Identity and Ethnic Relations in Southeast Asia: Racializing Chineseness
Modern nation states do not constitute closed entities. This is true especially in Southeast Asia, where Chinese migrants have continued to make their new homes over a long period of time, resulting in many different ethnic groups co-existing in new nation states. Focusing on the consequences of migration, and cultural contact between the various ethnic groups, this book describes and analyses the nature of ethnic identity and state of ethnic relations, both historically and in the present day, in multi-ethnic, pluralistic nation states in Southeast Asia. Drawing on extensive primary fieldwork in Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Burma, Vietnam, Thailand and the Philippines, the book examines the mediations, and transformation of ethnic identity and the social incorporation, tensions and conflicts and the construction of new social worlds resulting from cultural contact among different ethnic groups.
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2 Rethinking Assimilation and Chineseness in Thailand
The Chinese in Singapore
The Chinese in Malaysia
The Chinese in Indonesia
The Chinese in Contemporary Burma
ancestors argues assimilation become bloodline boundaries British bumiputra Burma Burmese Cantonese China Chinese businesses Chinese businessmen Chinese community Chinese culture Chinese education Chinese ethnicity Chinese Filipinos Chinese identity Chinese immigrants Chinese in Burma Chinese in Indonesia Chinese in Malaysia Chinese in Singapore Chinese in Southeast Chinese in Thailand Chinese in Vietnam Chinese Indonesians Chinese language Chinese migrants Chinese population Chinese schools citizenship colonial Communist concept Coppel differentiation discrimination dominant Dutch economic elites English-educated ethnic Chinese ethnic groups ethnic identity ethnic relations example festivals fieldwork Filipino Hokkien host societies identification identity and ethnic important Indians indigenous informant noted inter-ethnic intermarriage interviews Japanese Malay Malaya Malayan Union Malaysia Mandarin marker of ethnicity mestizos Myanmar nationalist one’s overseas Chinese parents Peranakan Philippines policies political pribumi primordial race racial religion sense social Southeast Asia Southeast Asian countries speak Chinese stereotypes Suharto Teochew tion totok trade Vietnamese younger Chinese Yunnanese