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FOR THE MOVEABLE AND IMMOVEABLE FEASTS;
TOGETHER WITH THE DAYS OF FASTING AND ABSTINENCE,
TO KNOW WHEN THE MOVEABLE FEASTS AND HOLY-DAYS BEGIN. ASTER-DAY, on which the rest depend, is always the First Sunday after the Full Moon, which happens upon or next after the Twenty-first Day of March; and if the Full Moon happen upon a Sunday, Easter-Day is the Sunday after. Advent-Sunday is always the nearest Sunday to the Feast of St. Andrew, whether before or after.
A TABLE OF FEASTS,
TO BE OBSERVED IN THIS CHURCH THROUGHOUT THE YEAR.
OTHER DAYS OF FASTING,
ON WHICH THE CHURCH REQUIRES SUCH A MEASURE OF ABSTINENCE AS
I. The Forty Days of Lent.
II. The Ember-Days at the Four Seasons,
The First Sunday in Lent.
The Feast of Pentecost.
Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday after September 14, and December 18. III. The three Rogation-Days, being the Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday before Holy Thursday, or the Ascension of our LORD.
IV. All the Fridays in the Year, except Christmas-Day.
In addition to the above, the first Thursday in November (or, if any other day be appointed by the Civil Authority, then such day) shall be observed as a Day of Thanksgiving to Almighty God, for the Fruits of the Earth and all other Blessings of his merciful Providence.
A TABLE TO FIND EASTER-DAY,
FROM THE PRESENT TIME TILL THE YEAR 1899, INCLUSIVE.
THIS Table contains so much of the Calen
dar as is necessary for the determining of Easter; to find which, look for the Golden Number of the year in the first column of the Table, against which stands the day of the Paschal Full Moon; then look at the third column for the Sunday Letter, next after the day of the Full Moon; and the day of the month standing against that Sunday Letter is Easter-Day. If the Full Moon happen upon a Sunday, then (according to the first rule) the next Sunday after is Easter-Day.
To find the Golden Number, or Prime, add I to the year of our Lord, and then divide by 19; the remainder, if any, is the Golden Number; but if nothing remain, then 19 is the Golden Number.
To find the Dominical or Sunday Letter, according to the Calendar, until the year 1899, inclusive, add to the year of our Lord its fourth part, omitting fractions, divide the sum by 7, and if there be no remainder, then A is the Sunday Letter; but if any number remain, then the Letter standing against that number in the small annexed Table is the Sunday Letter.
Note, That in all Bissextile or Leap Years, the Letter found as above will be the Sunday Letter from the intercalated day exclusive, to the end of the year.
Years of Golden The Sunday! our Lord. Number. Epact. Letter.
A TABLE OF THE DAYS ON WHICH EASTER WILL FALL FOR THIRTY-EIGHT YEARS, BEING THE TIME OF TWO CYCLES OF THE MOON. Years of Golden The Sunday! our Lord Number. Epact. Letter.
A TABLE OF THE MOVEABLE FEASTS,
ACCORDING TO THE SEVERAL DAYS THAT EASTER CAN POSSIBLY FALL UPON.
Note, That in a Bissextile or Leap-Year, the number of Sundays after Epiphany will be the same as if Easter-Day had fallen one day later than it really does. And, for the same reason, one day must, in every Leap-Year, be added to the day of the month given by the Table for Septuagesima Sunday, and for the first day of Lent: unless the Table gives some day in the month of March for it: for in that case, the day given by the Table is the right day.
FROM THE YEAR 1900 TO THE YEAR 2199, INCLUSIVE.
HE Golden Numbers in
Days of the Sunday The foregoing Calendar will
Golden Days of the Sunday Golden
point out the days of the Paschal Full Moons, till the year of our Lord 1900; at which time, in order that the Eccle siastical Full Moons may fall nearly on the same days with the real Full Moons, the Golden Numbers must be removed to different days of the Calendar, as is done in the annexed Table, which contains so much of the Calendar then to be used, as is necessary for finding the Paschal Full Moons, and the Feast of Easter, from the year 1900, to the year 2199, inclu eive. This Table is to be made use of, in all respects, the first Table, before inerted, for finding Easter till the year 1899.
FOR FINDING THE DOMINICAL OR SUNDAY LETTER,
AND THE PLACES OF THE GOLDEN NUMBERS IN THE
find the Dominical or Sunday Letter for any given year of our Lord, add to the year its fourth part, omitting fractions, and also the number, which, in Table I., standeth at the top of the column wherein the number of hundreds contained in that given year is found; divide the sum by 7, and if there be no remainder, then A is the Sunday Letter; but if any number remain, then the Letter which standeth under that number at the top of the Table, is the Sunday Letter.
find the month and days of the
Tmonth to which the Golden Num bers ought to be prefixed in the Calendar in any given year of our Lord, consisting of entire hundred years, and m all the intermediate years betwixt that and the next hundredth year following, look in the second column of Table 11. for the given year, consisting of entire hundreds; and note the number or cipher which stands against it in the third column; then in Table 111. look for the same number in the column under any given Golden Number, which, when you have found, guide your eye sideways to the left hand, and in the first column you will find the month and the day to which that Golden Number ought to be prefixed in the Calendar, during that period of one hundred years.
The letter B, prefixed to certai hundredth years in Table II., denotes those years which are still to be accounted Bissextile or Leap Years in the new Calendar, whereas all the other hundredth years are to be accounted only common years.
THE GOLDEN NUMBERS.
123456789 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
1 12 23
4 15 26
7 18 29 10 21
2 13 24
5 16 27
1 12 23
4 15 26
2 13 24
7.18 29 10 211 2 13 24 5 16 27 8 19 011 22 3 14 25