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effigies'. These are decided proofs," sible for the resemblance of the Bust continues Mr. Britton, “ of its antiqui- to the countenance of the Poet. Why, ty; and we inay safely conclude that it therefore, talk of his pronouncing ? was intended to be a faithful portrait Shakspeare died in April 1616; Gerard of the Poet."
Langbaine was born in 1656 ; what If this conclusion must be drawn could Langbaine “pronouuce" with from such evidence, it might have any authority concerning the countebeen drawn without it; for there is nance of a man who died 40 years benot a tittle of proof of the Bust being fore he was born! intended or considered to be a ke With all that Mr.Britton has urged as ness in any of the authorities here to the desireability” of obtaining an imposingly referred to. Leonard authenticated portrait of Shakspeare, Digges's lines, - the crudest that ever your present Correspondent, Mr. Urcame from the pen of a courtier, ban, concurs; and he will go much as far as we are now concerned, are further is expressing bis wish that the these ;--Understand them who can ! Bust of Shak speare, as it appears on “ Shake-speare, at length thy pious fel.
the Monument at Stratford, snould be lows give
[which, out-live engraved in a style of excellence such The world thy workés : thy workes, by as will enable us to compare it with Tby Tombe, thy name must : when that the portrait prefixed to the first folio stone is rent,
[ment, edition of the great Poet. Before this And Time dissolves thy Stratford Moni be altempted it should be stripped of Here we alive shall view thee still. This
its sophistications, of the fucus which booke," &c.
first adorned (with the vilest taste) the Not a word about the Bust, or the painted sepulchre," as well as the likeness! Ifthe resemblance of the Bust subsequent plasteriogs and daubings to the Poet were so indubitable and of Mr. Malone. striking as Mr. Britton would have us If, when asserting the superior tesbelieve, is it likely that Digges (with timony of Jouson in favour of the first Ben Jonson's averinent as to the por. folio portrait over every other comtrait) would have eptirely over. petitor as a genuine likeness of Shaklooked it ?
speare, I am told that Steevens “thinks Dugdale, in his Antiquities of the verses by Ben were written as Warwickshire, 1656, gives a plate of soon as bespoke, and that Ben might the monument, but drawn and engrav- not be over-solicitous as to the style ed in a lruly tasteless and inaccurate in which the lineaments of Shakspeare style!” It would, perhaps, be unjust were transmitted to posterity;" I shall to suppose that he thought it worthy reply that there is not a word of truth no niore regard. “ Dugdale,” how nor of sense in that nor in any thing ever, “observes in the text, that the else uttered by Steevens where JonPoet was famous," a piece of informa son is concerned. Steevens knew notion for which we cannot be sufficient. thing of the life or writings of Ben Jy ibaukful.
Jonson, and never looked into either Digges aod Dugdale do not appear but for the vile purpose of slandering to have done much towards identify the Poet. At the period when Stee. ing the similitude of the Bust to the vens is ignorantly supposing Ben to Poet; but now comes Lang baine, who, have written bis ten lines for perhaps in his Account of English Dramatic half as many shillings, the learned Bard Poets, 1691, pronounces the Stratford was in the zenith of his fame and for Bust Shakspeare's “ true effigies.” tune, and not at all in need of money, But let us have Langbaine's own which all his life he too little regarded. words: “ Shakspeare lyeth buried in Nothing then but his anxiety that the the great Church in Stratford-upon- lineaments of his frieod should be Avon, with his wife and daughter Su- faithfully transmitted to posterity insanna, the wife of Mr. John Hall. In duced him to compose the above the North wall of the Church is a Mo short address to the Reader'; wbile nument fixed, which represents his the publishers were naturally desirous true effigies leaning upon a cushion, of having the integrity of the likeness &c.” Every one perceives that all certified by the highest authority, and Laogbaine meant was that there was a the highest living authority (as HeMonument of Shakspeare at Stratford, mingeaud Coodeli well knew)was Shakwith a figure of the Poet. Hc surely speare's invariable friend and comdid oot mean to make himself respon- panion Ben Jonson.
nature, that they were rent asunder. Thed coverai Tours on the ContiTHOUGH you have lately insert- Be this as it may, England has cause
to rejoice that the isthmus is no more; nent, particularly that of your old and or, too probably, the iosatiable Tyrant esteemed Correspondent Clericus Lei- would long ere this have subjected cestriensis ; yet, as his and others' de our happy land to his iron yoke. But clared object was to describe men and thank God, now his glory is departed, manners, I trust you will give place and his power is no more! * Calais in your Miscellany, to the following from the sea lies very low, being short Visit to the neighbouring Con- seated at the bottom of a deep bay; tinent, the principal object of which but its three lofty towers (hereafter is to give minute descriptions of the described) are very distinguishing Churches, and principal buildings. marks, by which the mariner may T. Mot, F.S. M. safely steer bis course.
three we entered the mouth of the Having resolved on a visit to the harbour, between the two jetties or shore of the neighbouring Continent, pier-heads, which are of wood, and on April 12, I set out for Dover, but extend nearly a mile into the sea. the inclemency of the weatber was The entrance is guarded by Fort such for the season, the snow lying Rouge, close to the pier-heads; it is nearly two inches deep on the ground, built of wood, and stands upon piles, that I was prevented reaching that port so that the sea runs under ihe whole before the following morning, when of it. Higher up the harbour is the the weather became so tempestuous, castle, or fort Risban; it is built of with heavy snow, that it was pot pru- stone on the sand-hills, and stands in a dent to embark until the morning of very commanding situation : it has the 14th. The wind then appeared its communication with the town by very favourable. I engaged with Cap- the Long Pont; which is a wooden tain Carlton, to sail with him in the bridge of a great number of arches. Industry Packet of Dover, for the We glided up the barbour to the very usual fare, ten shillings and sixpence. spot where Louis the XVIIIth landed Embarked at eleven o'clock; but, the on his first return to France ; and wind dying away soon after we left which is marked by a large brass the pier, we drifted back again into plate, bearing a fleur-de-lis at the corthe harbour, when, after lying half bers, and the shape of his foot cut an hour, a breeze springing up, we through the plate to the stone, to got under weigh, with a fair prospect · which it is affixed. On the opposite of soon making our destined port. side of the pier is erected a handsome When about half sea across, Dover Tuscan column of stone, standing on Cliffs, with its proud Castle, was a a square pedestal, bearing on its front most imposing sigbt. As we proceeded, face a brass plate, with an inscription, the English land became low; and be- stating the event and its date, which fore we reached Calais, we entirely is April 24, 1814. On the top of the lost sight of it. The idea of thus column is a globe, bearing a large losing sight of our native land, for gilt fleur-de-lis: the whole height of the first time, creates a sensation in the column is about twenty feet. the mind, which none know but those While on our passage we had to who have made the experiment; but sign our names to a list to be delivered the French coast opening upon us
to the Commissaire de la Police, who fast, soon dissipated those reflections,
board immediately the which gave place to an anxiety to Packet came alongside the quay, mark every object as it presented it- asked for passports, and ordered the
The similarity of the baggage on shore. We then went to cliffs to those of the opposite coast, the Bureau, where' our luggage was and the risings and fallings of the closely inspected; and we were perland so exactly corresponding, do mitted to enter the town. Passing certainly strengthen the idea which through Hogarth's famed Gate, i some naturalists have promulgated, could not but observe the strict simithat the two coasts at some very larity it still bears to his drawing : early period were conjoined; and that though I missed the meagre French it was by some violent convulsion of soldier in the old costume, who stands Gent. Mag. August, 1816.
self to us.
so conspicuous a figure in the fore- reach ; and the white cliffs of England ground of that print; bis place being became very, apparent. The road now supplied by the Garde Nationale, from hence is alinost one continued as squalid and awkward as he was series of very high and steep hills : sleek and spruce. We then passed on many of them, indeed, so steep that it through one street to the Place, is not safe for a carriage to attempt crossed it, and arrived at the Brussels descending on the pavement; but by Hotel, in the Rue St. Michel, kept the means of continually throwing by M. Larandon. After taking some rough earth from the ditches on the refreshment, went with Mrs. R. Mrs. sides of the paved part, the vehicles are H. Miss S. L. and B. to the Church, let down safely, but joltingly enough. and saw grand mass performed to an The hills, though in a state of cultiimmense congregation, upwards of vation, appear very barren ; as there is 5000, spread throughout the whole not a hedge, and scarcely a tree, to be Church, which is very large; and seen for many miles. The inhabitants not being incommoded with pews or must be very few; as for miles togegalleries, but all kneeling in chairs, it ther you hardly meet with a single gave a most striking effect to the house. With this undiversified and whole. The people appeared tolera- dreary scene you pass on to Marquise, bly devout, but the mummery of the a large village of near 300 houses, Priests and service was shocking to a and a Church, at five leagues from Protestant mind: the singing was Calais. While our horses baited, Joud to an excess, and abominably B. and I stepped down to the Church, discordant, heightened by a person which is at ihe bottom of the village, blowing at every interval, in the cen and is a small structure. We saw the tre of the quire,a double serpent,whose conclusion of mass, and found the horrid groans were any thing but Church an antient building, with a musick. Returned with the party to nave and chancel groined with stone, the Hotel, and dived at six o'clock: and a North transept. Altar-piece dinger and wines good, aod remark- paltry, and other poor paintings ably cheap: spent the evening in in different parts of the structure : walking round the ramparts, and there are two very large holy water slept at the same house where we basons at the entrance. The steeple dined. Arose the next morning, break- stands in the centre, and is octangular, fasted at nine o'clock, and went to with an octagon spire not very lofty. the Maison Ville, and obtained pass. Took some slight refreshment at the porls and permits to leave Calais. inn : wine very good, charge reasonTook a coach for six passengers, at able, and people very civil; though five franks each, and set out with the equally beset with beggars here as at party for Boulogne at twelve o'clock. Calais : they surround your door and Delivered our permits at the Bureau carriage, and are offensively importuwithout the gates, and entered on a nate *. Remounted our carriage, and flat sandy road : at about a mile passed on through a similar country,
the citadel, which appears though more stony, as the substrabut of little strength, but it is sur tum is a solid bed of a kind of rag rounded by a very deep and wide stone, of which the houses are huilt, ditch, which can be filled with water and ceinented with a lime burnt from at pleasure: the walls and ramparts are the same substance. A quarter of a in a very decayed and dilapidated state. mile from Marquise is erected a very The country for about three miles is a large and highly-ornamented crucifix. dead flat, and apparently very sterile, Ät three miles from Boulogee as a great part is covered with an im- passed through the small village of mense body of fine beach, on which Huil-mille ; it consists of few houses, not an herb or a bush grows. The and a small Church, which will be defew mean cottages sprinkled about, scribed on our return. Ascending bespoke the inhabitants miserably from this village, we had attained a poor. About the distance before mentioned we began to ascend a long * The sawing-machine, complained of and high hill, from whence there is a
by your Correspondent, vol. LXVII. good prospect over Calais and towards
p. 453, as standing in the middle of the the Netherlands, as far as the eye can road, is removed.
considerable elevation, and had very large ditto at the East end - all the first sight of Buonaparte's erection very tastefully glazed with plain glass. for his famed Column. About a mile Handsome painting in the centre of a further, obtained a sight of Boulogne, fine altar-piece, superbly decked out filling the sinuses of a large and deep for the ceremony of high mass—singvalley. The face of the country was ing much better than any we had heard here considerably improved, and much before; particularly a charming duett, more fertile than any we had yet sung beautifully by two boys unacpassed. Arriving at the Bureau, about companied. Walked round the raina quarter of a mile from the entrance parts, fine prospect of the neighbourof the town, our passports were exą.
ing country; - excellent gardens in mined, and we were permitted to pro
the deep ditch, and for a great disceed. Ascending one more bill, we
tance round: two good rows of trees, entered the barrier of the town, close
and a beautiful walk between them, by the North side of the citadel, and all round the citadel, or upper town. descended a very steep and dangerous
At ihe East end is a very lofty large pavement to Lower Boulogne; alight- antient Chateau, with a draw-bridge, ed at Hotel de l’Europe, Rue de
and very deep ditch, apparently very l'Ecu, where the ladies were destined; strong, and which I have no doubt left them, and went to the Hotel de was originally the keep of the citadel, Londres, Monsieur Boutroy, a most
but is now used as a military prison. civil host, and has excellent accom
The weather becoming far worse, modations. We walked over most
with a considerable quantity of snow, parts of the lower town, returned, drove us to our hotel. dined, and spent the evening at our Before one the weather cleared up hotel. Found our beds excellent; and became fine: we then set off and arose early, visited the upper town walked to Buona parte's Column, or citadel, and returned to breakfast which is situated on a very high hill, with a friend, Monsieur B. Rue de one mile to theNorth-east from the end Neuf. At breakfast introduced the of Boulogne. It slands in the midst subject of the Ex-Emperor ; but soon
of an inclosure of about four acres. found it was
so irritating, that I The scaffolding is erected to the inthought it prudent to wave it. From tended height of the column, and is the little observation I was enabled one of the best, and by far the most to make, it appeared to me, that the
immense piece of framing I ever saw. loyalty manifested was in general Its base is not less than fifty feet assumed, and that there was a strong square; the soles or sleepers, are laid and general bias, though smothered, on cross walls of large blocks of stone, in favour of the late government.
into which all the uprights are strongAt Calais, I believe it to be far other ly footed -- the uprights are whole wise, for there Buonaparte was never
trees of fir, more than eighteen inches generally liked ; and of course never
in diameter, and many of them sixty favoured the town : but his wish an.
feet high: the whole appears, not as peared to be to do every thing possi- if intended for a temporary erection, ble for Boulogne. The weather be. but as if to stand for ages ; as all the ing very inclement, rain and snow,
timbers are exceedingly large and of rather circumscribed our walks in the great lengths, well scarfed, and strongmorning; but went to St. Nicholas lg bolted together with large iron Church, and heard mass performed. bolts, at all intersections. Å stairThe congregation was not large, and
case is formed in it from the bottom the singing nearly as discordant as to the top, consisting of 337 steps of that at Calais. Left the Church, and
seven inches deep and upwards, giving visited the upper to wil buildings
a height to the whole of more than very good, and fine lofty square tower
200 feet. The column is carried up to the Maison Ville, clock-dials on all at present not more than 60 feet; sides, with five small bells over each.
but the materials are prepared for the Went to the Eglise Paroissiale et
whole; and the workmen are still Royale de St. Joseph, a very lofty
engaged on them, wbo assured us Corinthian structure, of a nave and
that the work was to be completed. chancel of equal height, without any The design is a most noble 'i'uscau division, with two ranges of large
column, but of many more diameters circular-headed windows, and one
in height than that Order allows,
standing on a' pedestal 15 feet square, rather two towns; as it is usually deand as many bigh, ornamented on nominated the Upper and the Lower. each face with beautiful basso-re. It is built on such a site of hill and lievos, representing the principal ac. dale, that many of the streets are so tions of Napoleon. The shaft of the steep that it would be unsafe for a column is twelve feet or upwards in carriage to attempt, going down diaineter, having a spiral staircase them. The lower towo is principally within-side. It must be exceedingly seated on the side of the harbour, strong and permanent, as it is formed which is a very spacious one, and runs of large solid blocks of marble, one soide miles up the country; but the stone forining the wall, steps, and access to it is frequently difficult, and cylinder in the centre, all hewn out of oftentimes dangerous, owing to a the solid block, and admirably well shifting bar of sand and beach, which executed. From the plan which is extends a great distance from the piershewn in the Clerk of Works' Office, heads. lo consequence of the amazit is said to be erected in the centre ing extent of the harbour in-land, of the spot, where the grand army, there is such a rush of the water with destined to “ cross the ocean," was the flowing tide between the pierencamped. The material of which heads, that it requires a very strong the work is composed is a close dove- wind to render a vessel manageable, coloured white-veined marble, which except to near high water : and to is obtained from a quarry about five attempt to enter or leave it at any miles distant: and the labour of get- other time, without such an auxiting such immense blocks up so high liary, would be very hazardous, as and steep a hill must have been pro- the vessel would be taken whither digious. . We were informed that the current set, and probably be every soldier composing the army lost; and, indeed, many have been in paid oesou a day towards the ex so attempting it. Viewing the situapence. The shaft of the column is tion of the harbour and its vast explain, but the torus moulding in the tent, together with the dangerous base is ornamented with laurel leaves, shoals on the coast, I am not sur. bound on with fillets, admirably prized at the failure of the attack of carved. The cap was to be enriched ibe great Nelson on the flotilla; as, with vine leaves and tendrils, and clearly, he could not approach them with spread eagles on the frieze: by miles. On inquiry, I found that from the top of the cap, which is only one house was destroyed, and surrounded with a balustrade, rises a that was by a Congreve rocket, which dome, on which are fixed very large burnt it to the ground. The lower eagles, supporting a very fine statue town is in general very well built, has of the ex-Emperor, habited in a Ro one fine open street, Rue de l'Ecu, man costume, holding in bis right with several good Hotels; the other hand the staff and cap of liberty. No streets, which are at right angles, are doubt, if the column is finished the rather narrow, but all well paved, and basso-relievos will be changed; and kept very clean. On the quay facing instead of the ci-devant Emperor the barbour, are several good houses, gracing its summit, a statue of Louis pleasantly situated, with fine land and XVIII. is, with much more propriety, sea prospects. There stands also the to be substituted ; for which purpose Marine Arsenal, which is a very spaa most excellent bust of that Monarch cious regular handsome structure, has been sent from Paris, and is now well built of stone. before the workmen on the spot. Near the centre of the lower town*,
The prospect from the summit of the in a pretty good square, stands the scaffolding is beautifully fine and ex Church of St. Nicholas, a good structensive on every side: the coast of ture, though its walls are disfigured by Kent being very discernible from it.
Returned to dinner, after which visited St. Nicholas's Church, and most
* Your Correspondent, vol. LXVII. parts of the town; a more particular p: 453, is mistaken in saying that the
Palais and Cathedral Church are situdescription of which follows.
ated in the lower town. They are Boulogne-sur-Mer, antiently Portus in the upper, and will be hereafier deMarinorum, is a very large town, or scribed.