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late deplorable insurrection in that ments of a public and private nature, Colony-an insurrection that carried clearly prove this fact; and I shall ruin and 'desolation before it, and close the present letter, with an exthreatened the massacre of every tract from one, addressed to a gentleWhite inhabitant in the Island. man in this country, by the Chief

But it is said by some that “the de- Justice of St. Vincent's, not only as lusion of the Slaves was occasioned by decisive upon the subject, but comiog the Plauters themselves, who by their from an authority which cannot be publications in the Colonial Journals, questioned. The

writer observes, under the very eyes of the Negroes, · Pray tell Mr. Wilberforce that

une have misrepresented the Bill *." This til the Negroes heard of the Registry argument in the first instance begs Bill, and Mr. Stephen's book, which the question. lo what respect have they call a Report of the African So. the Planters misrepresented the Bill? ciety, I slept with doors and windows Have they given any other character open ; but now, although under the to the measure, than that which the guns of a fort, I have loaded pistols pamphlet of Mr. Stephen (at once the at the side of my bed every night. cominent and defence of the Bill) Io short, the measure, whatever may will fully bear out? And with a dan- be the resull in England, bas already ger so imminent hanging over their done more to check the progressive, beads, and a doubt how far they improvement of the state of Slavery, would be protected on this side of than the Society * can remedy in 20 the water, how could it be expected years."

S. D. D. that the Colonists should be silent? Though ionocent, as it appears, of

Mr. URBAN,

Bonby, near Brigg, the crimes with which they are charg

Aug. 15. ed they are threatened with an Act S I find the limits of your Publiof the British Parliament, the lightest infliction of which is, that it at ing of my remarks on Mr. Scott's ouce disfranchises their local legisla. pamphlet, to the extent I have drawn tures, and taxes them in defiance of them out, I shall close the subject by the solenn pledge of Parliament t; a few observations on the late controand because from every parish, and versy, which, I trust, will be med from every district, a voice is raised neither ill-founded, nor upseasonable. against this proceeding, describing its With regard to that part of the Enreal nature and purpori, the Planters quiry, which professes to demonstrate are, it seems, to be responsible for all the heterodoxy of Dr. Mant's sentithe dreadful consequences which may ments concerning Adult Baptism, I result from the rash and unauthorized have no hesitatiòn in saying that the attack which they are resisting! statement is founded on an error.

The Registry Bill found the Slaves Mr. Scott has chosen to represent his in a state of tranquillity; but after its opponent as upholding the Popish arrival anarchy and rebellion arose

tenct of “ opus operatum ;" a charge amongst them. What evil cffecif it easily made, and not unfrequently by might have produced in the other those who very imperfectly underIstands will, it is to be hoped, be stand“ whereof they affirmt." Does averted, by the awful example that this gentleman mean seriously to telt Barbadoes has afforded, and by the his readers that Dr. M. considers the Proclamation transmitted by the Crown to the different Governors,

* The African Institution.

+ It will be seen by referring to Le pursuant to the addresses of both Houses of Parliament. It is, however, Council of Trent never meant to sanc

Blanc's Theses (p. 681, th. 65) that the too well known that mischief, per- tion the doctrine of “

opus operatum," haps irreniediable mischief, has been

as it is now generally understood. I wish already occasioned in the minds of those who are so' ready in uttering this the Negroes, by the agitation of this cry, which is too often used as the watchquestion. The repor!s of the Colo word of a party, would take pains to innial Legislatures, and other docu- form tbemselves a little more accurately,

before they bring charges of a very serious * See Report of the Speech of Mr. nature against individuals, whose belief Wilberforce, &c. &c.

and practice are, perhaps, as pure as + 18 Geo. III. Cap. XII.

their own.

sacra

sacrament of Baptism in the light of being suspended until they repent. a mere charm, operating by an in The truth of this statement rests on a herent virtue of its owu ? Does he

very neccssary distinction, which Mr. mean to assert that, in any part of Scott appears to be entirely ignorant the tract he has so laboured to depre- of, but which was well known to St. ciate, the ceremony of Baptism is Austin, and the antient Fathers; I spoken of, as working an inninediate mean the distinction between the va. visible change in the subject of it? lidity and the effects of Baptism : it is If so, let hinu bring forward the pas

well known to all who are acquainted sages on which he grounds his asser with the writings of the earlier Dition, and not take advantage of ge. vines, that Baptism was never reneral expressions on the part of his peated in the cases of those who, beantagonist, to construct a system of ing wicked livers, still continued with his own, and then give it to the world in the pale of the Church ; these never as Dr. Mant's, only that he may have finally lost the privileges of their the pride of demolishing it. The Baptism, but were only deprived for great unfairness of Mr. Scott, through. a time of the saving effect attached out the whole of his publication, con to such privileges ; they were resists io his having imputed to Dr. M. admitted to communion, not by being opinions illogically deduced from the baptized again, but by undergoing words cited in pp. 7, 8, and 9, of the the rigours of penitential discipline, Enquiry. The real fact is, that Dr. and submitting to the imposition of Mant, in the tract so often alluded to, haods. has the case of Infants chiefly in view; As to Infant Baptism, the question and this is perfectly correct, since he lies within a very narrow compass ; wrote to Christians, and in a Christian the grand point in debate between Country, where nine out of ten are us and our opponent is this: Whether, baptized in their infancy. Mr. S. in Baptism, infants are justified absowith singular fairness and justice, apa lutely, or condilionally ? Dr. Mant plies Dr. Mant's reasoning, which re upholds the former, Mr. Scott the lates principally to Infants, unto the latter proposition: it is impossible, case of Adult Baptism, thereby giving according to Mr. S. that infants should a false interpretation to several pas be born again in baptism, because sages, which, if considered together they are incapable of repentauce and with their context, will be found faith. I am astonished so acute a strictly true. I do not deny but reasoner should bring forward ibis what Dr. M. might have written a hackneyed objection of the Anabaplittle wore correctly, as far as con tists. if Mr. S. will attentively read cerns his composition, and, perhaps, the Treatise on Infant Baptism, io the a little more guardedly as to what he second volume of the London Cases, has said, in his secoud tract, with re he may, perhaps, see occasion to alter gard to the Methodistic conversions ; his sentiments on this point; he may but I see no reason to inpeach his see his objection fully refuted, and be consistency, or doubt of the ortho- convinced that the absolute jastificadoxy of his sentiments. What I con.

tion of infants is not quite so preposceive him, and every member of the fervus, sv heterodox an opinion as he Established Church who understands has represented it to be : in the mead ber doctrines, to hold on the subject time, I will take the liberty of reduof Adult Baptism, is this, viz. that cing this gentleman to a dilemmafrom grown-up persons coming to the font which I think he will not very easily in a stale of repentance and faith, extricate himself: I suppose he will are regenerated, and obtain a full and allow that, whatever be the meaning instant possessivu of the privileges of the term Regeoeration, it is imposattached to regeneration ; that grown- sible, without being regenerated, to up persons, coming in a state of in- enter the Kingdom of Heaven. If penitency and unbelief, are also re- then Regeneration be nol, in all cases, generated, but do not receive an im- (I am speaking of Pædo-Baptism) the mediate benefit thereby, such benefit necessary consequence of being bap

tized, what sense can be attached io * See the suffrage of Crescens, Bishop that little note which our Church has of Cirta, Concil. Carthag. Cyprian's sulojoined to the Ofice of Public Bap-. Works, suffrag. 81h.

tism for Infants ? " It is certain, by

God's

with one.

God's word, that children, which are ever some men may imagine as to the baptized, dying before they commit fancied superiority of their darling actual sin, are undoubtedly saved ?" hypotheses, one thing is certain, viz. How this could be affirmed, if the that if we cannot bring our bearers to framers of our Liturgy intended to God in His way, we shall never be own the hypothetical principle, I able to do it in ours. leave it to Mr. Scott to explain, and Yours, &c.

WM. HILDYARD. shall only observe tbat it is rather singular he should omit all reference

Mr. URBAN,

Tug. 16. to the above declaration, especially Y

OUR Correspondent, Aristippus, as he has formally noticed the Office p. 22, has been misled by the to which it is appended, and since his printed account of a meeting held at opponent has mentioned it as giving Brecon on the 25th of June last, into the doctrine of Baptismal Regenera- a supposition, that the Welsh Clergy tion its great practical importance. and Laity, assembled on that occaWhat does Hooker, the best interpre- sion, concurred with the resolutions ter of the Church of England's mean of the Castle Cary Clergy; though iog, say on this subject? I could ad even that account might have conduce many passages from his immor vinced him of the contrary, by the tal work, that directly favour our loss of the motion of thanks to the view of it, but must content myself Castle Cary Clergy, proposed by the

" In our infancy we are Chairman. That the prioted account incorporated into Christ, and, by Bap- was a very defective and partial one, tism, receive the grace of his Spirit, you may judge by the following ocwithoạt any sense or feeling of the currence at the Meeting. In the gift which God bestoweth :" (Eccle discussion which followed the Archsiast. Pol. Book 5th, p. 237.) Here deacon of Brecon's speech, Major the instrumental conveyance of the Price (a highly-distinguished officer, Holy Spirit, iu Baptism, is clearly as who, after a service of more than 20 serted, and that with regard to sub- years in the East Indies, where he lost jects incapable of repentance and a leg, has retired to his native counfaith : there is nothing hypothetical try) rose and addressed the Chairman in the words; the assertion is peremp in vearly the following words : tory. Whether, by being "incorpo “ I object to your proceedings, as rated into Christ," Hooker meant deficient in due respect to your eccleonly an external and relative justifi- siastical superiors. I belong to a cation, in the sense of Bishop Hop- profession, in which I have learnt to kins and Mr. Scott, let those deter- appreciate the necessity of strict submine who are most familiar with his ordination. An attention to subor., writings. One word more, Mr. Urban, dioation must be equally essential to and I have done: a great deal has the respectability and well-being of been said as to the pernicious teu our admirable Church Establishment. dency of the doctrines I have been I am decidedly for subordination." defending; we are gravely told that Major Price of the East ludia Com. they lead to the destruction of spiri- pany's service, and late Judge Advotual religion, and check the growth cate of Bombay, is the Author of of true piety ; that they cause man

the “ Chronological Retrospect of kind, as it were, to settle on the lees, the principal Events of Mabomedan and to mistake formality for holiness. History.".

IRENÆUS. To all this I have one short answer to make; the cause of truth can never Mr. URBAN,

Aug. 17. be served by the propagation of error.

HE Is not the doctrine of Baptismal Re sense of the Personage there nietgeneration fairly deducible from the tioned, and bespeaks so tolerant and Scriptures, and manifestly recognized Christian-like a spirit, that it deserves in the Liturgy of the Church of a more lasting record than the pages Eoglaod ? If this be the case, it is our of a Newspaper : duty, as Ministers of that Church, to During the late short stay of the teach it, and not to attempt, by any King of Bavaria at Bergzaboon, his expedients of our own, an improve- Majesty, on entering the House of ment on the Divine Counsels. What the Justice of Peace, where he re

The questiou resolves itself into this; The following Anecdote reflects

sided, addressed to the Clergy of the ofthe antient possessions of the Crown, three religious persuasions (Lutheran, to William Ireland, father of the Calvinist, and 'Catholic), the follow. defendant, for 21 years, under the rent ing remarkable words: “I am indeed of 171. ; viz. for Guthlaxton 71.; and a good Catholick, but I consider that for Gartre 101. ;

any statute to the Religion to be the best, which leads contrary notwithstanding ;" and King men to the performance of their Charles II. by Letters Patent a. r. 13. Dulies.

J. S.

commits to the defendant, Ire

land, the custody or farm of the said Mr. URBAN,

Aug. 4.

Hundreds, and the offices of Steward IN N Pollexen's Reports, p. 606-613, and Bailiff of the Baili wick of the

a Case is reported respecting the said Hundreds, with all offices thereto Hundreds of Gartre and Guthlaxton, belonging, with the execution of all in Leicestershire, which has escaped writs, processes, and precepts within the notice of the inquisitive and very the Hundreds, and the holding of the accurate Historian of that County Leet and Sheriff's Tourn there, and The subject is an action brought by the Courts of the said several HunWilliam Cole, Esq. Sheriff of that dreds, and all fiues, amerciaments, County, 29th Chas. II. against and profits of Courts, under the rent Ireland, Bailiff of the said Hundreds, of 181. 18. 54d. The non obstante claiming the fees and profits arising Clause * in the patents of Henry IV. from the several Couris there held. and James I. are very remarkable, as It appears from the evidence stated the grants thereby made are in direct in a special verdict, that our antient violation of the Statutes 2nd Edw. Sovereigns had been in the practice III. and 14th Edw. III. whereby it is of granting the said Hundreds to spe- ordered that the Hundreds which had cial Bailiff's either at will, for term been lett to farm by the King, wheof years, or for life. King Edward ther for life or otherwise, which II. a. r. 12. grants the Hundred of were sometimes annexed to the farms Gartre to John Sadington), at will, of the Counties, should be again under the yearly rent of 161. payable joined to the Counties, and that such at the Exchequer; and he commands Tundreds and Wapentakes should not John De- Traydston to deliver the from thenceforth be given or severed Hundred then in his custody ex com

from the Counties. The reason was, missione Regis, to the Grantee, to be that in old time the Counties were kept in form aforesaid.

assessed at a certain farm, and all the Kipg Henry IV. by his Letters Pa- Hundreds and Wapentakes in the tent, a. r. 1. grants the same Hun- Sheriff's hands were rated to his dred, with the courts and profits to farm; but afterwards approvers were the Hundred belonging, to William sent into divers Counties, who inHighwick, for the term of his life, creased the farms of some Hundreds,

any slalute to the contrary notwith- and the King had granted parts of standing.” King James I. a. r. 15. those Hundreds for the old farms, grants the custody or farm of the and of late the Sheriffs were charged Hundreds of Guthlaxton and Gartre, wholly with the increase, amounting with the offices of Steward and Bailiff to a great sum, to their disherison. of the Stewardship and Bailiwick, After hearing the arguments of counwith all profits to these offices be- sel on the special verdict, the Court longing, together with the execution of Common Pleas was of opinion, that of all writs and mandates to be exc the leasings and graptings to farnı of cuted within those Hundreds, and the Hulidreds and Wapentakes was against holding of the Leet and Sherift's the Statute, and consequently judg. Touro there, and all amerciaments, ment was given for the Plaintiff. fipes, and profits of courts, parcel

Yours, &c.

J. B. R.

Tbe non obstante Clause was first inserted in protections and patents by King Henry III. in imitation of the Pope's Bulls, but it was not employed to elude or dispense with any Penal Laws or Acts of Parliament till after the Statute of Mortinain 7th Edw. I. The Patent and Charter Rolls in the Tower from that time till the dissolution of Monasteries abounding with special licences to purchase or hold lands, notwithstanding that Statute. See Prynne on 4th Institute, p. 133. GENT. Mag. August, 1816.

Mr.

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Mr. URBAN,

Aug. 13. a subscription to induce Mr. Fiocham I

BEG, through your Magazine, lo communicate freely his plan we to retura P.E. thanks for his com

can no more approve, than we think munication of June 4, published in it reasonable he should refuse the your last Supplement, p. 582, in an more free communication of his plan. swer to my request for particulars of Mr. Fincham should consider it is the plan of Mr. Fincham's Life-boat. not ingenuity that is wanied to supI regret, however, that the cause as ply plans that will effect the object signed should prevent Mr. Fincham of safety, but the inducement to peofrom communicating bis plaos; and ple, in defiance of old habits, to adopt beg to suggest that that gentleman that which is evidently for their benewould certainly further his interests fit, particularly sea - faring people. by making the publick acquainted The boxing-up the sides of a boat holwith the merits of his invention, and low and water-tight; and the double the obligation rendered them through boat, after the fashion of a double his ingenuity, more than by secluding canoe, but made to fit with close it under the idea of a reward for com batches aud proper contrivance, municating it. There is nothing, we would, if not Mr. Fincham's plan, can suppose, in Mr. Fincham's plan, effect all his plan now does, as de that must not be discernible on a view scribed by P. E. of the boat fitted up and constructed As a spirit of free communication with it; and no doubt those who of all plads that are for public benefit, have seen the boats with which the can alone effect that, and are alone experiments mentioned were made, consistent with professions of huor those used on-board men of war as mapily, I should hope Mr. Fincbam, stated, could give an account of the on reading this, will do justice by the construction. We hope the humanity publick, and give them his plans. and liberality of mind of Mr. Fincham, Both Mr. Greathead and Mr. Lionel who has turned his thoughts to the Lukin have given their plans to the welfare of his fellow-creatures, will publick gratis.

G. G. V. be above all selfish considerations in a subject where there is no requisite of superiority of genius for contriving

* We have much satisfaction in exschemes and plans to effect the objects tending the circulation of the following under contemplation : and the reward

ADDRESS; and earnestly hope that it already given Mr. Fincham by the may have a good effect on the minds of Board of Admiralty, stated in P. E.'s heavy imposition of the Property Tax.

the many Thousands who have saved the first letter (200 guineas), as well as the supply of boats to Government, would ease the suffering of many an

A twentieth part of the sums so saved we should think is the remuneration

aching heart. of the Nation to Mr. Fincham for, at least, a liberal communication of THE Committee of the Association for

the Relief and Benefit of the Manufacbis plan. However well we wish Mr. turing and Labouring Poor cannot but Fincham, and that he should be

entertain a confident persuasion, that Jiberally rewarded, if deserving, we this renewed appeal to the approved do not see that there can be any su liberality of the publick will find its comperlative merit needed to contrive plete justification in the existing disboats that will have the advantages tresses of the Country. It can scarcely, of safety; and the plan, if the Boat however, be necessary for them to dehas been exhibited, or has been clare, that they never entertained the brought into that general adoption presumptuous hope, that to evils so great in the service, as stated, is already

and various, any exertions they could

make would afford an adequate remedy. sufficiently so well known as to render secrecy ridiculous; but the more free

But besides, that inability to relieve the communication of the plan would

whole of any given measure of distress

can never be admitted to be a sufficient tend more speedily to adoption of justification for not affording relief to the improvement, or to help the sug

the utmost amount in which it can posgestion of any addition that might be

sibly be administered; the greatness of advantageous, from greater security, any distress, to the honour of British or more desirable, from greater sim feeling, bas commonly had the effect of plicity in construction. The hint of stimulating the efforts of benevolence,

instead

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