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June 29. YOUR readers will certainly be gratified, if not instructed, by the following
extract from a work published at Paris, as far back as the year 1675. The friend who bas furnished the original has accompanied it with a trauslation, and it might be beneficial to those who are unacquainted with the French language, to print the English version in a column opposite to the original. I remain, Mr. Urban, as hitherto, your admirer, OXONIENSIS. Athenes ancienne et nouvelle, &c. par Le Sieur De la Guilletiere.
Paris 1675, livre troisieme, p. 231, Comme nous fames vers les dernieres As we approached the last houses in maisons de la ville, du costé du Temple the city, near the Temple of Theseus, de Thesée, qui est le chemin de l'Aca- leading towards the Academy, the Janisdemie, notre Janissaire nous proposa sary proposed to us to call upon a Greek d'entrer chez un Grec de sa connoissance of his acquaintance, who lived there, qui demeuroit là, et qui estoit un and was a Didascolos ; that was the title Didascolos ; c'est ainsi qu'ils appellent they gave to a schoolmaster. This was un maitre d'ecole. Nous ne demandions in fact one of the objects of our wishes; pas mieux ; mais quelle douleur pour but we were very much disappointed, nous qui avions l'imagination rempli du having entertained great expectations sublime savoir de Platon, de Zenon, et from the wisdom of Plato, of Zeno, and de l'Aristote ; quelle douleur dis-je, of Aristotle : what a mortification it quand le Janissaire nous eut dit que ce was to us when the Janissary informed Didascolos estoit un artisan, et que nous us that the Didaskolos was a mechanic, vimmes a considérer qu'un homme de and when we reflected that a man of cette etoffe tenoit la place de ces grands this sort now fulfilled the duties of those personnages ! Nous trouvames
renowned persons! We found about trentaine de jeunes enfans assis sur les thirty children sitting on benches, and Bancs, et leur Regent à la teste, qui leur their conductor at their head, teaching niontroit à lire. Il se leva et nous fit them to read. He arose, and was very grand civilité : la nation n'en est point attentive to us : this nation abounds in
civilities. Le Janissaire le pria de ne point The Janissary begged that we might interrompre ses leçons, pour nous en not interrupt his lessons, but that he faire voir la méthode, que je trouvay would shew us his manner of teaching, très ingenieuse. Il s'en faut bien que which appeared to me very ingenious. la nostre n'en approche, car le maitre Our manner of teaching is very far inpouvoit fair lire toute la classe à la fois, ferior, for the master made the whole sans confusion, et d'un manière à tenir class read at the same time without toujours chaque ecolier attentif à ce que confusion, and in such a way that every les autres lisaient. Ils avoient à la main scholar was necessarily attentive to what chaqu'un un livre semblable; et si, par another was reading. They each held a exemple, il y avoit trente ecoliers, il ne book of the same sort in their hand; leur donnoit à lire que trente mots d’un and if there were thirty scholars, he discours continu; le premier ne lisoit gave them to read only thirty words of que le premier mot, le second que le a sentence. The first scholar read the second, et le troisieme que le troisieme, first word, the second the second word, et ainsi de suite. Et si chacun lisoit and so forth. If they all read their correctement son mot, il leur en fesoit word right, they then passed on to lire encore trente: mais si quelqu'un another similar sentence of thirty words. venoit a manquer, il estoit incontinent If any one made a mistake, he was imrepris par l'ecolier d'après, qui estoit mediately corrected by liis neighbour, . exacte a l'observer, et celui-cy estoit who watched him attentively; the latter encore observé par le plus proche, chacun by his neighbour; and thus passing the se renvoyant le mot jusqu'à ce que les words round until they were all read trente ,mots fussent lus. De sorte que perfectly. By this means the scholars les trente ecoliers estoient toujours en always kept one another in exercise, and haleine, prêts à se reprendre, chaqu’un ready to take notice of any mistake; se piquant d'honneur d'être plus 'habile eachi endeavouring to surpass his neighque son compagnon ; et la leçon d'un bour ; and the lesson of each individual particulier, devenoit une leçon com- became thus a lesson to all, by their mune, où il se mestoit une continuelle constant emulation. émulation.
Mais pour empescher que chaque In order to prevent any idle scholar écolier n'eludast eette ordre, en se pre- taking advantage of the regularity of his parant seulement à son mot particulier, station, and preparing himself for any l'ordre
l'ordre des places n'estoit point fixé pour particular word which might fall to his toujours; et celuy qui, à une leçon, avoit lot, their places were not always the esté placé le premier, estoit mis dans un same; and the scholar who was first at rang interrompu à une seconde : voila one lesson, had a different station at the comment il ne falloit qu'une leçon pour
Thus one lesson was sufficient toute une classe, quelque nombreuse for a numerous class, and there was no qu'elle fust; et ce qu'il y avoit encore necessity for each scholar to read one de commode pour le maitre, les ecoliers after the other to the master, for they n'estoient pas obligés de venir tour à tour
each served as preceptor
his next Jire après lui, car chaqu'un d'eux estoit le neighbour.' précepteur de son compagnon.
Mr. URBAN, Zurich, June 30. sterdam, my attention was attracted N the present age, Literature is be- by a letter in my own language, evi-' come an object of extensive com- dently preserved with much care, of
How far this may tend to its which, on perusal, I was induced to exaltation or degradation, I have not take a copy: It is curious, as illusnow time to enquire. I shall only trative of the scrupulous attention remark, that few Authors of real merit with which, at the period when it was have ever reaped due benefit from written, our forefathers cultivated their works, whilst they have ever every opportunity of contributing to been exposed with impunity to the the extension of their commercial rerapacity of booksellers; who, now lations; and as a proof that, in the arts that they are become “ commercial by which diplomatic intrigues are men," not only try to outwit the poor effected, they were not much behind author, but likewise one another. their descendants of the present day;
But to the matter in point. A book- it is, besides, not a little remarkable seller at Paris is now about publishing for the quaintness of its style, and the what he calls “ Manuel du Voyageur odd mixture of conciliating assurances en Suisse,” in one volume 12mo. and indirect threats with which it This work is a barefaced plagiarism, abounds. It appears to have been froin the justly-celebrated Manuel written during the reign of Charles of Dr. Ebel, so well known in the the Second, by his brother James scientific world, both as an eminent Duke of York, afterwards James the Naturalist, and as a man of general Second, then Governor of the East information; whose elegant and useful India Company; and was taken, togedescription of Switzerland is indis- ther with the presents to which it pensable to every traveller in that alludes, on board an outward-bound charming country. A large portion East India Ship, by the celebrated of the English, who visit Switzerland Dutch Admiral De Ruyter. The every year, does not consist of those crown is a paltry copper coronet, dewho travel merely to suy they have corated with glass beads; the fate of seen the country, but of those who the bed I was unable to ascertain. wish to study its natural or political Should the letter, which is copied history-points which the Paris editor verbatim, afford any amusement to entirely omits. I think it right, there- your numerous readers, it will be a fore, io caution my countrymen source of gratification to against purchasing an incomplete, Yours; &c.
G.F. Y. and, probably, incorrect work; and F" To the Great King of Ardra, I have the authority of Dr. Ebel in
James, asserting, that no edition or abridy- Duke of Yorke and Albany, &c. ment of his work will be acknow- Brother to the King of England, ledged as correct by him, except such Scotland, France, and Ireland, as have been, or may be, printed under
sendeth greeting :his own immediate superintendence,
Whereas, wee have formerly writt to at the press of Orell, Fussli, and Co you by the hands of our sarvants Henry Zurich. Yours, &c.
Clerke, our chief factor, and Captain An absent Friend and Correspondent. Hunt, and have received from them a
good report of your kindnesse to our Mr. URBAN, Limehouse, July 9.
Nation, and the sarvants employed by
us ; it is our desire that you would conN the course of a recent excursion
tinue those good inclinations. If you
Model Room in the Arsenal at Am. ration of lading for our shipps against
they come, and give us a freedome of sequent edition during his life. The trade in your dominions with all your edition of 1778 appeared in eight subjects, it will move us to send you volumes, under the direction of the from time to time a plentifull supply of late Mr. Barak Longmate, who added all sorts of goods, that shall be most
a pinth or supplementary volume in to your liking; but if wee shall be
1785. Thirty years elapsed before this straigtened in our trade, and diminished
edition was exhausted in the market. in the priviledges wee have formerly enjoyed, wee shall be forced to seeke our
At length, after numerous titles canvenience in some other place. But had expired, and the Peerage bad, wee are confident you will bave so much principally by Mr. Pitt's profusion, esteeme for the preserving of a full and been nearly doubled, Sir E. Brydges friendly intercourse of traffique betweene volunteered the Herculean task of us, that you will rather enlarge your bringing down the descents, supplying kindnesse towards our
the new articles, and taking on himployed by us. Wee have so great a self the conduct and correction of value for your person and dignity, that another impression. Collins was an wee have sent you a present of a crown, extraordinary man in his own vocawhich is the badge of the highest au
tion, but aspired to no higher chathority, and a bed, such as is used in
racter than that of a genealogist, or these parts, which wee desire you to accept of; and be sure wee shall requite compiler of dry historical facts. The
new Editor's turn and ambition were any favour you shall shew our factors
of a less humble cast. He has not and sarvants. Dated att the Court at Whitehall, the twenty-second day of been content to continue; he has July, Anno Domini 1664. JAMES.
almost pew-modelled most of the ELLIS LEIGHTON, Secretary.
articles of Collins; he has endeavoured By order of his Royal Highnesse, to give them historical and biograGovernourofthe Royal Company. phical interest, to animate them with
anecdote, to delineate characters, to MR. URBAN,
July 3. speculate on the secrets of cabinets,
your labours of eighty-six years, bring back the story of former days, has distiaguished your cxvii volumes as on the stage of life! Such a vast more than another, it is domestic body of personal history, during a history, biography, genealogy, and period of several centuries, of persons English antiquities. These being the moving in the most elevated sphere of departments in which your learned
life-statesmen, lawyers, orators, gePrinter bas so much distinguished nerals, and adınirals, will scarce any himself in the literary world, have
where be found in the same compass. naturally of late years attracted your There is an impression in the world, more especial encouragement. It has and among none more than among therefore been a matter of a little a large portion of the Literati, that surprise, that in the Review of Books a Peerage Book (as some call it in in the Gent. Mag. you have, in the contempt) can contain nothing better four years which have elapsed since than a heap of idle genealogies, matits publication, taken no notice of a ters of empty flattery to the parties work of large extent, particularly recorded, and uninteresting and useless congenial to the pursuits of the to all the world besides! On the use amiable Veteran from whose press of mere naked pedigrees it is quite your pages issue; I mean the new
irrelevant to the present purpose to edition of Collins's Peerage, published argue. The work of Collins, in its in nine thick 8vo volumes in July present shape, is of a very opposite 1812. It is more than a century sioce nature: if it has any claim to notice, the first outline of that work appeared it is for teaching by, example the in a brief and meagre form in one 8vo moral and intellectual character of volume. In the course of twenty mankind, as developed in the duties years it swelled to four thick volumes of the great Officers of Government, by the great labours of ARTHUR in dispensing the laws from the Collins, who, by his indefatigable Judicial Chair, in guiding armies, or researches amongst records, deeds, winning the command of the ocean ; wills, and MSS, made it a most va- for teaching the modes by which luable and authentic compilation, and families bave risen or decayed; for continued to improve it in every sub- shewing the vanity of wealth and
titles without virtue; and the ob- of a personal nature has led to this. scurity wbich soon envelopes a paine Men who aspire to the highest departthat had nothing but birth and ments of Literature, to be Poets, and honours to recommend it! If Moralists, and Historians, do not like “The proper study of mankind is man,” to be degraded by ignorant misapprethese volumes afford very copious
bensions of the import of a title. materials for that knowledge. They When Horace Walpole gave to the abouod in moral delineation, and poli- world bis ingenious Catalogue of tical and literary memorials. Most Royal and Noble Authors, how would of our General Histories and Secrel he bave spurned and ridiculed the Memoirs have been ransacked for incurious and illiterate man, who every thing that illustrates the cha- classed it with the dry lists of publicaracters of the individuals recorded; tions made out by a mercenary book, and no party bias has been allowed to seller! Is the new edition of Collins
less unlike the former colleclions of falsify the colouring, or select partial and garbled extracts.
Peerages? When it is considered how immense
What is it that distinguishes the is the apparatus of printed volumes biographical talents of Johnson, and on English history, biography, me. make him in that sort of composition moirs, and genealogy, it can scarcely
so pre-eminent above almost all other be conceived that many can have the writers ? He certainly is neither rich opportunity, and of these how
nor industrious in facts: but it is the
very few can have the leisure, the talent, moral charm of his pen ; the profound or the industry, to collect and com
and touching sentiments which flow bine the scattered notices necessary
through every page; the powerful to be brought together for the eluci- hand with which he draws characters; dation of so very extensive a subject. and the vigorous language in which How many of the most able and ac
he cloaths the whole. This has precomplished minds must be anxious for served every thing which he has 'onthe result, who yet could not spare dertaken to relate from the languor of the time, labour, or attention to a compiler, and given it the animation collect it for themselves! Indeed, à of original composition and genius. literary man must have had a peculiar
They who have not looked into the species of energy, as well as peculiar Collins, may suppose it to be a collecopportunities, before he could per- tion of insignificant facts and dull severe to the end of such a task. dates. It is, on the contrary, wherever Such materials, collected with so much there occurs an opening (and that is readiness, could never have been very, frequent in all the eminent brought together upon the spur of families), full of moral remark, of the occasion. They are rather the sentiment, and even imagery. The fruit of a life's intellectualamuseinent, character of Nelson is sometimes pursued with passion, begun in the blamed as drawn even with an excess of season of youth, when hope is alive, warmth and enthusiasm. Lord Surrey and spirits are unwearied; and carried the Poet, with many others of the on in long periods of seclusion from Howards; the great Lord Buckhurst, the vexatious interruption of business, afterwards Earl of Dorset ; the Minisor of frivolous suciety. In those days lers Walpole, Pelham, Pulteney, of happier and more virtuous retire. Chatham, Holland, Pitt, Fox; the ment, the past and the future gain a
Yorkes, Mansfield, Camden, Thurlow, more lively predominance over the Rosslyu, Dunning, &c. are all portraits, present; and the nind, constantly, which are endeavoured to be drawn turned iowards upon itself, bas all its with a bold, yet characteristic pen. faculties, its recollections, its images,
When these attractions have been and its creations, arranged in clearer urged, it has been sometimes objected, order, and capable of more active and that they are out of place in a Peerage. vigorous play.
But from whom could such comments You will perceive, that it is the come? Either from the most unedu. object of this paper to dwell upon
cated, and most stupid; or from those those literary qualities which are least who were interested in suppressing likely to be looked for in a work with all the truth of history, and every a genealogical title. It is not wished discrimination of character; who wish to be concealed, that a late occurrence
the enjoyment of honours to be con
sidered as sufficient proofs of talents It is miserable to think that, with and virtues, without farther inquiry; 100 excellent expedients in cases of and who think Nobility too sacred to fire, many persons may suffer for want be touched, except by the hand of of them, because there is no iustituflattery and panegyric. It has been tion by which they might be had in hinted, that some of the anecdotes or readiness in cases of fire: the only characters may possibly not be true; things thought of are the engines; that they may have been generated even the parish ladders (useful as by party zeal, and ought not to be they might be) are much neglected, revived. Such objections, if valid, and seldom brought to a fire. Let would put an end to history, and bury it be strongly impressed on your the past in a blank oblivion. History readers, that the greatest service stands upon moral evidence; and its would be done to humanity, if a light lessons must not be lost, to avoid the cart, laden with fire escapes, &c. slight chances of occasional error. could be in readiness to attend fires,
More might be said on this subject, The subject is brought home to all but I am fearful of trespassing on in London, when we ask “ where is to your pages. Yours, &c.
D' P-s. be the next fire?"
I ought not to conclude without a Mr. URBAN,
July 16. word on party walls. A fire may WHERE are few things that are so begin in one bouse ; , but in ordinary
alarmiog to the inhabitants of cases it should stop there ; the builder the Metropolis as accidents by fire. and District Surveyor (who is well It must be left to abler heads than paid) may divide the odium if it goes mine, to explain how it happens, that further. In one justance lately a there are few houses burnt down in house, which ought not to have been the country towns, and even in Paris ; touched, had the fire communicated while in London, fires are exceedingly by wood let into the party wall, in
The subject is very im- two of the stories. Can the Surveyor portant, and yet it is treated with an be sued for damages? apathy that is truly singular.
PALATINUS. I beg to suggest to your readers an P.S. I beg to mention, that Mr. expedient, in case of fire, calculated Scott, of 302, Strand, has invented to save the children of a family. a fire escape, by which all persons, Make a large bag or sack of strong even females and children, may safely cloth (it inay be used in a house as a escape from the window of a house bag for holding the linen for washing); on fire to the window of the adjoining when a fire happens, this may be house. The idea seems to me both filled partly with cloaths or linen; original and invaluable; and it offers and if a rope be fastened to it, the the best practicable means of safety, children might be lowered down, one in the lofty 'houses of the Metropolis. by one. A lady informed ine, such a bag, on an been
MR. URBAN, Temple, April 16.
are few the family without the least loss : had they not possessed such a bag, than the present state of the law of the greatest confusion and loss must debtor and creditor: it is certain that have ensued.
the Insolvent Law, which has for its Too much cannot be said of Captain author Lord Redesdale, a peer of disManby's valuable inventions; an appli- tinguished learning and humanity, has cation of his idea of throwing a line failed in its professed object-drawing over a ship in distress, might be made the fair and just line between debtor by, fixing a line of pack thread to a small and creditor. Your readers will have bullet, which might be thrown to any observed with dismay that five millions person in danger, at the top of a house of debts have been spunged off, and on fire ; to the other end of the line the payments to the numerous cremight be fixed, either a knotted ditors have been under a farthing in rope, or a ladder of ropes, or a ladder the pound. I would just further obwith the steps made of wood, like the serve, that very different would have ladders over a ship’s stern.
been the effect of the old law. Under I think the vigilance of our cri- arrests, many doubtful debts have been minal police might be useful at fires. paid. As to long imprisonments, pro
kitend with the smaller valuables of Timportance at this present time,