise ; and the evening he inust still be interested to know whe- always passed with his mother and sisther a life so unexpectedly taken ters, dividing the time between inaway had been uniformly spent in struction and amusement. The hours such a manner as to soften and di- of study were employed in reading minish the awfulness of its ontimely the Bible, in learning his Grammar, termination. That laudable curio- in translating Æsop's Fables from sity may find some satisfaction in Latin into English, and the Psalms the following little Memoir, which, from English into Latio, in reading though a very imperfect outline of a portion of the Universal History, the character it attempts to exhibit, in repeating a short Poem, and in is nevertheless grounded on oppor
other useful occupations. He soon tunities of observation and know. discovered symptoms of a solid unJedge of no ordinary kind, and such derstanding, of a retentive memory, as nothing but the strictest habits of and of a mind very susceptible of intimacy can afford; and, if it is sub- cultivation and useful improvement; ject to the charge of partiality, it is more perhaps inclined to patient in. only intended for that class of Read- quiry and accurate infurmation, than ers who are inclined to allow that a remarkable for quick apprehension ; partial Friend may be an honest Chro more distinguished for good judgnicler; and that it was impossible to ment than for warm conceptions and kuow the subject of this Memoir and bright fancies. not be partial to him.
To Jan. 1802, he was entered at The Duke of Dorset was born at Harrow, being then just turned of Koole, Nov, 15, 1793. He came to eight years old, and never was satchel the title bet re he was six years old. carried by a finer or sweeter boy, His seventh year wanted more than either as to person or disposition; three months of its ciose when he for, though at this period he was ex. was put under the care of a private tremely shy, yet bis was a shyness tutor, 1 clergyman, who lived in the that evidently proceeded from sheer family with him, and who was in fact diffidence, not from pride, and was in at that period as much his playfellow time entirely rubbed off by an interas his preceptor, atiending him cutie course with other boys. The system stantly in bours of recreation as well of education in a public school is too as those of study. He was able to well known to need a particular deread and write befre this connec scription. The Duke went through tion commenceri. Being des gned for the usual course of discipline and inWestminster - school, he began his struction just like any other bog, exclassical education upon that system, cept that he lodged in his private tuand continued in it for more than a tor's apartments, and not in a boardtwelvemooth, when it was determined ing-house, and always had the adto send him to Harrow. In this early vantage of bis assistance, so that of
all'the lessons which he had to get where the whole class shared the during the eight years and a half he same punishment. In the Rebellion stayed at Harrow, there was not a which happened when be was high in single one which he got by rote, or school, he was rather a seceder than in which he was not perfect. He a rebel, and more disposed to submit went on extremely well at school, to authority than to foment disturbmaking great proficiency in learning, ance; and no boy ever left scbool endearing himself to his school more popular with his companions, fellows, and obtaining the big best or more thoroughly esteemed by the commendation from each of the mas. masters. ters as he passed successively under Such was his career at Harrow. their respective tuition, and particu- Oct. 1810, he entered at Christ Church, larly from the present distinguished Oxford ; and here all the good qualihead master, who has been kvown to ties which had given so fair a prosay several times, that the Duke of mise at school were more fully deDorset was one of the best.grounded, veloping themselves, and he was perif not the very best-grounded scholar severing in the same regular habits
in bis whole school and these enco of study, when an unfortunate acci. • miums were passed immediately after dent obliged him to suspend, if not
certain strict examinations, which are give up, his classical pursuits, and to termed Trials, and the lessons for remit his application to books. He which are set five or six weeks before was playing at tennis, when a ball the day of examination. The last of that he was attempting to volly, these in which the Duke was con- glanced rapidly from ihe wooden cerned, was from Sophocles and Per part of his racket upon his right eye, sius, two authors ihat would put and caused so much injury to that scholarship to the test at a later pe tender organ, that he was forbidden riod of life than sixteen. So well had to read, and was compelled to conhe prepared himself for this exami tent himself, however reluctantly, nation, that no question deducible with hearing his tutor read aloud. from the lessons, as to language, This deplorable accident changed engrammar, or history, however in tirely the whole plan of his educageniously framed or devised, would tion ; and it became a duty to give have puzzled him, or gone without up his favourite study, that of the a ready answer. And, to shew bis Greek language, when he could no uncommon diligence and zeal, an longer use his own sight for any inanecdote of him respecting the pre tense purpose, or for any length of paration for this trial may here be time iogether. The rudiments of limentioned. The night before the terature, which he had acquired in examination, his tutor, thinkiog him an eminent degree, were necessarily quite perfect in the lessons, had gone suffered henceforth to lie dormant, out to supper, and when he relurned and he was obliged also to be very home at twelve o'clock, to his great moderate in all exercises that heat surprise, he found the Duke up and or agitate the frame.
The pupil of at his books, and desirous to go over the eye was so injured by the blow, the Greek once more. His tutor of that its power of contraction was course indulged him, and heard him considerably impaired, and either construe the Sophocles for two whole the internal heat of the body, or a hours at midnight, without making strong light, was sure to produce a fault, or missing a word, even in the pain enough to be a perpetual mehardest chorus.
mento of some unpleasant ailing. In games and athletic exercises he No wonder if a young man under excelled no less than in all literary such circumstances, being debarred competitions, but he was so regular the enjoyment of his favourite purin his babits, that he never neglected suits, being constantly reminded of busiuess for amusement, nor ever got bis misfortune by liability to pain, himself into scrapes by being too late and being obliged to be continually for school, or wuster; and all the applying leeches, and blisters, and punishment he incurred during the ointments, and other disagreeable course of eight years and a half, remedies, should find his spirits somewere some half dozen impositions, what depressed by so great a calamost of them set upon occasions, mity, the full extent of which can
not be thoroughly understood, unless the testimonies, independent of the the disappointment arising from the praises and esteem of his contemponecessity of relinquishing all idea of raries, that were borne to his good taking a regular degree at Oxford, conduct at the University. Soon after operating upon such a mind as his, quitting Oxford he accompanied his be taken into the consideration mother, and Lord Whitworth, his but, if it be allowed that his spirits father-in-law, to Ireland, Lord Whitwere in some measure'affected by the worth having been appointed Lord misfortune, it can never be forgotten Lieutenant of that part of the Voited with what wisdom and patience he Kingdom. Being on terms of the submitted to every remedy that was greatest confidence, and in habits of prescribed, and with what 'self-denial the tenderest friendsbip with Lord he encountered every irksome pri- W. he enjoyed the great advantage vation that the oculists and physi- of studying the nature of governcians enjoined.
ment under his auspices; and would He passed three academical years shortly, from his experience and inin the University, saving the two structions, have gathered a suficient terms which the accident to his eye store of political information to quacompelled him to miss ; and he was lify himself for the important office very diligent and industrious in pick of Lord Lieutenant, in case bis Soveing up such information as circum reigo should ever have required his stances would adınit, attending lec- services in that station. tures that did not require an iutense He was in a remarkable degree application of sight, and never omit- possessed of good sense, discretion, ting to devote some portion of the and integrity, and worthy of trust day to his private tutor, who was in beyond his years. He used to say the habit of reading English to him, of himself, he had no objection to either History or Belles Lettres. He harc secrets committed to him, for took an honorary degree, to which he had no fear either of being surMr. Gaisford, his college-tutor, now prised, or ensnared, into a discovery. Professor of Greek in the University
His time when in Ireland was emof Oxford, presented him. Mr. Gais- ployed, in confidential conversations ford, of whose profound erudition it with his Excellency, in studyiog the would be superfluous to speak, bad French language under an excellent examined and commended the Duke master, in which he look great pains, for his knowledge of the Greek lan entering into all the critical viceties guage when first he entered at Christ of Chambaud's Graminar and Dic. Church; and when he presented him tionary ; in altaining an accurate to his degree, he took occasion pathe knowledge of Fractions and Algetically to lament the misfortune which bra, as far as quadratic equations ; alone could have disappointed the and in reading a little for himself, hopes he had formed of seeiog the his eye being now so far recovered Duke of Dorset distinguished no less as to enable him to use it at interfor classical than for inoral attain. vals, either in reading or writing. ments; and he elegantly stated, that The sight was still dim, but he could but for tbe unfortunate accident bear light and heat with much less which happened to his sight, he annoyance, and the pupil had cer. might have claimed public honours, tainly become more capable of connoi merely upon the plea of having tracting itself. The injury had caused passed a certain nuinber of terms in
no apparent blemisb. ibe Voiversity, or upon the score of He had resided in Ireland about a rank, but by dint of merit displayed year and a half, when híc met with at the public examinations. When the fatal catastrophe that put an end the Duke was about to leave College, to his existence. On the 13th of Feb. the Dean of Christ Church lamented 1815, he went to pay a visit to his his departure, as the loss of an ex friend and schoolfellow, Lord Powersample of all that was amiable and court, meaning to stay from tbe Monproper to the young men of that day till the Thursday, on which day society; and be bas oflen said that he was to return to the Castle for a be never had under bis government drawing-room. On the 141h he went a more thoroughly well-disposed and out with Lord Powerscourt's barriers, tight-minded young man. Such were mounted on a well-trained active
Irish mare, and accompanied by his It has been said, that the Duke in Lordship and Mr. Wingfield. Hav- his dying moments made use of the ing been out for several hours with expression “I am off:"-he did so; out finding any thing, they were ac but not, as has been very erroneoustuaily on the point of returning home, ly supposed, by way of heroic brawhen unfortunately a bare sprang up, vado, or in a temper of unseasonable and the chase commenced. The bare levity; but sinply to signify to his made for the inclosures on Killiney attendants, who, in pulling off his Hill. They had gone but a short dis- boots, bad drawn him too forward on tance, wben the Duke, who was an the mattress, and jogged one of the excellent and forward horseman, rode chairs out of its place, that he was at a wall, which was in fact a more slipping off, and wanted their aid to dangerous obstacle than it appeared help him up into his former position. to be. The wall stands on the slope, He was the last person in the world and from the lower ground what is to be guilly of any thing like levity immediately on the other side can upon any solemo occasion, much less not be discerned. The wall itself is in his dying moments. The fact was, perhaps no more than three feet and when he used the expression “I am a half in height, and two ip breadth; off,” he had become very faint and but on the other side there lay a range weak, and was glad to save himself of large and ponderous stones, which the trouble of further utterance. had been rolled there from off the Those words were not the last which surface of the adjacent barley-field, be pronounced, but he said nothing that they mighi" not impede thé at all that could be thought allusive growth of the corn. It would have to dealb. One of bis young friends, been safer to scramble over such a bis most constant companion, has fence, than to take it in the stroke. often said of him, that he was the The Duke's mare, bowever, attempted most intrepid man he ever knew, and to cover all at ove spring, and clear. there is no doubt that he met his fate ed the wall; but, lighting among the with firmness; but Mr.Wingfield, who stones on the other side, threw ber was present and vigilant during the self headlong, and turning in the air, whole melancholy scene, never heard came with great violence upon her him say a syllable from which it could rider, who had not lost his seat; he be inferred that he was conscious of undermost, with bis back on one of his approaching end. His principal the large stones, and she crushing wish was to be left quiet. He died so him with all her weight on his chest, easy, that the precise moment when and struggling with all her power to he breathed his last could not bç asrecover her legs. Let the Reader certained. but contemplate this situation, and Such was the melancholy calahe will not wonder that the accident strophe that deprived the world of a was fatal, or that the Duke survived most valuable member of society, in it only an hour and half. The mare the untimely end of the fourth Duke disentangled herself, and galloped of Dorset. Now suppose a stranger away. The Duke sprang upon his
to the real character of this excellent feet, and attempted to follow her, youth to have beard no more of him but soon found himself unable to than what he would be most likely stand, and fell into the arms of Mr. to hear of one whose constitutional Farrel, who had run to his succour, modesty concealed his virtues, pamieand to whose house he was conveyed. ly, that he was very fond of cricket, He was laid on a mattress supported that he hurt his eye with a tennisby chairs. Lord Powerscourt, in the ball, that he lost his life hunting, utmost anxiety and alarm, rode full that his last words were “I am ofT;"— speed for medical assistance, leaving would not a person possessed of this his brother Mr. Wingfield to pay information, and no more, naturally every attention possible, as he most conclude that the Duke was a young kindly did, to the Duke. Medical man of a triv al mund, add cted to aid, even if it could have been ap- idle games mod field ports, and apt plied immediately, would have been to make light of serious things: How of Do use. The injury was too se
false a notion would such a person vere to be counteracted by buman form of the late Duke of Dorset ! skill. Life was extinct before any As to the four circumstances above surgeon arrived.
alluded to, if he was fond of cricket,