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l'ordre des places n'estoit point fixé pour particular word which might fall to his toujours; et celuy qui, à une leçon, avoit lot, their places were not always the esté placé le premier, estoit mis dans un same; and the scholar who was first at rang interrompu à une seconde : voila one lesson, had a different station at the comment il ne falloit qu'une leçon pour

Thus one lesson was sufficient toute une classe, quelque nombreuse for a numerous class, and there was no qu'elle fust; et ce qu'il y avoit encore necessity for each scholar to read one de commode pour le maitre, les ecoliers after the other to the master, for they n'estoient pas obligés de venir tour à tour

each served as preceptor

his next Jire après lui, car chaqu'un d'eux estoit le neighbour.' précepteur de son compagnon.

Mr. URBAN, Zurich, June 30. sterdam, my attention was attracted N the present age, Literature is be- by a letter in my own language, evi-' come an object of extensive com- dently preserved with much care, of

How far this may tend to its which, on perusal, I was induced to exaltation or degradation, I have not take a copy: It is curious, as illusnow time to enquire. I shall only trative of the scrupulous attention remark, that few Authors of real merit with which, at the period when it was have ever reaped due benefit from written, our forefathers cultivated their works, whilst they have ever every opportunity of contributing to been exposed with impunity to the the extension of their commercial rerapacity of booksellers; who, now lations; and as a proof that, in the arts that they are become “ commercial by which diplomatic intrigues are men," not only try to outwit the poor effected, they were not much behind author, but likewise one another. their descendants of the present day;

But to the matter in point. A book- it is, besides, not a little remarkable seller at Paris is now about publishing for the quaintness of its style, and the what he calls “ Manuel du Voyageur odd mixture of conciliating assurances en Suisse,” in one volume 12mo. and indirect threats with which it This work is a barefaced plagiarism, abounds. It appears to have been froin the justly-celebrated Manuel written during the reign of Charles of Dr. Ebel, so well known in the the Second, by his brother James scientific world, both as an eminent Duke of York, afterwards James the Naturalist, and as a man of general Second, then Governor of the East information; whose elegant and useful India Company; and was taken, togedescription of Switzerland is indis- ther with the presents to which it pensable to every traveller in that alludes, on board an outward-bound charming country. A large portion East India Ship, by the celebrated of the English, who visit Switzerland Dutch Admiral De Ruyter. The every year, does not consist of those crown is a paltry copper coronet, dewho travel merely to suy they have corated with glass beads; the fate of seen the country, but of those who the bed I was unable to ascertain. wish to study its natural or political Should the letter, which is copied history-points which the Paris editor verbatim, afford any amusement to entirely omits. I think it right, there- your numerous readers, it will be a fore, io caution my countrymen source of gratification to against purchasing an incomplete, Yours; &c.

G.F. Y. and, probably, incorrect work; and F" To the Great King of Ardra, I have the authority of Dr. Ebel in

James, asserting, that no edition or abridy Duke of Yorke and Albany, &c. ment of his work will be acknow Brother to the King of England, ledged as correct by him, except such Scotland, France, and Ireland, as have been, or may be, printed under

sendeth greeting :his own immediate superintendence,

Whereas, wee have formerly writt to at the press of Orell, Fussli, and Co you by the hands of our sarvants Henry Zurich. Yours, &c.

Clerke, our chief factor, and Captain An absent Friend and Correspondent. Hunt, and have received from them a

good report of your kindnesse to our Mr. URBAN, Limehouse, July 9.

Nation, and the sarvants employed by

us ; it is our desire that you would conN the course of a recent excursion

tinue those good inclinations. If you

Model Room in the Arsenal at Am. ration of lading for our shipps against

they

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em

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they come, and give us a freedome of sequent edition during his life. The trade in your dominions with all your edition of 1778 appeared in eight subjects, it will move us to send you volumes, under the direction of the from time to time a plentifull supply of late Mr. Barak Longmate, who added all sorts of goods, that shall be most

a pinth or supplementary volume in to your liking; but if wee shall be

1785. Thirty years elapsed before this straigtened in our trade, and diminished

edition was exhausted in the market. in the priviledges wee have formerly enjoyed, wee shall be forced to seeke our

At length, after numerous titles canvenience in some other place. But had expired, and the Peerage bad, wee are confident you will bave so much principally by Mr. Pitt's profusion, esteeme for the preserving of a full and been nearly doubled, Sir E. Brydges friendly intercourse of traffique betweene volunteered the Herculean task of us, that you will rather enlarge your bringing down the descents, supplying kindnesse towards our

the new articles, and taking on himployed by us. Wee have so great a self the conduct and correction of value for your person and dignity, that another impression. Collins was an wee have sent you a present of a crown, extraordinary man in his own vocawhich is the badge of the highest au

tion, but aspired to no higher chathority, and a bed, such as is used in

racter than that of a genealogist, or these parts, which wee desire you to accept of; and be sure wee shall requite compiler of dry historical facts. The

new Editor's turn and ambition were any favour you shall shew our factors

of a less humble cast. He has not and sarvants. Dated att the Court at Whitehall, the twenty-second day of been content to continue; he has July, Anno Domini 1664. JAMES.

almost pew-modelled most of the ELLIS LEIGHTON, Secretary.

articles of Collins; he has endeavoured By order of his Royal Highnesse, to give them historical and biograGovernourofthe Royal Company. phical interest, to animate them with

anecdote, to delineate characters, to MR. URBAN,

July 3. speculate on the secrets of cabinets,
IF
F there be any subject which, in and springs of state-actious, and to

your labours of eighty-six years, bring back the story of former days, has distiaguished your cxvii volumes as on the stage of life! Such a vast more than another, it is domestic body of personal history, during a history, biography, genealogy, and period of several centuries, of persons English antiquities. These being the moving in the most elevated sphere of departments in which your learned

life-statesmen, lawyers, orators, gePrinter bas so much distinguished nerals, and adınirals, will scarce any himself in the literary world, have

where be found in the same compass. naturally of late years attracted your There is an impression in the world, more especial encouragement. It has and among none more than among therefore been a matter of a little a large portion of the Literati, that surprise, that in the Review of Books a Peerage Book (as some call it in in the Gent. Mag. you have, in the contempt) can contain nothing better four years which have elapsed since than a heap of idle genealogies, matits publication, taken no notice of a ters of empty flattery to the parties work of large extent, particularly recorded, and uninteresting and useless congenial to the pursuits of the to all the world besides! On the use amiable Veteran from whose press of mere naked pedigrees it is quite your pages issue; I mean the new

irrelevant to the present purpose to edition of Collins's Peerage, published argue. The work of Collins, in its in nine thick 8vo volumes in July present shape, is of a very opposite 1812. It is more than a century sioce nature: if it has any claim to notice, the first outline of that work appeared it is for teaching by, example the in a brief and meagre form in one 8vo moral and intellectual character of volume. In the course of twenty mankind, as developed in the duties years it swelled to four thick volumes of the great Officers of Government, by the great labours of ARTHUR in dispensing the laws from the Collins, who, by his indefatigable Judicial Chair, in guiding armies, or researches amongst records, deeds, winning the command of the ocean ; wills, and MSS, made it a most va for teaching the modes by which luable and authentic compilation, and families bave risen or decayed; for continued to improve it in every sub- shewing the vanity of wealth and

titles without virtue; and the ob- of a personal nature has led to this. scurity wbich soon envelopes a paine Men who aspire to the highest departthat had nothing but birth and ments of Literature, to be Poets, and honours to recommend it! If Moralists, and Historians, do not like “The proper study of mankind is man,” to be degraded by ignorant misapprethese volumes afford very copious

bensions of the import of a title. materials for that knowledge. They When Horace Walpole gave to the abouod in moral delineation, and poli- world bis ingenious Catalogue of tical and literary memorials. Most Royal and Noble Authors, how would of our General Histories and Secrel he bave spurned and ridiculed the Memoirs have been ransacked for incurious and illiterate man, who every thing that illustrates the cha- classed it with the dry lists of publicaracters of the individuals recorded; tions made out by a mercenary book, and no party bias has been allowed to seller! Is the new edition of Collins

less unlike the former colleclions of falsify the colouring, or select partial and garbled extracts.

Peerages? When it is considered how immense

What is it that distinguishes the is the apparatus of printed volumes biographical talents of Johnson, and on English history, biography, me. make him in that sort of composition moirs, and genealogy, it can scarcely

so pre-eminent above almost all other be conceived that many can have the writers ? He certainly is neither rich opportunity, and of these how

nor industrious in facts: but it is the

very few can have the leisure, the talent, moral charm of his pen ; the profound or the industry, to collect and com

and touching sentiments which flow bine the scattered notices necessary

through every page; the powerful to be brought together for the eluci- hand with which he draws characters; dation of so very extensive a subject. and the vigorous language in which How many of the most able and ac

he cloaths the whole. This has precomplished minds must be anxious for served every thing which he has 'onthe result, who yet could not spare dertaken to relate from the languor of the time, labour, or attention to a compiler, and given it the animation collect it for themselves! Indeed, à of original composition and genius. literary man must have had a peculiar

They who have not looked into the species of energy, as well as peculiar Collins, may suppose it to be a collecopportunities, before he could per- tion of insignificant facts and dull severe to the end of such a task. dates. It is, on the contrary, wherever Such materials, collected with so much there occurs an opening (and that is readiness, could never have been very, frequent in all the eminent brought together upon the spur of families), full of moral remark, of the occasion. They are rather the sentiment, and even imagery. The fruit of a life's intellectualamuseinent, character of Nelson is sometimes pursued with passion, begun in the blamed as drawn even with an excess of season of youth, when hope is alive, warmth and enthusiasm. Lord Surrey and spirits are unwearied; and carried the Poet, with many others of the on in long periods of seclusion from Howards; the great Lord Buckhurst, the vexatious interruption of business, afterwards Earl of Dorset ; the Minisor of frivolous suciety. In those days lers Walpole, Pelham, Pulteney, of happier and more virtuous retire. Chatham, Holland, Pitt, Fox; the ment, the past and the future gain a

Yorkes, Mansfield, Camden, Thurlow, more lively predominance over the Rosslyu, Dunning, &c. are all portraits, present; and the nind, constantly, which are endeavoured to be drawn turned iowards upon itself, bas all its with a bold, yet characteristic pen. faculties, its recollections, its images,

When these attractions have been and its creations, arranged in clearer urged, it has been sometimes objected, order, and capable of more active and that they are out of place in a Peerage. vigorous play

But from whom could such comments You will perceive, that it is the come? Either from the most unedu. object of this paper to dwell upon

cated, and most stupid; or from those those literary qualities which are least who were interested in suppressing likely to be looked for in a work with all the truth of history, and every a genealogical title. It is not wished discrimination of character; who wish to be concealed, that a late occurrence

the enjoyment of honours to be con

sidered

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A fire may

sidered as sufficient proofs of talents It is miserable to think that, with and virtues, without farther inquiry; 100 excellent expedients in cases of and who think Nobility too sacred to fire, many persons may suffer for want be touched, except by the hand of of them, because there is no iustituflattery and panegyric. It has been tion by which they might be had in hinted, that some of the anecdotes or readiness in cases of fire: the only characters may possibly not be true; things thought of are the engines; that they may have been generated even the parish ladders (useful as by party zeal, and ought not to be they might be) are much neglected, revived. Such objections, if valid, and seldom brought to a fire. Let would put an end to history, and bury it be strongly impressed on your the past in a blank oblivion. History readers, that the greatest service stands upon moral evidence; and its would be done to humanity, if a light lessons must not be lost, to avoid the cart, laden with fire escapes, &c. slight chances of occasional error. could be in readiness to attend fires,

More might be said on this subject, The subject is brought home to all but I am fearful of trespassing on in London, when we ask " where is to your pages. Yours, &c.

D' P-s. be the next fire?"

I ought uot to conclude without a
Mr. URBAN,

July 16. word on party walls.
THERE are few things that are so begin in one bouse ; , but in ordinary

cases it should stop there ; the builder the Metropolis as accidents by fire. and District Surveyor (who is well It must be left to abler heads than paid) may divide the odium if it goes mine, to explain how it happens, that further. In one instance lately a there are few houses burnt down in house, which ought not to have been the country towns, and even in Paris ; touched, had the fire communicated while in London, fires are exceedingly by wood let into the party wall, in numerous. The subject is very im

two of the stories. Can the Surveyor portant, and yet it is treated with an be sued for damages? apathy that is truly singular.

Yours, &c. PALATINUS. I beg to suggest to your readers an P.S. I beg to mention, that Mr. expedient, in case of fire, calculated Scott, of 302, Strand, has invented to save the children of a family. a fire escape, by which all persons, Make a large bag or sack of strong even females and children, may safely cloth (it inay be used in a house as a escape from the window of a house bag for holding the linen for washing); on fire to the window of the adjoining when a fire happens, this may be house. The idea seems to me both filled partly with cloaths or linen; original and invaluable; and it offers and if a rope be fastened to it, the the best practicable means of safety, children might be lowered down, one in the lofty houses of the Metropolis. by one. A lady informed me, such a bag, op an alarm of fire, had been

MR. URBAN, Temple, April 16. filled with the smaller valuables of THERE are few things of more the family without the least loss : importance at this present time, had they not possessed such a bag, than the present state of the law of the greatest confusion and loss must debtor and creditor: it is certain that have ensued.

the Insolvent Law, wbich bas for its Too much cannot be said of Captain author Lord Redesdale, a peer of disManby's valuable in ventions; an appli- tinguished learning and humanity, has cation of his idea of throwing a line failed in its professed object-drawing over a ship in distress, might be made the fair and just line between debtor by fixing a line of packthread to a small and creditor. Your readers will have bullet, which might be thrown to any observed with dismay that five millions person in danger, at the top of a house of debts have been spunged off, and on fire ; to the other end of the line the payments to the numerous cremight be fixed, either a kootted ditors have been under a farthing in rope, or a ladder of ropes, or a ladder the pound. I would just further obwith the steps made of wood, like the serve, that very different would have ladders over a ship's stera.

been the effect of the old law. Under I think the vigilance of our cric arrests, many doubtful debts have been minal police might be useful at fires. paid. As to long imprisonments, pro

fessional

THE

1

or contract.

fessional men know they seldom occur. detur puer, quem laus excitet, quem The discharge given by the Insolvent gloria juvet, qui victus fleat! bic erit Acts also seems to me to go a great alendus ambitu, hunc mordebit objurway to weaken, if not to destroy, the gatio, hunc honor excitabit ; in hoc cominon principles of honesty. desidiam nunquam verebor.”

I am happy in the opportunity of I send you a sketch of the proceedintroducing to your valuable columns ings of the last anniversary,on Wednesthe Debtor's prayer, from Bishop Jere- day in Easter Week. my Taylor. Your readers will there An Admirer of Classical Learning. see, that the opinion of that admirable Divine was greatly in opposition to the The business of the day began with present feeling of insolvent debtors.

the recitation of the Prize composiYours, &c.

S. P. tions, in Latin and English verse, by A PRAYER to be said by Debtors, and

the successful candidates. The Latin all Persons obliged, whether by crime subject was Panthea and Abradates,

whose affecting story is related with O Almighty God, who art rich unto inimitable simplicity and pathos by all, the treasury and fountain of all the masterly pen of Xenophon, in the good,,of all justice, and all mercy, and all Cyropædia. The poem on this subbounty ; to whom we owe all that we ject, which gained the prize, was are, and all that we have, being thy delivered with propriety and unaffectdehtors, by reason of our sins, and by ed self-possession, by. Rust, son thy own gracious contract made with us

of Rust, Esq. of Huntingdon., in Jesus Christ; teach me, in the first the prize was a handsome folio, place, to perform all my obligations to thee, both of duty and thankfulness; ject was "i Christ rejected,as repre

value ten guineas. - The English suband next, enable me to pay my duty to all my friends, and my debts

to all my prize, a beautiful edition in 4to of

sented in a picture by West. The or lessened in his estate, by his kindness Apollonius Rhodius, value six

guineas, to me, or traffick with me. Forgive me was gained by White, son of all those sins and irregular actions by White, Esq. of Lichfield.—Then folwhich I entered into debt, further than lowed the speeches in Greek, Latin, my necessity required, or by which such and English. The first was a beautinecessity was brought upon me; but ful scene from one of Dryden's Plays, let not them suffer by occasion of my between Mark Antony and Ventidius. sin. Lord, reward all their kindness Antony by Proby, son of the Dean of into their bosoms, and make them re Lichfield; Ventidius by Moor, son of compence where I cannot; and make the late Rector of Sapcote in Leicesme very willing in ail that I can, and tershire, who supported well the chaable for all that I am obliged to; or if it seem good in thine eyes to afflict me by soldier: his aim was, to recall his mas

racter of the veteran and faithful the continuance of this condition, yet make it up by some means to them, ter from the despair of a disappointed that the prayer of thy servant may

lover, and the anguish of his ill sucobtain of thee, at least, to pay my debts

cess at Actium, to right feelings and in blessings. Amen.

a sense of duty. Antony was well

represented; the expression of his Mr. URBAN,

July 12. countenance at the commencement O those Parents who are desirous of the scene, from wrath, misery, and full advantage of a good classical manly and warlike resolution to fight Education, I bey leave to recommend again at the head of his troops, and Rugby School, which I have known lead them on to victory. between thirty and forty years, and The next speech was delivered by which has never stood so high in the Forster, son of Forster, Esq. of estimation of real scholars as it does Southend, Kent; it was the address at this present time. I never fail to of Scipio to his soldiers, from Livy; attend the anniversary of the public wherein he exhorts them bravely to speeches in that admirable seminary, fight against the inveterate enemy of where I am continually reminded of Rome, Hannibal: his action was not the following beautiful sentence of particularly good; but he seemed to Quintilian, which gives a charming enter into the spirit of his author, and portrait of an ingenuous school-boy, recited the speech with emphasis and emulous of literary fame : “ Mihi ille energy.

The

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