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a number of paltry dirty buts, built imposing than the more chastely up against them, which I have omitted adorned Church of Calais. in the drawing *. It is a Corin The upper town of Boulogne is thian building, at least of the cir- but small, not more than one quarter cular architecture, and consists of of a mile in diameter, of a circular a nave, side aisles, North and South form, surrounded by an old and detransepts, with the tower in the cayed wall, and dry ditch. It evicentre, and a spacious choir, the dently is not, por ever was, of any whole groined with stone; the East great strength ; and could make but end of the choir is octangular, semi a feeble resistance to a besieging circular-headed clerestory wiodows t. army, being so commanded by the Fine Corinthian high altar, good paint. neighbouring heights, that it would ing of the Crucifixion by De Conté ; be obliged to capitulate after a few in the tympanum a figure of the hours' attack. The square is tolerably Father holding a cross on a large good, but of small extent; the streets globe-fine statues of St. Nicholas issue from it at right angles, and are and St. Honoré. Six statues of Saints narrow and consequently very dull; supporting the springings of the except some of the houses next the groinings of the ceiling. On the rampart, on the country side, which South side, the fine altar of St. have good prospects. Simeon, with good statues of the The Palais, or Maison Ville, is on Saint, St. George, St. Honoré, and the West side of the square, and is St. Sýcropa. In the South trapsept but a mean irregular building. The is a very large fine black marble site of the Cathedral Church of the sarcophagus for Admiral Brueys, Nel. Virgin Mary, was to the Eastward of son's antagonist; but without any in the square, in a very inclosed situascription. Before it is suspended from tion. From its ruids, which are no the ceiling, a model of a man-of-war where remaining above ten or twelve dressed up with the flags of all na feet high, it appears to have been a tions. Several other ships are sus very large and magnificent structure pended in the same manner in dif of the Corinthian order. It was deferent parts of the Church, which stroyed under the reign of Robespierre, make a puerile paltry appearance. and is now only a receptacle for filth On the South side is the small but and rubbish. handsome altar of St. Eroulph. Having viewed every thing worthy North of the choir is the Chapel or of notice in the towns, we prepared Altar of the Virgin Mary, very fine; for our departure the bext morning and at the sides are the statues of St. having found during our stay our Peter and St. Paul. The French call Host, Monsieur Boutroy, and his the sites of all their altars chapels, smart amiable daughter, increasiogly whether they be in separate buildings civil and obliging. The next mornor in the open ailes of their Churches. ing, having engaged a cabriolet for There are also good statues of St. twelve francs, for Calais, we took Fezack and Ste. Julienne; good our leave of Boulogne at half-past pictures of the Assumption and of eight o'clock. John the Baptist ; and several indif
(To be continued.) ferent ones of shipwreck, battle-pieces, &c. A good painting of the Adoration of the Wise Men. The altar of
Aug. 3. Si. Eddroit, small but handsome; TOUR Correspondent, An Inquirer, subject Crucifixion. The many paltry having in the last Magazine, paintings, with the tawdry ships be- p. 40, requested information of Mr. fore mentioned, render the general Betton's Charity for the redemption view of the inside of the Church less of British Slaves from Algiers, the
following brief account may not be * Our worthy old friend and Corre- unacceptable to himself and to your spondent will excuse our omitting his
numerous charitable Readers. Drawings.
Op the 15th of February 1723-4, + The pillars are light, and all the Mr. Thos. Betton, of Hoxton-square, arches circular, except the one between by will gave the residue of his prothe nave and choir, which is pointed. perty to the Company, in trust, to
pay half the interest of the whole,
Conferences were renewed yearly, for ever, to the redemption by Lord Castlereagh with Russia, of British Slaves in Turkey or Bar. Austria, and Prussia, and with Talbary; one fourth to Charity Schools leyrand on the part of France; and in the City and Suburbs, where the the former having all concurred in education is according to the Church the necessity of the proposed meaof England, in which number that in' sure, Talleycand signified by a letter the Parish of Shoreditch, where he on July 30, 1815, that this " Trade resided, to be always included, and was for ever abolished through the pot giving any one above 201. per dominions of France. The letter
and out of the remaining states, lhat “ the King had issued.di. one fourth to pay 101. per annum to rections that, on the part of France, the Chaplain of the Alms houses, and the traffick in Slaves should cease from the rest to necessitated decayed free. the present time every where and for men of the Company, their widows ever.” This arrangement was formed and children, not exceeding 101. a into an article of the grand Treaty year
to any family, reserving sufficient between the Allies at Paris on Nov. to keep his towb in the burial-ground 20, 1815; and was also made part of at the Alms-houses in repair.
the ratification. In the year 1734, about 135 captive Thus the Slave Trade was abanBritons, nine of whom were Com- doned by the five grand Powers of Eumanders of vessels, arrived in England rope; and Spain and Portugal are the from the States of Barbary, and were only Naiions whose subjects are perpresented to the King and the Lords mitted to practise it. Commissioners of the Admiralty: During ihe intervals of peace with The King gave them 100l. and several France, many of the Directors of the of the nobility and gentry five and African Society visited that country, ten guineas each, to which Sir Chas. and disseminated books and informaWager added 501. They afterwards tion tending effectually to eradicate dined together at the Company's Hall. all remaining prejudices agaiost this
The Company, through correspond- trade: and some of the captures preence with the British Consuls at viously made by English cruizers, of Algiers and its Dependencies, have Slave-ships bound from Havre,Nantes, been continually instrumentalin effect- and Bourdeaux, have been restored, ing the liberty of many slaves, about under the exemption, by the former 30 of whom have been emancipated Orders of Council, of vessels sailing within the last six years, and some of under the wbite flag, and bound to them have presented themselves at ports where that fag was erected. the Company's great meetings. The in one of these vessels, the Hermione, amount of this Trust is very consi- the cargo consisted of 210 slaves, derable. SeeMalcolm's London, 1. 42. having only four feet six inches alHighmore's Pietas Lovdinensis, 525. lowed in some places for each man
There is no doubt of the liberal every night, and no air but through manner in which the worshipful Com- the gratings. pany administer this Trust; and it is The English Government paid believed that, on proper applications, £.300,000 to Portugal, to cover losses full explanations have never been sustained by our captures of her witbbeld.
A. H. Slave-ships, arising from the dubious
language of the Treaty of Amity. THE SLAVE TRADE-since the Treaty trade; and it is now questioned whe
Spain has not yet relinquished her for its general Abolition.—No. II.
ther it is not lawful to restrain ber at Almedinte Bron
mediately upon his re-ascension deg. of North lat. a portion of the to the throne of France, passed a de- coast where no other Power can cree in March 1815, instantly abolish- carry it on. ing the Slave Trade in that Kingdom, The registry of Slaves bas been yet it remained for Louis XVIII., adopted in the Isles of France and of upon the fall of the Imperial Usurpa. Trinidad. tion, to confirm that decree, or to re The Slave Trade prevails in the vert to the terms of the Treaty of Gambia very near Goree, Cuba, and 1814, which'had continued it for five the coast of Africa.
The African Society propose to re new-comers there are some turbulent ceive under their care, all the children spirits, who often commit irregulariliberated from the captured Slave- ties. Unaccustomed to European ships, amounting to not less than 2000. dress, they neglect external appear, Agrant of 1000 acres of land has been
ance. Such, however, are only found given to the Society for their cultivar among the new.comers, and are rare tion, and buildings are now in a state occurrences: they soon form acquaintof forwardness; and Vaccination has ances, and copy each other's example, also been introduced ainongst them. by which improvement insensibly The Timmaney Chiefs on the banks of grows. The African youths educated the Barka Locho branch of the river
in the Borough-road School are seduSierra Leone have signified their co. lously employed, and the schools are operation in writing, and promised well attended Mr. and Mrs. Turner, hospitality to any traveller.
and a Mrs. Davis, have been very acTwo Expeditions of Discovery in tive; and the latter haviog fallen a the interior of Africa are now on victim to the severity of the climate, their journey,one conducted by Major her assistants are carrying on a female Peddie, and the other by Captain school for 100 girls. The copper Tuckey of the Royal Navy.
coin has been received by the Colony “ The Slave Trade is carried on to with great pleasure: the Colony was great extent in the Isle of France; in general healthy, though some atand from its being unlawful, the poor tacks of fever were reported. The wretches suffer more than when the price of labour was extremely high, trade was open, from being confined and had not decreased for several in the hold, and, generally speaking, years. It is thus that the efforts of under a cargo of rice or cocoa nuts.” the Society have succeeded upon the This fact is extracted from a letter basis of the Abolition Act of Parliadated in July 1815.
ment; and although the Continent of The Colony of Sierra Leone is in Africa is of great extent, yet the civifavourable progress, according to lisation of its rude and uncivilised letters dated in December, January, parts will probably be effected from and February last. The conduct of this small Colony.
A. H. the Settlers is said to differ very little from that of the generality of English villages. They are chiefly engaged
Mr. URBAN, in trading speculations. The captured Negroes, on the other hand, subsist I SEND you, for the satisfaction of
your critical Readers, the followsolely by Agriculture: the Colony is ing curious extract from Baron Silvessupplied with fruit and vegetables tre De Stacy's Report to the Royal almost exclusively from their planta- Institute of France on the labours of tions. Many intermarriages between Mr. Asselin.
A. H. the Nova Scotian and Maroon selllers
“ Mr. Asselin describes the language had taken place, which it was thought in which his Translation of the Bible is would result in the improvement of written, as the vulgarAbyssinian as spoken both. All the Settlers are now mar
at Goudar. This language is that which ried in the manner prescribed by the we know under the name of the Amharic, Church, and the institution of inar and which the Abyssinians themselves riage gains ground even among the thus denominate, because it is spoken captured .Negroes. In one week 23 in the Kingdom of Amhara. The lancouples of them were married. There guage which we commonly call Ethiopic, exists among them every shade of and wbich the Abyssinians call Lisana improvement which, though seldom Ghees, that is to say, the Language of rivalling the Settlers, is treading very
the Kingdom, is that of the province of fast
upon their heels: they build huts Tigre, to which appertained the celein the fashion of their own country, brated city of Axum. It was the comthey have allotments of land, which
mon language of Abyssinia down to the the gradually improve; their rice period at which Axurn ceased to be the and cassada fields are of great ex
royal residence, and when the authority
passed into the hands of the Princes who tent, exclusively the property of the spoke the Ambaric dialect. The Ghees captured Negroes. The most respect- however continued to be the only diaable are among those who have been lect used in public worship, and in all longest in the Colony. Ainong the acts of Government ; tbe only dialeot,
in short, used in writing. Thus the no other passage of Scripture, which Egyptians call it the Language of Books; gives any countenance to this doctrine while the Amharic, as being that of the but what is contained in this chapter. reigning family, is called the Royal To which we may add, that the auLanguage. By the help of the Amharic, thor of this doctrine not only lived one may travel through all the provinces very soon after the publication of of Abyssinia, notwithstanding the differ- this book, but had an opportunity of ént idioms which they respectively use. Before Mr. Asselin, the Missionaries from his holding a Bishoprick within
a very early acquaintance with it, from the Jesuits, who resided long in Abyssinia, bad there translated different
a very few miles of Laodicea, one of portions of the sacred Scriptures into
the seven Churches in Asia, to which the Amharic language. None of these it was particularly addressed. productions bave reached Europe, nor is The word Millenium however has it known in what they consist, or wbat been so long used to describe a state is become of them.
of great prosperity and happiness in Mr. Asselin has rendered an import- the Christian Church, that a person ant service to Oriental literature, and to runs some little hazard of his credit learning in general, by procuring for as a friend to religion, who should Europe the knowledge of a language venture to propose any other interwhich is spoken in a great extent of pretation of it. It becomes therefore country. The new relations which
necessary to introduce the following England has sought to establish with
observatious with reminding the reaAbyssinia, and which have already ob
ders of them, that this doctrine of tained for us the knowledge of a most
the Millenium has been from the first precious monument, and removed all doubts that could be entertained on the only received by some particular authenticity of the monument of Adules, Christians, and that it has always had add certainly a new value to the labours opposers, men of equal learning and of Mr. Asselin. The last journey of Mr. piety with those who have been adSalt into Abyssinia has also enriched us mirers and propagators of it. It has with some vocabularies of the vulgar never been generally received as an dialects of different provinces of the article of Christian faith. And as it country, and especially of the Amharic; has had no other foundation but a and already the Amharic Bible has been very dark and mysterious Propbecy, printed in England.”
and that too taken in its literal sense,
there must be good ground to doubt Rev. xx. 2, 3, 4.
the truth of it. “ And (the Angel) laid hold on the
And a circumstance has taken place Dragon, that old Serpent.. and bound
in the late dreadful times, which not him a thousand years.. that he should deceive the Nations no more, till the
oply renders the old interpretation of thousand years should be fulfilled, and this passage of Scripture doubtful, after that he must be loosed a little but appears to lead to the true meanseason. .. And (they) which had not ing of it. The circumstance to which worshipped the Beast, neither bis I allude is, that exactly one thousand Image, neither had received his mark, years should have intervened between .. lived and reigned with Christ a thous the establishment of the Empires of and years... This is the first Resur- Charlemagne and of Buonaparte, The rection."
former, it appears from History, was wonderful book, no one appears peror in the year 800, and the latter, to have engaged the attention of the in the year 1803, we know, took to first Christiaus, except what is con himself the same dignity. Nor need tained in the words above. For that we consider the three years, added by the doctrine of the Millenium was the Divine goodness to this long sum, founded on this passage of Scripture, as diminishing the exactness of it. there seems not to be the smallest This rather adds to the certainty of it reason to doubt. It cannot well be by showing that the promised term supposed, that such a doctrine would has fully taken place. And this cirbave been at all received and enter. cumstance is rendered remarkable by tained by those, to whom it was first having never before happened in the proposed, if it had not appeared to world. No such interval ever before have the sanction of the Scriptures interposed between the foundation of for its support. And there is certainly any of the other Empires. Of these
the Babylonian may be mentioned as in this place as really a resurrection the first, which lasted little more than of men long since dead and buried. 200 years. This was overturned by The Kingdom of Christ appears to be Cyrus, the founder of the Persian described by the Prophet Daniel under Empire, which immediately succeeded iwo views, as the Kingdom of the it. "The Persian Empire lasted about Stone, and the Kingdom of the Moun. the same length of time, when it was tain ; the former meaning the impersupplanted by the Grecian Empire, fect state of Christianity at present which rose upon its ruins. And this, existing, and spread over only a small after having existed not quite 300 part of the globe; and the latter, that years, gave place to the Empire of perfect state of it, which is yet to the Romans. This last continued come, and will extend itself over all 420 years, and lay in ruins 380 years, the nations of the world. For the when it was revived in the person of coming of the latter state of it, it is, Charlemagne, crowned by the Pope that our blessed Saviour has made it Emperor of the Romans. This re a part of our daily prayers under the vival we bave seen last a full thousand petition “thy kingdom come.”' It years, when it was again superseded, is possible then the words “ first reor rather an image or imitation of it surrection” may allude to the present was made under Buonaparte.
state of the Christian Religion ; and The time, of the conclusion at least, this is rendered probable by its being of these thousand years is marked by said, that the rest of the dead, the manner of the death of certain i. e. the part of mankind which have Martyrs mentioned in this chapter. Dever heard of Christ, or his religion; The Apostle
saw the souls of them or have not received it, though known that were beheaded for the witness of to them, which is peculiar to the Jesus.” The invention of the guil- Jews,“ lived not again," i. e. shall lotine made that instrument the most not be received into Christ's Church, prevailing mode of execution in the “ until the thousand years were finishlate sad times. And again some of ed.” To prove that these years are these martyrs are commended for not finished, is the object of the present having " worshipped the Beast, or discussion ; and the few Prophecies received his mark." They must have which remain to be fulfilled, give some of them then have lived exposed reason to expect, that this new state to that templation, which could only of the world can be at no great dishe by living in his time. In the tance. course of the French Revolution it The Millenium has been hitherto has been computed, that not less than by all writers upon the subject con250,000 women, 230,000 children, founded with “the new Heavens and and 20,000 priests were murdered as the new Earth, the new Jerusalem,” opposers of the new order of things. described in the next chapter, and all It is said indeed of these martyrs, that the happiness of that glorious time they should “ live and reign with has been attributed to it. But io this Christ a thousand years.” But it is particular they must be mistaken. well known that the life of man very The two Prophecies are distinct, beseldom exceeds fourscore years. This ivg most plainly separated from each therefore must be meant of a succes other by the expedition of Gog and sion of men, who should be parlakers his associales, which is here repreof this blessing. And the last of them sented as one of the consequences of might fall by the axe of the guillotine. Satan being again at liberty. Now
I find it laid down as a very proper it is a thing neither probable nor rule in the interpretation of Prophecy, credible, tha God would put his that “no piece of Prophecy is to be
most faithful servants into possession understood of the state of the world of such exalted happiness, as is exto come, or the Mundus Animarum, pected under the present notions of for that it is impossible to describe the Millenium, and yet permit it to be ibat, or to comprehend it in this. interrupted at the end of a thousand And therefore all Divine Revelations years. And another difficulty is, to in Scripture must concern some state find a place of existence for Gog and in this world.” We are not therefore his company during this long period to suppose the resurrection spoken of of general happiness. But I hope in Gent. Mag. August, 1816.