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are not many situations from whence, on the central tower displays the delicate
a near approach to the structure, the groining of its vault, painted and gilt
parts unfold to advantage, on account of upon a wbite ground.'
the contiguous mass of buildings ; com “ The fatigue of the ascent to the
bined, however, with the surrounding

platforns of the roof is most amply reobjects of antiquity, all of them con

paid by the enjoyment of a lovely and nected with its history, it presents a luxuriant prospect. Below us, Kent magnificent assemblage. Advancing unfolds all its charms. Its mouldering from the Eastward, St. Martin's church

ruins, its stately mansions, its fertile yard forms a station not unfavourable

fields of waving corn, the rich foliage of for a general view. The Cathedral rises

its woods, streams that glitter in the nobly above the City, Becket's Crown sun, its vales and proudly-swelling hills, being the nearest point to the eye, be- studded with farms and cottages, peohind which extends the venerable East

pled by a manly and healthful race of ern transept, and in its rear the angel

peasantry, extending in long perspective steeple crowns the view. Over the roof to that Ocean which formerly so often of the transept are seen the pinnacles of wafted to her shores desolating and dethe Dunstan steeple, and the small leaden

structive bosts, now, bearing on its bo. spires of the Saxon turrets at the junc.

som, and into her ports, the productions tion of that transept with the choir. of the remotest Nations, the wealth of Immediately to the left of Becket's the World." Crown appears the decorative entrance

It gives us pleasure to extract the to St. Augustine's Monastery, flanked with octagonal turrets of singular beauty;

following paragraph: and still farther, the remains of the

“ It would be unjust not to yield a Abbey-church, and the lofty dilapidated deserved tribute of praise to the care and tower honoured with the naine of Ethel- attention bestowed in preserving from bert. From this point of view there is farther devastation this noble work of an agreeable blending of foliage with our ancestors, and in checking as much architectural forms highly picturesque.' as possible the progress of decay. The “Having surveyed the exterior of our

partial restorations which have taken Cathedral, we eriter by the South Porch,

place are executed with scrupulous fidein order to contemplate the relicks of lity to the character of the original defallen splendour, and investigate the ex

sign; instances of which are displayed amples of art which an internal survey

in the front of St. Anselm's chapel, the affords. The coup-d'oeil would be impediment of the Eastern transept, the pressively grand if strangers were con

great window in front of the Western ducted by the main entrance, with a

transept, the pinnacles surmounting the view to permit them to receive the full buttresses of the nave, and in various effect of the vista of the nave, its grace

other parts." Sul clustered columns receding in gra

Toconclude: we trust that Mr.Wool. dual perspective, and the lofty arch of noth will meet with the encouragement its groined roof diminishing in distance; of the publick, to which his labours this effect is lost from the customary bave justly entitled him. He has at entrance : nor is the deficiency com all events secured to himself the saiis. pensated by the view from the front of faction of having executed a work, the choir, when the eye bas become

to which he may refer with confideoce familiarized to its forms. Upon gaining

as a specimen of graphic ability, and the centre of the nave, we cast a retro

on which he may hereafter reflect spective glance at the spacious Western

with uudininished pleasure. window, which, thougb inferior in the brilliancy of its bues to those of earlier date, has a noble effect, from its extent."

19. The Life and Studies of Benjamin

West, Esq. President of the Royal • Emerging from this dark and soli

Academy of London, prior to his Artary seat of sublime recollections (the

rival in England; compiled from MaUndercroft), we ascend the steps leading

terials furnished by himself. By John to the choir, and rest to enjoy the finest

Galt. 8vo. pp. 160. Cadell & Davies. general view of the interior. To the Westward we have a full and command The authority of these" Memoirs" ing prospect of the nave we had quitted, admits of no dispute, and we agree and in the East, through the grated door with Mr. Galt is his idea of the utiof the choir, we catch a glimpse of the lity of such a Work. brilliant window at that termination of “Mr. West, in relating the circumthe long-extended structure, sparkling stances by which he was led to approxiwith a radiancy unparalleled. Above us, mate, without the aid of an instructor,


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to those principles and rules of Art, would devote bimself to historical subwhich it is the object of Schuols and jects; and he mentioned the Death of Academies to disseminate, has conferred Socrates as affording osie of the best a greater benefit on young Artists than topicks for illustrating the moral effect he could possibly have done by the most of the art of Painting. The Painter ingenious and eloquent lectures on knew nothing of the history of the Phithe theories of his profession; and it losopher; and, upon confessing his ig. was necessary that the narrative should

norance, Mr. Henry went to his library, appear in his own time, in order that and, taking down a volume of the Eng. the authenticity of the incidents might lish translation of Plutarch, read to him not rest on the authority of any Bio- the account given by that writer of this grapher. - - The professional life of Mr. affecting story. The suggestion and West constitutes an important part of description wrought upon the imaginaan historical work, in which the matter tion of West, and induced him to make of this volume could only have been in a drawing, which he shewed to Mr. troduced as an episode, and, perhaps, Henry, who commended it as a perspinot with much propriety, even in that 'cuous delineation of the probable cirform. It was my intention, at one time, cumstances of the event, and requested to have prepared the whole of bis Me bim to paint it. West said that he moirs, separately, for publication ; but would be happy to undertake the task, a careful review of the manuscript con but, having hitherto painted only faces vinced me, that the transactions in and men cloathed, he should be unable which he has been engaged, subse to do justice to tbe figure of the slave quently to his arrival in England, are so who presented the poison, and which, he much of a public nature, and belong so thought, ought to be naked. Henry had immediately to the history of the Arts, among his workmen a very handsome that such a separation could not be young man, and, without waiting to aneffected without essentially impairing swer the objection, he sent for him into the interest and unity of the main de. the room. On his entrance he pointed sign; and that the particular nature of him out to West, and said, “There is this portion of his Memoirs admitted of your model.' The appearance of the being easily detached, and arranged into young man, whose arms and breast were a whole complete within itself.”

naked, instantaneously convinced the The admirers of the venerable Pre. Artist that he had only to look into Nasident (who has nearly completed his ture for the models which would impart 78th year) will be agreeably amused grace and energy to his delineation of by the interesting narrative of his forms. ---When the Death of Socrates early life, and the progress of his

was finished, it attracted much attenstudies. 'The Work' abounds with tion, and led to one of those fortunate entertaining anecdotes; of which a

acquaintances by which the subsequent

career of the Artist bas been so bappily good asalysis precedes the Volume.

facilitated. About this period the inThe following is selected, as it re habitants of Lancaster had resolved to lates to his first Kisiorical Picture ;

erect a public grammar-school; and Dr. a species of the art in which he has Smith, the Provost of the College at since so pre-eminently excelled : Philadelphia, was invited by them to

Among those who sent to him in arrange the course of instruction, and to this early stage of his career, was a per- place the institution in the way best son of the name of William Henry *. calculated to answer the intention of He was an able mechanick, and had the founders. This gentleman was an acquired a handsome fortune by bis pro- excellent classical scholar, and combined ession of a gunsmith. Henry was, in- with his knowledge and admiration of deed, in several respects, an extraordi- the merits of the antients that liberality nary man, and possessed the power ge- of respect for the endeavours of modern nerally attendant upon genius under all talent, with which the same kind of circumstances, that of interesting the feeling is but rarely found connected. imagination of those with whom he con After seeing the picture, and sonveising versed. On examining the young Art with the Artist, he offered to undertake ist's performance, be observed to him, to make him to a certain degree aethat, if he could paint as well, he would quainted with classical literature; while not waste his time on portraits, but at the same time he would give him

* Brother, we have reason to believe, to our good old friend David Henry, Esą. many years the respectable Editor and Printer of this Magazine. EDIT. Gent. Mag. August, 1816.




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a sketch of the taste and character curious “Extract from the Journal of the spirit of antiquity, as would have of a Friend, wbo has lately travelled all the effect of the regular education through the principal parts of the requisite to a painter. When tbis libe

United States;" and the whole Work ral proposal was communicated to old

is extremely interesting. Mr. West, he readily agreed that Benjamin should go for some time to Philadelphia, in order to take advantage of

20. Travels in Belochistan and Sinde, the Provost's instructions; and accord accompanied by a Geographical and ingly, after returning home for a few

Historical Account of those Countries ; days, Benjamin went to the capital, and

with a Map. By Lieut. Henry Potresided at the house of Mr. Clarkson,

tinger, of the Honourable East India his brother-in-law, a gentleman who had

Company's Service, Assistant to the been educated at Leyden, and was much

Resident at the Court of his Highness respected for the intelligence of his con

the Peishwa, and late Assistant and versation, and the propriety of bis

Surveyor with the Missions to Sinde

and Persia. The following description of a Mo THE personal narrative of Lieut. hawk Indian is highly characteristic Pottinger lends an interest to this of their vatural disposition :

highly-intelligent Work not often dis“ Before Mr. West lest America, an

covered in the Itinerary of an Asiatic

traveller. The account of the mis. attempt was made to educate three

sion to Sinde is curious and important, young Indians at New York; and their

and we consider the whole as forining notwithstanding that they still progress, retained something of their original

a valuable supplement to Capt. Elwildness of character, exceeded the ut

pbinstone's description of the Afghan most expectations of those who were people; a work which should never interested in the experiment. Two of be mentioned without the tribute of them, however, in the end, returned to respect due to ils superior merit. their tribe, but they were rendered miserable by the contempt with which they 21. Narrative of a Ten Years' Residence were received; and the brother of the

at the Court of Tripoli, in Africa ; one who remained behind was so affected with their degradation, that he came to

from the Original Correspondence in

the Possession of the Family of the late the city, determined to redeem his bro

Richard Tully, Esq. the British Consul. ther from the thraldom of civilization..

4to. with Coloured Plates. On his arrival, he found he had become an actor, and was fast rising into cele

THIS interesting Work comes bebrity on the stage. On learning this fore us at a most critical period; at cireumstanee, the resolute Indian went

the time when those Barbarians, whose to the theatre, and seated bimself in the manners and customs, bere so ably depit. The moment that his brother ap linealed, are about to receive an adepeared, he leapt upon the stage, and quate punishment for the injuries and drawing his knife, threatened to sacri. insults so long inflicted with impunity fice him on the spot, unless he would im on the navigators of the Mediterramediately strip bimself naked, and re

nean, and on the peaceable inbabitants turn with him to their home in the

of the Italian shores. woods. He upbraided him with the

The Authoress enjoyed singular admeanness of his disposition, in consenting to make himself a slave. He de- vantages from her rank and station,

which have enabled her to describe manded if he had forgotten that the

with Great Spirit bad planted the Indian corn

accuracy the religious ceremofor their use, and filled the forests with pies, domestic habits, and warlike game, the air with birds, and the waters

customs of the Moors, concerniog with fish, that they might be free. He which our previous information was represented the institutions of civilized scanty and imperfect. society as calculated to make him de It is well known how jealous the pendant on the labour of others, and Moors are of admitting Europeans subject to every chance that might in. within their domestic circles; and terrupt their disposition to supply his since the days of Lady Wortley Monwants. The actor obeyed bis brother, tagu, to whose celebrated Letlers this and returning to the woods, was never Work bears a striking resemblance, seen again in the town."

no individual appears to have enjoyed The manners of the Indians are such an unconstrained access to the further illustrated by Mr. Galt, in a interior of the Harem. As sister to

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the late Consul General at Tripoli, have increased in it by degrees to a little the Authoress was constantly admitted irregular town. The city of Tripoli is, to the private parties of the females or rather has been, surrounded by a proof the family of the late Ali Coro- digiously strong wall and towers, which malli, Bashaw of Tripoli, the father

are now in bad order ; but persons of of Sidy Useph, the reigning Bashaw.

judgment in these matters say, that, The narrative commences in the with repairs only, it might soon be made

one of the strongest fortifications. The year 1783, with a lively description

sea washes this town on three sides; on of the first impressions received on

the fourth, a sandy plain, called the arriving off the port of Tripoli, and Messea, joins it to the rest of the counnotices the singular appearance of the try. On the East it is divided from long rows of palm-trees, planted on a Egypt by the dreary deserts of Barca, sandy soil; an account of the dress where none reside except occasionally of the principal personages who were the wandering Arah. The town is so ready to receive our Authoress and her uneven with accumulated rubbish, on friends on their arrival, next follows, which they often build without remove and prepossesses the Reader at once ing it, that the threshold of some of the in favour of the Writer's descriptive street-doors are on a level with the tertalents.

races or tops of houses not far from The City of Tripoli, the capital of

them. The streets are narrow, but the Regency of that name, is situated nearly double the width of those at

Tunis and Algiers. in Jatitude 32° 54' North, longitude

· The town stands

on a foundation of rock. Here and 13° 18' East, and is built on a neck of

there are a few remains of pavement, land, which projects a short distance

some of which are very antient, and eviinto the sea. As this place has been dently appear Roman. They do not but little visited by Europeans, it shine here in shops, the best of them may gratify our Readers to peruse the being little better than booths, though Auibor's account of it:

sometimes their contents are invaluable, « The whole of the town appears in a

consisting of pearls, gold, gems, and semicircle, some time before reaching the precious drugs. There are two covered harbour's mouth. The extreme white- bazars, or market-places, one very large, ness of square buildings covered with built in four ailes meeting in a cross. lime, which in this climate encounters

These ailes are fitted up with shops the sun's fiercest rays, is very striking.

built on each side of them, containing The baths form clusters of cupolas very every sort of merchandize, and having a large, to the number of eight or ten, way in the middle for purchasers to crowded together in different parts of walk. The next bazar is much sinaller, the town. The mosques have in general

and has po shops in it. Here only black a small plantation of Indian figs and men and women are brought for sale! date trees growing close to them, which The very idea of a human being bought, at a distance appearing to be so many

and examined as a common bale of rich gardens in different parts of the goods, is repugnant to a feeling heart, town, give the whole city an aspect truly yet this is one of their principal modes novel and pleasing. On entering the

of traffick." barbour, the town begins to discover its The account of a visit to the Ba. dilapidations from the destructive band shaw in the Castle is interesting, and of Time, large hills of rubbish appearing pourtrays in animated language the in different parts of it. The Castle, or

character, personal accomplishments, Royal Palace, where the Bashaw resides, and behaviour of the female branches is at the East end of the town, within the walls, with a dock-yard adjoining, form a most striking contrasi with

of the Royal Family, whose manners where the Bey (the Bashaw's eldest son,

those of Europeans. and heir to the Throne,) builds his cruizers. This castle is very antient, “ I propose, my dear friend, to give and is inclosed by a strong bigh wall you in this, the account of a visit we that appears impregnable, but it has have recently paid to the Bashaw's falost all symmetry on the inside, from the mily; and as the interior of the Harein innumerable additions made to contain and the Castle of Tripoli have not yet the different branches of the Royal Fa been pourtrayed by any ope admitted mily; for there is scarcely an instance confidentially within its walls, I trust of any of the blood royal, as far as to the a relation of the bours we spend here Basbaw's great grand-children, living will in general interest you. On apout of the castle-walls. These buildings proaching the Castle of the Bashaw, you


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pass the first intrenchment escorted by beautiful lamb, fitted for the purpose, the hampers (the Bashaw's body-guards). washed white as snow, and decorated Having passed through the gate, you with flowers and ribbands, stood on the enter the first court-yard of the Castle deck, which, at the instant the vessel crowded with guards, waiting before the plunged into the water, received the skiffar or hall, where the Chiah sits all fatal knise, being devoutly offered as a day. Through this hall is a paved square, sacrifice to Mahomet for the future prowith a piazza supported by marble pil- sperity of the cruizer. It was saluted lars, in which is built the Messeley, or by the colours and guns on the shore, council chamber, where the Basbaw re and by those of all the different ships in ceives his court on Gala days. It is the harbour. The Bey's chief revenues finished on the outside with Chinese

are produced from his own navy, wbich tiles, a number of which form an entire his father allows bin. His dock-yard, painting. No Gentlemen are permitted the only one here, is regulated by himto approach nearer the Harem, or ladies' self entirely; the two young Princes apartments, than the Bagnio; from never interfere concerning it, though bence you are conducted by eunuchs they often wish to do so. This esta through long vaulted passages, so ex blishment costs the Bey so much, that tremely dark, that it is with great diffi when the cruizers fail for a time in culty the way can be discerned. On en

making adequate returns, it is a serious tering the Harem a striking gloom pre- loss to bim.” vails; the court-yard is grated over the top with heavy iron bars, very close

The cruizers are generally absent together, giving it a melancholy appear

about three weeks; the crews receive The galleries round the court

a small consideration previous to sailyard, before ihe chambers, are enclosed ing: the provisions allowed by his with lattices cut very small in wood. Highness are, biscuit, oil, and water ; On entering the apartment of Lilla Keb-' on their return they are examined, bierra, the wife of the Bashaw, we found and any thing valuable they may have her seated with three of her daughters.” got is taken away. No person but

We regret that our limits will not the Bashaw is allowed to have any allow us to present our Readers share in a prize. It appears from the wilh the portraits of Lilla Halluma, present Narrative, that the number Queen of Tripoli, and her daughters of Christian slaves at Tripoli is much who are represented as bighly ac smaller than either at Algiers or complished, and most magnificently Tunis, and their treatment comparadressed, being nearly covered with tively milder and more humane; in jewels and precious stones ; their hall. fact, it appears that the system of halls, or bracelets round their ancles, Christian slavery has been long on were of solid gold, each weighing the decline, and forms no part of the four pounds.

policy of the present Pashaw, whose As the eyes of all Europe are now hospitable treatinent of Lord Exturned towards Britain's bulwarks, mouth on a late occasion is a conemployed on the expedition against vincing proof of this assertion. Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli, it may Respecting the Algerine cruizers, be useful to avail ourselves of the ise, we are informed that formation contained in this Work re

“ The captains, if they are not the lative to the Navy of the latter power : sole owners, have always a share in the

“The Christians were invited to be vessels they command ; they cruize present yesterday at the launching of where they please, but are obliged, when one of the Bey's cruizers. There was summoned, to attend the service of the little to notice in it, except one or two State, in transporting provisions at their singular circumstances : Just at the own expence.

They have always on moment of its quitting the docks, a black board an experienced officer appointed slave of the Bey's was led forward and by the Dey, without whose consent they fastened to the prow of the vessel, to can neither give chace, return to Algiers, influence a happy reception of it in the nor punish the sailors. On their return,

Some embarrassment happened this officer reports to the Dey the conat the time of its going off, and Musta duct of the captain of the cruizer and pba (the first Minister) not having seen his crew, and the caprain must deliver the Black attached, said, it was no won immediately an account of his success der tbe vessel did not go easily off the to the Government, which claims an stocks, for they bad neglected to bind a eightb part of the prizes, slaves, or merBlack on board and send off with it. A chandize, he has taken. The Christian


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