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III. Man by his fall having made himself incapable of life by that covenant, the Lord was pleased to make a second, commonly called the covenant of Grace: wherein he freely offereth unto sinners life and salvation by Jesus Christ, requiring of them faith in him, that they may be saved, and promising to give unto all those that are ordained unto life his Holy Spirit, to make them willing and able to believe.g

good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it; for in the day that thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely die. Gal. iii. 10. For as many as are of the works of the law, are under the curse; for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.

III. e Gal. iii. 21.-For if there had been a law given, which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law. Rom. viii. 3. For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh. Isai. xlii. 6. I the Lord have called thee in righteousness, and will hold thine hand, and will keep thee, and give thee for cove༣. nant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles. Gen. iii. 15.

f Mark xvi. 15, 16. And he said unto them, go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature. He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned. John iii, 16. For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him, should not perish, but have everlasting life.

g Ezek. xxxvi. 26, 27. A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you, and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh. And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them. John vi. 37, 44. All that the father giveth me shail come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will in no wise cast out.-No man can come to me,

IV. This covenant of grace is frequently set forth in scripture by the name of a testament, in reference to the death of Jesus Christ, the testator, and to the everlasting inheritance, with all things belonging to it therein bequeathed.b

V. This covenant was differently administered in the time of the law, and in the time of the gospel: under the law it was administered by promises, prophecies, sacrifices, circumcision, the paschal lamb, and other types and ordinances delivered to the people of the Jews, all fore-signifying Christ to come, which were for that time sufficient and ef

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except the Father which hath sent me draw him; and I will raise him up at the last day.

IV. h Heb. ix. 15, 16, 17. And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance. For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. For a testament is of force after men are dead; otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth. Heb. vii. 22. By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament. Luke xxii. 20. Likewise also the cup after supper saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you. See also 1 Cor. xi. 25.

V. i 2 Cor. iii. 6, 7, 8, 9. Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit; for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life. But if the ministration of death written and engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not steadfastly behold the face of Moses, for the glory of his countenance, which glory was to be done away;-How shall not the ministration of the Spirit be rather glorious? -For if the ministration of condemnation be glory, much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory.

k Heb. viii. ix. x. chapters. Rom. iv. 11. And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteous

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ficacious, through the operation of the Spirit, to instruct and build up the elect in faith in the promised Messiah, by whom they had full remission of sins, and eternal salvation; and is called the Old testament.

VI. Under the gospel, when Christ the sub

ness of the faith, which he had, yet being uncircumcised; that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also. Col. ii. 11. In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ. ver. 12. Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him, through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead. 1 Cor. y. 7. Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us. Col. ii. 17. Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ. 11 Cor. x. 1, 2, 3, 4., Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; and were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea. did all eat the same spiritual meat; and did all drink the same spiritual drink. For they drank of that spiritual rock that followed them; and that rock was Christ. Heb. xi. 13. These all died in faith, not having received the promises; but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth. John viii. 56. Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day; and he saw it, and was glad.

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m Gal. iii. 7, 8, 9, 14. Know ye therefore, that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham. And the scripture foreseeing that God would justify the Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blento heathen through faith, preached before the gospel

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Abraham. That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ, that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.

stance," was exhibited, the ordinances in which this covenant is dispensed are the preaching of the word, and the administration of the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper; which though fewer in number, and administered with more simplicity and less outward glory, yet in them it is held forth, in more fulness, evidence, and spiritual efficacy, to all nations, both Jews and Gen

VI. n Coloss. ii. 17. Which are a shadow of things to come, but the body is of Christ.

o Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost;-Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen. 1 Cor. xi. 23, 24, 25. For I have received of the Lord, that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Je sus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread; And when he had given thanks he brake it, and said, take, eat; this is my body, which is broken for you; this do in remembrance of me. After the same manner also, he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the New Testament in my blood; this do ye, as often as ye drink it in remembrance of me. 2 Cor. iii. 7, 8, 9, 10, 11. But if the ministration of death, written and engraven in stones was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not steadfastly behold the face of Moses, for the glory of his countenance, which glory was to be done away;-How shall not the ministration of the Spirit be rather glorious? -For if the ministration of condemnation be glory, much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory. For even that which was made glorious had no glory in this respect, by reason of the glory that excelleth.For if that which was done away was glorious, much more that which remaineth is glorious.

p Heb. xii. 22 to 28. See also Jer. xxxi. 31, 33, 34.

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tiles; and is called the New Testament. There are not, therefore, two covenants of grace differing in substance, but one and the same under various dispensations.

CHAP. VIII.

Of Christ the Mediator.

I. Ir pleased God, in his eternal purpose, to choose and ordain the Lord Jesus, his only begotten Son;

q See letter o and Matt. xxviii. 19. Eph. ii. 15, 16, 17, 18, 19. Having abolished in his flesh, the enmity, even the law of commandments, contained in ordinances, for to make in himself, of twain, one new man, so making peace: And that he might reconcile both unto God, in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby:And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh. For through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father-Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellow-citizens with the saints, and of the household of God..

Luke xxii. 20. Likewise also the cup after supper saying, This cup is the New Testament in my blood, which is shed for you. Heb. viii. 7, 8, 9.

s. Gal. iii. 14, 16, That the blessing of Abraham might come upon the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith; Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. Acts xv. 11. But we be lieve, that through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, we shall be saved even as they. Rom. iii. 30.-Seeing it is one God which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.

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